• intervals
  • Those paths are then continuously monitored at specified intervals for performance, such as: functionality, availability, and response time measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other definitions for participatory monitoring have also been proposed, including: "The systematic collection of information at regular intervals for initial assessment and for the monitoring of change. (wikipedia.org)
  • The state of California requires that monitored conversations have a beep at certain intervals or there must be a message informing the caller that the conversations may be recorded, take note that this is not informing the company representative which calls are being recorded. (wikipedia.org)
  • gait
  • The sensors monitor an individual's location, gait, linear acceleration and angular velocity, and utilize a mathematical algorithm to predict the likelihood for falls, detect movement changes, and alert caregivers if the individual has fallen. (wikipedia.org)
  • approaches
  • WHO is developing improved approaches to toxicity monitoring, such as Targeted spontaneous reporting, ARV pregnancy registry and birth defect surveillance. (who.int)
  • The term 'participatory monitoring' embraces a broad range of approaches, from self-monitoring of harvests by local resource users themselves, to censuses by local rangers, and inventories by amateur naturalists. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, all of the approaches have in common that the monitoring is carried out by individuals who live in the monitored places and rely on local natural resources, and that local people or local government staff are directly involved in formulation of research questions, data collection, and (in most instances) data analysis, and implementation of management solutions based on research findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • While initially viewed as competitive to synthetic monitoring approaches, most networking professionals now recognize that passive and synthetic monitoring are complementary. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Typically, most network monitoring services test your server anywhere between once-per-hour to once-per-minute. (wikipedia.org)
  • Election monitoring is the observation of an election by one or more independent parties, typically from another country or a non-governmental organization (NGO), primarily to assess the conduct of an election process on the basis of national legislation and international election standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • ETSWAP - An emissions monitoring and reporting system currently in use in the UK and Ireland, which enables relevant organizations to monitor, verify and report carbon emissions, as is required by the EU ETS (European Union Emissions Trading Scheme). (wikipedia.org)
  • Organizations engage in employee monitoring to track performance, avoid legal liability, protect trade secrets, and address other security concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Election observation activities have expanded significantly following the end of the Cold War, along with the development of international standards on the conduct of democratic elections and the process of monitoring elections by both international and domestic observing organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] International organizations such as the Organization of American States, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the European Union, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the Council of Europe and the African Union regularly deploy monitoring teams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) in Pakistan is a coalition of 42 national civil society organizations working together to promote fair elections in Pakistan.The most common type of domestic election monitoring comes by way of party poll-watchers, who are partisan individuals that are looking out for the interests of their party. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though most international observer organizations have a mandate to observe parliamentary elections, the Congress of the Council of Europe, in cooperation with the Venice Commission, is specifically mandated to monitor local and regional elections and is unique in this regard. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robust trainings on policy monitoring work can help organizations be systematic and effective in their policy monitoring efforts. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • Gamma radiation "interlock monitors" are used in applications to prevent inadvertent exposure of workers to an excess dose by preventing personnel access to an area when a high radiation level is present. (wikipedia.org)
  • utilize
  • If employees use company computers for their work, companies often utilize employee monitoring software that allow them to track everything employees do on their computers. (wikipedia.org)
  • contamination
  • Additionally a review of risks associated with contamination sources, monitoring methods, trending and reporting of results is undertaken. (rsc.org)
  • Personnel exit monitors (PEM) are used to monitor workers who are exiting a "contamination controlled" or potentially contaminated area. (wikipedia.org)
  • These monitor the surface of the workers body and clothing to check if any radioactive contamination has been deposited. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can also be used for personnel exit monitoring or personnel contamination checks in the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • capability
  • These monitor/defibrillators usually have the normal capabilities of an ICU monitor, but have manual (and usually semi-automatic AED)defibrillation capability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most monitor defibrillators also have transcutaneous pacing capability via large AED like adhesive pads (which often can be used for monitoring, defibrillation and pacing)that are applied to the patient in an anterior-posterior configuration. (wikipedia.org)
  • capabilities
  • This is beneficial for developing capabilities of all types on Earth, but also for providing advanced monitoring on spacecraft, and for future applications for planetary protection. (nasa.gov)
  • Good server monitoring tools also have performance benchmarking, alerting capabilities and the ability to link certain thresholds with automated server jobs, such as provisioning more memory or performing a backup. (wikipedia.org)
