• anterior
  • The fibula is also bound to the talus by the anterior and posterior talofibular ligaments and to the calcaneus by the calcaneofibular ligament. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracoscopic anterior stabilization leads to a high percentage of bony fusion in highly unstable thoracic and thoracolumbar fractures with limited post-operative loss of correction and no hardware failure. (springer.com)
  • 7) Lateral ligament is formed by the anterior talofibular ligament, posterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament? (prezi.com)
  • horizontal root fractures are observed in anterior teeth with direct trauma. (scribd.com)
  • The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar fracture, and formerly referred to as a tripod fracture or trimalar fracture, has four components: the lateral orbital wall (at either the zygomaticofrontal suture superiorly along the wall or zygomaticosphenoid suture inferiorly), separation of the maxilla and zygoma along the anterior maxilla (near the zygomaticomaxillary suture), the zygomatic arch, and the orbital floor near the infraorbital canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other areas more susceptible to fractures are the cribriform plate, the roof of orbits in the anterior cranial fossa, and the areas between the mastoid and dural sinuses in the posterior cranial fossa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Condylar fractures are deep, so it is rare to see significant swelling although, the trauma can cause fracture of the bone on the anterior aspect of the external auditory meatus so bruising or bleeding can sometimes be seen in the ear canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connected to a bone by wires or half pins, the attached bone can be manipulated in six axes (anterior/posterior, varus/valgus, lengthen/shorten. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • After posterior surgical approach there have been by two bone screws administered into Th 12 and L 2 spondyles. (romj.org)
  • For example: extensive comminutions, elderly patients with osteoporotic bone, and small or non-union fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The formerly used 'tripod fracture' refers to these buttresses, but did not also incorporate the posterior relationship of the zygoma to the sphenoid bone at the zygomaticosphenoid suture. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the force of the impact is excessive, the bone may fracture at or near the site of the impact and cause damage to the underlying physical structures contained within the skull such as the membranes, blood vessels, and brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • While an uncomplicated skull fracture can occur without associated physical or neurological damage and is in itself usually not clinically significant, a fracture in healthy bone indicates that a substantial amount of force has been applied and increases the possibility of associated injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depressed fractures are usually comminuted, with broken portions of bone displaced inward-and may require surgical intervention to repair underlying tissue damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Areas of the skull that are covered with muscle have no underlying diploë formation between the internal and external lamina, which results in thin bone more susceptible to fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In young children, although rare, the possibility exists of developing a growing skull fracture especially if the fracture occurs in the parietal bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandibular fracture, also known as fracture of the jaw, is a break through the mandibular bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is an external fixator used by podiatric and orthopaedic surgeons to treat complex fractures and bone deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • This causes force that was previously transmitted around the fracture site and through the struts to be transmitted through the bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • A calcaneal fracture is a break of the calcaneus (heel bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • in 1997, showed that greater bone density indicated less risk for fractures in the calcaneus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1991, Kathol conducted a study which showed a correlation between calcaneal insufficiency avulsion fractures (a fracture in which the Achilles tendon removes a portion of the bone as it rescinds) and diabetes mellitus. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Skull fractures occur more easily at the thin squamous temporal and parietal bones, the sphenoid sinus, the foramen magnum (the opening at the base of the skull that the spinal cord passes through), the petrous temporal ridge, and the inner portions of the sphenoid wings at the base of the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • This area of the cranial floor is weakened further by the presence of multiple foramina as a result this section is at higher risk for basilar skull fractures to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • These types of fractures-which occur in 11% of severe head injuries-are comminuted fractures in which broken bones displace inward. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compound depressed skull fractures occur when there is a laceration over the fracture, putting the internal cranial cavity in contact with the outside environment, increasing the risk of contamination and infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandibular fractures occur most commonly among males in their 30s. (wikipedia.org)
  • For fractures that occur in the non-tooth bearing area (condyle, ramus, and sometimes the angle) an open bite is an important clinical feature since little else, other than swelling, may be apparent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colles fractures occur in all age groups, although certain patterns follow an age distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • inferior
