• intercepts
  • Equal form, Equal Intercepts) a χ2 fit statistic is iteratively estimated from the minimization of the difference between the model implied mean and covariance matrices and the observed mean and covariance matrices. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyses
  • The empirically based programs, or actuarial assessment programs, use statistical analyses to interpret the data, while the clinically based programs, or automated assessment programs, rely on information from expert clinicians and research. (wikipedia.org)
  • High-throughput technologies enable comprehensive genomic analyses of mutations, rearrangements, copy number variations, and methylation at the cellular and tissue levels, as well as robust analysis of RNA and microRNA expression data, protein levels and metabolite levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Review methods Studies comparing the two procedures as the primary intervention for isolated left anterior descending artery stenosis were identified and the following extracted: study design, population characteristics, severity of coronary artery disease, cardiovascular risk factors, and outcomes of interest. (bmj.com)
  • This rudimentary computerized interpretation is not far off from the methods used today. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer systems biology encompasses concrete applications of systems biology approaches to cancer research, notably (a) the need for better methods to distill insights from large-scale networks, (b) the importance of integrating multiple data types in constructing more realistic models, (b) challenges in translating insights about tumorigenic mechanisms into therapeutic interventions, and (d) the role of the tumor microenvironment, at the physical, cellular, and molecular levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • experimental
  • Natural experiment - empirical study in which the experimental conditions (i.e., which units receive which treatment) are determined by nature or by other factors out of the control of the experimenters and yet the treatment assignment process is arguably exogenous. (wikipedia.org)
  • An experimental study involves taking measurements of the system under study, manipulating the system, and then taking additional measurements using the same procedure to determine if the manipulation has modified the values of the measurements. (wikipedia.org)
  • significance
  • The clinical significance of remifentanil-induced swallowing difficulties is to be studied further. (diva-portal.org)
  • Test the results for statistical significance. (wikipedia.org)
  • As long as the models under comparison are nested, the difference between the χ2 values and their respective degrees of freedom of any two CFA models of varying levels of invariance follows a χ2 distribution (diff χ2) and as such, can be inspected for significance as an indication of whether increasingly restrictive models produce appreciable changes in model-data fit. (wikipedia.org)
  • While literal interpretations of such myths may appear to indicate extraordinarily long lifespans, many scholars believe such figures may be the result of incorrect translation of numbering systems through various languages coupled by the cultural and or symbolic significance of certain numbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patterns
  • By studying patterns of evolution and extinction in the context of environmental change, evolutionary paleoecologists are able to examine concepts of vulnerability and resilience in species and environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • cohort
  • 7 Another study of a cohort of patients with acute coronary syndromes found that acute coronary syndrome events occurred on average 10 days after discontinuation of low dose aspirin. (bmj.com)
  • A prospective cohort study was carried out with our acute care surgical service at a tertiary care teaching hospital from January 2 to March 31 2012. (biomedcentral.com)
  • uncertainty
  • Use of data requires knowledge about the different sources of uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gather and analyze data from experiments or observations, including indicators of uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is too much uncertainty in the data to draw any conclusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • While many scientific investigations make use of data, statistics is concerned with the use of data in the context of uncertainty and decision making in the face of uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • However, for evaluations to be truly representative, the data upon which they are based need to be as reflective of clinical practice as much as possible. (springer.com)
  • Practice level data covering all the clinicians in the 68 practices were analysed. (bmj.com)
  • Interventions Intervention practices followed the Stemming the Tide of Antibiotic Resistance (STAR) educational programme, which included a practice based seminar reflecting on the practices' own dispensing and resistance data, online educational elements, and practising consulting skills in routine care. (bmj.com)
  • In applying statistics to a problem, it is common practice to start with a population or process to be studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • interpret
  • Computer-based test interpretation (CBTI) programs are technological tools that have been commonly used to interpret data in psychological assessments since the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first program able to interpret computerized assessment data was developed in 1962 at the Mayo Clinic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stanford University
  • She works as a professor of health research and policy and of biomedical data science at Stanford University, and has served as president of the International Biometric Society. (wikipedia.org)
  • empirical
  • Natural science is a branch of science that seeks to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world by applying an empirical and scientific method to the study of the universe. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • Geometric measures (volume, area and length) of biological particles are of fundamental interest for biological studies. (naver.com)
