• Oxide
  • It tarnishes slightly when exposed to air, although, unlike the other alkaline earth metals, an oxygen-free environment is unnecessary for storage because magnesium is protected by a thin layer of oxide that is fairly impermeable and difficult to remove. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once ignited, such fires are difficult to extinguish, with combustion continuing in nitrogen (forming magnesium nitride), carbon dioxide (forming magnesium oxide and carbon), and water (forming magnesium oxide and hydrogen). (wikipedia.org)
  • Magnesium may also be used as an igniter for thermite, a mixture of aluminium and iron oxide powder that ignites only at a very high temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ligand of choice for large-scale manufacturers of multivitamins and minerals containing magnesium is the magnesium oxide due to its compactness, high magnesium content by weight, low cost, and ease-of-use in manufacturing. (wikipedia.org)
  • tetany
  • The normal serum level is approximately 2 mEq/L. Magnesium deficiency causes irritability of the nervous system with tetany, vasodilation, convulsions, tremors, depression, and psychotic behavior. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is quite well documented in ruminant animals that during phases of grass tetany (magnesium deficiency, most commonly seen in high producing dairy cows during early lactation grazing lush pastures) that affected animals are nervous with an overly alert appearance, they may lose coordination and 'stagger' and they may also become aggressive. (feedxl.com)
  • Grass tetany or hypomagnesemic tetany, also known as grass staggers and winter tetany, is a metabolic disease involving magnesium deficiency, which can occur in such ruminant livestock as beef cattle, dairy cattle and sheep, usually after grazing on pastures of rapidly growing grass, especially in early spring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Winter tetany" may occur with some silages, low-magnesium grass hays, or corn stover. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] People being treated on an intensive care unit who have a low magnesium level may have a higher risk of requiring mechanical ventilation, and death. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Alcohol stimulates the kidneys' excretion of magnesium, which is also increased because of alcoholic and diabetic ketoacidosis, low blood phosphate levels, and hyperaldosteronism resulting from liver disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • electrolytes
  • The genes involved in this group of diseases all encode proteins that are involved in reabsorbing electrolytes (including magnesium) in the distal convoluted tubule of the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • Magnesium is also found in more than 300 different enzymes in your body and plays a role in your body's detoxification processes, making it important for helping to prevent damage from environmental chemicals, heavy metals, and other toxins. (mercola.com)
  • Magnesium is the eleventh most abundant element by mass in the human body and is essential to all cells and some 300 enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hundreds of enzymes require magnesium ions to function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over 300 enzymes require the presence of magnesium ions for their catalytic action, including all enzymes utilizing or synthesizing ATP, or those that use other nucleotides to synthesize DNA and RNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • The latest addition of her book, The Magnesium Miracle , came out in 2014 and in it you can learn about 22 medical areas that magnesium deficiency triggers or causes, all of which have all been scientifically proven. (mercola.com)
  • Causes of magnesium deficiency include diet, alcohol abuse, chronic stress, poorly controlled diabetes, excessive or chronic vomiting and/or diarrhea. (wikipedia.org)
  • amounts of magnesium
  • Green leafy vegetables usually contain the highest amounts of magnesium, reports the University of Maryland Medical Center. (reference.com)
  • Magnesium l-threonate is able to deliver high amounts of magnesium to the central nervous system and has in animal studies as well as human trials shown efficacy in treating cognitive impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • chlorophyll
  • In plants, magnesium is necessary for synthesis of chlorophyll and photosynthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlorophyll is very similar to hemoglobin, except magnesium is at the center of the chlorophyll molecule and iron is at the center of the hemoglobin molecule, with other variations. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Many of the proteins encoded by these genes play a role in the transcellular absorption of magnesium in the distal convoluted tubule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers have now detected 3,751 magnesium-binding sites on human proteins, indicating that its role in human health and disease may have been vastly underestimated. (mercola.com)
  • Magnesium helps the body to effectively digest, absorb as well as utilize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. (hubpages.com)
  • iron deficiency
  • In rats a marginal iron deficiency that does not cause anemia disrupted axon growth in the auditory nerve affecting auditory brainstem latency without major changes in myelination. (wikipedia.org)
  • In rhesus macaques, prenatal iron deficiency disrupts emotional behavior and polymorphisms that reduce the expression of monoamine oxidase interact with gestational iron deficiency to exacerbate the response to a stressful situation leading to increased aggressiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many grafted vines in lime-rich vineyards therefore showed signs of iron deficiency, and in France this specific form of chlorosis was termed chlorose calcaire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since acidic pH facilitates the absorption of iron, achlorhydric patients often develop iron deficiency anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insufficient
  • Just in case you are finding it hard to fall asleep or you do not actually feel like you had rested enough after so many hours of sleeping, it could be a clear indication that you have insufficient magnesium in the body. (hubpages.com)
  • The number of problems that can arise from insufficient magnesium are exhausting to recite because magnesium is found and used everywhere in your body - bones, muscles, every single organ, hair, nails, and blood. (dumblittleman.com)
  • rats
  • Using rats as an animal model, oral administration of tricarballylate has been shown to reduce an animal's magnesium retention. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetes
  • Higher magnesium intake reduces risk of impaired glucose and insulin metabolism and slows progression from pre-diabetes to diabetes in middle-aged Americans. (mercola.com)
  • 5 Researchers stated, "Magnesium intake may be particularly beneficial in offsetting your risk of developing diabetes, if you are high risk. (mercola.com)
  • Low magnesium levels in the body have been linked to diseases such as osteoporosis , high blood pressure , clogged arteries , hereditary heart disease , diabetes, and stroke. (webmd.com)
  • In a meta analysis of 13 cohort studies, 536,318 participants, and 24,516 cases of diabetes, increased magnesium intake was found to be "significantly" inversely correlated with type 2 diabetes. (dumblittleman.com)
  • Magnesium plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism and its deficiency may worsen insulin resistance, a condition that often precedes diabetes, or may be a consequence of insulin resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low magnesium intake over time can increase the risk of illnesses, including high blood pressure and heart disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, osteoporosis, and migraines. (wikipedia.org)