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  • WSRW
  • Western Sahara Resource Watch (WSRW) is a network organisation working on the natural resource situation in Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UN Legal Counsel, Ambassador Hans Corell expressed in 2002 that the natural resources management in Western Sahara only would be in line with international law if it took into account the "wishes and interests of the people of Western Sahara" WSRW works to inform international companies about the UN Legal Opinion and of the ethical aspects of business practice in the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • WSRW has previously carried out campaigned against the phosphate, oil and fish industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zealand
  • The voluntary limit of 280 parts per million that New Zealand fertiliser companies observe at present for manufactured superphosphate is often approached by rock imported from overseas. (newswire.ca)
  • This will be good news for farmers who choose to use our product (either as a processed fertiliser or as direct application rock) when we start production in 2022 and ultimately it will be good for New Zealand food consumers. (newswire.ca)
  • The Ministry for Primary Industries is managing the gradual build up of cadmium in New Zealand soils through the cadmium contained in imported phosphate. (newswire.ca)
  • Since the mid-1990s New Zealand fertiliser manufacturers have blended their high-cadmium phosphate rock with sources lower in cadmium. (newswire.ca)
  • Providing CRP rock phosphate for New Zealand would also reduce New Zealand's carbon footprint through lower transport costs, and benefit the country's balance of payments and foreign exchange exposure. (newswire.ca)
  • The natural average level of cadmium in New Zealand soils is 0.16mg/kg but the average on farmlands is more than double that, 0.35mg/kg, and soils on farms which have had a lot of super phosphate, such as dairy farms, can have as much as 2.52mg/kg. (newswire.ca)
  • Both New Zealand fertiliser manufacturers source a large part of their phosphate rock supply from that area, so the implications for farmers and the economically important agriculture sector are serious. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • New Zealand needs to use its own source of ethically-produced, environmentally-friendly phosphate rock rather than importing product from a disputed territory. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • In progressing plans to submit a new application we are working with government officials to seek improvement in the permitting process and iwi, academic, industry and central government input to ensure New Zealand can benefit from an environmentally superior phosphate source. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Morocco's
  • The city is home to the largest independent power station in the country-primarily funded by investments from the Swedish-Swiss company ABB Group and the American company CMS Energy-which was thought to be capable of creating a third of Morocco's total power output. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco's ruling Islamists are in need of a new ally after their main coalition partners made good on their threat to quit the government, raising the possibility of early elections. (investorintel.com)
  • The OCP is Morocco's largest industrial company which controls more than half the world's phosphate reserves. (investorintel.com)
  • In March, Morocco expelled U.N. staffers from Western Sahara after Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon referred to Morocco's rule over the region as "occupation" during a visit to refugee camps in the Algerian town of Tindouf, located in southwestern Algeria. (democracynow.org)
  • Sahrawi Arab Dem
  • 10% of the production comes from Bou Craa, a mine in the Western Sahara, a territory considered by Morocco as part of the country but disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United Nations Security Council has called for fresh negotiations between Morocco and the Polisario, which runs its self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic or SADR. (reuters.com)
  • The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is currently in talks with three mining companies - Russian, Polish and Spanish - on granting them exploration rights on territory controlled by Polisario to the east of the demarcation line with Morocco. (africaintelligence.com)
  • rock
  • Its harbor is well equipped for the exportation of phosphate rock (transported from Gantour and Ouled Abdoun) and various chemicals such as pure sulphur, ammonia, and sulphuric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • But phosphorous and potassium cannot be synthesized they're found in significant amounts only in a few large deposits scattered across the planet, in the form, respectively, of phosphate rock and potash. (care2.com)
  • If you follow phosphate, keep a close eye on what is happening now in Morocco, home to more than half of the world's rock phosphate resources. (investorintel.com)
  • The company was convinced that there was a substantial market in Mali and neighbouring states for phosphate rock. (investorintel.com)
  • The SADR government continues to explore the interdiction of phosphate rock and fisheries cargos in other states, and how historic claims against certain phosphate purchasing companies and shipping carriers will next be pursued. (awsa.org.au)
  • CRP " or the " Company ") wishes to advise shareholders of a significant development in Europe that has direct relevance to the marketability of our rock phosphate, due to its extremely low levels of cadmium. (newswire.ca)
  • According to Chatham Rock Phosphate managing director Chris Castle "rock from these sources will not be able to be sold in Europe unless the existing high levels of cadmium have been removed. (newswire.ca)
  • The tests we have conducted show our rock phosphate has among the lowest cadmium levels known. (newswire.ca)
  • When used as a direct application source of fertiliser, rock phosphate also dramatically reduces soil leaching into waterways. (newswire.ca)
  • He said the rock from Morocco is used to make New Zealand's predominant fertiliser superphosphate, which results in high levels of run-off with resulting pollution to our waterways and can also be detrimental to soil health over the long term. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • The solution to supply and environmental problems is the use of Chatham rock phosphate as an organic direct application fertiliser not processed with chemicals. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Chatham Rock Phosphate, a publicly listed company, was granted a mining permit in 2013 to develop New Zealand's only significant source of environmentally friendly pastoral phosphate fertiliser and is now preparing for a revised environmental consent application. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • mineral
  • Here multistory draglines rise above the scrubland of the Peace River plains, veined with the remains of the ancient sea life that makes up the mineral phosphate. (csmonitor.com)
  • We do not see how IPL can have legal title to import this mineral", says Cate Lewis of the Australia Western Sahara Association. (awsa.org.au)
