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  • intervals
  • Those paths are then continuously monitored at specified intervals for performance, such as: functionality, availability, and response time measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other definitions for participatory monitoring have also been proposed, including: "The systematic collection of information at regular intervals for initial assessment and for the monitoring of change. (wikipedia.org)
  • The state of California requires that monitored conversations have a beep at certain intervals or there must be a message informing the caller that the conversations may be recorded, take note that this is not informing the company representative which calls are being recorded. (wikipedia.org)
  • gait
  • The sensors monitor an individual's location, gait, linear acceleration and angular velocity, and utilize a mathematical algorithm to predict the likelihood for falls, detect movement changes, and alert caregivers if the individual has fallen. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Typically, most network monitoring services test your server anywhere between once-per-hour to once-per-minute. (wikipedia.org)
  • Election monitoring is the observation of an election by one or more independent parties, typically from another country or a non-governmental organization (NGO), primarily to assess the conduct of an election process on the basis of national legislation and international election standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • ETSWAP - An emissions monitoring and reporting system currently in use in the UK and Ireland, which enables relevant organizations to monitor, verify and report carbon emissions, as is required by the EU ETS (European Union Emissions Trading Scheme). (wikipedia.org)
  • Organizations engage in employee monitoring to track performance, avoid legal liability, protect trade secrets, and address other security concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Election observation activities have expanded significantly following the end of the Cold War, along with the development of international standards on the conduct of democratic elections and the process of monitoring elections by both international and domestic observing organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] International organizations such as the Organization of American States, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the European Union, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the Council of Europe and the African Union regularly deploy monitoring teams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) in Pakistan is a coalition of 42 national civil society organizations working together to promote fair elections in Pakistan.The most common type of domestic election monitoring comes by way of party poll-watchers, who are partisan individuals that are looking out for the interests of their party. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though most international observer organizations have a mandate to observe parliamentary elections, the Congress of the Council of Europe, in cooperation with the Venice Commission, is specifically mandated to monitor local and regional elections and is unique in this regard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robust trainings on policy monitoring work can help organizations be systematic and effective in their policy monitoring efforts. (wikipedia.org)
  • approaches
  • WHO is developing improved approaches to toxicity monitoring, such as Targeted spontaneous reporting, ARV pregnancy registry and birth defect surveillance. (who.int)
  • The term 'participatory monitoring' embraces a broad range of approaches, from self-monitoring of harvests by local resource users themselves, to censuses by local rangers, and inventories by amateur naturalists. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, all of the approaches have in common that the monitoring is carried out by individuals who live in the monitored places and rely on local natural resources, and that local people or local government staff are directly involved in formulation of research questions, data collection, and (in most instances) data analysis, and implementation of management solutions based on research findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • While initially viewed as competitive to synthetic monitoring approaches, most networking professionals now recognize that passive and synthetic monitoring are complementary. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • Gamma radiation "interlock monitors" are used in applications to prevent inadvertent exposure of workers to an excess dose by preventing personnel access to an area when a high radiation level is present. (wikipedia.org)
  • programmes
  • The methodological and technical details of the design and operation of source and environmental radiation monitoring programmes and systems for different radionuclides, environmental media and types of facility are given in IAEA Safety Standards Series No. RS-G-1.8 and in IAEA Safety Reports Series No. 64. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as new materials are developed and new pressures come to bear, revisions to monitoring programmes will be required. (wikipedia.org)
  • passive
  • This is a good complement when used with passive monitoring to help provide visibility on application health during off peak hours when transaction volume is low. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is more suited for passive monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive monitoring is a technique used to capture traffic from a network by copying traffic, often from a span port or mirror port or via a network tap. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive monitoring can be very helpful in troubleshooting performance problems once they have occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive monitoring differs from synthetic monitoring in that it relies on actual inbound web traffic to take measurements, so problems can only be discovered after they have occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • environmental
