• Constitution
  • The Court also rejected Sissel's contention that the law violated the Commerce Clause of the Constitution, stating that the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in 2012 in the case of NFIB v. Sebelius "necessarily disposes of Sissel's Commerce Clause claim. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toxic Substances
  • This report to the Science Advisory Board from the Workgroup on Ecosystem Health was carried out as part of Board activities related to the 1995-97 Priorities under Priority 1 -- Persistent Toxic Substances: Impact on Humans and Ecosystem Health. (ijc.org)
  • During the past 30 years, there has been a growing knowledge among epidemiologists and pediatricians of the occurrence of developmental effects on human fetuses and infants following exposure to toxic substances. (ijc.org)
  • Human health researchers, working in the Great Lakes basin, have reported subtle perinatal effects on growth and neurological development associated with in utero exposure to toxic substances from maternal consumption of Lake Michigan fish. (ijc.org)
  • The participants at the Wingspread workshop agreed that sufficient evidence is available to demonstrate that exposures to certain toxic substances, including PCBs and related chemicals, have been sufficient to harm human health. (ijc.org)
  • infants
  • In addition, there are infant formulas using soybean as a protein source in place of cow's milk (mostly in the United States and Great Britain) and formulas using protein hydrolysed into its component amino acids for infants who are allergic to other proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breastfeeding, including exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life, is widely advocated as "ideal" for babies and infants, both by health authorities - and accordingly in ethical advertising of infant formula manufacturers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Labor
  • The daycare, which opened in 2005, receives funding from the Meyer Memorial Trust and has gained recognition from the United States Department of Labor for the innovative program as the only pet daycare in the nation that is both not-for-profit and serving as a job training program. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • Sissel v. United States Department of Health & Human Services was a lawsuit filed by the Pacific Legal Foundation as a constitutional challenge to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). (wikipedia.org)
  • iMedicalApps is an independent online medical publication for medical professionals, patients, and analysts interested in mobile medical technology and health care apps. (imedicalapps.com)
  • iMedicalApps is the leading online publication for medical professionals, patients, and analysts interested in mobile medical technology and health care apps. (imedicalapps.com)
  • My plan will put more inhalers in schools, train more teachers and health professionals to be experts in asthma, and give more families the resources they need to care for their children's asthma. (senate.gov)
  • Hospice care in the United States is a type and philosophy of end-of-life care which focuses on the palliation of a terminally ill patient's symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hospice care was introduced to the United States in the 1970s in response to the work of Cicely Saunders in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • This part of health care has expanded as people face a variety of issues with terminal illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • With practices largely defined by the Medicare system, a social insurance program in the United States, and other health insurance providers, hospice care is made available in the United States to patients of any age with any terminal prognosis who are medically certified to have less than six months to live. (wikipedia.org)
  • First responders and health care providers must prepare to provide care for patients poisoned by acetylcholinesterase (AchE) inhibitor chemical warfare agents or pesticides. (springer.com)
  • Some vertebroplasty practitioners and some health care professional organizations continue to advocate for the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence similarly states that the procedure in those with osteoporotic fractures is only recommended as an option if there is severe ongoing pain from a recent fracture even with optimal pain management. (wikipedia.org)
  • She overcame the terrible conditions of socio-economic deprivation, restricted education, poor health care, and confinement to the Indian tuberculosis sanatorium and the reservation, to attend college, become a Head Start teacher, marry, raise a child, and be named Native American Woman of the Year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both the poor living conditions and the lack of medicine were common, as health care for the American Indian was substandard due to discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • The findings of elevated polychlorinated biphenyl levels in human populations, together with the findings of developmental deficits and neurological problems in children whose mothers ate PCB-contaminated fish, have significant health implications. (ijc.org)
  • In the United States, mothers of lower socio-economic status have been found less likely to breastfeed, although this may be partly related to adverse effects of government nutrition supplementation programs that provide subsidies for infant formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohol
  • Additional questions were asked on patterns of alcohol and drug consumption, criminal activity, employment, health, social support, and other behavior relevant to treatment goals. (umich.edu)
