• semialdehyde
  • Also provided are cells containing such enzymes, as well as methods of their use, for example to produce malonyl semialdehyde and downstream products thereof, such as 3-hydroxypropionic acid and derivatives thereof. (energy.gov)
  • Methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency is characterized by elevated beta-alanine, 3-hydroxypropionic acid, and both isomers of 3-amino and 3-hydroxyisobutyric acids in urine organic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • β-alanine can undergo a transanimation reaction with pyruvate to form malonate-semialdehyde and L-alanine. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty
  • Carnosine has been proven to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as alpha-beta unsaturated aldehydes formed from peroxidation of cell membrane fatty acids during oxidative stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic compounds
  • Bada has played a pioneering role in the development of the Mars Organic Detector (MOD) instrument package that is designed to search for amino acids and other organic compounds directly on the surface of Mars during future ESA and NASA missions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. (webmd.com)
  • β-Alanine is not found in any major proteins or enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, because of the position of the beta amino group, β-alanine dipeptides are not incorporated into proteins, and thus can be stored at relatively high concentrations (millimolar). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the form of proteins, amino acid residues form the second-largest component (water is the largest) of human muscles and other tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • N-formylmethionine (which is often the initial amino acid of proteins in bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts) is generally considered as a form of methionine rather than as a separate proteinogenic amino acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Codon-tRNA combinations not found in nature can also be used to "expand" the genetic code and form novel proteins known as alloproteins incorporating non-proteinogenic amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Creatine
  • Reflex Nutrition Beta Alanine can also be used with Reflex Nutrition Creatine as they both help with endurance of the muscles. (monstersupplements.com)
  • Other research shows that a specific product containing beta-alanine, creatine monohydrate, arginine , alpha-ketoisocaproate, and leucine (NO-Shotgun) might increase fat-free mass and strength in men participating in resistance training. (webmd.com)
  • isomers
  • These are all L-stereoisomers ("left-handed" isomers), although a few D-amino acids ("right-handed") occur in bacterial envelopes, as a neuromodulator (D-serine), and in some antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • With the objective of developing Saccharolnyces cerevisiae as an efficient cell factory for high-level production of 3HP, we identified the beta-alanine biosynthetic route as the most economically attractive according to the metabolic modeling. (chalmers.se)
  • degradation
  • The device is useful in planetary exploration such as for the analysis of even trace amounts of amino acids, mono- and diaminoalkanes, amino sugars, nucleobases, and nucleobase degradation products from living and non-living materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • capillary electrophoresis
  • He and his team also developed a Mars Organic Analyzer (MOA), which is a microfabricated capillary electrophoresis (CE) instrument for sensitive amino acid biomarker analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The toxin can be detected via several laboratory methods, including liquid chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, amino acid analyzer, capillary electrophoresis and NMR spectroscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • high-intensity
  • Some research shows that taking beta-alanine modestly improves some measures of physical performance, especially during high-intensity exercise and strength training . (webmd.com)
  • 1958
  • In addition Bada also analysed the unreported 1958 samples in 2011, from which 23 amino acids and 4 amines, including 7 organosulfur compounds, were detected. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Other than hormones, amino acids play a critical role in some of the major processes in the body including the regulation of mood, the repair and building of tissue such as muscle, collagen, hair, skin and nails, as well as also providing the necessary support in the function of our major organs. (nutritionwarehouse.com.au)
  • Beta-alanine is used for improving athletic performance and exercise capacity, building lean muscle mass, and improving physical functioning in the elderly. (webmd.com)
  • Beta-alanine helps buffer this muscle acid (hydrogen ion) build-up by increasing the body's carnosine levels. (nutritionexpress.com)
  • carbon
  • The key elements of an amino acid are carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and nitrogen (N), although other elements are found in the side chains of certain amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • In biochemistry, amino acids having both the amine and the carboxylic acid groups attached to the first (alpha-) carbon atom have particular importance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The leftover carbon skeletons such as acetyl-CoA and Succinyl-CoA can then be oxidized by the citric acid cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • buffer
  • In particular, when bound to β-alanine, the pKa value is 6.83, making this a very efficient intramuscular buffer. (wikipedia.org)
  • suggests
  • Early research suggests that taking beta-alanine is less effective than the drug veralipride at reducing hot flashes in menopausal women. (webmd.com)