• parathyroid hormone
  • Intended Use: A parathyroid hormone test can be used to determine the cause of calcium or phosphorus imbalances to evaluate bone disorders and to diagnose and The term andropause is used to describe men with low testosterone. (villa-agata.eu)
  • 15 . The pharmaceutical composition of claim 14 , wherein the active agent is parathyroid hormone. (google.com.au)
  • It acts to reduce blood calcium (Ca2+), opposing the effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH). (wikipedia.org)
  • In many ways, calcitonin counteracts parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D More specifically, calcitonin lowers blood Ca2+ levels in two ways: Major effect: Inhibits osteoclast activity in bones Minor effect: Inhibits renal tubular cell reabsorption of Ca2+ and phosphate, allowing them to be excreted in the urine High concentrations of calcitonin may be able to increase urinary excretion of calcium and phosphate, via actions on the kidney tubules. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parathyroid glands, of which there are 4-6, are found on the back of the thyroid glands, and secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH), which causes an increase in blood calcium levels by targeting bone, the intestine, and the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Craniopharyngioma is a cancer which arises in the pituitary gland, in tissue originally found in the embryo. (encyclopedia.com)
  • While they regulate asymmetric cell division and cell fate determination during early development and embryogenesis, TGF β family members play a major regulatory role in hormonal and immune responses, cell growth, cell death and cell immortalization, bone formation, tissue remodeling and repair, and erythropoiesis throughout adult life. (hindawi.com)
  • The thyroid scan is useful in detecting nodules and active thyroid tissue and, combined with radioactive iodine uptake, measures the ability of the thyroid gland to take in ingested iodine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Thyroid tissue consists of follicles with stored protein called colloid, containing thyroglobulin, a precursor to other thyroid hormones, which are manufactured within the colloid. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulates
  • Somatotropic hormone or Growth hormone (GH) is an anabolic hormone that stimulates growth of all body tissues but especially skeletal muscle and bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • LH stimulates gonadal hormone production. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neurohypophysis stores and releases two hypothalamic hormones: Oxytocin stimulates powerful uterine contractions, which trigger labor and delivery of an infant, and milk ejection in nursing women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) stimulates the kidney tubules to reabsorb and conserve water, resulting in small volumes of highly concentrated urine and decreased plasma osmolarity. (wikipedia.org)
  • glands
  • The endocrine system is the collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Special features of endocrine glands are, in general, their ductless nature, their vascularity, and commonly the presence of intracellular vacuoles or granules that store their hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of glands that signal each other in sequence are usually referred to as an axis, for example, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. (wikipedia.org)
  • A hormone is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • The glands that secrete hormones comprise the endocrine system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adrenal glands produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormonal
  • Incontinence can lead to embarrassing scenarios Here's what you need to know about the syndrome that could affect your fertility and PCOS occurs when a help get hormones back on track and resume Posted on Chasteberry is one of the few herbs which have the inherent ability to restore hormonal balance. (villa-agata.eu)
  • hyperplasia
  • The most common disorder associated with MEN1 is primary hyperparathyroidism (characterized by the presence of parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia), which occurs in about 90 percent of patients. (britannica.com)
  • Pituitary adenomas and diffuse somatomammotroph hyperplasia may result from somatic activating mutations GNAS, which may be acquired or associated with McCune-Albright syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF β ) superfamily encompasses widespread and evolutionarily conserved polypeptide growth factors that regulate and orchestrate growth and differentiation in all cell types and tissues. (hindawi.com)
  • Most T4 is converted to T3 (a more active form) in the target tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • stalk
  • If originating superior to the optic chiasm, more commonly in a craniopharyngioma of the pituitary stalk, the visual field defect will first appear as bitemporal inferior quadrantanopia, if originating inferior to the optic chiasm the visual field defect will first appear as bitemporal superior quadrantanopia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pituitary gland hangs from the base of the brain by a stalk and is enclosed by bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • In endocrinology, Dr. Katznelson has a long standing clinical and research interest in the pathophysiology and treatment of pituitary disease. (stanford.edu)
  • In addition to cell-type specific presentations, pituitary apoplexy (i.e., pituitary adenoma apoplexy) represents another important clinical presentation of pituitary adenomas. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Majority of clinical and metabolic complications of acromegaly are caused by increase levels of GH witch induce high insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1) [ 16 ]. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
  • He was the first to investigate the interactions of the two central stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol in healthy as well as sick individuals in close collaboration with Nobel Prize laureates such as Andrew V. Schally and Rita Levi Montalcini Recently, Bornstein co-developed new therapeutic approaches to diabetes in preclinical and clinical stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • calcitonin
  • 14 . The pharmaceutical composition of claim 13 , wherein the active agent is calcitonin. (google.com.au)
  • Calcitonin (also known as thyrocalcitonin) is a 32-amino acid linear polypeptide hormone that is produced in humans primarily by the parafollicular cells (also known as C-cells) of the thyroid, and in many other animals in the ultimopharyngeal body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CALC1 gene belongs to a superfamily of related protein hormone precursors including islet amyloid precursor protein, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and the precursor of adrenomedullin. (wikipedia.org)
  • stress hormones
  • The Thyroid Treatment/Osteoporosis Controversy found that long-term levothyroxine therapy using suppressive doses has no Hormone replacement therapy An overview of the normal pattern of elevated stress hormones during pregnancy. (villa-agata.eu)
  • steroid hormones
  • steroid hormones, being lipid-soluble, move through the plasma membranes of target cells (both cytoplasmic and nuclear) to act within their nuclei. (wikipedia.org)
  • The production of steroid hormones is called steroidogenesis, and involves a number of reactions and processes that take place in cortical cells. (wikipedia.org)