  • Recent loosening of state and federal policy restrictions on marijuana, along with changes in social norms regarding marijuana use and decreases in prevalence of other types of substance use, may lead to increases in youth initiating marijuana before other types of substances such as alcohol and tobacco. (springer.com)
  • Nationally representative, cross-sectional survey data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health supplied self-reported age of first marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, other tobacco, and other illegal drug use among 12-21-year-old samples from 2004 to 2014 ( n = 275,559). (springer.com)
  • Alcohol consumption by youth in the United States of America is an umbrella term for alcohol consumption by individuals under the age of 21 in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the minimum legal age to purchase alcohol is 21 in all states (see National Minimum Drinking Age Act), the legal details vary greatly. (wikipedia.org)
  • While a few states completely ban alcohol usage for people under 21, the majority have exceptions that permit consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furnishing alcohol to one's own children is permitted in 31 states, while it's illegal to do so for other people's children in all fifty states. (wikipedia.org)
  • As it stands, any state that lowers its alcohol purchase or possession age would lose ten percent of its federal highway funding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most states in the U.S. regulate the use of alcohol by those under the age of 21. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many believe that anyone under the age of twenty-one can not consume alcohol in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hospital
  • Schuchat served as resident and chief resident in internal medicine at New York University′s Manhattan V.A. Hospital before beginning her public health career at CDC as an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer in NCID. (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • Knowledge Centers are a custom service of IssueLab providing organizations with a simple way to manage and share knowledge on their own websites. (issuelab.org)
  • Thirty invited participants, including senior regulatory officials from health and environment departments, industry, environmental non-government organizations (ENGO) and the academic science and policy communities, attended the workshop held at the Wingspread Conference Center on September 5-7, 1997. (ijc.org)
  • TAO is committed to transferring its technologies and research resources to external organizations for further research, development and/or commercialization to create biomedical products and services that benefit public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Education
  • Established in 1769 by Eleazar Wheelock, it is the ninth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007, the drinking age debate in the United States was renewed when Choose Responsibility began promoting the lowering of the drinking age coupled with education and rules to persuade people to drink responsibly before they are of legal age. (wikipedia.org)
  • physicians
  • Our physician editors lead a team of physicians, allied health professionals, medical trainees, and mHealth analysts in providing reviews, research, and commentary of mobile medical technology. (imedicalapps.com)
  • continue
  • The weight of evidence based on the findings of wildlife biologists, toxicologists and epidemiologists clearly indicates that populations continue to be exposed to PCBs and other contaminants and that significant health consequences are associated with these exposures. (ijc.org)
  • Without interventions, future exposures will continue to harm human health. (ijc.org)
  • WE THE PEOPLE ask that ALL vaccines be made optional as they had been in the past and that health departments in every state continue or go back to offering vaccine exemptions to those parents who feel the need to not vaccinate their children. (change.org)
  • H5N1 may cause more than one influenza pandemic , as it is expected to continue mutating in birds regardless of whether humans develop herd immunity to a future pandemic strain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patient
  • The individual likelihood of five-year survival of a patient depends on how advanced the cancer is, whether or not all the cancer can be removed with surgery, and the person's overall health. (wikipedia.org)
  • federal
  • Although there are no formal rules or guidelines for the use of amicus curiae briefs in district courts, Rule 29 of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure and Rule 37 of the United States Supreme Court Rules govern amicus curiae briefs in those appellate proceedings, and they are instructive. (justia.com)
  • Simply put, NIDDK TAO facilitates the movement of technology from the federal laboratories to industry and to state and local governments in order to maximize results of ongoing Federal research endeavors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 provides the legal basis for and encourages shared use of Government facilities and resources with the private sector to aid in the commercialization of new products and services. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • Authors had only access to the publicly available, de-identified data, and thus this research was deemed "not human subjects research" by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health IRB. (springer.com)
  • In the federated model, the RHIO acts as a record locator service, the data stays at its original location, and the RHIO only has a "pointer" to that information. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • In the United States, the term Social Security refers to the US social insurance program for all retired and disabled people. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007, hospice treatment was used by 1.4 million people in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • WE THE PEOPLE do not believe children are to be possessions of the state. (change.org)
