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  • mesenteric
  • The superior mesenteric artery (see SMA embolus ), with its acute angled takeoff is particularly vulnerable and dangerous because of the large vascular territory it supplies. (vesalius.com)
  • Primary mesenteric vein thromboses may also cause ischemic acute abdomen, usually precipitated by hypercoagulable states such as polycythemia vera. (wikipedia.org)
  • kidney
  • Sequestration of fluid and electrolytes, as revealed by decreased central venous pressure, may cause electrolyte disturbances, as well as significant hypovolemia, possibly leading to shock and acute kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • bowel
  • An abdominal exam showed a flat, slightly hard abdomen with normal bowel sounds. (hindawi.com)
  • Patients with acute epiploic appendagitis do not normally report a change in bowel habits, while a small number may have constipation or diarrhea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spleen
  • I witnessed signs of beating on the left side of her abdomen right below her ribs, and guess that it should have been a severe injury to the spleen. (wikipedia.org)
  • appendix
  • The psoas sign, also known as Cope's psoas test or Obraztsova's sign, is a medical sign that indicates irritation to the iliopsoas group of hip flexors in the abdomen, and consequently indicates that the inflamed appendix is retrocaecal in orientation (as the iliopsoas muscle is retroperitoneal). (wikipedia.org)
  • usually
  • Acute abdomen of the ischemic variety is usually due to: A thromboembolism from the left side of the heart, such as may be generated during atrial fibrillation, occluding the SMA. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • After cleaning the side of the abdomen with an antiseptic solution, the physician numbs a small area of skin and inserts a large-bore needle with a plastic sheath 2 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in) in length to reach the peritoneal (ascitic) fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • barium
  • Chronic or congenital diseases might be investigated using barium swallows, endoscopy and biopsy, whereas acute diseases such as reflux may be investigated and diagnosed based on symptoms and a medical history alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • Sciatica can occur at any time in a normal pregnancy but it is most common during the second and third trimester, when the baby is larger and carried lower in the abdomen. (sciaticnervecure.info)
  • There is usually also tenderness on palpation of the right upper abdomen and tenderness to percussion of the lower ribs which protect the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inguinal ligament which creates a triangle shape in the lower abdomen is strongly modeled. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, nonketotic hyperosmolar coma, or death. (beingwellhomoeopathy.com)
  • Special projections include a PA prone, Lateral Decubitus, upright AP, and Lateral Cross-Table (with the patient supine) A minimal acute obstructive series (for the purpose of ruling out small bowel obstruction) would include two views: typically, a supine view and an upright view (which would be sufficient to detect air-fluid levels), although a lateral decubitus could be substituted for the upright. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute conditions affecting the bowels include infectious diarrhoea and mesenteric ischaemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • heart
  • The fetal heart rate and the activity of the uterine muscle are detected by two transducers placed on the mother's abdomen (one above the fetal heart, to monitor heart rate and the other at the fundus of the uterus to measure frequency of contractions). (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • It is often supplemented by an upright PA view of the chest (to rule out air under the diaphragm or thoracic etiologies presenting as abdominal complaints) and a standing view of the abdomen (to differentiate obstruction from ileus by examining gastrointestinal air/water levels). (wikipedia.org)
  • baby
  • Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation (sound played to the unborn baby through the mother's abdomen) has been used to provoke the baby into being more active. (wikipedia.org)