  • The course addresses environmental monitoring for the manufacturing of both sterile and non-sterile products. (rsc.org)
  • This course is aimed at personnel in production and quality functions who wish to increase their understanding of regulatory requirements and expectations for the environmental monitoring of pharmaceutical operations. (rsc.org)
  • It will be of particular use to anyone performing environmental monitoring and those involved in collating and interpreting the results obtained. (rsc.org)
  • Our Connected Environmental Monitoring solution is built on the premise that IoT can solve real world problems. (ericsson.com)
  • Connected Environmental Monitoring gives you the tools to do all that. (ericsson.com)
  • Adopting Connected Environmental Monitoring will your city the list of smarter, cleaner and more desirable cities. (ericsson.com)
  • Connected Environmental Monitoring provides real time data for real time action. (ericsson.com)
  • Environmental monitoring is also one of the massive IoT use cases where 5G will play a very significant role. (ericsson.com)
  • The word "monitoring" has different meanings, and it will be defined here as regular observations in a time series designed to give information about the environment so that past and existing states can be assessed and future trends predicted in any environmental features which may be important to man. (fao.org)
  • From this definition it is clear that environmental monitoring must be problem-oriented. (fao.org)
  • and it has now been decided that a special Global Environmental Monitoring System, GEMS, should be established. (fao.org)
  • Environmental monitoring is the measurement of external dose rates due to sources in the environment or of radionuclide concentrations in environmental media. (wikipedia.org)
  • Background Radiation#Radiation metrology for a list of environmental monitoring sites Dosimetry Survey meter International Atomic Energy Agency (2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental monitoring describes the processes and activities that need to take place to characterise and monitor the quality of the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental monitoring is used in the preparation of environmental impact assessments, as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a risk of harmful effects on the natural environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unless individual monitoring projects fit into a wider strategic framework, the results are unlikely to be published and the environmental understanding produced by the monitoring will be lost. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data
  • Zhang, H. Health Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Span Bridges Based on Sensing and Data Analysis: A Survey. (mdpi.com)
  • Zhou J, Li X, Xia R, Yang J, Zhang H. Health Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Span Bridges Based on Sensing and Data Analysis: A Survey. (mdpi.com)
  • It looks at the legislation and guidance available, techniques employed to monitor pharmaceutical environments, data trending and how to manage out of limit results. (rsc.org)
  • In Charts and Report , the monitoring charts display current and recent data about node health and cluster utilization. (microsoft.com)
  • Sources of such emissions data include: Carbon Monitoring for Action (CARMA) - An online database provided by the Center for Global Development, that includes plant-level emissions for more than 50,000 power plants and 4,000 power companies around the world, as well as the total emissions from power generation of countries, provinces (or states), and localities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Participatory monitoring (also known as collaborative monitoring, community-based monitoring, locally based monitoring or volunteer monitoring) is the regular collection of measurements or other kinds of data (monitoring), usually of natural resources and biodiversity, undertaken by local people who live in the area being monitored, who rely on local natural resources, and consequently have great local knowledge of those resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been suggested that participatory monitoring is unlikely to provide quantitative data on large-scale changes in habitat area, or on populations of cryptic species that are hard to identify or census reliably. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the bus monitor has intercepted a message, the message is made available to the rest of the data acquisition system for subsequent recording and/or analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Packetizer bus monitors are designed for networked data acquisition systems where the acquired data from the avionics buses is captured and re-packetized in Ethernet frames for transmission to an analysis computer or network recorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since air pollution is carried by the wind, consideration of anemometer data in the area between sources and the monitor often provides insights on the source of the air contaminants recorded by an air pollution monitor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air dispersion models that combine topographic, emissions and meteorological data to predict air pollutant concentrations are often helpful in interpreting air monitoring data. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an air monitor produces concentrations of multiple chemical compounds, a unique "chemical fingerprint" of a particular air pollution source may emerge from analysis of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring activities can be used to collect and analyze data related to the development and implementation of specific policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data from policy monitoring can be used to support advocacy efforts and guide the development of new, timely, and relevant policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those conducting policy monitoring should be thorough in their data collection and unbiased in their presentation of facts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Responsibility for data and safety monitoring depends on the phase of the study and may be conducted by sponsor or Contract research organization (CRO) staff or contractor, and/or by the Principal clinical investigator/project manager conducting the study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical monitoring Data monitoring committee European Medicines Agency Serious adverse event (SAE) U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Ariel E. Quinio, Safety in Clinical Trials: Who is Responsible? (wikipedia.org)
