• 1884
  • The mission intended to investigate the political situation in the Spanish Sahara, as well as the conflicting claims to the territory: Spain had administered the Spanish Sahara since the Berlin Congress in 1884, but had announced it was pulling out of the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nations
  • citation needed] Morocco and Egypt are both signers of the Agadir Agreement for the Establishment of a Free Trade Zone between the Arabic Mediterranean Nations, signed in Rabat, Morocco on 25 February 2004. (wikipedia.org)
  • bilateral
  • Morocco-Egypt relations refers to the bilateral relations between the kingdom of Morocco and the Arab Republic of Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas Mozambique values its bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Morocco, it, nonetheless, condemns the deplorable behavior of its delegation, which reveals a shocking lack of composure and respect for the high office of His Excellency the President of the Republic, for the nature of TICAD, as well as well as for other participants, distinguished representatives of sovereign States, international organizations and development partners. (innercitypress.com)
  • Saharawis
  • MUA, finally, declared it will keep on campaigning and raising awareness about the question of Western Sahara "until the Saharawis can determine" their future and the future of their resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • The situation is boiling, and if it goes on like this, the Saharawi people will do something a lot bigger than Gdeim Izik camp in the future," says activist Larbas Obeid, referring to demonstrations in 2010 in which thousands of Saharawis set up tents and camped in the desert to protest unemployment and discrimination by the Moroccan government. (csmonitor.com)
  • sovereignty
  • a second was signed in 1983 and foresaw two different areas of application, north and south of Cape Noun, thus designating the latter as Western Saharan waters, in order not to imply a recognition of Moroccan sovereignty. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2(a) of the agreement, EU fisheries can take place in "the waters falling within the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the Kingdom of Morocco", as it was defined also in all previous agreements. (wikipedia.org)
  • It does therefore not limit itself to the area under direct sovereignty of the Moroccan authorities, but includes further areas under its jurisdiction, e.g. its maritime exclusive economic zone but also the waters of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has rejected plans to hold a referendum, insisting on an autonomy plan for the territory, which would maintain Moroccan sovereignty but allow some local administration. (csmonitor.com)
  • territory
  • For Morocco, it is a buffer territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area is separated from the rest of the Western Sahara territory by "a 2,200 kilometer [1,367 mi]-long wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • To day the Court of Justice of the European Union " holds that, taking accountof the fact that the territory of Western Sahara does not form part of the territory of the Kingdom of Morocco, the waters adjacent to the territory of Western Sahara are not part of the Moroccan fishing zone referred to in the Fisheries Agreement. (innercitypress.com)
  • The Court concludes that the ' Moroccan fishing zone ' under the Protocol does not include the waters adjacent to the territory of Western Sahara. (innercitypress.com)
  • Morocco controls the majority of the territory, with Polisario forces controlling a rump. (wikipedia.org)
  • In early September 1999, Sahrawi students held a sit-in at al-Zamlah Square in al-'Ayun, the capital of the territory, demanding scholarships and transportation subsidies to Moroccan universities located in northern Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco demanded the inclusion of all people now living in the territory, including all Moroccan settlers. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, a provision that the interim local government (the Western Sahara Authority) would be elected only by a restricted voters' list (those identified as original inhabitants of the territory by Minurso) alienated Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • UN General Assembly Resolution 3292 requested that the International Court give an advisory opinion on the following questions: :I. Was Western Sahara (Río de Oro and Sakiet El Hamra) at the time of colonization by Spain a territory belonging to no one (terra nullius)? (wikipedia.org)
  • What were the legal ties between this territory and the Kingdom of Morocco and the Mauritanian entity? (wikipedia.org)
  • A heavily mined, 1,500-mile-plus earthen wall separates Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara from the small, mostly desert territory controlled by the Polisario, which claims Western Sahara as the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic. (csmonitor.com)
  • Fisheries Agreement
  • I n the interim, the EU Court of Justice Advocate General has issued a… a ruling yesterday that the EU Morocco Fisheries Agreement is illegal for a variety of grounds, including the… you know, that it violates international law. (innercitypress.com)
  • The EU-Moroccan Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) is a fisheries agreement between the European Community (EC) and Morocco that allows European fishing vessels to fish off the shores of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first fisheries agreement between the EC and Morocco was signed in 1988. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 1992 EC-Moroccan Fisheries Agreement provided better conditions for Morocco in terms of financial compensation (310 million Euro) and longer biological rest periods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tunisia
  • The agreement aimed at establishing a free trade area between Jordan, Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco and it was seen as a possible first step in the establishment of the Euro-Mediterranean free trade area as envisaged in the Barcelona Process. (wikipedia.org)
