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  • Caffeine
  • citation needed] Their energy gel contains carbohydrates (maltodextrin and fructose), an amino acid blend, electrolytes (sodium and potassium) and, in some flavors, caffeine. (wikipedia.org)
  • CarnoSyn
  • Most research has used a specific beta-alanine product (CarnoSyn, Natural Alternatives International). (webmd.com)
  • If a particular product doesn't mention CarnoSyn® anywhere on the bottle or label, you may just be buying a bottle of regular L-alanine, which is a completely different beast than beta-alanine and prevents different benefits for the body. (supplementreviews.com)
  • semialdehyde
  • Also provided are cells containing such enzymes, as well as methods of their use, for example to produce malonyl semialdehyde and downstream products thereof, such as 3-hydroxypropionic acid and derivatives thereof. (energy.gov)
  • β-alanine can undergo a transanimation reaction with pyruvate to form malonate-semialdehyde and L-alanine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency is characterized by elevated beta-alanine, 3-hydroxypropionic acid, and both isomers of 3-amino and 3-hydroxyisobutyric acids in urine organic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty
  • Carnosine has been proven to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as alpha-beta unsaturated aldehydes formed from peroxidation of cell membrane fatty acids during oxidative stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • amino group
  • Furthermore, because of the position of the beta amino group, β-alanine dipeptides are not incorporated into proteins, and thus can be stored at relatively high concentrations (millimolar). (wikipedia.org)
  • organic compounds
  • Bada has played a pioneering role in the development of the Mars Organic Detector (MOD) instrument package that is designed to search for amino acids and other organic compounds directly on the surface of Mars during future ESA and NASA missions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. (webmd.com)
  • β-Alanine is not found in any major proteins or enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the form of proteins, amino acid residues form the second-largest component (water is the largest) of human muscles and other tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • N-formylmethionine (which is often the initial amino acid of proteins in bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts) is generally considered as a form of methionine rather than as a separate proteinogenic amino acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Codon-tRNA combinations not found in nature can also be used to "expand" the genetic code and form novel proteins known as alloproteins incorporating non-proteinogenic amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • isomers
  • These are all L-stereoisomers ("left-handed" isomers), although a few D-amino acids ("right-handed") occur in bacterial envelopes, as a neuromodulator (D-serine), and in some antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • With the objective of developing Saccharolnyces cerevisiae as an efficient cell factory for high-level production of 3HP, we identified the beta-alanine biosynthetic route as the most economically attractive according to the metabolic modeling. (chalmers.se)
  • Products
  • The device is useful in planetary exploration such as for the analysis of even trace amounts of amino acids, mono- and diaminoalkanes, amino sugars, nucleobases, and nucleobase degradation products from living and non-living materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • high-intensity
  • Some research shows that taking beta-alanine modestly improves some measures of physical performance, especially during high-intensity exercise and strength training . (webmd.com)
  • 1958
  • In addition Bada also analysed the unreported 1958 samples in 2011, from which 23 amino acids and 4 amines, including 7 organosulfur compounds, were detected. (wikipedia.org)
  • product
  • An amino acid product is suitable for anyone who is looking to enhance muscle growth, reduce recovery time, enhance mood through improving brain function and also improving training capacity. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • Other research shows that a specific product containing beta-alanine, creatine monohydrate, arginine , alpha-ketoisocaproate, and leucine (NO-Shotgun) might increase fat-free mass and strength in men participating in resistance training. (webmd.com)
  • carbon
  • The key elements of an amino acid are carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and nitrogen (N), although other elements are found in the side chains of certain amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • In biochemistry, amino acids having both the amine and the carboxylic acid groups attached to the first (alpha-) carbon atom have particular importance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The leftover carbon skeletons such as acetyl-CoA and Succinyl-CoA can then be oxidized by the citric acid cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Other than hormones, amino acids play a critical role in some of the major processes in the body including the regulation of mood, the repair and building of tissue such as muscle, collagen, hair, skin and nails, as well as also providing the necessary support in the function of our major organs. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • Pro Supps AminoLinx BCAA/EAA Matrix gives you a stimulant-free amino acid matrix to help you build muscle and strength! (illpumpyouup.com)
  • Beta-alanine is used for improving athletic performance and exercise capacity, building lean muscle mass, and improving physical functioning in the elderly. (webmd.com)
  • suggests
  • Early research suggests that taking beta-alanine is less effective than the drug veralipride at reducing hot flashes in menopausal women. (webmd.com)
  • performance
  • Amino acids are not however solely structural but instead are also involved in regulating mood and brain function, improving physical performance and in strengthening the immune system while decreasing stress hormones. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • There is evidence that β-alanine supplementation can increase exercise performance, but there is concern about lack of information about safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • doi:10.1002/14356007.a13_507 http://pharmacistanswers.com/beta-alanine-supplementation-for-exercise-performance.html Derave W, Ozdemir MS, Harris R, Pottier A, Reyngoudt H, Koppo K, Wise JA, Achten E (August 9, 2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • serine
