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  • occur
  • While an uncomplicated skull fracture can occur without associated physical or neurological damage and is in itself usually not clinically significant, a fracture in healthy bone indicates that a substantial amount of force has been applied and increases the possibility of associated injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skull fractures occur more easily at the thin squamous temporal and parietal bones, the sphenoid sinus, the foramen magnum (the opening at the base of the skull that the spinal cord passes through), the petrous temporal ridge, and the inner portions of the sphenoid wings at the base of the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • This area of the cranial floor is weakened further by the presence of multiple foramina as a result this section is at higher risk for basilar skull fractures to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • These types of fractures-which occur in 11% of severe head injuries-are comminuted fractures in which broken bones displace inward. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compound depressed skull fractures occur when there is a laceration over the fracture, putting the internal cranial cavity in contact with the outside environment, increasing the risk of contamination and infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandibular fractures occur most commonly among males in their 30s. (wikipedia.org)
  • For fractures that occur in the non-tooth bearing area (condyle, ramus, and sometimes the angle) an open bite is an important clinical feature since little else, other than swelling, may be apparent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colles fractures occur in all age groups, although certain patterns follow an age distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • Introduction: Fractures involving the frontal bone are very uncommon injury. (drtbalu.com)
  • 4. Other associated injuries must be looked for because the force necessary to cause fracture of frontal bone is enormous. (drtbalu.com)
  • For example: extensive comminutions, elderly patients with osteoporotic bone, and small or non-union fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The formerly used 'tripod fracture' refers to these buttresses, but did not also incorporate the posterior relationship of the zygoma to the sphenoid bone at the zygomaticosphenoid suture. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the force of the impact is excessive, the bone may fracture at or near the site of the impact and cause damage to the underlying physical structures contained within the skull such as the membranes, blood vessels, and brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depressed fractures are usually comminuted, with broken portions of bone displaced inward-and may require surgical intervention to repair underlying tissue damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Areas of the skull that are covered with muscle have no underlying diploë formation between the internal and external lamina, which results in thin bone more susceptible to fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In young children, although rare, the possibility exists of developing a growing skull fracture especially if the fracture occurs in the parietal bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Condylar fractures are deep, so it is rare to see significant swelling although, the trauma can cause fracture of the bone on the anterior aspect of the external auditory meatus so bruising or bleeding can sometimes be seen in the ear canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is an external fixator used by podiatric and orthopaedic surgeons to treat complex fractures and bone deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connected to a bone by wires or half pins, the attached bone can be manipulated in six axes (anterior/posterior, varus/valgus, lengthen/shorten. (wikipedia.org)
  • This causes force that was previously transmitted around the fracture site and through the struts to be transmitted through the bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • A calcaneal fracture is a break of the calcaneus (heel bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • in 1997, showed that greater bone density indicated less risk for fractures in the calcaneus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1991, Kathol conducted a study which showed a correlation between calcaneal insufficiency avulsion fractures (a fracture in which the Achilles tendon removes a portion of the bone as it rescinds) and diabetes mellitus. (wikipedia.org)
  • oblique
  • The obturator and iliac oblique reconstructed images from the CT scan demonstrate the close apposition of the dislocated proximal femur to the cortical surface of the acetabular posterior wall. (blogspot.com)
  • injuries
  • Fractures involving the frontal sinus must be considered as head injuries and should be managed thus because of the close proximity of the brain. (drtbalu.com)
  • Eighty-one per cent of comminuted grade III injuries occurred on the right side. (scielo.org.za)
  • [ 1 ] Although many of these injuries are ligament sprains, the radiologist plays a key role in the thorough evaluation of complex injuries and the detection of subtle fractures (see the images below). (medscape.com)
  • Osteology of the coronoid process with clinical correlation to coronoid fractures in terrible triad injuries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Fractures and ligamentous injuries of the ankle. (prezi.com)
  • These forces are typically linked to injuries in which an individual falls from a height, involvement in an automobile accident, or muscular stress where the resulting forces can lead to the trauma of fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • inferior
