• biliary
  • Distinctive symptoms of biliary atresia are usually evident between one and six weeks after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • In approximately 10% of cases, anomalies associated with biliary atresia include heart lesions, polysplenia, situs inversus, absent venae cavae, and a preduodenal portal vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • systemic
  • Risk factors for pulmonary hypertension are liver failure, chronic lung disease, blood clotting disorders, and underlying diseases, such as scleroderma, dermatomyositis , and systemic lupus erythematosus . (medicinenet.com)
  • The treatment of portal hypertension is divided into: Selective shunts select non-intestinal flow to be shunted to the systemic venous drainage while leaving the intestinal venous drainage to continue to pass through the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases
  • Diseases may cause difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), painful swallowing (odynophagia), chest pain, or cause no symptoms at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasound
  • Pulmonary hypertension is diagnosed by measuring the pulmonary pressures by either ultrasound of the heart ( echocardiogram ) or right heart catheterization. (medicinenet.com)
  • cognitive
  • Hypertension-related cognitive impairment and dementia may be a consequence of a single infarct due to occlusion of a "strategic" larger vessel or multiple lacunar infarcts due to occlusive small vessel disease resulting in subcortical white matter ischemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • usually
  • It is usually well advanced before its symptoms are noticeable enough to cause alarm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms usually begin between the ages of 5 and 35 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specific neurological symptoms usually then follow, often in the form of parkinsonism (cogwheel rigidity, bradykinesia or slowed movements and a lack of balance are the most common parkinsonian features) with or without a typical hand tremor, masked facial expressions, slurred speech, ataxia (lack of coordination) or dystonia (twisting and repetitive movements of part of the body). (wikipedia.org)
  • lead
  • Abdominal infection and diarrheal episodes at birth or in early childhood are likely to lead to portal pyemia and pylephlebitis, which could result in thrombosis, sclerosis, and obstruction of small- and medium-sized portal vein radicals. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Treatment
  • The treatment for pulmonary hypertension can include oxygen, diuretics, blood thinners, medications that open the pulmonary arteries, and treatments for any underlying disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • Treatment of hypertension convincingly decreases the incidence of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propranolol is not recommended for the treatment of hypertension by the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) because a higher rate of the primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke compared to an angiotensin receptor blocker was noted in one study. (wikipedia.org)