• Sahrawi Arab Dem
  • 10% of the production comes from Bou Craa, a mine in the Western Sahara, a territory considered by Morocco as part of the country but disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United Nations Security Council has called for fresh negotiations between Morocco and the Polisario, which runs its self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic or SADR. (reuters.com)
  • Arabic: الصحراء الغربية‎‎ aṣ-Ṣaḥrā' al-Gharbīyah, Berber languages: Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco proper to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertiliser
  • Both New Zealand fertiliser manufacturers source a large part of their phosphate rock supply from that area, so the implications for farmers and the economically important agriculture sector are serious. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • He said the rock from Morocco is used to make New Zealand's predominant fertiliser superphosphate, which results in high levels of run-off with resulting pollution to our waterways and can also be detrimental to soil health over the long term. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • The solution to supply and environmental problems is the use of Chatham rock phosphate as an organic direct application fertiliser not processed with chemicals. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • We can deliver a secure and sustainable local supply of low-cadmium phosphate that will also reduce fertiliser run-off into waterways, produce healthier soils and shrink fertiliser needs over time," Mr Castle said. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Chatham Rock Phosphate, a publicly listed company, was granted a mining permit in 2013 to develop New Zealand's only significant source of environmentally friendly pastoral phosphate fertiliser and is now preparing for a revised environmental consent application. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • AWSA today condemned Incitec Pivot for their latest import of phosphate rock, due on Sunday from Western Sahara, saying Pivot should stop the trade with Morocco in what is essentially stolen property, as other Australian fertiliser companies (CSBP/Wesfarmers and Impact) have done. (awsa.org.au)
  • Kingdom of Moro
  • French: Maroc), officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎, translit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notwithstanding and regrettably, the delegation of the Kingdom of Morocco, beyond its mandate, has hijacked the competencies of the co-organizers and of the host country by awarding to itself the right to control the accesses to the Joaquim Chissano International Conference Center, venue of the meeting, and to the meeting room, having even resorted to violence. (innercitypress.com)
  • Whereas Mozambique values its bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Morocco, it, nonetheless, condemns the deplorable behavior of its delegation, which reveals a shocking lack of composure and respect for the high office of His Excellency the President of the Republic, for the nature of TICAD, as well as well as for other participants, distinguished representatives of sovereign States, international organizations and development partners. (innercitypress.com)
  • The official position of the Kingdom of Morocco since 1963 is that all of Western Sahara is an integral part of the kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • The UN Legal Counsel, Ambassador Hans Corell expressed in 2002 that the natural resources management in Western Sahara only would be in line with international law if it took into account the "wishes and interests of the people of Western Sahara" WSRW works to inform international companies about the UN Legal Opinion and of the ethical aspects of business practice in the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • withdrew
  • Mauritania withdrew its claims in 1979, and Morocco eventually secured de facto control of most of the territory, including all the major cities and natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1912
  • Morocco was secretly partitioned by Spain and France and in 1912 Morocco became a protectorate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saharan
  • Morocco is a member of the United Nations and belongs to the African Union, Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Non-Aligned Movement and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN_SAD). (wikipedia.org)
  • mines
  • Specific organizations established to promote the mining sector are the Phosphates Cherifian Office (OCP) in 1920 and the National Hydrocarbon and Mines Agency (ONHYM) in 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • This all comes as Morocco works on plans to double phosphate output through opening three new mines. (investorintel.com)
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is a North African country that has a coastline on both the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. (wikitravel.org)
  • self-determination