  • utilize
  • If employees use company computers for their work, companies often utilize employee monitoring software that allow them to track everything employees do on their computers. (wikipedia.org)
  • contamination
  • Additionally a review of risks associated with contamination sources, monitoring methods, trending and reporting of results is undertaken. (rsc.org)
  • Personnel exit monitors (PEM) are used to monitor workers who are exiting a "contamination controlled" or potentially contaminated area. (wikipedia.org)
  • These monitor the surface of the workers body and clothing to check if any radioactive contamination has been deposited. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can also be used for personnel exit monitoring or personnel contamination checks in the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • capability
  • These monitor/defibrillators usually have the normal capabilities of an ICU monitor, but have manual (and usually semi-automatic AED)defibrillation capability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most monitor defibrillators also have transcutaneous pacing capability via large AED like adhesive pads (which often can be used for monitoring, defibrillation and pacing)that are applied to the patient in an anterior-posterior configuration. (wikipedia.org)
  • capabilities
  • Good server monitoring tools also have performance benchmarking, alerting capabilities and the ability to link certain thresholds with automated server jobs, such as provisioning more memory or performing a backup. (wikipedia.org)
  • Third-party application performance monitoring tools provide additional web server monitoring, alerting and reporting capabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • probes
  • This is also known as Active monitoring that consists of synthetic probes and Web robots to help report on system availability and predefined business transactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Network tomography is an important area of network measurement, which deals with monitoring the health of various links in a network using end-to-end probes sent by agents located at vantage points in the network/Internet. (wikipedia.org)
  • These can be in the form of hand monitors, clothing frisk probes, or whole body monitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthetic monitoring is also referred to as active monitoring, which helps report on system availability and predefined business transactions using synthetic probes and web robots. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Remote patient monitoring ( RPM ) is a technology to enable monitoring of patients outside of conventional clinical settings (e.g. in the home), which may increase access to care and decrease healthcare delivery costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reason for using higher frequency bandpass in response entropy is to allow faster response from the monitor in relation to clinical state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some monitors can even warn of pending fatal cardiac conditions before visible signs are noticeable to clinical staff, such as atrial fibrillation or premature ventricular contraction (PVC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Safety monitoring of a clinical trial is conducted by an independent physician with relevant expertise. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, to determine the status of a web server, monitoring software may periodically send an HTTP request to fetch a page. (wikipedia.org)
  • Network monitoring services usually have a number of servers around the globe - for example in America, Europe, Asia, Australia and other locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standard international election observation missions, as deployed by, for the example, the European Commission or the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), monitor the entire electoral process. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of automatic monitoring is the transtelephonic cardiac event monitor. (wikipedia.org)
  • A snarfer bus monitor captures all messages on the bus, tags them with a timestamp and content identifiers (for example Command or Status in the case of MIL-STD-1553 buses), and puts them into a FIFO. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • It can also include application monitoring, such as checking the processes of programs such as Apache, MySQL, Nginx, Postgres and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • In computer science, event monitoring is the process of collecting, analyzing, and signaling event occurrences to subscribers such as operating system processes, active database rules as well as human operators. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Most of the Holters monitor the ECG via only two or three channels (Note: depending on manufacturer, different counts of leads and lead systems are used). (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to measure these variables, special monitoring systems must be set up. (fao.org)