  • Third-party application performance monitoring tools provide additional web server monitoring, alerting and reporting capabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • probes
  • This is also known as Active monitoring that consists of synthetic probes and Web robots to help report on system availability and predefined business transactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Network tomography is an important area of network measurement, which deals with monitoring the health of various links in a network using end-to-end probes sent by agents located at vantage points in the network/Internet. (wikipedia.org)
  • These can be in the form of hand monitors, clothing frisk probes, or whole body monitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthetic monitoring is also referred to as active monitoring, which helps report on system availability and predefined business transactions using synthetic probes and web robots. (wikipedia.org)
  • contaminants
  • As the number of cartridge types on ISS increases, LOCAD-PTS's applications will increase to include monitoring the cabin environment for other biological and chemical contaminants, and possibly monitoring blood and saliva of the crew to support medical diagnostics. (nasa.gov)
  • Since air pollution is carried by the wind, consideration of anemometer data in the area between sources and the monitor often provides insights on the source of the air contaminants recorded by an air pollution monitor. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Sources of such emissions data include: Carbon Monitoring for Action (CARMA) - An online database provided by the Center for Global Development, that includes plant-level emissions for more than 50,000 power plants and 4,000 power companies around the world, as well as the total emissions from power generation of countries, provinces (or states), and localities. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can also include application monitoring, such as checking the processes of programs such as Apache, MySQL, Nginx, Postgres and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring should also include the identification of operational policy barriers that can be addressed through policy and program reform, and findings can support improved implementation of existing policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • electrocardiography
  • In the emergency department, cardiac monitoring is a part of the monitoring of vital signs in emergency medicine, and generally includes electrocardiography. (wikipedia.org)
  • Portable wireless ECG monitor A close up of a person wearing the iRhythm ZIO XT patch, nine days after its placement Monitoring of the heart rate can be performed as part of electrocardiography, but it can also be measured conveniently with specific heart rate monitors. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • In order to measure these variables, special monitoring systems must be set up. (fao.org)
  • It includes the methods, systems, algorithms and tools to monitor the routing posture of networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Packetizer bus monitors are designed for networked data acquisition systems where the acquired data from the avionics buses is captured and re-packetized in Ethernet frames for transmission to an analysis computer or network recorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cycle includes: Phase 1: Preparatory Phase Phase 2: Focal Point Training Phase 3: Policy Identification Phase 4: Quality Control and Validation Phase 5: 1st Discussion Focus of Analysis Phase 6: Analysis Phase 7: 2nd Discussion on Findings (FAO) The World Health Organziation has started to develop dedicated monitoring systems for policy interventions on the social determinants of health that improve health equity, such as social protection and gender equity policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM), or nonintrusive appliance load monitoring (NIALM), is a process for analyzing changes in the voltage and current going into a house and deducing what appliances are used in the house as well as their individual energy consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Condition monitoring is the process of determining the condition of machinery while in operation. (skf.com)
  • Involving local people and their communities in monitoring is often part of the process of sharing the management of land and resources with the local communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • In computer science, event monitoring is the process of collecting, analyzing, and signaling event occurrences to subscribers such as operating system processes, active database rules as well as human operators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standard international election observation missions, as deployed by, for the example, the European Commission or the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), monitor the entire electoral process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soil monitoring is the process of collection of soil and testing in laboratory by analytical methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring comprises a range of activities describing and analyzing the development and implementation of policies, identifying potential gaps in the process, outlining areas for improvement, and holding policy implementers accountable for their activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Waterman and Wood derived policy monitoring from agency theory, describing a process where policymakers monitor the actions of their bureaucratic agents who implement and enforce policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • This monitoring allows policymakers to compensate for their agents' greater knowledge of the policy process, and enables them to be well-informed decision makers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus policy monitoring allows policymakers and interested actors to systematically examine the process of creating a policy, implementing it, and evaluating its effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tool supports a relatively simple and uniform monitoring process which can be applied to any policy area. (wikipedia.org)
