• Sahrawi
  • Following bloody clashes with the Polisario troops (SPLA) and deteriorating ties with Algeria, Mauritania pulled out in 1979 and gave up its share in the Western Sahara in order to avoid further complicated conflicts with the Sahrawi Republic, Algeria, and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to guaranteeing a right of return for the Sahrawi refugees, the Sahrawi government in exile has indicated a willingness to offer Sahrawi citizenship to Moroccan settlers and their descendants in a future independent state. (wikipedia.org)
  • 10% of the production comes from Bou Craa, a mine in the Western Sahara, a territory considered by Morocco as part of the country but disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • It evacuated the Sahrawi population to the Tindouf refugee camps due to Royal Moroccan Air Force bombing of the refugee camps on Sahrawi land with napalm and white phosphorus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The foreign relations of The Islamic Republic of Mauritania have been dominated since independence by the issues of the Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara or Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) as well as recognition of its independence by its neighbours, particularly Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • The exiled Sahrawi government on several occasions strongly has protested any kind of natural resource exploitation in the occupied territory, leaning towards UN declarations. (afrol.com)
  • Saharan
  • Morocco is a member of the United Nations and belongs to the African Union, Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Non-Aligned Movement and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN_SAD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • Silver and lead production in Morocco are the highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco joins Israel and Jordan as the third nation state in North Africa/Middle East to sign a free trade agreement with the U.S. This agreement was a positive move towards President Bush's Middle East Free Trade Initiative set forth in May 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • This left Mauritania diplomatically isolated within Africa, as it left Mauritania the only country on the African continent except Morocco without full membership in the African Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • His principal foreign policy goals were Arab unity, elimination of Israel, advancement of Islam, support for Palestinians, elimination of outside-particularly Western-influence in the Middle East and Africa, and support for a range of "revolutionary" causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco - sovereign country located in western North Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • 70.5 KB) Moroccousafta a site about the Morocco/US Free Trade Agreement Surveys and Studies Human Rights Watch on Morocco "Genetic structure of north-west Africa" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Riley later went on to find fame with his published journal Sufferings in Africa, describing his experiences as a slave in the Moroccan Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current efforts to elect a new Chair of the AU Commission have been caught in the crosswinds of the impact of illicit capital outflows, the question of reseating Morocco in the AU and the challenges that Africa will face during a period of the ascendancy of the ideas of Donald Trump and Marie Le Pen. (pambazuka.org)
  • Kerr-McGee
  • date= (help) "Inversoras venden acciones Kerr-McGee por conflicto Sahara" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kerr-McGee Corporation, founded in 1929, was an American energy company involved in oil exploration, production of crude oil, natural gas, perchlorate and uranium mining and milling in various countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company later known as Kerr-McGee was founded in 1929 as Anderson & Kerr Drilling Company by Oklahoma businessman-politician Robert S. Kerr (1896-1963) and oil driller James L. Anderson. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the acquisition of the Oryx Energy Company of Dallas, Texas in 1999, Kerr-McGee gained more onshore assets, as well as significant assets in several foreign areas, most notably Algeria and western Kazakhstan. (wikipedia.org)
  • On November 21, 2005, the chemical division of the company, based in Oklahoma City, was sold off by IPO as Tronox, thereby making Oklahoma City home to the administrative side of Kerr-McGee, while all exploration and production management was located in Denver and Houston. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within a few years, the top positions at Anadarko had been filled by Kerr-McGee employees and many long-time Anadarko employees had left or been removed from the company, effecting a de facto name change for Kerr-McGee. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee and its subsidiaries formerly operated in western Kazakhstan, western Australia, Brazil, Trinidad, Benin, the United Kingdom and several other more minor locations around the world at various times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kerr-McGee received international criticism for undertaking exploration for hydrocarbon resources offshore the Moroccan controlled area of the disputed territory of Western Sahara in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • Last month, the Norwegian Petroleum Fund - one of the world's largest funds - divested from the US petroleum company Kerr-McGee due to that company's "unethical" oil exploration activities off Western Sahara. (afrol.com)
  • This was the first time ever that the state-controlled fund had divested in accordance with its ethical guidelines, sending a clear message to Kerr-McGee and other shareholders of the company. (afrol.com)
  • Algeria
  • Moroccan territorial integrity is implicitly recognized by the Arab League with strong reservations from Algeria and Syria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon this, both Algeria and Morocco withdrew their ambassadors from Mauritania. (wikipedia.org)
  • diplomatic relations with Algeria and Morocco have resumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has international borders with Algeria to the east, Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with two small Spanish autonomous cities, Ceuta and Melilla), and a disputed border with Mauritania to the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • A number of small Muslim states rose and fell in Algeria , but generally the eastern part of the country came under the influence of dynasties centered in Tunisia (notably the Aghlabid of Kairouan) and the western part was controlled by states centered in Morocco (notably the Almoravids and Almohads). (factbites.com)