  • WNK1 however, does not directly phosphorylate the CCCs themselves rather it phosphorylates other serine-threonine kinases: Sterile20 related proline-alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) and oxidative stress response kinase 1 (OXSR1). (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies from mice, which express 98% α-tropomyosin, have shown that α-tropomyosin can be phosphorylated at Serine-283, which is one amino acid away from the C-terminus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elastases form a subfamily of serine proteases, characterized by a distinctive structure consisting of two beta barrel domains converging at the active site that hydrolyze amides and esters amongst many proteins in addition to elastin, a type of connective tissue that holds organs together. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pancreatic elastase 1 is a serine endopeptidase, a specific type of protease that has the amino acid serine at its active site. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxic
  • Nostoc flagelliforme (fat choy), has no nutritional value, and also contains beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), a toxic amino acid that could affect the normal functions of nerve cells and is linked to degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and dementia. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesser
  • The principal alkaloids in the seeds are ergine and its optical isomer isoergine, with several other lysergic acid derivatives and clavines present in lesser amounts. (wikipedia.org)
  • amide
  • EC 3.5.5.1) catalyse the hydrolysis of nitriles to carboxylic acids and ammonia, without the formation of "free" amide intermediates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrile hydratases are almost invariably co-expressed with an amidase, which converts the amide to the carboxylic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peptide ergot alkaloids or ergopeptines (also known as ergopeptides) are ergoline derivatives that contain a tripeptide structure attached to the basic ergoline ring in the same location as the amide group of the lysergic acid derivatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • sequences
  • To elucidate mechanisms of enzymatic adaptation to extreme cold, we determined kinetic properties, thermal stabilities, and deduced amino acid sequences of lactate dehydrogenase A4 (A4-LDH) from nine Antarctic (-1.86 to 1 degree C) and three South American (4 to 10 degree C) notothenioid teleosts. (antibody-antibodies.com)
  • consists
  • Its primary structure mainly consists of the recurrent amino acid sequence (Gly-Ser-Gly-Ala-Gly-Ala)n. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strictosidine synthase's overall structure consists of a 6-bladed beta propeller fold arranged in a six-fold pseudo-symmetry axis, with each propeller blade containing four-beta strands that form a twisted, anti-parallel beta-sheet. (wikipedia.org)
  • barrel
  • The core part of the domain is a 10 stranded beta barrel that is structurally similar to lipocalins and FABP. (wikipedia.org)
  • High
  • At our sound processing unit, we process this acid using high quality compounds, sourced from trusted vendors. (alphachemikaindia.com)
  • In plants, there are two distinguishable groups in regard to substrate specificity: those with high hydrolytic activity towards arylacetonitriles and those with high activity towards β-cyano-ʟ-alanine. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Although it was known at the time that nitrilase could operate with wide substrate specificity in producing the corresponding acid, later studies reported the first NHase (nitrile hydratase) activity exhibited by nitrilase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mouse transgenic studies in which the phosphorylation site in α-tropomyosin is mutated to Alanine have shown that phosphorylation may function to modulate tropomyosin polymerization, head-to-tail interactions between adjacent tropomyosin molecules, cooperativity, myosin ATPase activity, and the cardiac response to stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Lactic acid bacteria are interesting cell factories for the expression of hydrolytic enzymes as many of them are generally recognized as safe and require only a simple cultivation process. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Barium hydroxide is used, as well, in the decarboxylation of amino acids liberating barium carbonate in the process. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (which can also be called MCD and malonyl-CoA carboxyl-lyase) is found from bacteria to humans, has important roles in regulating fatty acid metabolism and food intake, and it is an attractive target for drug discovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • middle
  • The three amino acids in the middle constitute a flexible linker region between the two functional regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the middle stage until term, the beta cells continue to increase in number until they reach an approximate 1:1 ratio with the alpha cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • There are 3 main classes of ergoline derivatives, the water-soluble amides of lysergic acid, the water-insoluble ergopeptines (i.e., ergopeptides), and the clavine group. (wikipedia.org)
  • alpha
  • Alpha-Lipoic Acid. (nutritionexpress.com)
  • In addition to the following ergopeptines, a commonly encountered term is ergotoxine, which refers to a mixture of equal proportions of ergocristine, ergocornine and ergocryptine, the latter being a 2:1 mixture of alpha- and beta-ergocryptine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Five weeks later, the pancreatic alpha and beta cells have begun to emerge. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the early stages of fetal development, the number of pancreatic alpha cells outnumbers the number of pancreatic beta cells. (wikipedia.org)