  • WE THE PEOPLE DEMAND all mandatory vaccination to cease and for exemptions to be brought back to states like California, Mississippi, and West Virginia. (change.org)
  • In July 2013 the WHO announced a total of 630 confirmed human cases which resulted in the deaths of 375 people since 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons released a statement recommending strongly against use of vertebroplasty for osteoporotic spinal compression fractures, while the Australian Medical Services Advisory Committee considers both vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty only to be appropriate in those who have failed to improve after a trial of conservative treatment, with conservative treatment (analgesics primarily) being effective in two-thirds of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food
  • These substances for the most part are persistent in ecosystems and bioaccumulate in food chains on which certain populations of humans rely for their nutrition. (ijc.org)
  • Development
  • Dr. Fairman's contribution to this work was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (T32DA007292) and the Intramural Research Program of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development. (springer.com)
  • In the development phase, verification procedures involve performing special tests to model or simulate a portion, or the entirety, of a product, service or system, then performing a review or analysis of the modeling results. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the post-development phase, verification procedures involve regularly repeating tests devised specifically to ensure that the product, service, or system continues to meet the initial design requirements, specifications, and regulations as time progresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a process that is used to evaluate whether a product, service, or system complies with regulations, specifications, or conditions imposed at the start of a development phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • For a new development flow or verification flow, validation procedures may involve modeling either flow and using simulations to predict faults or gaps that might lead to invalid or incomplete verification or development of a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof). (wikipedia.org)
  • A set of validation requirements (as defined by the user), specifications, and regulations may then be used as a basis for qualifying a development flow or verification flow for a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof). (wikipedia.org)
  • One of TAO's important functions is to raise visibility of the Institutes inventions by seeking out possible partnerships to further commercial development in order to benefit public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • The Services Research Outcomes Study (SROS) sought to answer questions about drug treatment efficacy and to describe client characteristics. (umich.edu)
  • In an effort to understand the extent of these effects and the populations at greatest risk, the United States and Canadian governments as Parties to the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, have, in the past five years, funded about $30 million in research grants for Great Lakes health projects. (ijc.org)
  • Dartmouth College (/ˈdɑːrtməθ/ DART-məth) is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its 34 varsity sports teams compete intercollegiately in the Ivy League conference of the NCAA Division I. Dartmouth is consistently included among the highest-ranked universities in the United States by several institutional rankings, and has been cited as a leading university for undergraduate teaching and research by U.S. News & World Report. (wikipedia.org)
  • She studies systemic lupus erythematosis using mouse models and has been funded for this work by the Lupus Research Institute and the National Institutes of Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • The goal of the NIDDK research is to expand the basic scientific knowledge pertaining to health. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • We have a moral obligation to the children of this state to ensure their health and well-being. (senate.gov)
  • These effects have been shown to persist in children through an 11-year period and are consistent with effects related to dioxin-like chemicals observed in other studies both in humans and animals. (ijc.org)
  • Our children were not given to the state to raise. (change.org)
  • known
  • Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 , also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1 , is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Still, around 60% of humans known to have been infected with the current Asian strain of HPAI A(H5N1) have died from it, and H5N1 may mutate or reassort into a strain capable of efficient human-to-human transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is highly likely that the solid state structure is more complicated and includes both covalent and ionic characteristics and it is possible that multiple aluminium centres and / or bridging acetate groups might be present - both of these have been reported in aluminium acetate solution and aluminium chloride is known to exist as a Al 2Cl 6 dimer. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Most hospice services are covered by Medicare or other providers, and many hospices can provide access to charitable resources for patients lacking such coverage. (wikipedia.org)