  • This tool can guide policy monitoring efforts throughout the policy reform process. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Scientist-executed monitoring is often costly and hard to sustain, especially in those regions of the world where financial resources are limited. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, scientist-executed monitoring can be logistically and technically difficult and is often perceived to be irrelevant by resource managers and the local communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • term 'participatory monitoring and management' is particularly used in tropical, Arctic and developing regions, where communities are most often the custodians of valuable biodiversity and extensive natural ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low self-monitors are often less observant of social context and consider expressing a self-presentation dissimilar from their internal states as a falsehood and undesirable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Employee monitoring often is in conflict with employees' privacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Monitoring often collects not only work-related activities, but also employee's personal, not related to work information. (wikipedia.org)
  • A notable individual is often appointed honorary leader of a monitoring organization in an effort to enhance its own legitimacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some digital patient monitors, especially those used EMS services, often incorporate a defibrillator into the patient monitor itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air dispersion models that combine topographic, emissions and meteorological data to predict air pollutant concentrations are often helpful in interpreting air monitoring data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy initiatives themselves are often controversial, and policy monitoring can be contentious because it shows how well policy implementers and enforcers are doing their jobs. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, to determine the status of a web server, monitoring software may periodically send an HTTP request to fetch a page. (wikipedia.org)
  • Network monitoring services usually have a number of servers around the globe - for example in America, Europe, Asia, Australia and other locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of automatic monitoring is the transtelephonic cardiac event monitor. (wikipedia.org)
  • A snarfer bus monitor captures all messages on the bus, tags them with a timestamp and content identifiers (for example Command or Status in the case of MIL-STD-1553 buses), and puts them into a FIFO. (wikipedia.org)
  • application
  • Synthetic monitoring is valuable because it enables a webmaster or an IT/Operations professional to identify problems and determine if a website or Web application is slow or experiencing downtime before that problem affects actual end-users or customers. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • It looks at the legislation and guidance available, techniques employed to monitor pharmaceutical environments, data trending and how to manage out of limit results. (rsc.org)
  • In Charts and Report , the monitoring charts display current and recent data about node health and cluster utilization. (microsoft.com)
  • It has been suggested that participatory monitoring is unlikely to provide quantitative data on large-scale changes in habitat area, or on populations of cryptic species that are hard to identify or census reliably. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the bus monitor has intercepted a message, the message is made available to the rest of the data acquisition system for subsequent recording and/or analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an air monitor produces concentrations of multiple chemical compounds, a unique "chemical fingerprint" of a particular air pollution source may emerge from analysis of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring activities can be used to collect and analyze data related to the development and implementation of specific policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data from policy monitoring can be used to support advocacy efforts and guide the development of new, timely, and relevant policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those conducting policy monitoring should be thorough in their data collection and unbiased in their presentation of facts. (wikipedia.org)
  • normally
  • The transtelephonic cardiac event monitor can normally store approximately five "cardiac events" usually lasting 30-60 seconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyze
  • HPC Cluster Manager provides several built-in charts and reports to monitor and analyze cluster resource usage and job and node statistics over time. (microsoft.com)
  • ecosystem
  • Special pilot projects should be developed to study these problems, both from the monitoring and the ecosystem points of view. (fao.org)
  • greenhouse
  • In the last 20 years acid rain, synthetic hormone analogues, halogenated hydrocarbons, greenhouse gases and many others have required changes to monitoring strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compliance
  • As part of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS), carbon monitoring is necessary in order to ensure compliance with the cap-and-trade program. (wikipedia.org)
  • systematic
  • A systematic review of the literature on home monitoring for heart failure patients indicates that RPM improves quality of life , improves patient-provider relationships, shortens duration of stay in hospitals, decreases mortality rate, and reduces costs to the healthcare system. (wikipedia.org)
  • implementation
  • thesis) contains code listings for an implementation Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring Toolkit (NILMTK) - An open source project written in Python Smart meter Google PowerMeter Home energy monitor Energy monitoring and targeting Hart, G. W. (1992). (wikipedia.org)
  • 7. An improved international system allowing the monitoring of factors necessary for the understanding and forecasting of disasters and for the implementation of an efficient warning system. (fao.org)
  • Monitoring policy development and implementation is an integral component of the policy cycle and can be applied in sectors including agriculture, health, education, and finance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Observer
  • Consisting of three modules - Analyst , Inspector and Observer - the SKF @ptitude Monitoring Suite forms the basis for a completely integrated approach to condition monitoring, permitting fast, efficient and reliable storage, manipulation and retrieval of large amounts of complex machine and plant information. (skf.com)