  • agricultural
  • Fish is one of the five pillars of this export-oriented economy, standing with remittances from migrant Moroccans (some three million in Europe alone), inbound foreign tourism (add three million overseas Moroccans visiting relatives each year), phosphates and agricultural exports . (worldfishing.net)
  • exports
  • World leader in sardine exports and beneficiary of some of the world's richest territorial ocean stocks, Morocco could now offer major returns for technically savvy investors as it turns inland to harness the potential of its lakes and reservoirs. (worldfishing.net)
  • Moroccans
  • The people of Western Sahara, the Saharawis opposed that invasion with force, defeating the Mauritanians and preventing the Moroccans from taking over all of their country. (awsa.org.au)
  • SADR
  • The SADR government recognizes the withdrawal of what would have been an untenable defence as a helpful step, both for ensuring clarity of what the High Court has determined on abundant evidence and as a contribution to the application of the rule of law in the continuing occupation of Western Sahara and a denial to its people of the right of self-determination. (awsa.org.au)
  • territory
  • Both sides claim the territory of Western Sahara in its entirety. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Administratively, Morocco divided the territory under its control into administrative units (wilayas). (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2006 the organisation has worked to prevent the European Union entering agreements with Morocco covering the territory of Western Sahara, most importantly its Fisheries Partnership Agreements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of the territory of Western Sahara - the Southern Provinces - is currently administered by the Kingdom of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Western Sahara is officially an unrecognized territory according to all of the EU members, the united Europe is not able to consolidate its position and solve the political, humanitarian and moral conflict so close to its borders. (taurillon.org)
  • The International Court Justice declared Morocco has no claim to this territory and no country - including Australia - recognises its claim. (awsa.org.au)
  • Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory in the language of the United Nations. (awsa.org.au)
  • In its decision, the Court noted that "OCP and [its subsidiary company] Phosboucraa do not claim to have mined the phosphate in Western Sahara with the consent of the people of the territory. (awsa.org.au)
  • Saharawis
  • Saharawis living in occupied Western Sahara hold regular protests about the plunder of their land. (awsa.org.au)
  • MUA, finally, declared it will keep on campaigning and raising awareness about the question of Western Sahara "until the Saharawis can determine" their future and the future of their resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • authorities
  • The press is mostly state controled even though there are free newspapers , and clampdowns have occurred following criticism of the authorities or articles concerning the [[Western Sahara]] situation. (wikitravel.org)
  • 2002
  • Letter dated 29 January 2002 from the Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs, the Legal Counsel, addressed to the President of the Security Council Morocco bans EU fishing vessels amid Western SaharaBBC News 14.12.2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polisario
  • Following bloody clashes with the Polisario troops (SPLA) and deteriorating ties with Algeria, Mauritania pulled out in 1979 and gave up its share in the Western Sahara in order to avoid further complicated conflicts with the Sahrawi Republic, Algeria, and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1991 ceasefire split the region in two between what Morocco calls its southern provinces and an area controlled by Polisario. (reuters.com)
  • The expulsion of the 84 U.N. staffers has put at risk the ceasefire between Morocco and the Polisario Front. (democracynow.org)
  • fisheries
  • In 2011 the EU parliament terminated the last Fisheries Partnership Agreements with Morocco for the waters of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • As we went to press, the European Parliament Fisheries Committee was examining persistent challenges by some MEPs about the legality of Western Sahara elements in the EU Morocco deal signed in September 2005. (worldfishing.net)
  • There are three new masterplans to buttress those pillars: for water, Plan Bleu (blue, for Morocco and the Mediterranean) for fisheries, Plan Halieutis (fish) and agriculture, Plan Vert (green). (worldfishing.net)
  • Algeria
  • Well, it seems from news reports that, to quote one, there is now occurring "an outburst of hostile rhetoric between Morocco and Algeria (reflecting) a historic animosity rooted in irreconcilable differences" over Western Sahara. (investorintel.com)
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • MINURSO
  • The UN has in place a mission, MINURSO, charged with the responsibility of organizing the referendum on self-determination for the people of the Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • Provinces
  • The government conducts various economic and social development programs and includes these "Southern Provinces" in the national budget of government funding, national sport competitions, education programs, and national parliamentary elections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has assigned a special satellite TV channel for the "Southern Provinces", called Laayoun TV. (wikipedia.org)
  • borders
  • To the north, the Sahara skirts the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and portions of Libya, but in Cyrenaica and the Maghreb, the Sahara borders the Mediterranean forest, woodland, and scrub eco-regions of northern Africa, all of which have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot summers and cool and rainy winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the Weimar Republic, the German government did not respect the Treaty of Versailles that it had been pressured to sign, and various government figures at the time rejected Germany's post-Versailles borders. (wikipedia.org)
  • ceasefire
  • As reported here on InvestorIntel last month, Great Quest Metals (TSX.V:GQ) has welcomed the recent ceasefire agreement between the Malian government and the Tuareg rebels. (investorintel.com)
  • substantial
  • In the middle of the 20th century substantial deposits of phosphate were found. (awsa.org.au)
  • Substantial deposits of iron ore have been found and exploration for oil and gas has brought some success and is continuing, particularly in the off-shore areas of Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • Council
  • We are directly tied to the farmer and until he gets a fair return on his commodities, we won't be going anywhere,'' explains Robert Bonnell, spokesman of the Florida Phosphate Council. (csmonitor.com)
  • MUA, and the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU), the statement indicated are lobbying the Australian government to convince it carry out he policies adopted on Western Sahara by the Australian Labour Party in three previous National Conference. (awsa.org.au)