  • Now they have receipt a letter that "it has become clear that the Moroccan authorities do not respect international law and persist in their grave violations of human rights in Western Sahara, under the responsibility of the United Nations, in view of the decolonization of the territory and the exercise by its people of their inalienable right to self-determination and freedom. (innercitypress.com)
  • A ceasefire in 1991 called for a referendum on self-determination for Western Sahara, but the vote has never taken place. (businesstimesafrica.net)
  • The original goal of the Polisario, which was to end Spanish colonialism in the region, was achieved, but their neighbors, Morocco and Mauritania, seized sovereignty of the region, which the Polisario felt was entitled to self-determination and eventually interdependence. (wikipedia.org)
  • authorities
  • The press is mostly state controled even though there are free newspapers , and clampdowns have occurred following criticism of the authorities or articles concerning the [[Western Sahara]] situation. (wikitravel.org)
  • Dakhla
  • It's impossible to count the lorries laden with octopus and fish streaming north on the main road between El Aaiun, the major city in the north of Western Sahara, and Dakhla, 500 km south. (awsa.org.au)
  • Algeria
  • Following bloody clashes with the Polisario troops (SPLA) and deteriorating ties with Algeria, Mauritania pulled out in 1979 and gave up its share in the Western Sahara in order to avoid further complicated conflicts with the Sahrawi Republic, Algeria, and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Well, it seems from news reports that, to quote one, there is now occurring "an outburst of hostile rhetoric between Morocco and Algeria (reflecting) a historic animosity rooted in irreconcilable differences" over Western Sahara. (investorintel.com)
  • Since a United Nations-sponsored ceasefire agreement in 1991, two thirds of the territory (including most of the Atlantic coastline - the only part of the coast outside the Moroccan Western Sahara Wall is the extreme south, including the Ras Nouadhibou peninsula) has been administered by the Moroccan government, with tacit support from France and the United States, and the remainder by the SADR, backed by Algeria. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • ethical
  • This was the first time ever that the state-controlled fund had divested in accordance with its ethical guidelines, sending a clear message to Kerr-McGee and other shareholders of the company. (afrol.com)
  • spokesman
  • We are directly tied to the farmer and until he gets a fair return on his commodities, we won't be going anywhere,'' explains Robert Bonnell, spokesman of the Florida Phosphate Council. (csmonitor.com)
  • rock
  • But phosphorous and potassium cannot be synthesized they're found in significant amounts only in a few large deposits scattered across the planet, in the form, respectively, of phosphate rock and potash. (care2.com)
  • Its harbor is well equipped for the exportation of phosphate rock (transported from Gantour and Ouled Abdoun) and various chemicals such as pure sulphur, ammonia, and sulphuric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you follow phosphate, keep a close eye on what is happening now in Morocco, home to more than half of the world's rock phosphate resources. (investorintel.com)
  • The company was convinced that there was a substantial market in Mali and neighbouring states for phosphate rock. (investorintel.com)
  • New Zealand needs to use its own source of ethically-produced, environmentally-friendly phosphate rock rather than importing product from a disputed territory. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • officials
  • News site Badil was repeatedly targeted on spurious charges of defaming public officials and publishing false information. (freedomhouse.org)
  • But barring reform to other problematic laws, journalists will still find themselves punished for "defaming" prominent officials by calling out corruption or criticizing government policies. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Officials from Carnival Cruise Line and the Bahamian government signed an agreement during a special signing ceremony in Freeport, Grand Bahama, for the construction of a new cruise port facility to be funded and operated by Carnival Cruise Line on Grand Bahama Island. (shipspotting.com)
  • In progressing plans to submit a new application we are working with government officials to seek improvement in the permitting process and iwi, academic, industry and central government input to ensure New Zealand can benefit from an environmentally superior phosphate source. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • They felt that even if we differ on the Western Sahara issues, the two countries should have a relationship," Zuma said about Moroccan officials' position at the meeting. (businesstimesafrica.net)
  • waters
  • In 2011 the EU parliament terminated the last Fisheries Partnership Agreements with Morocco for the waters of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Fishing ( WF ) regularly reported in depth on the long battle between Morocco and the then EU Fisheries and Agriculture Commissioner, Dr Franz Fischler, to renew a deal on EU access to Moroccan waters. (worldfishing.net)