  • It includes the methods, systems, algorithms and tools to monitor the routing posture of networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cycle includes: Phase 1: Preparatory Phase Phase 2: Focal Point Training Phase 3: Policy Identification Phase 4: Quality Control and Validation Phase 5: 1st Discussion Focus of Analysis Phase 6: Analysis Phase 7: 2nd Discussion on Findings (FAO) The World Health Organziation has started to develop dedicated monitoring systems for policy interventions on the social determinants of health that improve health equity, such as social protection and gender equity policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • These documents show how Monitor plans to reform the NHS payment system over the next 5 years. (www.gov.uk)
  • If you have any questions about the National Tariff Payment System, you can contact Monitor's Pricing team at pricing@monitor.gov.uk . (www.gov.uk)
  • Also, it was imperative to optimize the design of the health monitoring system and realize its standardization. (mdpi.com)
  • A systematic review of the literature on home monitoring for heart failure patients indicates that RPM improves quality of life , improves patient-provider relationships, shortens duration of stay in hospitals, decreases mortality rate, and reduces costs to the healthcare system. (wikipedia.org)
  • However the use of a stand-alone system does not protect one from remote monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • A tire-pressure monitoring system ( TPMS ) is an electronic system designed to monitor the air pressure inside the pneumatic tires on various types of vehicles . (wikipedia.org)
  • 7. An improved international system allowing the monitoring of factors necessary for the understanding and forecasting of disasters and for the implementation of an efficient warning system. (fao.org)
  • Network monitoring is the use of a system that constantly monitors a computer network for slow or failing components and that notifies the network administrator (via email, SMS or other alarms) in case of outages or other trouble. (wikipedia.org)
  • While an intrusion detection system monitors a network for threats from the outside, a network monitoring system monitors the network for problems caused by overloaded or crashed servers, network connections or other devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Status request failures, such as when a connection cannot be established, it times-out, or the document or message cannot be retrieved, usually produce an action from the monitoring system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Server monitoring can encompass a check of system metrics, such as CPU usage, memory usage, network performance and disk space. (wikipedia.org)
  • in essence, the fault can be masked by monitoring the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Scientist-executed monitoring is often costly and hard to sustain, especially in those regions of the world where financial resources are limited. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, scientist-executed monitoring can be logistically and technically difficult and is often perceived to be irrelevant by resource managers and the local communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Involving local people and their communities in monitoring is often part of the process of sharing the management of land and resources with the local communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • term 'participatory monitoring and management' is particularly used in tropical, Arctic and developing regions, where communities are most often the custodians of valuable biodiversity and extensive natural ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Employee monitoring often is in conflict with employees' privacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monitoring often collects not only work-related activities, but also employee's personal, not related to work information. (wikipedia.org)
  • A notable individual is often appointed honorary leader of a monitoring organization in an effort to enhance its own legitimacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some digital patient monitors, especially those used EMS services, often incorporate a defibrillator into the patient monitor itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy initiatives themselves are often controversial, and policy monitoring can be contentious because it shows how well policy implementers and enforcers are doing their jobs. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Policy monitoring should also include the identification of operational policy barriers that can be addressed through policy and program reform, and findings can support improved implementation of existing policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyze
  • HPC Cluster Manager provides several built-in charts and reports to monitor and analyze cluster resource usage and job and node statistics over time. (microsoft.com)
  • ecosystem
  • Special pilot projects should be developed to study these problems, both from the monitoring and the ecosystem points of view. (fao.org)
  • greenhouse
  • In the last 20 years acid rain, synthetic hormone analogues, halogenated hydrocarbons, greenhouse gases and many others have required changes to monitoring strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM), or nonintrusive appliance load monitoring (NIALM), is a process for analyzing changes in the voltage and current going into a house and deducing what appliances are used in the house as well as their individual energy consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soil monitoring is the process of collection of soil and testing in laboratory by analytical methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring comprises a range of activities describing and analyzing the development and implementation of policies, identifying potential gaps in the process, outlining areas for improvement, and holding policy implementers accountable for their activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Waterman and Wood derived policy monitoring from agency theory, describing a process where policymakers monitor the actions of their bureaucratic agents who implement and enforce policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • This monitoring allows policymakers to compensate for their agents' greater knowledge of the policy process, and enables them to be well-informed decision makers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus policy monitoring allows policymakers and interested actors to systematically examine the process of creating a policy, implementing it, and evaluating its effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tool supports a relatively simple and uniform monitoring process which can be applied to any policy area. (wikipedia.org)
