• Africa
  • Silver and lead production in Morocco are the highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • 70.5 KB) Moroccousafta a site about the Morocco/US Free Trade Agreement Surveys and Studies Human Rights Watch on Morocco "Genetic structure of north-west Africa" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the years thereafter he established himself as the foremost European merchant in the city, which was at that time an important trading port linking Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa to Europe and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Riley later went on to find fame with his published journal Sufferings in Africa, describing his experiences as a slave in the Moroccan Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Western Sahara, the last colony in Africa, is still awaiting for the UN to fulfil its "mandate to organise a referendum of the Saharawis to determine the future of their land and resources", MUA considered. (awsa.org.au)
  • Mauritania thus became part of French West Africa in 1904, but colonial control was mostly limited to the coast and the Saharan trade routes, and there were territories nominally within French West Africa which were not reached by European control as late as 1955. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the starting point of the scramble for Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a time when Britain's balance of trade showed a growing deficit, with shrinking and increasingly protectionist continental markets due to the Long Depression (1873-96), Africa offered Britain, Germany, France, and other countries an open market that would garner them a trade surplus: a market that bought more from the colonial power than it sold overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest known example of a fossil human skeleton found anywhere in West Africa, which is 13,000 years old, was found at Iwo-Eleru in western Nigeria and attests to the antiquity of habitation in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • POLISARIO
  • The government-in-exile of the Polisario Front had also signed contracts for oil exploration, but there is no practical work, due to the fact that the zones given are on the Moroccan-controlled part of the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1991 ceasefire split the region in two between what Morocco calls its southern provinces and an area controlled by Polisario. (reuters.com)
  • By seeking the seizure of the two phosphate vessels, Polisario is putting to the test a European court ruling last year that Western Sahara should not be considered part of the Moroccan kingdom in EU and Moroccan deals. (reuters.com)
  • A heavily mined earth wall separates Moroccan-controlled territory and Polisario-held areas. (reuters.com)
  • The United Nations Security Council has called for fresh negotiations between Morocco and the Polisario, which runs its self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic or SADR. (reuters.com)
  • Their claim to mine phosphate for the benefit of the people is disputed by the SADR and the [Polisario Front]: as most of the Sahrawi people live to the east of the berm or in refugee camps in Algeria, those who may benefit from the mining of phosphate are not the 'people of the territory' but, more likely, Moroccan settlers. (awsa.org.au)
  • Morocco's
  • The city is home to the largest independent power station in the country-primarily funded by investments from the Swedish-Swiss company ABB Group and the American company CMS Energy-which was thought to be capable of creating a third of Morocco's total power output. (wikipedia.org)
  • authorities
  • In May 2006, Kerr-McGee finally decided to not renew the contract signed with the Moroccan Authorities, in part due to the desinvestments of invest funds and the pressures of international corporate ethics groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • The press is mostly state controled even though there are free newspapers , and clampdowns have occurred following criticism of the authorities or articles concerning the Western Sahara situation. (wikitravel.org)
  • In addition, by preventing her return to Western Sahara, Spanish authorities may have breached both Spanish national law and Article 2 of Protocol 4 of the European convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. (elitetrader.com)
  • cargo
  • As the Margiris super trawler arrives in Australian amid controversy, another ship, the bulk carrier, Maple Crystal is due at Lascelles wharf in North Shore Geelong on Wednesday 5 September, bringing a stolen cargo of phosphate rock from Western Sahara for the Australian Fertiliser company, Incitec Pivot (IPL). (awsa.org.au)
  • The 55,000 tonne cargo had been illegally exported from occupied Western Sahara in April for delivery to the New Zealand fertilizer company Ballance Agri-Nutrients Limited. (awsa.org.au)
  • Another vessel of similar cargo was arrested in Panama, it was going to Canada for the company Agrium. (awsa.org.au)
  • revisions
  • For example, just prior to the agreement (signed in 2004), a news release by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative announced major revisions in Moroccan labor laws spurred by the proposed signing of the agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • right of self-deter
  • The SADR government recognizes the withdrawal of what would have been an untenable defence as a helpful step, both for ensuring clarity of what the High Court has determined on abundant evidence and as a contribution to the application of the rule of law in the continuing occupation of Western Sahara and a denial to its people of the right of self-determination. (awsa.org.au)
  • protests
  • The international reactions to the Libyan Civil War were the responses to the series of protests and military confrontations occurring in Libya against the government of Libya and its de facto head of state Muammar Gaddafi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Michael Weiss, a spokesperson for Just Journalism, claimed that he had received leaked Syrian state documents showing that the Syrian government organized the Nakba Day protests to draw attention away from the uprising in Syria proper. (wikipedia.org)
  • US State Department spokesman Mark Toner said the U.S. believes President Bashar Assad's government was actively supporting the Palestinian protests near the Israeli border. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the past Morocco has chosen to overlook her numerous 'landing card protests', but on this occasion she was interrogated, stripped of her passport and expelled to the volcanic Canary Island which lies less than 80 miles off the African coast. (elitetrader.com)