  • fisheries
  • Since 2006 the organisation has worked to prevent the European Union entering agreements with Morocco covering the territory of Western Sahara, most importantly its Fisheries Partnership Agreements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earlier this year, it was known that Norway's Ambassador in Rabat encouraged private investments in the Moroccan-controlled fisheries sector in Western Sahara, defying the official policy of the Oslo Foreign Ministry. (afrol.com)
  • As we went to press, the European Parliament Fisheries Committee was examining persistent challenges by some MEPs about the legality of Western Sahara elements in the EU Morocco deal signed in September 2005. (worldfishing.net)
  • There are three new masterplans to buttress those pillars: for water, Plan Bleu (blue, for Morocco and the Mediterranean) for fisheries, Plan Halieutis (fish) and agriculture, Plan Vert (green). (worldfishing.net)
  • 1997
  • often shortened to Le Journal Hebdo) was a French-language, Moroccan weekly magazine, published between 1997 and 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • territorial
  • World leader in sardine exports and beneficiary of some of the world's richest territorial ocean stocks, Morocco could now offer major returns for technically savvy investors as it turns inland to harness the potential of its lakes and reservoirs. (worldfishing.net)
  • territory
  • Since a United Nations-sponsored ceasefire agreement in 1991, about two thirds of the territory is administered by Morocco, including all the seacoasts, due to the construction of the Moroccan Wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both sides claim the territory of Western Sahara in its entirety. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Moroccan-administered territory, fishing and phosphate mining are the principal sources of income for the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UN stated in 2002, that any further exploration in Western Sahara would be in violation of international law, if it was not in accordance with the wishes of the people of the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • A heavily mined earth wall separates Moroccan-controlled territory and Polisario-held areas. (reuters.com)
  • A Moroccan phosphate ship has been held in a South African port by a complaint from Western Sahara Polisario movement that it transported cargo unlawfully from the disputed territory, a lawyer and Polisario said on Wednesday. (shipspotting.com)
  • Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved. (wikitravel.org)
  • The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs earlier has urged restraints in trade with or investments in the natural resource sectors of Western Sahara due to a UN legal opinion, denouncing resource exploitation in the occupied territory. (afrol.com)
  • explicitly
  • These two official Moroccan denominations explicitly include all of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many members of the international community, including the United Nations, the Arab League, and the African Union, explicitly recognized the anti-Gaddafi National Transitional Council as Libya's legitimate representative, with many of those countries explicitly describing it as the legal interim government of the country due to the perceived loss of legitimacy on the part of Gaddafi's regime. (wikipedia.org)
  • officials
  • News site Badil was repeatedly targeted on spurious charges of defaming public officials and publishing false information. (freedomhouse.org)
  • But barring reform to other problematic laws, journalists will still find themselves punished for "defaming" prominent officials by calling out corruption or criticizing government policies. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Officials from Carnival Cruise Line and the Bahamian government signed an agreement during a special signing ceremony in Freeport, Grand Bahama, for the construction of a new cruise port facility to be funded and operated by Carnival Cruise Line on Grand Bahama Island. (shipspotting.com)
  • In progressing plans to submit a new application we are working with government officials to seek improvement in the permitting process and iwi, academic, industry and central government input to ensure New Zealand can benefit from an environmentally superior phosphate source. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • exploration
  • Fishing and oil exploration contracts concerning Western Sahara are sources of political tension. (wikipedia.org)
  • San Leon Energy plc (LSE: SLE) is an independent oil and gas exploration company and is Europe's leading shale gas company by acreage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company's portfolio across these geographies is made up of both conventional exploration and shale (Poland Baltic Basin, Morocco and Spain) assets. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company initially focused mostly on off-shore oil exploration and production, being one of the first companies to use drillships in the Gulf of Mexico, and later one of the first companies to use a Spar type platform in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Embassy
  • Moroccan Embassy in London. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 1981, the U.S. government closed the Libyan "people's bureau" (embassy) in Washington, D.C. and expelled the Libyan staff in response their conduct generally violating internationally accepted standards of diplomatic behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Economy
  • As such, the majority of the economical activity of Western Sahara happens in the framework of the economy of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mining industry of Morocco is important to the national economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has an ancient history of extraction of minerals for enhancing its economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In relation to the huge U.S. economy, the free trade agreement is expected to have a positive, but small overall effect on the U.S. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has said that the agreement with Morocco is the "best market access package to date of any U.S. free trade agreement signed with a developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relations with foreign powers, especially with the West, have also been strengthened as Morocco has liberalized its economy and implemented major economic reforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco 's economy is considered a relatively liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand . (thefullwiki.org)
