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  • MRSA
  • All adult patients with persistent MRSA bacteremia for ⩾7 days from January 2006 through March 2008 who were treated at Seoul National University Hospital were studied. (oup.com)
  • Thirty-five patients with persistent MRSA bacteremia were studied. (oup.com)
  • Linezolid-based salvage therapy effectively eradicated S. aureus from the blood for patients with persistent MRSA bacteremia. (oup.com)
  • plus
  • The results of linezolid salvage therapy with or without carbapenem were compared with those of salvage therapy with vancomycin plus aminoglycosides or rifampicin. (oup.com)
  • trough
  • Twelve patients (21%) achieved therapeutic concentrations of 10-20 mcg/mL, while 44 patients (79%) obtained trough levels below 10 mcg/mL despite the addition of nephrotoxic agents. (mdpi.com)
  • To determine if a higher serum vancomycin (Vt) target trough concentration of 15-20 μg/ml or greater is associated with an increased rate of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity in children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to determine risk factors for developing vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • serum
  • To clarify relationships between vancomycin dosage, serum concentration, MIC and antimicrobial activity by using data gathered from a therapeutic monitoring environment that observes failures in some cases. (springer.com)
  • strains
  • These bacterial strains present a thickening of the cell wall, which is believed to reduce the ability of vancomycin to diffuse into the division septum of the cell required for effective vancomycin treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • colonization
  • The use of vancomycin was associated with VRE colonization in the intensive care unit. (scielo.br)
  • VRE colonization must be monitored, and risk factors should be determined, because they are useful for screening hospitalized patients for VRE colonization in order to establish prevention and control measures. (scielo.br)
  • We conducted a point prevalence culture survey to investigate intestinal colonization with VRE among hospitalized patients. (scielo.br)
  • We also recorded epidemiological data in order to determine which patients are at high risk for VRE colonization. (scielo.br)
  • This study was undertaken to study phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of VRE from clinically significant infections among hospitalized patients and their association with gut colonization. (jcdr.net)
  • Clostridium
  • Vancomycin is also recommended by mouth as a treatment for severe Clostridium difficile colitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interruption of recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea episodes by serial therapy with vancomycin and rifaximin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The best-characterized are enterotoxin (Clostridium difficile toxin A) and cytotoxin (Clostridium difficile toxin B), both of which may produce diarrhea and inflammation in infected patients (Clostridium difficile colitis), although their relative contributions have been debated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clostridium difficile spores are transferred to patients mainly via the hands of healthcare personnel who have touched a contaminated surface or item. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • The pore size of helixone is larger than most antibiotics, and vancomycin is supposed to be removed during dialysis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • According to H.C. Wainwright, ridinilazole is currently undervalued since ridinilazole allows the patients gut microflora to be preserved which helps prevents deadly recurrent infections and allows for the use of ridinilazole as a first line therapy, in contrast with antibiotics already on the market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vancomycin is indicated for the treatment of serious, life-threatening infections by Gram-positive bacteria unresponsive to other antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2008 meta-analysis of 18 randomized controlled trials, however, found that linezolid treatment failed as often as other antibiotics, regardless of whether patients had osteomyelitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each of these patients was initially treated by using a standard protocol with intravitreal (vancomycin and ceftazidime), systemic, and topical antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • faecium
  • Vancomycin-resistant E. faecium is often referred to as VRE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Approximately 40% of medical intensive care units reportedly found that the majority, respectively 80% and 90.4%, of device-associated infections (namely, infections due to central lines, urinary drainage catheters, and ventilators) were due to vancomycin- and ampicillin-resistant E.faecium. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Future studies should examine ways to improve adherence to probiotics and subject retention in treatment trials in immune compromised patients. (omicsonline.org)
  • Most cases have occurred within one week of cessation of vancomycin treatment. (drugs.com)
  • If you have been prescribed vancomycin capsules for the treatment of C. difficile -associated diarrhea or for enterocolitis, take it exactly as directed by your doctor and finish the course. (drugs.com)
  • vancomycin does not cure the patient and success is limited Treatment of endophthalmitis by intravitreal injection for gram-positive bacteria coverage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vancomycin is considered a last resort medication for the treatment of septicemia and lower respiratory tract, skin, and bone infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the treatment of diabetic foot infections, linezolid appears to be cheaper and more effective than vancomycin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for both the infected patient and the patient's sexual partner is recommended, even if asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cohort
  • Acute kidney injury risk associated with piperacillin/tazobactam compared with cefepime during vancomycin therapy in hospitalised patients: a cohort study stratified by baseline kidney function. (semanticscholar.org)
  • symptoms
  • In a case series of 34 patients, Davis and colleagues reported the following signs and symptoms: macroscopically visible (gross) hematuria (60%) abdominal or back/flank pain (50%) significant weight loss (25%) Other researchers have reported a palpable renal mass or enlarged lymph nodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • pneumonia
  • On 21 June 2013 FDA gave approval for telavancin to treat patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia, but indicated it should be used only when alternative treatments are not suitable. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Longer survival of beyond one year was reported in one patient and of up to eight years in one individual whose tumor was well circumscribed and non-metastatic at the time of diagnosis, suggesting that early detection could dramatically improve survival. (wikipedia.org)