  • While numerous possible causes for this situation exist, much waste (e.g., duplication of laboratory tests) and medical errors (e.g., adverse drug reactions) are traceable to inability of healthcare providers (who are not the patients' primary providers) to access patients' existing medical information in a timely manner when needed: better and more ubiquitous health information technology might be part of the overall solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • program
  • As the Interim Deputy Director for Science and Public Health Program at the CDC from February 2009 to June 2009, Schuchat focused on ensuring strong science and programmatic approaches were effectively integrated into planning across the agency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multnomah County named Outside In one of its 2014 Public Health Heroes for its naloxone program. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • In July 2004 the United States Department of Health and Human Services released their vision of how America's healthcare system could be rebuilt during the next decade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Verification and validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The assurance that a product, service, or system meets the needs of the customer and other identified stakeholders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Verification is intended to check that a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof) meets a set of design specifications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Validation is intended to ensure a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof) results in a product, service, or system (or portion thereof, or set thereof) that meets the operational needs of the user. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] It is a process of establishing evidence that provides a high degree of assurance that a product, service, or system accomplishes its intended requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • Information was abstracted on demographic characteristics of clients, criminal justice involvement, medical conditions, drug history including intravenous drug use, urine test results, drug treatment history, treatment services, and discharge and billing information.Part 3 consists of the Client Follow-Up Interviews, and was conducted during 1995 and 1996. (umich.edu)
  • Information was abstracted on demographic characteristics of clients, criminal justice involvement, medical conditions, drug history including intravenous drug use, urine test results, drug treatment history, treatment services, and discharge and billing information. (umich.edu)
  • Assistant
  • In August 1996 she gained an official position as an assistant professor in the pathology department of the Tufts University School of Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • provides
  • Rule 29 provides that an amicus curiae may file a brief only with leave of court and only after the movant states his interest in the case and explains "why an amicus brief is desirable and why the matters asserted are relevant to the disposition of the case. (justia.com)
  • Following a liberal arts curriculum, the university provides undergraduate instruction in 40 academic departments and interdisciplinary programs including 57 majors in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering, and enables students to design specialized concentrations or engage in dual degree programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Court
  • On July 29, 2014, the district court's decision was affirmed by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Court of Appeals stated that it was therefore unnecessary for the Court to determine whether the bill originated in the House of Representatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rule 37 of the Supreme Court Rules states that an amicus curiae brief which "brings to the attention of the Court relevant matter not already brought to its attention by the parties may be of considerable help to the Court. (justia.com)
  • As the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals has stated: The vast majority of amicus curiae briefs are filed by allies of litigants and duplicate the arguments made in the litigants' briefs, in effect merely extending the length of the litigant's brief. (justia.com)
  • article
  • In 2003, world-renowned virologist Robert G. Webster published an article titled "The world is teetering on the edge of a pandemic that could kill a large fraction of the human population" in American Scientist . (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • In addition, other chemicals that cause endocrine disruption have the potential to harm and may already have harmed human populations. (ijc.org)
  • Others consider the procedure only appropriate for those with other health problems making rest possibly detrimental, those with metastatic cancer as the cause of the spine fracture, or those who do not improve with conservative management. (wikipedia.org)
  • original
  • The original study procedures were approved by RTI's Institution Review Board (IRB) for the protection of human subjects. (springer.com)
  • efficient
  • The ultimate objective is to improve the safety, quality, and efficiency of healthcare as well as access to healthcare through the efficient application of health information technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • In particular, the use of infant formula in less economically developed countries is linked to poorer health outcomes because of the prevalence of unsanitary preparation conditions, including lack of clean water and lack of sanitizing equipment. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Many parallel State constitutional provisions similar to those contained in the 14th Amendment exist, and State constitutions often have explicit prohibitions against age discrimination, as well. (wikipedia.org)