  • Other symptoms may include loose teeth (teeth on either side of the fracture will feel loose because the fracture is mobile), numbness (because the inferior alveolar nerve runs along the jaw and can be compressed by a fracture) and trismus (difficulty opening the mouth). (wikipedia.org)
  • underwent
  • We retrospectively analyzed CT data of 107 patients (107 ankles) who underwent surgery for trimalleolar fracture from January 2012 to December 2014. (biomedcentral.com)
  • injury
  • During emergency exploration and repair, the pelvic fracture was determined to have no relation to the rectal injury, thus defining the fracture as a closed fracture. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Diagram showing the typical locations for ankle fractures occurring from the 4 major injury mechanisms. (medscape.com)
  • As some ankle fractures are initially occult, patients with significant injury should be treated symptomatically and asked to return for additional radiographs in 7-10 days if symptoms persist. (medscape.com)
  • To determine the health-related quality of life (QOL), safety and radiologic parameters after thoracoscopic treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar fractures using a distractible cage in patients without spinal cord injury (SCI). (springer.com)
  • Ankle fractures are more likely when the patient is unable to weight bear immediately after the injury. (prezi.com)
  • However, olecranon fractures are a common injury in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is an association of ZMC fractures with naso-orbito-ethmoidal fractures (NOE) on the same side as the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hematoma may spread downwards and backwards behind the ear, which may be confused with Battle's sign (a sign of a base of skull fracture), although this is an uncommon finding so if present, intra-cranial injury must be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
  • calcaneus
  • A 2012 study conducted by Salzler showed that the increasing trend toward minimalist footwear or running barefoot can lead to a variety of stress fractures including that of the calcaneus. (wikipedia.org)
  • calcaneal
  • About 2% of all fractures are calcaneal fractures, however, they make up 60% of fractures of the mid foot bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • A hematoma extending to the sole of the foot is called "Mondor Sign", and is pathognomonic for calcaneal fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calcaneal fractures are often attributed to shearing stress adjoined with compressive forces combined with a rotary direction (Soeur, 1975). (wikipedia.org)
  • Overlooked aspects of what can lead to a calcaneal fracture are the roles of osteoporosis and diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, footwear can influence forces that may cause a calcaneal fracture and can prevent them as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conventional radiography is usually the initial assessment tool when a calcaneal fracture is suspected. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • The fracture is most commonly caused by people falling onto a hard surface and breaking their fall with outstretched hand (FOOSH)-falling with wrists flexed would lead to a Smith's fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trauma
  • This blog highlights interesting, unusual, or complex fracture cases that were treated at or referred to the Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery Service at Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington in Seattle, Washington. (blogspot.com)
  • Trauma to the elbow often results in comminuted fractures of the olecranon. (wikipedia.org)
  • A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • unilateral
  • The patient population consisted of patients with unilateral orbital wall fractures who were operated at the Medical University Hospital in Hannover between January 2007 and July 2010. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the case of a unilateral condylar fracture the back teeth on the side of the fracture will meet and the open bite will get progressively greater towards the other side of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unilateral condylar fracture may cause restricted and painful jaw movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar fracture, and formerly referred to as a tripod fracture or trimalar fracture, has four components: the lateral orbital wall (at either the zygomaticofrontal suture superiorly along the wall or zygomaticosphenoid suture inferiorly), separation of the maxilla and zygoma along the anterior maxilla (near the zygomaticomaxillary suture), the zygomatic arch, and the orbital floor near the infraorbital canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imaging
  • An analysis of the imaging features of such fractures and evaluation of the diagnostic value of various methods can provide imaging basics for the development of accurate and appropriate treatment options. (biomedcentral.com)
  • dural
  • Other areas more susceptible to fractures are the cribriform plate, the roof of orbits in the anterior cranial fossa, and the areas between the mastoid and dural sinuses in the posterior cranial fossa. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • QOL of these patients does not return to normal population values but is comparable to that of patients with less severe fractures treated with solely posterior instrumentation. (springer.com)
  • complications
  • The diabetic population is more susceptible to the risks of fracture and potential healing complications and infection that may lead to limb amputation. (wikipedia.org)