• Alzheimer's
  • We and others have examined patients with various neurodegenerative and behavioral neurological conditions, such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Autistic Spectrum Disorders ([ASD], including Autism, Attention Deficit Disorder, Asperger Syndrome), and found evidence for systemic intracellular bacterial and viral infections in a majority of patients. (townsendletter.com)
  • Ticks
  • Symptoms:Fever, headache, altered mental status, myalgia, and rash Treatment: Antibiotic therapy, typically consisting of doxycycline or tetracycline Helvetica spotted fever Organism: Rickettsia helvetica Region(R. helvetica): Confirmed common in ticks in Sweden, Switzerland, France, and Laos Vector/region(s)#1: Ixodes ricinus is the main European vector. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyme disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks of the Ixodes genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyme disease is the most common disease spread by ticks in the Northern Hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • and B. andersonii (U.S.). Some of these species are carried by ticks not currently recognized as carriers of Lyme disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ticks are obligate blood-sucking arthropods that transmit pathogens whilefeeding, and in Europe, more vector-borne diseases are transmitted to humans by ticks than by any other agent. (borrelioosi.net)
  • Radolf JD, Caimano MJ, Stevenson B, Hu LT. Of ticks, mice and men: understanding the dual-host lifestyle of Lyme disease spirochaetes. (springer.com)
  • The doctor rashly (pun intended) diagnosed Lyme's disease (I'd also been feasted upon by four ticks in the previous 2 weeks) and put me on antibiotics. (blogspot.de)
  • bacteria
  • Typhus Several diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria (below) Rocky Mountain spotted fever Organism: Rickettsia rickettsii Vector: Wood tick (Dermacentor variabilis), D. andersoni Region (US): East, Southwest Vector: Amblyomma cajennense Region (Brazil): São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thirteen distinct genomic classifications of Lyme disease bacteria have been identified worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • As it is very difficult to COMPLETELY eradicate the bacteria, we are faced with controlling the final symptoms after 99% of the bacteria are removed or under control. (lymebook.com)
  • Inflammation can remain at a low grade long after most bacteria are gone, and it can allow depression, anxiety, brain fog, fatigue, and other symptoms to persist. (lymebook.com)
  • It is the bacteria?s ability to exit the blood stream, hide, and survive that makes Lyme disease so difficult to detect with any one test. (borrelioosi.net)
  • Doxycycline kills the symbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the reproductive tracts of parasitic filarial nematodes, making the nematodes sterile, and thus reducing transmission of diseases such as onchocerciasis and elephantiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In the US, neuroborreliosis is typically treated with intravenous antibiotics which cross the blood-brain barrier, such as penicillins, ceftriaxone, or cefotaxime. (wikipedia.org)
  • 11 In contrast, if the SF-36 was used to determine Quality of Life (QOL) in post-Lyme patients, the average SF-36 physical component summary (40±9, range 29-44) and mental component summary (39±14, range 23-46) of the QOL assessment were worse than the general USA population, and they could be significantly improved by anti-Lyme antibiotics (46% versus 18%, p =0.007). (blogspot.com)
  • antibodies
  • The invention is also directed to a method of diagnosing Lyme disease by detecting the antigens in a biological sample taken from a host using the antibodies in conventional immunoassay formats. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • infections
  • 1 In addition to genetic changes and changes in gene expression, it is thought that nutritional deficiencies, head trauma, environmental toxins, chronic bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune immunological responses, vascular diseases, accumulation of fluid in the brain, changes in neurotransmitter concentrations, and other causes are involved in various neurodegenerative diseases. (townsendletter.com)
  • There are several thousand peer-reviewed references demonstrating the association between infections and mental symptoms and at least 65 different microbes have been recognized as causing mental symptoms," Bransfield writes. (psychologytoday.com)
  • 1 In this second part we continue with psychiatric diseases, autoimmune diseases, fatiguing illnesses, and other chronic diseases where chronic infections play an important role. (blogspot.com)
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Observed in many central nervous system diseases, neuroinflammation (NI) proceeds from peripheral immune cell infiltration into the parenchyma, from cytokine secretion and from oxidative stress. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • meningoradiculitis
  • These symptoms can include peripheral nerve parasthesias, a Guillain-Barre-like syndrome and Bannwarth's syndrome (lymphocytic meningoradiculitis). (upmc.edu)
  • Africa
  • Newly discovered genospecies have also been found to cause disease in humans: B. lusitaniae in Europe (especially Portugal), North Africa and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • With so many vectors, the underlying assumption behind this checklist is that Lyme is not rare in North America, Europe, South America, Russia, Africa or Asia. (lymebook.com)
  • The disease is rarely detected in northern Africa and Mediterranean countries ( 3 , 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • rash
  • this rash occurs in 75% of patients infected with Lyme disease and tends to resolve from the inside-out, leaving a bull's eye mark on the skin (Frey 2002). (davidson.edu)
  • The initial sign of the disease is a ring-shaped rash with occasional central clearing, called erythema migrans (EM). (springer.com)
  • headache
  • She had experienced a mild headache the prior evening but was otherwise well and denied any constitutional symptoms, concurrent or recent illnesses, jaw claudication, or eye pain. (lww.com)
  • Symptoms: Most often small red spots, other symptoms are fever, muscle pain, headache and respiratory problems Treatment: Broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy is needed, phenoxymethylpenicillin likely is sufficient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other early symptoms may include fever, headache and feeling tired. (wikipedia.org)
  • In patients with a combination of deficits, back pain was the first symptom, followed by headache, and finally by cranial nerve palsy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Epidemic
  • Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. (springer.com)
  • 1975
  • Lyme disease was diagnosed as a separate condition for the first time in 1975 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was first identified in 1975 in the town of Old Lyme, CT after an outbreak of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. (davidson.edu)
  • 2016
  • Lyme Disease Differential Diagnoses: Diagnostic Considerations Updated: Mar 14, 2016 CDC Two-step Laboratory Testing Process Page last reviewed: March 4, 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • juvenile
  • Orczyk K, Swidrowska-Jaros J, Smolewska E. When a patient suspected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis turns out to be diagnosed with an infectious disease - a review of Lyme arthritis in children. (springer.com)
  • disorder
  • Neuroborreliosis, also known as Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB), is a disorder of the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disorder in the northern hemisphere characterized by inflammation of the skin, joints, nervous system and heart. (davidson.edu)
  • In addition to these depersonalization-derealization disorder symptoms, the inner turmoil created by the disorder can result in depression, self-harm, low self-esteem, panic attacks, phobias, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnostic criteria for depersonalization-derealization disorder include, among other symptoms, persistent or recurrent feelings of detachment from one's mental or bodily processes or from one's surroundings. (wikipedia.org)
  • While brief episodes of depersonalization or derealization can be common in the general population, the disorder is only diagnosed when these symptoms cause substantial distress or impair social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • The core symptom of depersonalization-derealization disorder is the subjective experience of "unreality in one's self", or detachment from one's surroundings. (wikipedia.org)