• fracture
  • The multiaxial screw utilized in minimally invasive operations is limited in restoring fracture height, reconstructing the anterior vertebral column, and improving kyphosis. (springer.com)
  • Therefore, the percutaneous, minimally invasive approach is not recommended for a thoracolumbar fracture with severe vertebral height loss. (springer.com)
  • Thirty-eight patients experiencing thoracolumbar fracture, with a vertebral height loss more than 50%, were treated with the novel, percutaneous, self-expanding, forceful reduction screw between March 2014 and June 2015. (springer.com)
  • We believe that the novel, percutaneous, self-expanding, forceful reduction screw system developed by us not only successfully expands the minimally invasive percutaneous surgery to the thoracolumbar fracture with severe vertebral height loss but also achieves significant vertebral height restoration and kyphosis correction. (springer.com)
  • Though the minimally invasive approach could be utilized to avoid those postoperative complications, the multiaxial screw utilized in the minimally invasive operation has limitations in the restoration of fracture height, reconstruction of anterior vertebral column, and kyphosis improvement. (springer.com)
  • Spinal cord compression develops when the spinal cord is compressed by bone fragments from a vertebral fracture, a tumor, abscess, ruptured intervertebral disc or other lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • spondylitis
  • In addition to the two patients who had been diagnosed with brucella spondylitis, all patients admitted to hospital provided medical history and underwent clinical examination and laboratory tests including measurements of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein, serum agglutination, and blood culture for Brucella , as well as purified protein derivative test, T-SPOT, and other tests performed in order to exclude tuberculosis. (hindawi.com)
  • Chronic spinal inflammatory conditions such as Paget disease, neurosarcoidosis, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, ankylosing spondylitis and chronic tuberculosis can cause it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body
  • These procedures join and stabilize the level where a spinal element (eg, vertebral body) has been damaged or removed. (spineuniverse.com)
  • T12 vertebral body was sclerotic and the pedicles were not clearly visualised. (scielo.org.za)
  • Radiographs demonstrated destruction of the L4 vertebral body with maintenance of the adjacent disc spaces and sagittal alignment ( Fig. 2 ). (scielo.org.za)
  • Development and application of artificial vertebral body]. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Currently, artificial vertebral body with variety of kinds and pros and cons, is generally divided into two types: fusion type and movable type. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The vertebral body index (VBI), height of the anterior margin of fractured vertebra (HAMFV), vertebral body angle (VBA), bisegmental Cobb angle (BCA), and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores were obtained before and after the operation, as well as during the 2-year follow-up. (springer.com)
  • These changes translate into loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • scoliosis
  • There are many causes of scoliosis, including spinal deformities, neuromuscular problems, and inherited diseases or conditions caused by the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • anterior
  • Dai LY, Jiang LS, Wang W, Cui YM (2005) Single-stage anterior autogenous bone grafting and instrumentation in the surgical management of spinal tuberculosis. (springer.com)
  • Jin D, Qu D, Chen J, Zhang H (2004) One-stage anterior interbody autografting and instrumentation in primary surgical management of thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis. (springer.com)
  • A provisional diagnosis of spinal TB was made and, with the history of progressive neurological deficit, the patient was taken to theatre for an anterior transthoracic decompression and fusion. (scielo.org.za)
  • The lesion extends posteriorly to the anterior epidural space from T8 to T12 compressing on the spinal canal. (radiopaedia.org)
  • nerves
  • The part of the spinal cord that was damaged corresponds to the spinal nerves at that level and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the conus medullaris, the canal contains a mass of nerves (the cauda equina or "horse-tail") that branches off the lower end of the spinal cord and contains the nerve roots from L1-5 and S1-5. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • One patient had epididymitis, and two showed clear signs of spinal nerve damage. (hindawi.com)
  • Nerve and/or spinal cord compression may cause unusual sensations such as tingling, numbness, and/or burning feelings. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The area of skin innervated by a specific spinal nerve is called a dermatome, and the group of muscles innervated by a single spinal nerve is called a myotome. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The damage often occurs from inflammation and potentially direct invasion of the spinal cord by the organism. (zocdoc.com)
  • curvature
  • The pillows for left and right lateral recumbency ( 5,4 ) each include an external cushion, a mechanism enabling adjustment to fit vertebral curvature ( 52, 42 ), a mechanism enabling adjustment to inhibit too great an angle of lateral tilt ( 53, 43 ) and height adjustment members ( 51, 41 ). (freepatentsonline.com)
  • neurological
  • Louw JA (1990) Spinal tuberculosis with neurological deficit. (springer.com)
  • She was started on TB medication but neurological deterioration continued and she was referred to the tertiary spinal unit after 2 weeks of medication. (scielo.org.za)
  • The International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI), published by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), is widely used to document sensory and motor impairments following SCI. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Injuries can occur at any level of the spinal cord and can be classified as complete injury, a total loss of sensation and muscle function, or incomplete, meaning some nervous signals are able to travel past the injured area of the cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • compression
  • Emergency radiation therapy (usually 20 Gray in 5 fractions, 30 Gray in 10 fractions or 8 Gray in 1 fraction) is the mainstay of treatment for malignant spinal cord compression. (wikipedia.org)
  • The median survival of patients with metastatic spinal cord compression is about 12 weeks, reflecting the generally advanced nature of the underlying malignant disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • This can be dangerous, as highlighted by the following cases where patients were incorrectly assessed and treated for spinal tuberculosis, to their detriment. (scielo.org.za)
  • Characteristics of patients with spinal tuberculosis: seven-year experience of a teaching hospital in Southwest China. (biomedsearch.com)
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of patients managed for spinal tuberculosis at the orthopaedics department of a teaching hospital in Chongqing, China, between 2004 and 2010. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To effectively treat tuberculosis, it is crucial that patients take their medications exactly as prescribed. (wikipedia.org)