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  • Hypertension
  • Alcohol and hypertension: The inflammation caused by prolonged use of alcohol and hypertensive effects from abdominal edema which leads to hemorrhoids, esophageal varices, and other conditions, is also considered a long-term cause of AAA. (wikipedia.org)
  • intra-abdominal
  • Essential to the successful management of these injuries is a thorough knowledge of intra-abdominal vascular anatomy and a familiarity with the techniques of proximal and distal control combined with selective application of primary repair, bypass, or ligation as indicated. (medscape.com)
  • Hemorrhagic shock from intra-abdominal hemorrhage often leads to metabolic acidosis accompanied by coagulopathy and hypothermia-the so-called lethal triad of trauma. (medscape.com)
  • This intra-aortic device was first described in patients with uncontrolled intra-abdominal bleeding in the Korean War [ 2 ]. (ceemjournal.org)
  • vessels
  • Injuries to major abdominal vessels are uncommon but highly lethal vascular crises. (medscape.com)
  • In blunt trauma, rapid deceleration during a motor vehicle accident (MVA) results in an avulsion of the small branches of major vessels (eg, mesenteric tear). (medscape.com)
  • proximal
  • 3-D color reconstruction of CTA in descending thoracic aortic dissection shows the opening up of collateral circulation proximal to the point of dissection (yellow arrow). (medscape.com)
  • coronary
  • Ascending aortic involvement may result in death from wall rupture, hemopericardium and tamponade, occlusion of the coronary ostia with myocardial infarction, or severe aortic insufficiency. (medscape.com)
  • TEE has an advantage over CT and MRI in its ability to evaluate the status of the aortic valve and the ostia of the coronary arteries. (medscape.com)
  • branch
  • The dissection usually stops at an aortic branch vessel or at the level of an atherosclerotic plaque. (medscape.com)
  • dissection
  • The findings of various types of vessel injury include laceration with active hemorrage, occlusion, and, for arteries formation of psedoaneurysm and dissection. (springeropen.com)
  • See the images of aortic dissection below. (medscape.com)
  • Contrast-enhanced CT scan obtained at the level of the aortic arch demonstrates an aortic dissection with almost complete separation of the aortic intima. (medscape.com)
  • Preferred examinations for aortic dissection include contrast-enhanced spiral CT transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the emergency setting and MRI for hemodynamically stable patients. (medscape.com)
  • vascular injuries
  • Ultrasound (US) is an easy accessible, safe and non-invasive diagnostic modality but Computed Tomography (CT) with multiphasic imaging study is an accurate modality to evaluate the abdominal vascular injuries therefore can be considered the primary imaging modality in vascular emergencies. (springeropen.com)
  • reconstruction
  • Furthermore, these results indicated that maintenance of intraoperative collateral circulation to spinal cord might be important instead of reconstruction of intercostal arteries associated with postoperative paraplegia. (ahajournals.org)
  • pulmonary
  • A complete aortic thrombectomy under extracorporeal circulation 1 and through thoraco-phreno-laparotomy was planned for the very next days after cardiac and pulmonary functions tests could be done. (ahajournals.org)
  • interventional
  • His actual emphasis covers the development of interventional procedures for children, aortic stent grafts and the diagnostics and therapy of congenital vascular anomalies. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • In the United States, screening with abdominal ultrasound is recommended for males between 65 and 75 years of age with a history of smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • This striking difference between combat and noncombat vascular trauma can be attributed to the low energy of missiles from civilian handguns and the short prehospital transit times in urban settings, which make it more likely that a civilian with penetrating abdominal vascular injury will survive long enough to reach surgical care. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracic aortic mobile thrombus: is there a role for early surgical intervention? (ahajournals.org)
  • intimal
  • An intimal tear connects the media with the aortic lumen, and an exit tear creates a true and a false lumen. (medscape.com)
  • Imaging
  • The aim of this review article is to illustrate the different imaging options for the diagnosis of abdominal vascular emergencies, including traumatic and non traumatic vessel injuries, focusing of US and CT modalities. (springeropen.com)