  • It had taken six years to get there, after Morocco refused to renew the earlier deal ending in 1999, causing severe catch problems particularly for Spanish and Portuguese companies which had invested heavily in fishing effort in Moroccan waters. (worldfishing.net)
  • In addition, Morocco has rich fishing waters, a tourist industry, and a small manufacturing sector. (wikipedia.org)
  • borders
  • During the Weimar Republic, the German government did not respect the Treaty of Versailles that it had been pressured to sign, and various government figures at the time rejected Germany's post-Versailles borders. (wikipedia.org)
  • SADR
  • The Government of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is pleased to announce that it has awarded the Bir Lahlou Block to the UK-based Red Rio Petroleum Limited ("Contractor"), effective from 18 March 2014. (awsa.org.au)
  • http://www.sadrpma.com/licence_offering.php , in the area controlled by the Frente POLISARIO, which leads the Government of the SADR. (awsa.org.au)
  • The UN recognizes neither Moroccan nor SADR sovereignty over Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • Earlier this year, it was known that Norway's Ambassador in Rabat encouraged private investments in the Moroccan-controlled fisheries sector in Western Sahara, defying the official policy of the Oslo Foreign Ministry. (afrol.com)
  • Industry studies show that at normal rates of mining and with existing technology there is a 200-year supply of phosphate left here. (csmonitor.com)
  • El Mehdaoui, its editor, was given a four-month suspended sentence and ordered to pay a hefty fine in June of last year, while in August a court ordered the news site to be shut down for three months, subject to an appeal (see Prosecutions and Detentions for Online Activities ). (freedomhouse.org)
  • Internet freedom declined in Morocco over the past year due to new restrictions on Voice-over-IP (VoIP), while legal harassment of prominent activists and online journalists continued. (freedomhouse.org)
  • d'Amico Product tanker shipping company d'Amico International Shipping (DIS) is in talks to dispose of three more tankers, the companys Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Carlos Balestra di Mottola, said in the shipowners financial report for the first quarter of the year. (shipspotting.com)
  • The government takes it lead from 46-year-old king Mohammed VI of the powerful 17th century Alaoui dynasty which permeates all politics and business here. (worldfishing.net)
  • mineral
  • Here multistory draglines rise above the scrubland of the Peace River plains, veined with the remains of the ancient sea life that makes up the mineral phosphate. (csmonitor.com)
  • boost
  • Morocco to boost phosphate mining capacity" (Nov. 29, 2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • Both Morocco and Polisario have sought to boost their claims by accumulating formal recognition, essentially from African, Asian, and Latin American states in the developing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania
  • In April 1976, Mauritania and Morocco partitioned the country into three parts, Mauritania getting the southern one, which was named Tiris al-Gharbiyya. (wikipedia.org)
  • Council
  • Orange Marine becomes first submarine cable company member of the World Ocean Council (WOC), the global, multi-industry leadership alliance on ocean sustainable development, science and stewardship. (shipspotting.com)
  • In this regard, the Saharawi flag was raised on Balmain Town Hall (New South Wales), Fremantle Town Hall (Western Australia), Moreland City Council (Victoria), Yarra City Council (Victoria), Ballarat Trades Hall (Victoria), Geelong Trades Hall (Victoria) and Victorian Australian Workers Union (Melbourne office). (awsa.org.au)
  • Maghreb
  • According to the botanical criteria of Frank White and geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the northern limit of date palm cultivation and the southern limit of the range of esparto, a grass typical of the Mediterranean climate portion of the Maghreb and Iberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many countries from the Persian Gulf and Maghreb regions are getting more involved in large-scale development projects in Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Economy
  • The mining industry of Morocco is important to the national economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has an ancient history of extraction of minerals for enhancing its economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • At any rate environmental criticism is expected to be muted somewhat as the slump makes people realize just how important the phosphate industry is to their local economy. (csmonitor.com)
