• Attica
  • Its presence was last mentioned by the Church Father Tertullian (Apologeticus 16.6), who, in the late 2nd century AD, described it derisively as being nothing but "a rough stake, a shapeless piece of wood" (Latin original: "[] Pallas Attica [] quae sine effigie rudi palo et informi ligno prostat? (wikipedia.org)
  • The Pelasgian nuclei of prehistoric Attica remained active through the dual worship of Athena & Hephaestos and the close connection of the Athenian city-state with the island of Lemnos even in Classical Era. (drgeorgepc.com)
  • isotopes
  • clarification needed] Palladium films with defects produced by alpha particle bombardment at low temperature exhibit superconductivity having Tc=3.2 K. Naturally occurring palladium is composed of seven isotopes, six of which are stable. (wikipedia.org)
  • astronomer
  • When Pallas was discovered by the German astronomer Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers on 28 March 1802, it was counted as a planet, as were other asteroids in the early 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vesta
  • The Dawn team was granted viewing time on the Hubble Space Telescope in September 2007 for a once-in-twenty-year opportunity to view Pallas at closest approach, to obtain comparative data for Ceres and Vesta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ceres
  • The orbit of Pallas was determined by Gauss, who found the period of 4.6 years was similar to the period for Ceres. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Beliefs attributing particular icons as palladia were found especially in the Eastern Churches, and have remained particularly powerful in Russian Orthodoxy, where a number of icons protected different cities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Russia
  • Palladium arsenide-antimonides from Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Clark, A. M. In: Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society, 1974, Vol. 39, Issue 305, pp. 528-543 New Gold-Palladium Type of Mineralization in the Kozhim Region of Circumpolar Ural (Russia). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, Russia is the world's largest palladium producer, contributing about 40 percent of the world's supply of the metal. (investingnews.com)
  • The tightening of emissions standards worldwide has heightened palladium demand, especially in emerging economies like China, India, Brazil and Russia. (investingnews.com)
  • nitric
  • Palladium dissolves slowly in concentrated nitric acid, in hot, concentrated sulfuric acid, and when finely ground, in hydrochloric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Solutions of PdCl2 in nitric acid react with acetic acid to give palladium(II) acetate, also a versatile reagent. (wikipedia.org)
  • city
  • In English, since around 1600, the word "palladium" has been used figuratively to mean anything believed to provide protection or safety, and in particular in Christian contexts a sacred relic or icon believed to have a protective role in military contexts for a whole city, people or nation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Celtic Christianity palladia were more often relics, which in the Celtic tradition were typically possessions of a saint, such as books, bells, belts and croziers, all housed in reliquaries, and in Irish circumstances functioned as the battle standards of clans rather than protecting a city. (wikipedia.org)
  • especially
  • Specific icons, especially those of the Virgin Mary or Virgin and Child became credited with specialist functions, with their veneration aiding against disease or other misfortunes, and the military role of palladium was an example of this. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently it became especially popular in watch industry: many famous companies have already manufactured wrist watches from palladium, and the fans become more interested in them. (montre24.com)
  • known
  • On the night of April 5, 1779, Charles Messier recorded Pallas on a star chart he used to track the path of a comet (now known as C/1779 A1 (Bode)) that he observed in the spring of 1779, but apparently assumed it was nothing more than a star. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brazil
  • Palladium Gold and Palladium Arsenide-Antimonide Minerals from Congo Soco Iron Ored Mine, Quadrilatero Ferritero, Minas Gerais Brazil, Cabral, A.R.: Kwitko, R: Jones R.D. Applied earth science, vol.111, num. (wikipedia.org)
  • fell
  • Global palladium mine production fell 7 percent in 2014 to 6.04 million ounces, a 12 year low, according to Thomson Reuters GFMS . (investingnews.com)
  • Gold
  • Jeffrey Christian, managing director of CPM Group, provides insight on gold, lithium, palladium and the potential for a stock market correction. (investingnews.com)
  • year
  • Palladium prices hit a 17-year high of $1,069.50 per ounce this week, buoyed by high auto sector demand and short supply. (investingnews.com)
  • However, the following event engaged all eyes: the famous scientific magazine of England "Nicholson's Journal" published an anonymous note, promising 20 pounds of sterling to the one, who would make artificial palladium within a year. (montre24.com)
  • high
  • When Pallas was discovered, some estimates of its size were as high as 3,380 km in diameter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pallas has a relatively high orbital inclination to the plane of the ecliptic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soon the rumors about palladium bar spread around, but nobody expected that no joking tempers about metal would run high. (montre24.com)
  • Chenevix decided to prove that all talks about metal are just "deceit", and despite the high price he bought a palladium bar and started analyzing it. (montre24.com)