  • [ 2 ] Morocco has become a major player in the African economic affairs [ 3 ] , and is the 5th African economy by GDP (PPP). (thefullwiki.org)
  • Tough government reforms and steady yearly growth in the region of 4-5% from 2000 to 2007, including 4.9% year-on-year growth in 2003-2007 the Moroccan economy is much more robust than just a few years ago. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Since the early 1980s, the Moroccan government has pursued an economic program toward accelerating real economy growth with the support of the International Monetary Fund , the World Bank , and the Paris Club of creditors. (thefullwiki.org)
  • company's
  • Having gained employment with the London-based, English trading house James Renshaw and Co, he was despatched to Mogadore (Essaouira), Morocco as the company's agent in early 1814, partnering a successful mercantile establishment that was engaged in trading between Mogadore and Great Britain with the resident British Vice Consul and merchant Joseph Dupuis. (wikipedia.org)
  • legally
  • The Spanish Republican Navy was the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Second Spanish Republic, the legally established government of Spain between 1931 and 1939. (wikipedia.org)
  • France now is home to more than a million Moroccans legally residing in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1970s
  • In the 1970s the company had a forest products division, and mineral mining in New Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, and coal mining in Wyoming and Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many countries, particularly in Western Europe, reduced their voting ages to 18 years during the 1970s, starting with the United Kingdom (1970), with the United States (26th Amendment) (1971), Canada, Australia (1974), France and others following soon afterwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • facto
  • For the foreign relations of the current de facto Libyan government, see Foreign relations of Libya. (wikipedia.org)
  • The international reactions to the Libyan Civil War were the responses to the series of protests and military confrontations occurring in Libya against the government of Libya and its de facto head of state Muammar Gaddafi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Morocco has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco (المغرب al-Maghreb ) is a North African country that has a coastline on both the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. (wikitravel.org)
  • Ministry
  • The Moroccan Ministry of Communications responded by banning both Le Journal and Assahifa Al Ousbouia, though the latter had not run the interview in question. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yara's biggest shareholder is the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry (36.2 percent), with other Norwegian government institutions holding further large share posts. (afrol.com)
  • notably
  • Most notably, in Morocco, there has been concern regarding the reduction in tariffs for agricultural products and the increase in intellectual property and patent standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • country
  • They balked at the costs and at the lack of results of the Spanish military during the Rif Wars in Morocco and their vision was to have a smaller and more modern Spanish Navy that would meet the needs of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • It began as a movement of students who felt torn between the divergent Spanish and Moroccan influences on the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • In April 1976, Mauritania and Morocco partitioned the country into three parts, Mauritania getting the southern one, which was named Tiris al-Gharbiyya. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is an African country currently a member of the African Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • 855 KB) (CSIS - The Center for Strategic and International Studies) Tourism and culture Morocco travel guide from Wikivoyage Biodiversity of South Western Morocco (Flora and Plant Communities of Morocco) Moroccan Dialectal Arabic lexicorient A reference site to plan its trip, and discover the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the largest population of Moroccans in a country, followed next by Spain. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 2016, the government filed 15 separate suits against 15 oil companies at the Federal High Court in Lagos to recover billions of dollars that have been illegally siphoned from the country. (pambazuka.org)
  • Spain has been and, continues to be the closest country in Europe to us, and the Spanish support for the Palestinian's cause has become a State policy and therefore regardless of the government that is in power, the Spanish State always supports the Palestinian people. (wordpress.com)
  • Since 1993, the country has followed a policy of privatization of certain economic sectors which used to be in the hands of the government . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Mining
  • The mining sector is poised for increased participation of private sector companies and also in the fuel sector in natural gas and petroleum extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mining sector operations now under the government sector have been proposed to be privatized to enhance production. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 2009, San Leon signed a three-year agreement with the Moroccan Office of Hydrocarbons and Mining for development of the Tarfaya oil shale deposit. (wikipedia.org)
  • The open pit mining centre at Boucraa has an annual production capacity of more than 2 million tonnes, making it the third largest Moroccan controlled phosphate mine. (afrol.com)
  • Chatham Rock Phosphate, a publicly listed company, was granted a mining permit in 2013 to develop New Zealand's only significant source of environmentally friendly pastoral phosphate fertiliser and is now preparing for a revised environmental consent application. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • whilst
  • French is still popularly spoken and remains the second language in Morocco whilst Spanish is also widespread, particularly in the northern regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Egypt
  • Concept Paper for Creating An International Oil Shale Council For the Nations of Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Turkey, and Syria (PDF) (Report). (wikipedia.org)
