• lumbar
  • She had a mild right lower thoracic scoliosis with the apex at T11/T12 and her lumbar spinal lordosis was flattened. (scielo.org.za)
  • Surgical intervention is an important option for treating lumbar tuberculosis. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • This study's purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of 3 different surgeries for the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis in adult and analyze the mid-term influence of the surgery on quality of life.Between June 2004 and January 2010, a total of 137 adult patients (54 women and 83 men) with lumbar tuberculosis were recruited for this study. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Paraplegia occurs when the legs are affected by the spinal cord damage (in thoracic, lumbar, or sacral injuries), and tetraplegia occurs when all four limbs are affected (cervical damage). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most common causes include iatrogenic lumbar punctures, burst fractures resulting in posterior migration of fragments of the vertebral body, severe disc herniations, spinal anaesthesia involving trauma from catheters and high local anaesthetic concentrations around the cauda equina, penetrating trauma such as knife wounds or ballistic trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • CES can be caused by lumbar spinal stenosis, which is when the diameter of the spinal canal narrows. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is remembered in modern medicine through 'Tuffier's Line', an imaginary line connecting the iliac crests, used as a landmark for the L3/4 vertebral interspace in spinal anaesthesia and lumbar puncture. (wikipedia.org)
  • spondylitis
  • In addition to the two patients who had been diagnosed with brucella spondylitis, all patients admitted to hospital provided medical history and underwent clinical examination and laboratory tests including measurements of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein, serum agglutination, and blood culture for Brucella , as well as purified protein derivative test, T-SPOT, and other tests performed in order to exclude tuberculosis. (hindawi.com)
  • Chen WJ, Wu CC, Jung CH, Chen LH, Niu CC, Lai PL (2002) Combined anterior and posterior surgeries in the treatment of spinal tuberculous spondylitis. (springer.com)
  • Chronic spinal inflammatory conditions such as Paget disease, neurosarcoidosis, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, ankylosing spondylitis and chronic tuberculosis can cause it. (wikipedia.org)
  • destruction
  • Radiographs demonstrated destruction of the L4 vertebral body with maintenance of the adjacent disc spaces and sagittal alignment ( Fig. 2 ). (scielo.org.za)
  • tertiary
  • He was then referred to a tertiary spinal surgery unit. (scielo.org.za)
  • She was referred to the tertiary spinal unit where she was found to be pyrexial, confused and tachypnoeic. (scielo.org.za)
  • She was started on TB medication but neurological deterioration continued and she was referred to the tertiary spinal unit after 2 weeks of medication. (scielo.org.za)
  • nerves
  • A CT scan or MRI may be required to further evaluate the soft spinal tissues including the neural elements (eg, nerves). (spineuniverse.com)
  • The part of the spinal cord that was damaged corresponds to the spinal nerves at that level and below. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the conus medullaris, the canal contains a mass of nerves (the cauda equina or "horse-tail") that branches off the lower end of the spinal cord and contains the nerve roots from L1-5 and S1-5. (wikipedia.org)
  • canal
  • A narrowed spinal canal with cord compression and abnormal cord signal changes was found ( Fig. 1 ). (scielo.org.za)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging ( fig. 1 ) and computed tomography were performed and revealed a displacement of the nerve roots by an expansive mass in the posterior extradural space, which took up more than 50% of the spinal canal. (asahq.org)
  • No pus was found in the spinal canal. (asahq.org)
  • The lesion extends posteriorly to the anterior epidural space from T8 to T12 compressing on the spinal canal. (radiopaedia.org)
  • This is due to the spinal canal narrowing that these kind of syndromes can produce. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The damage often occurs from inflammation and potentially direct invasion of the spinal cord by the organism. (zocdoc.com)
  • tissues
  • Physical Therapy's primary objective is to strengthen the spinal tissues for either correcting the curvature to the maximum extent possible or contain further damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • Melanotic Cancer) 1922 William Thorburn, On the Surgery of the Spinal Cord 146 1921 Sir Holburt Jacob Waring, Operative Treatment of Malignant Disease 1920 Berkeley Moynihan, The Spleen and some of its Diseases 1919 Sir Charles Alfred Ballance, The Surgery of the Heart 1918 D'Arcy Power, Cancer of the Tongue 1917 Sir John Bland-Sutton, Misplaced and Missing Organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many causes of scoliosis, including spinal deformities, neuromuscular problems, and inherited diseases or conditions caused by the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • curvature
  • The pillows for left and right lateral recumbency ( 5,4 ) each include an external cushion, a mechanism enabling adjustment to fit vertebral curvature ( 52, 42 ), a mechanism enabling adjustment to inhibit too great an angle of lateral tilt ( 53, 43 ) and height adjustment members ( 51, 41 ). (freepatentsonline.com)
  • These types of high-end curves typically do not respond well to conservative treatment and almost always warrant spinal fusion surgery, which can restore the body's natural degree of curvature. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • Spinal infections are often treated without surgery. (spineuniverse.com)
  • she has a vertebral surgery about 3 weeks ago.after surgery with in a week start moving legs and fingers but after 2 weeks movement became slow.fingers are still not moving. (zocdoc.com)
  • Pott's disease is a severe illness, and there are many different factors that can affect neurologic recovery after spinal cord damage and surgery. (zocdoc.com)
  • Discitis occurs post surgically in approximately 1-2 percent of patients after spinal surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was a pioneer of pulmonary and cardiovascular surgery and of spinal anaesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • This can be dangerous, as highlighted by the following cases where patients were incorrectly assessed and treated for spinal tuberculosis, to their detriment. (scielo.org.za)
  • Characteristics of patients with spinal tuberculosis: seven-year experience of a teaching hospital in Southwest China. (biomedsearch.com)
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of patients managed for spinal tuberculosis at the orthopaedics department of a teaching hospital in Chongqing, China, between 2004 and 2010. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To effectively treat tuberculosis, it is crucial that patients take their medications exactly as prescribed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The median survival of patients with metastatic spinal cord compression is about 12 weeks, reflecting the generally advanced nature of the underlying malignant disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • One patient had epididymitis, and two showed clear signs of spinal nerve damage. (hindawi.com)
  • The area of skin innervated by a specific spinal nerve is called a dermatome, and the group of muscles innervated by a single spinal nerve is called a myotome. (wikipedia.org)
  • deficit
  • However, the VCR techniques have many limitations including spinal column instability, greater blood loss, and greater risk of neurologic deficit. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • immunity
  • The development of host immunity and DTH to M. tuberculosis is evidenced by acquisition of skin-test reactivity to tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD). (wordpress.com)