  • Relations with foreign powers, especially with the West, have also been strengthened as Morocco has liberalized its economy and implemented major economic reforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The economy of Morocco is considered a relatively liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has become a major player in African economic affairs, and is the 5th African economy by GDP (PPP). (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the early 1980s, the Moroccan government has pursued an economic program toward accelerating real economy growth with the support of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Paris Club of creditors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is a fairly stable economy with continuous growth over the past half-century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco instituted a series of development plans to modernize the economy and increase production during the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • largest
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • But jog off the main tourist trade routes, beyond the orange groves and into central Florida's ''Bone Valley'' and the state's third largest industry - phosphate mining - becomes very visible. (csmonitor.com)
  • Spain and France are currently the largest exporting and importing partners to Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Arab world, Morocco has the second-largest non-oil GDP, behind Egypt, as of 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • afrol News , 8 July - Yara, the world leader in fertilizers, has pulled out of Western Sahara after it was known that the Norway-based company had bought large quantities of phosphates from the occupied territory. (afrol.com)
  • Yara's biggest shareholder is the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry (36.2 percent), with other Norwegian government institutions holding further large share posts. (afrol.com)
  • OCP directly controls the two large phosphate mining centres in Morocco proper and international traders deal with the state-owned giant when buying Moroccan phosphates. (afrol.com)
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although phosphate mining here is largely backed by large chemical corporations diversified enough to absorb losses, there are efforts to make those losses short term. (csmonitor.com)
  • Morocco suffers both from structural unemployment and a large external debt. (wikipedia.org)
  • In collaboration between Filmoteca and the Australia Western Sahara Association (AWSA), The Sons of the Clouds documentary was screened to a large crowd at the Australian Centre for the Moving Image (ACMI) in Melbourne. (awsa.org.au)
  • kilometres
  • Phosphates, lead, fluorine, and antimony are found in the Atlantic coast over a stretch of 60-120 kilometres (37-75 mi), and also in central Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometres (4,200,000 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tunisia
  • Meanwhile, in Tunisia strikes continue to hamper the phosphate sector. (investorintel.com)
  • Throughout its recorded history, the physical features and environment of the land of Tunisia have remained fairly constant, although during ancient times more abundant forests grew in the north, and earlier in prehistory the Sahara to the south was not an arid desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • Major trade partners such as the US also demand to know the origin of these goods as Western Sahara products are excluded from the Morocco-USA free trade agreement. (afrol.com)
  • A major coalition partner has left the government in protest at proposed subsidy cuts that came into effect during the week. (investorintel.com)
  • In recognition of its support for the War on Terrorism, in June 2004 U.S. President George W. Bush designated Morocco as a major non-NATO ally. (wikipedia.org)
  • constitutional
  • Policies associated with foreign relations are determined by the king, King Mohamed VI, and his advisors, despite the fact that Morocco has a constitutional monarchy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. (wikipedia.org)
  • fish
  • WSRW has previously carried out campaigned against the phosphate, oil and fish industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco - fish make land! (worldfishing.net)
  • WF suggested that small Morocco was a model for developing countries with spare fish which the EU desperately needed after its own stocks went down. (worldfishing.net)
  • There are three new masterplans to buttress those pillars: for water, Plan Bleu (blue, for Morocco and the Mediterranean) for fisheries, Plan Halieutis (fish) and agriculture, Plan Vert (green). (worldfishing.net)
  • widespread
  • French is still popularly spoken and remains the second language in Morocco whilst Spanish is also widespread, particularly in the northern regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • Mr Wermundsen however deplored that the company will not guarantee that the trade will not be resumed and announced the Committee would contact the Oslo parliament to increase pressure on Yara. (afrol.com)
  • Phosphates from Western Sahara are however sold by PdB, making the dubious product relatively easy to identify. (afrol.com)
  • Morocco, however, still depends to an inordinate degree on agriculture. (wikipedia.org)