  • Fertiliser
  • He said the rock from Morocco is used to make New Zealand's predominant fertiliser superphosphate, which results in high levels of run-off with resulting pollution to our waterways and can also be detrimental to soil health over the long term. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Chatham Rock Phosphate, a publicly listed company, was granted a mining permit in 2013 to develop New Zealand's only significant source of environmentally friendly pastoral phosphate fertiliser and is now preparing for a revised environmental consent application. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • 2000
  • U.S. companies that build production facilities in Morocco today will have an added advantage of exporting industrial products duty-free to Europe by way of the Moroccan-E.U. Association Agreement signed in 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco has international borders with Algeria to the east, Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with two small Spanish autonomous cities, Ceuta and Melilla), and a disputed border with Mauritania to the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company holds production and development operations offshore Ghana, in addition to discoveries and further exploration operations offshore Mauritania and Senegal, and exploration licenses offshore Sao Tome and Principe, Morocco and Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Muslim conquest of the Maghreb in the 7th and 8th centuries did not reach as far south, and Islam came to Mauritania only gradually, from about the 11th century, in the context of the wider Islamization of the Sudan and medieval Arab slave trade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania, lying next to the Atlantic coast at the western edge of the desert, received and assimilated into its complex society many waves of these migrants and conquerors. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the 15th to the 19th century, European contact with Mauritania was dominated by the trade for gum arabic. (wikipedia.org)
  • waters
  • In 2011 the EU parliament terminated the last Fisheries Partnership Agreements with Morocco for the waters of Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Fishing ( WF ) regularly reported in depth on the long battle between Morocco and the then EU Fisheries and Agriculture Commissioner, Dr Franz Fischler, to renew a deal on EU access to Moroccan waters. (worldfishing.net)
  • It had taken six years to get there, after Morocco refused to renew the earlier deal ending in 1999, causing severe catch problems particularly for Spanish and Portuguese companies which had invested heavily in fishing effort in Moroccan waters. (worldfishing.net)
  • The E.U. built a series of fences in Morocco and started paying coastal African nations to keep migrants from reaching European waters. (newyorker.com)
  • company's
  • A native of London, he became an employee of English trading house James Renshaw and Co, and in early 1814 he was dispatched to Mogadore as that company's agent there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Having gained employment with the London-based, English trading house James Renshaw and Co, he was despatched to Mogadore (Essaouira), Morocco as the company's agent in early 1814, partnering a successful mercantile establishment that was engaged in trading between Mogadore and Great Britain with the resident British Vice Consul and merchant Joseph Dupuis. (wikipedia.org)
  • diplomatic
  • Re: A protestletterconcerning the visit of the diplomatic delegations to someoccupiedterritories of Western Sahara. (wesatimes.com)
  • Virtually all Western countries cut off diplomatic relations with Gaddafi's government over an aerial bombing campaign in February and March, and a number of other countries led by Peru and Botswana did likewise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algeria
  • The new negotiations will include talks regarding European investment, agriculture, fisheries, and the accession of Algeria to the World Trade Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Romans interacted with and later conquered parts of Mauretania, an early state that covered modern Morocco, western Algeria, and the Spanish cities Ceuta and Melilla during the classical period. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • recognize
  • The council's decision fails to recognize that people in Western Sahara-whom we have met in hundreds of face-to-face conversations-want the economic opportunities that come from increased foreign investment. (wikipedia.org)
  • exploitation
  • The overseeing authority is the Office National de Recherches et d'Exploitations Petrolieres (Office of Research and Petroleum exploitation) under the overall jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry, Trade, Energy, and Mines]. (wikipedia.org)
  • ports
  • OCP also has plans for the erection of 4 additional phosphate fertilizer factories, specializing in diammonium and monoammonium phosphate.Samsung and Daewoo were awarded the contracts for carrying out the construction of these 4 additional units (2 each) Since December, 2006 the management of the port has been transferred to Marsa Maroc, a state-owned public company responsible for the management of 9 ports in Morocco and the Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Portuguese established the first firm post-Middle Ages European settlements, trade posts, permanent fortifications and ports of call along the coast of the African continent, from the beginning of the Age of Discovery during the 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • slave
  • Now that the old slave routes are ungovernable and awash in weapons, tens of thousands of human beings who set out voluntarily find themselves trafficked, traded between owners, and forced to work as laborers or prostitutes. (newyorker.com)
  • concern
