• infectious diseases
  • Biological conditions that increase the need for energy include all infectious diseases accompanied by fever, and other diseases that increase catabolism, such as tuberculosis, or that are accompanied by an increased nutrient loss, such as intestinal parasitism. (encyclopedia.com)
  • pregnancy
  • The major contributors to postneonatal death are malnutrition, infectious disease, troubled pregnancy, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and problems with the home environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ménétrier's disease) Burns (plasma loss in the absence of skin barrier) Redistribution (hemodilution [as in pregnancy], increased vascular permeability or decreased lymphatic clearance) Acute disease states (referred to as a negative acute-phase protein) Malnutrition and wasting Mutation causing analbuminemia (very rare) Hyperalbuminemia is an increased concentration of albumin in the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • albumin
  • Albumin is synthesized in the liver as preproalbumin, which has an N-terminal peptide that is removed before the nascent protein is released from the rough endoplasmic reticulum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gene for albumin is located on chromosome 4 and mutations in this gene can result in anomalous proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • serum albumin levels can affect the half-life of drugs Competitively binds calcium ions (Ca2+) Serum albumin, as a negative acute-phase protein, is down-regulated in inflammatory states. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been known for a long time that human blood proteins like hemoglobin and serum albumin may undergo a slow non-enzymatic glycation, mainly by formation of a Schiff base between ε-amino groups of lysine (and sometimes arginine) residues and glucose molecules in blood (Maillard reaction). (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycation has the potential to alter the biological structure and function of the serum albumin protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • calories
  • Rehabilitation: As the child improves more energy can be given and during rehabilitation maximum weight gain is achieved in the shortest time by extra calories. (ceoafrica.com)
  • Obesity is caused by eating too many calories compared to the amount of exercise the individual is performing, causing a distorted energy balance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the structural material can be used to generate energy internally, and in either case it is measured in Joules or kilocalories (often called "Calories" and written with a capital 'C' to distinguish them from little 'c' calories). (wikipedia.org)
  • intake
  • Secondary causes of PEM include several conditions that impair food intake, absorption, or utilization, or that increase energy and/or protein requirements or losses. (encyclopedia.com)
  • On the other hand, social causes that affect food intake, whether it be in quantity or quality (protein-energy or micronutrient content), include several conditions associated with poverty, such as ignorance, inadequate weaning practices, child abuse, alcoholism or other drug addictions, and others. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In developing countries, adequate protein intake is achieved mainly from vegetable proteins, combining food stuffs with different low concentrations of indispensable amino acid (maize with legumes) Protein intake can be adequate provided enough vegetables are available. (ceoafrica.com)
  • Loss of protein in the body occurs not only because of inadequate protein intake but also owing to inadequate energy intake. (ceoafrica.com)
  • Protein and energy intake in advanced chronic kidney disease: how much is too much. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • Protein and energy supplement must be provided and infection must be controlled. (ceoafrica.com)
  • Millions of people are at risk of infection and thousands die every year due to communicable diseases, malnutrition and other health-related events which particularly affect the poor living in rural areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • In rich countries, therefore, obesity is often a sign of poverty and malnutrition while in poorer countries obesity is more associated with wealth and good nutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • Although a low plasma oncotic pressure is widely cited for the edema of nephrotic syndrome, most physicians note that the edema may occur before there is any significant protein in the urine ( proteinuria ) or fall in plasma protein level. (wikipedia.org)
  • cirrhosis of the liver is most common Excess excretion by the kidneys (as in nephrotic syndrome) Excess loss in bowel (protein-losing enteropathy, e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • urine
  • Thus the resulting increase in permeability that leads to protein in the urine can explain the edema if all other vessels are more permeable as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body
  • When there is loss of energy from the body more protein is directed towards oxidative pathways and eventually gluconeogenesis for energy. (ceoafrica.com)
  • Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • This was followed by another case of a 40 year-old man who died of extensive pulmonary tuberculosis, a 23 year-old lady who succumbed to AIDS with TB, and a 38 year-old man who died of Acute Myocardial infarction (a heart attack). (mid-day.com)
  • However, a study from the Philippines argues that malnutrition in the second year of life may have a larger negative impact than malnutrition in the first year of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was carried out to determine the plasmodium falciparum antibodies present in the study population by use of known antigens namely Liver Stage Antigen (LSA-1), Merozoite Surface Protein (MSP) and Circumsporozoite Surface Protein (CSP) and to relate this to the protein energy malnutrition status . (thefreedictionary.com)