  • In recent years, however, there has been an increasing number of observer mission monitoring elections in long-standing democracies, including the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Switzerland. (wikipedia.org)
  • After election day, observer remain in the country for another few weeks to monitor how possible election-related shortcomings and complaints are dealt with by the election administration and the judiciary. (wikipedia.org)
  • provides
  • Driven by our IoT Accelerator, this offering provides cities with a holistic solution to monitor air and water quality and noise pollution. (ericsson.com)
  • In the United States, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act provides some privacy protections regarding monitoring of employees' email messages and other electronic communications. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United Nations no longer provides monitoring services, instead it focuses on electoral assistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • does monitoring of a different sort in the OR for cochlear implants. (bio.net)
  • By having multiple servers in different geographic locations, a monitoring service can determine if a Web server is available across different networks worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy monitoring can be performed through different issue-driven lenses, such as gender sensitivity or gender equality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples
  • Examples of monitor defibrillators are the Lifepak 12, 15 and 20 made by Physio Control, the Philips Heartstart MRx, and the E, R, and X Series by ZOLL Medical. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthetic
  • When combined with traditional APM tools, synthetic monitoring can provide deeper visibility into end-to-end performance, regardless of where applications are running. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthetic testing is useful for measuring uptime, availability and response time of critical pages and transaction (how a site performs from all geographies) but doesn't monitor or capture actual end-user interactions, see Website monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • pollution
  • Air monitors are operated by citizens, regulatory agencies, and researchers to investigate air quality and the effects of air pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • LOCAD-PTS technology benefits space flight by offering a drastic reduction in time for detection of fungi as well as gram negative and gram positive bacteria (minutes versus days) on ISS, thus demonstrating an alternative to the current methods for weekly monitoring of cleanliness, such as swabbing or culturing on petri dishes. (nasa.gov)
  • Analysis of the HTTP codes is the fastest way to determine the current status of the monitored web server. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first monitored election was that of an 1857 plebiscite in Moldavia and Wallachia (current Romania) that was monitored by most of the major European powers. (wikipedia.org)
  • optimization
  • The widespread addition of WAN optimization devices is having an adverse effect on most network monitoring tools, especially when it comes to measuring accurate end-to-end delay because they limit round-trip delay time visibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurement
  • Source monitoring is a specific term used in ionising radiation monitoring, and according to the IAEA, is the measurement of activity in radioactive material being released to the environment or of external dose rates due to sources within a facility or activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • another
  • Tracking recent or ongoing cluster operations is another monitoring aspect that is critical to administrating a cluster. (microsoft.com)
  • Video feeds of employee activities are fed back to a central location where they are either recorded or monitored live by another person. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • As the information brought by web server monitoring services is in most cases urgent and may be of crucial importance, various notification methods may be used: e-mail, land-line and cell phones, messengers, SMS, fax, pagers, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many cases in which self-monitoring is used a variable of interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some of these cases the employee monitoring is incidental as the location is tracked for other purposes, such as determining the amount of time before a parcel will be delivered, or which taxi is closest. (wikipedia.org)
  • In all cases the results of monitoring will be reviewed, analysed statistically and published. (wikipedia.org)
  • System
  • These documents show how Monitor plans to reform the NHS payment system over the next 5 years. (www.gov.uk)
  • If you have any questions about the National Tariff Payment System, you can contact Monitor's Pricing team at pricing@monitor.gov.uk . (www.gov.uk)
  • However the use of a stand-alone system does not protect one from remote monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Network monitoring is the use of a system that constantly monitors a computer network for slow or failing components and that notifies the network administrator (via email, SMS or other alarms) in case of outages or other trouble. (wikipedia.org)
  • While an intrusion detection system monitors a network for threats from the outside, a network monitoring system monitors the network for problems caused by overloaded or crashed servers, network connections or other devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Status request failures, such as when a connection cannot be established, it times-out, or the document or message cannot be retrieved, usually produce an action from the monitoring system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Server monitoring can encompass a check of system metrics, such as CPU usage, memory usage, network performance and disk space. (wikipedia.org)
  • in essence, the fault can be masked by monitoring the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • citizen
  • Participatory monitoring is sometimes included in terms such as citizen science, crowd-sourcing, 'public participation in scientific research' and participatory action research. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicates
  • When looking at theoretical and empirical evidence in self-monitoring in the work-place, research indicates that high self-monitors are proficient in meeting the social expectations and increasing their leadership outlook. (wikipedia.org)