  • Other symptoms may include loose teeth (teeth on either side of the fracture will feel loose because the fracture is mobile), numbness (because the inferior alveolar nerve runs along the jaw and can be compressed by a fracture) and trismus (difficulty opening the mouth). (wikipedia.org)
  • ankle fractures
  • Diagram showing the typical locations for ankle fractures occurring from the 4 major injury mechanisms. (medscape.com)
  • As some ankle fractures are initially occult, patients with significant injury should be treated symptomatically and asked to return for additional radiographs in 7-10 days if symptoms persist. (medscape.com)
  • Ankle fractures are more likely when the patient is unable to weight bear immediately after the injury. (prezi.com)
  • injury
  • During emergency exploration and repair, the pelvic fracture was determined to have no relation to the rectal injury, thus defining the fracture as a closed fracture. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To determine the health-related quality of life (QOL), safety and radiologic parameters after thoracoscopic treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar fractures using a distractible cage in patients without spinal cord injury (SCI). (springer.com)
  • This case report indicates that the odontoid process synchondrosis is a potential predisposed injury site and that traumatic odontoid process synchondrosis fractures should be considered as a potential differential in calves with acute cervical pain and/or signs of a cervical myelopathy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, olecranon fractures are a common injury in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is an association of ZMC fractures with naso-orbito-ethmoidal fractures (NOE) on the same side as the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hematoma may spread downwards and backwards behind the ear, which may be confused with Battle's sign (a sign of a base of skull fracture), although this is an uncommon finding so if present, intra-cranial injury must be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
  • injuries
  • Eighty-one per cent of comminuted grade III injuries occurred on the right side. (scielo.org.za)
  • [ 1 ] Although many of these injuries are ligament sprains, the radiologist plays a key role in the thorough evaluation of complex injuries and the detection of subtle fractures (see the images below). (medscape.com)
  • Fractures and ligamentous injuries of the ankle. (prezi.com)
  • The most common reason for root fractures in the permanent dentition is physical trauma caused during falls.8 Another rare type of root fracture is a vertical root fracture that extends through the long axis of the root toward the apex.RestorativeDentistry the highest chances of preservation of pulpvitality as compared to other luxation injuries. (scribd.com)
  • These forces are typically linked to injuries in which an individual falls from a height, involvement in an automobile accident, or muscular stress where the resulting forces can lead to the trauma of fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • compression
  • Each strut can be independently lengthened or shortened to achieve the desired result, e.g. compression at the fracture site, lengthening, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • QOL of these patients does not return to normal population values but is comparable to that of patients with less severe fractures treated with solely posterior instrumentation. (springer.com)
  • vomiting or headache).2 Treatment advocated in a particular case is determined by the extent of subgingival fracture.9 In cases of severe neurovascular damage. (scribd.com)
  • dorsal
  • In addition, a T2W-hyperintense signal change within the paravertebral soft tissue dorsal to the fracture site was indicative of a traumatic event. (biomedcentral.com)
  • calcaneus
  • A 2012 study conducted by Salzler showed that the increasing trend toward minimalist footwear or running barefoot can lead to a variety of stress fractures including that of the calcaneus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trauma
  • This blog highlights interesting, unusual, or complex fracture cases that were treated at or referred to the Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery Service at Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington in Seattle, Washington. (blogspot.com)
  • Trauma to the elbow often results in comminuted fractures of the olecranon. (wikipedia.org)
  • A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • A depressed skull fracture is a type of fracture usually resulting from blunt force trauma, such as getting struck with a hammer, rock or getting kicked in the head. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Abstract: Tooth fractures (crown or root fractures) are commonly encountered emergencies in a dental clinic. (scribd.com)
  • The fracture is most commonly caused by people falling onto a hard surface and breaking their fall with outstretched hand (FOOSH)-falling with wrists flexed would lead to a Smith's fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • This review article discusses the various types of root fractures, their diagnosis and treatment, along with the factors affecting their healing and prognosis. (scribd.com)
  • Computed Tomography
  • This case report is the first documentation of atlantoaxial instability caused by a traumatic odontoid process synchondrosis fracture in a calf diagnosed by radiography and further characterised by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (biomedcentral.com)
  • unilateral
  • The patient population consisted of patients with unilateral orbital wall fractures who were operated at the Medical University Hospital in Hannover between January 2007 and July 2010. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the case of a unilateral condylar fracture the back teeth on the side of the fracture will meet and the open bite will get progressively greater towards the other side of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unilateral condylar fracture may cause restricted and painful jaw movement. (wikipedia.org)