  • The branches of science (also referred to as "sciences", "scientific fields", or "scientific disciplines") are commonly divided into three major groups: Natural sciences: the study of natural phenomena (including cosmological, geological, chemical, and biological factors of the universe) Formal sciences: the study of mathematics and logic, which use an a priori, as opposed to factual, methodology. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the term "physical" creates an unintended, somewhat arbitrary distinction, since many branches of physical science also study biological phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer systems biology encompasses the application of systems biology approaches to cancer research, in order to study the disease as a complex adaptive system with emerging properties at multiple biological scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1960s
  • Ingo Haar who is currently on the faculty of the University of Vienna said on 14 November 2006 in Deutschlandfunk that about 500,000 to 600,000 victims are realistic, based on a German governmental studies initiated in the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • This specific patient population was studied to minimise bias due to unmeasured confounders. (bmj.com)
  • Like any study technique, Pugmark tracking also calls for sincerity for true reflection of structure and spatial distribution of the population of large carnivores. (wikipedia.org)
  • Demographic estimates of the flight and expulsion of Germans have been derived by either the compilation of registered dead and missing persons or by a comparison of pre-war and post-war population data. (wikipedia.org)
  • post war census data in Central and Eastern Europe did not breakout the ethnic German population and during the Cold War there was a lack of cooperation between West Germany and communist bloc countries in the effort to locate persons reported missing. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetics
  • Irving Isadore Gottesman (December 29, 1930 - June 29, 2016) was an American professor of psychology who devoted most of his career to the study of the genetics of schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alice Segers Whittemore is an American epidemiologist and biostatistician who studies the effects of genetics and lifestyle on cancer, after an earlier career as a pure mathematician studying group theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methodology
  • As technology continues to transform our modern society, computer-based interpretation programs have the possibility to expand their software and even alleviate some of the current concerns with the programs' methodology. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • In other words, an enumerative study is a statistical study in which the focus is on judgment of results, and an analytic study is one in which the focus is on improvement of the process or system which created the results being evaluated and which will continue creating results in the future. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interpretation of results of a test or experiment is something else. (wikipedia.org)
  • It results in data which shows which forest beat possess how many, of what sex/age and which type of large carnivore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such mismatch between clinical results and the massive amounts of data acquired by omics technology highlights the existence of basic gaps in our knowledge of cancer fundamentals. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • All the studies on this topic to date, however, have taken place in secondary care centres. (bmj.com)
  • examine
  • Evolutionary paleoecology uses data from fossils and other evidence to examine how organisms and their environments change throughout time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Community paleoecology uses statistical analysis to examine the composition and distribution of groups of plants or animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydrosphere
  • The formal discipline of Earth sciences may include the study of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans and biosphere, as well as the solid earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • contrast
  • Physical science is an encompassing term for the branches of natural science and science that study non-living systems, in contrast to the life sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • various
  • Lastly, Gottesman was a professor in the psychology department at the University of Minnesota, where he received his Ph.D. A native of Ohio, Gottesman studied psychology for his undergraduate and graduate degrees, became a faculty member at various universities, and spent most of his career at the University of Virginia and the University of Minnesota. (wikipedia.org)
  • In any instance, an appropriate type of statistical analysis should take account of the various types of error that may arise, as outlined below. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • From the technical article: '[The researchers used] estimates of how much each risk factor increases the risk of death from each disease from published studies. (metafilter.com)
  • The presence of missing data or censoring may result in biased estimates and specific techniques have been developed to address these problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Further, CBTI research has been criticized for failure to assess inter-rater (comparing the interpretation of one protocol by two different programs) and internal consistency reliability (comparing the reliability of different sections of the same interpretation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistics
  • Statistics are supposed to make something easier to understand but when used in a misleading fashion can trick the casual observer into believing something other than what the data shows. (wikipedia.org)
  • That is, a misuse of statistics occurs when a statistical argument asserts a falsehood. (wikipedia.org)
  • The definition of the misuse of statistics is weak on the required completeness of statistical reporting. (wikipedia.org)