  • cease-fire
  • Morocco routinely refers to the Polisario-held region as a "buffer zone", or "buffer strip", and claims that Polisario forces are not allowed entry, and that both military activities and civilian construction in this area constitute violations of their cease-fire agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The political climate gradually relaxed in the 1990s, after the cease-fire, and following considerable liberalization in Morocco proper. (wikipedia.org)
  • waters
  • As such, the agreement neither includes nor excludes explicitly the waters of Western Sahara The agreement came under fire for failing to specify the southern limit of Morocco in its geographical scope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spain
  • In 1958 Spain merged the previously separate districts of Saguia el-Hamra (in the north) and Río de Oro (in the south) to form the province of Spanish Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • After support from France, Spain regained control of the region but returned the region of Cape Juby to Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • parts
  • In the Arab world, the term zawiya can also refer to a Sufi lodge, akin to the term Tekke/Tekyeh in Iran, Turkey and the former Ottoman areas, as well as khanqah or dargah used in various parts of Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tekna is a Sahrawi tribal confederation in southern Morocco and parts of northern Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sahrawi political activity in the Moroccan-controlled parts of Western Sahara remains severely restricted, and police crackdowns and forced disappearances were a frequent response to civil protest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritanian
  • The main competing ideologies of the Greater Morocco ideology have been Sahrawi nationalism, Mauritanian irridentism, Spanish nationalism, Berber separatism and Pan-Arabism. (wikipedia.org)
  • tribes
  • Especially in the northern Hassane areas, i.e. today's Western Sahara, the Zawāyāa tribes were more or less synonymous with the Chorfa, tribes who claimed descent from the Prophet Muhammad. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only references to local languages and tribes (especially the Reguibat and Ouled Nail) suggest that the events take place in Morocco, Algeria, or possibly Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • foreign
  • In the statement signed last September by its WA Branch Secretary, Mr. Chris Cain, and his assistants, the Australian union considered its concerns "legitimate as the phosphate mined in Western Sahara and subsequently shipped to the Fermantle Ports do not belong to the beneficiaries of the trade but is a resource belonging to the Saharawi people, not the foreign occupiers of Western Sahara", referring to Morocco. (awsa.org.au)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] The organization backing the republic is the Polisario Front, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro (Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro), but it has declared that it will either transform into a normal political party among others, or split into several parties in the eventuality of an independent Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • legitimate
  • It is derived from an Arabic term nafada meaning "to shake", "shake off", "get rid of", as a dog might shrug off water, or as one might shake off sleep, or dirt from one's sandals, and is a key concept in contemporary Arabic usage referring to a legitimate uprising against oppression. (wikipedia.org)
  • mandate
  • Notwithstanding and regrettably, the delegation of the Kingdom of Morocco, beyond its mandate, has hijacked the competencies of the co-organizers and of the host country by awarding to itself the right to control the accesses to the Joaquim Chissano International Conference Center, venue of the meeting, and to the meeting room, having even resorted to violence. (innercitypress.com)
  • respectively
  • Two Areas with Limited Restrictions (ALR), which are the two remaining vast, stretches of land of Western Sahara on both sides respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Referred to as phosphorylation and dephosphorylation , respectively, they are important ways that energy is stored and released in living systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • Being Morocco a member of the African Union, Mozambique expresses its dismay for this unacceptable behavior against another member of the organization, and a breach of the guiding principles on the respectful and cordial relations between States. (innercitypress.com)
  • nationalist
  • Greater Morocco is a label historically used by some Moroccan nationalist political leaders protesting against Spanish, Portuguese, Algerian and French rule, to refer to wider territories historically associated with the Moroccan sultan. (wikipedia.org)
  • In response, Morocco's King Hassan II seized the initiative by dispatching hundreds of thousands of unarmed Moroccans in a great spectacle of nationalist and religious fervor across the Moroccan - Spanish Sahara frontier. (encyclopedia.com)
  • often
  • These rates are often referred to as "crude rates" since they do not take a population's age structure into account. (prb.org)
  • Spanish
  • This created problems for the Spanish and Portuguese fishing fleets, who had always been the main beneficiaries of fishing licenses under the European Community's fisheries agreements with Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • That number corresponded quite closely to the Spanish census of 75,000 persons, which caused Morocco to launch appeals against the voter list on behalf of over 100,000 rejected applicants from the Moroccan side. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • Concurrently, Morocco poured hundreds of millions of dollars into the region, building schools, hospitals, and telecommunications facilities, staffed by tens of thousands of Moroccan civilians. (encyclopedia.com)