  • This tool can guide policy monitoring efforts throughout the policy reform process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compliance
  • As part of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS), carbon monitoring is necessary in order to ensure compliance with the cap-and-trade program. (wikipedia.org)
  • implementation
  • thesis) contains code listings for an implementation Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring Toolkit (NILMTK) - An open source project written in Python Smart meter Google PowerMeter Home energy monitor Energy monitoring and targeting Hart, G. W. (1992). (wikipedia.org)
  • Monitoring policy development and implementation is an integral component of the policy cycle and can be applied in sectors including agriculture, health, education, and finance. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual
  • NILM is considered a low-cost alternative to attaching individual monitors on each appliance. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Computer Monitoring: The Hidden War Of Control,"The employer of today has the ability and legal right to read e-mail, review files stored on a company computer, examine computer usage, and track individual employee computer activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individual governments also participate in monitoring efforts, generally under the umbrella of an international organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In ecological monitoring, the monitoring strategy and effort is directed at the plants and animals in the environment under review and is specific to each individual study. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Aimed at the health monitoring and evaluation of bridges based on sensing technology, the monitoring contents of different structural types of long-span bridges were defined. (mdpi.com)
  • By having multiple servers in different geographic locations, a monitoring service can determine if a Web server is available across different networks worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring can be performed through different issue-driven lenses, such as gender sensitivity or gender equality. (wikipedia.org)
  • application
  • Synthetic monitoring is valuable because it enables a webmaster or an IT/Operations professional to identify problems and determine if a website or Web application is slow or experiencing downtime before that problem affects actual end-users or customers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples
  • Examples of monitor defibrillators are the Lifepak 12, 15 and 20 made by Physio Control, the Philips Heartstart MRx, and the E, R, and X Series by ZOLL Medical. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthetic
  • When combined with traditional APM tools, synthetic monitoring can provide deeper visibility into end-to-end performance, regardless of where applications are running. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthetic testing is useful for measuring uptime, availability and response time of critical pages and transaction (how a site performs from all geographies) but doesn't monitor or capture actual end-user interactions, see Website monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • pollution
  • Driven by our IoT Accelerator, this offering provides cities with a holistic solution to monitor air and water quality and noise pollution. (ericsson.com)
  • Air monitors are operated by citizens, regulatory agencies, and researchers to investigate air quality and the effects of air pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • evaluation
  • The results showed that new, intelligent, and reliable sensor technology would be one of the main future development directions in the long-span bridge health monitoring and evaluation field. (mdpi.com)
  • Policy monitoring can improve policy information, collaboration among stakeholders, and the use of evaluation techniques to provide feedback to reframe and revise policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)'s Monitoring Policy Reform tool outlines the progression of policy development related to HIV from problem identification to monitoring and evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • A key step in monitoring and maintaining cluster health is to identify any deviance from normal operational state or performance. (microsoft.com)
  • In this way FWC monitors for other diseases important to deer health in addition to CWD. (myfwc.com)
  • The following information provides an overview of the program and an explanation of why phytoplankton monitoring is an important tool for public health protection. (ca.gov)
  • Drugs
  • The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. (europa.eu)
  • With rapid scale up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the increasing use of antiretrovirals (ARVs) to prevent HIV, the need to monitor toxicity of these drugs has increased substantially. (who.int)
  • Most anaesthetic drugs are detectable by entropy monitoring, a notable exception being nitrous oxide, in common with BIS monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurement
  • Source monitoring is a specific term used in ionising radiation monitoring, and according to the IAEA, is the measurement of activity in radioactive material being released to the environment or of external dose rates due to sources within a facility or activity. (wikipedia.org)