  • Further manufacturing under license was performed by SOKO in Yugoslavia and the Arab British Helicopter Company (ABHCO) in Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Arab world , Morocco has the second-largest non-oil GDP, behind Egypt, as of 2005. (thefullwiki.org)
  • 2016
  • Morocco is rated Partly Free in the new Freedom on the Net 2016 report. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Nonetheless, digital media remains freer than local television or newspapers, and the government has taken several positive steps in recent years, such as passing a new press code in June 2016-after the coverage period of this report. (freedomhouse.org)
  • state
  • In order to ingratiate itself with key officers in the Navy, the Republican Government promoted to high posts men such as Lieutenant Commander Ángel Rizo Bayona who was given the post of representing the state in the Trasmediterránea Shipping Company and Navy engineer Alfredo Cal Díaz who was promoted to the post of Navigation Director. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following another round of international protest-including a question about the banning from German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder on the occasion of Youssoufi's state visit to Germany-the government relented, and the papers were once more allowed to print. (wikipedia.org)
  • Portraying Morocco as a democratic state became important if Morocco wished to receive loans and investments by foreign powers. (wikipedia.org)
  • offshore
  • Lately, there has been a special focus on Western Sahara's rich fishery resources and its potential of offshore oil production. (afrol.com)
  • Morocco opened its doors to offshoring in July 2006, as one component of the development initiative Plan Emergence, and has so far attracted roughly half of the French-speaking call centres that have gone offshore so far and a number of the Spanish ones. (thefullwiki.org)
  • example
  • For example, just prior to the agreement (signed in 2004), a news release by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative announced major revisions in Moroccan labor laws spurred by the proposed signing of the agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Morocco has had a long history of supporting the United States and it has received financial support as a result. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, while websites are rarely blocked, problematic press and antiterrorism laws place heavy burdens on intermediaries and allow for the shutting down of news sites. (freedomhouse.org)
  • The town is a nice example of modern Moroccan design, but not much in the way of history or culture. (wikitravel.org)
  • Spanish
  • Ramón Franco, who was in the Air Force at the time of the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic, said: "Our little colonies -referring to the small outposts in the Moroccan shores, the Western Sahara and Equatorial Guinea- don't need a strong navy made up of large and numerous units. (wikipedia.org)
  • But Azaña's lack of finesse in his dealings with the more conservative officers of the Spanish Navy established a deep mistrust between the majority of those having high posts in the Navy and the new government. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish coup of July 1936 dealt a severe blow to the structure of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces, which ended up fragmented on the basis of joining the rebels or remaining loyal to the established government. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Moroccan government, in 1958 the Moroccan Army of Liberation fought Spanish colonizers and almost liberated what was then Spanish Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phosphate deposits in Boucraa, some 100 kilometres south-east of El Aaiun, have been considered Western Sahara's main natural resources since their discovery by Spanish colonial officers in the 1950s. (afrol.com)
  • Libyan
  • After the 1969 coup d'état, U.S.-Libyan relations became increasingly strained because of Libya's foreign policies supporting international terrorism and subversion against moderate Arab and African governments. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 1982, the U.S. government prohibited imports of Libyan crude oil into the United States and expanded the controls on U.S.-origin goods intended for export to Libya. (wikipedia.org)
  • African Union - The Chairman of the African Union Commission Jean Ping said the AU was in contact with the Libyan government and that it condemned the crackdown against protesters. (wikipedia.org)
  • exports
  • This translates to U.S. trade with Morocco at less than .1% of its total imports and exports. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2003, Morocco exported approximately 2.9% of its total exports to the U.S., while it imported approximately 4.1% of its total imports from the U.S.. These numbers show that U.S. trade with Morocco is almost nil when compared with Moroccan trade with the U.S. Therefore, the USMFTA will potentially have a much larger effect on the Moroccan government. (wikipedia.org)
  • As reported by Sahara News, "the Nigerian government used the consortium of experts for the intelligence-based tracking of the global movements of the country's hydrocarbons, including crude oil and gas, with the main purpose of identifying the companies engaged in the practices that had led to missing revenues from crude oil and gas exports sales to different parts of the world. (pambazuka.org)
  • million
  • Setolazar Company, working the Navarrete mine, had an extensive concession estimated to contain more than 4 million tons of iron ore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco signed three loan agreements with the French Development Agency (AFD) in 2009, totalling up to 155 million euros. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arab
  • 108 KB) revealed by STR analysis "Arab Reform and Foreign Aid - Lessons from Morocco" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco also was among the first Arab and Islamic states to denounce the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks in the United States and declare solidarity with the American people in the war against terror. (wikipedia.org)
  • bankrupt
  • Jamaï speculated to an interviewer that having realized that they could not shut the paper down directly without international pressure, the government was now seeking to bankrupt it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The heavy fine may bankrupt the independent news site (see Prosecutions and Detentions for Online Activities ). (freedomhouse.org)