  • Most notably, in Morocco, there has been concern regarding the reduction in tariffs for agricultural products and the increase in intellectual property and patent standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • With approximately 40-50% of the Moroccan workforce in agriculture, the fall-out of the USMFTA is of great concern. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • A Kosmos official told Reuters, "If we are successful, we believe responsible resource development has the potential to create significant social and economic benefits for Western Sahara and its people. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2016, the Financial Times quoted Kosmos correspondence with the Council on Ethics: "We fundamentally disagree with the council's assessment of our activities offshore Western Sahara, where we have spent considerable time on the ground working with local people to understand their views of oil and gas exploration. (wikipedia.org)
  • apartheid
  • Sudanese Arabs, who controlled the government, were widely referred to as practicing apartheid against Sudan's non-Arab citizens. (wikipedia.org)
  • The government was accused of "deftly manipulat(ing) Arab solidarity" to carry out policies of apartheid and ethnic cleansing. (wikipedia.org)
  • settlements
  • Spanish prehistory extends to the pre-Roman Iron Age cultures that controlled most of Iberia: those of the Iberians, Celtiberians, Tartessians, Lusitanians, and Vascones and trading settlements of Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks on the Mediterranean coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The seafaring Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks successively established trading settlements along the eastern and southern coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • developing country
  • In relation to the huge U.S. economy, the free trade agreement is expected to have a positive, but small overall effect on the U.S. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has said that the agreement with Morocco is the "best market access package to date of any U.S. free trade agreement signed with a developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • million
  • Setolazar Company, working the Navarrete mine, had an extensive concession estimated to contain more than 4 million tons of iron ore. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016, Morocco earned over 200 million USD from the rock export from the territory. (awsa.org.au)
  • 19th century
  • Today Willshire is best remembered as the man who redeemed, cared for and helped repatriate hundreds of Western sailors enslaved in the Sultanate of Morocco during the early part of the 19th century, including Captain James Riley, Robert Adams, and Captain Alexander Scott, all of whom would later write and publish harrowing accounts of their hardships endured as slaves in the desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural resources
  • They complained that they were being treated as second-class citizens in their own country, while Morocco exploited their natural resources for its profit. (awsa.org.au)
  • Sid Ahmed Lamjayed is the president of the CSPRON The committee to support the peace settlement and to protect the natural resources in Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • In a meeting with Equipe Media Mohamed Jaaim, general secretary of CSPRON, said: "I denounce the systematic plundering of natural resources in Western Sahara by Morocco and its accomplices in particular the phosphate, the indispensable element in the global agriculture. (awsa.org.au)
  • human
  • According to Human Rights Watch, her forced expulsion breached Article 12 (4) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), ratified by Morocco, which makes it clear that no one can be arbitrarily deprived of the right to enter their own country. (elitetrader.com)
  • facto
  • We have worked in close partnership with Morocco - as the de facto administering power of the territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish
  • date= (help) "Inversoras venden acciones Kerr-McGee por conflicto Sahara" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish Republican Navy was the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Second Spanish Republic, the legally established government of Spain between 1931 and 1939. (wikipedia.org)
  • They balked at the costs and at the lack of results of the Spanish military during the Rif Wars in Morocco and their vision was to have a smaller and more modern Spanish Navy that would meet the needs of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ramón Franco, who was in the Air Force at the time of the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic, said: "Our little colonies -referring to the small outposts in the Moroccan shores, the Western Sahara and Equatorial Guinea- don't need a strong navy made up of large and numerous units. (wikipedia.org)
  • But Azaña's lack of finesse in his dealings with the more conservative officers of the Spanish Navy established a deep mistrust between the majority of those having high posts in the Navy and the new government. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish coup of July 1936 dealt a severe blow to the structure of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces, which ended up fragmented on the basis of joining the rebels or remaining loyal to the established government. (wikipedia.org)
  • This statement was greeted with incredulity by the Spanish media, and the Zapatero government has come under increasing internal and international pressure to do more to resolve the crisis. (elitetrader.com)
  • Europe
  • The company based in Austria / Europe introduced the AUTOPRESS device as an important part of its fluid warming philosophy. (issuu.com)
  • Arab
  • 10% of the production comes from Bou Craa, a mine in the Western Sahara, a territory considered by Morocco as part of the country but disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many members of the international community, including the United Nations, the Arab League, and the African Union, explicitly recognized the anti-Gaddafi National Transitional Council as Libya's legitimate representative, with many of those countries explicitly describing it as the legal interim government of the country due to the perceived loss of legitimacy on the part of Gaddafi's regime. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning slowly through contacts with Berber and Arab merchants engaged in the important caravan trades and rapidly advancing through the Almoravid conquests, Islamization did not take firm hold until the arrival of Yemeni Arabs in the 12th and 13th centuries and was not complete until several centuries later. (wikipedia.org)
  • American University economist George Ayittey accused the Arab government of Sudan of practicing acts of racism against black citizens. (wikipedia.org)