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  • cauda
  • Most common causes include iatrogenic lumbar punctures, burst fractures resulting in posterior migration of fragments of the vertebral body, severe disc herniations, spinal anaesthesia involving trauma from catheters and high local anaesthetic concentrations around the cauda equina, penetrating trauma such as knife wounds or ballistic trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • According to a World Health Organization census in 2001, most patients who had undergone a lumbar laminectomy recovered normal function within one year of their operation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the past two decades there has been a dramatic increase in fusion surgery in the U.S.: in 2001 over 122,000 lumbar fusions were performed, a 22% increase from 1990 in fusions per 100,000 population, increasing to an estimate of 250,000 in 2003, and 500,000 in 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • spinous
  • The reason it is referred to as kissing spine is because the posterior spinous processes 'kiss' and touch one another as the individual goes into lumbar extension, for example when flat on their stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • The salient feature of the disorder is the exuberant osteophytosis that occurs at posterior lumbar spinous processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • sacrum
  • In tetrapod anatomy, lumbar is an adjective that means of or pertaining to the abdominal segment of the torso, between the diaphragm and the sacrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lumbar laminotomy - is performed on lumbar vertebrae which are the vertebrae closest to the sacrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • This stress fracture most commonly occurs where the concave lumbar spine transitions to the convex sacrum (L5-S1). (wikipedia.org)
  • undergone
  • Patients who have undergone one or more operations on the lumbar spine, and continue to experience and report pain afterward can be divided into two groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • Emergence in supine position in patients undergoing surgery in prone position leads to tachycardia and hypertension, coughing, and the loss of monitoring when patients are rolled to supine position at the end of surgery, aim of this prospective randomized trial was to study whether prone emergence causes less hemodynamic stimulation, coughing, and monitor disconnection compared to supine emergence in patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy. (hindawi.com)
  • Eighty-nine percent of our patients have had pain reduction with a laminectomy with an average pain reduction from 7/10 pre-op to 3/10 post-op. (marinaspinecenter.com)
  • demonstrate that 40-61% of post-lumbar fusion patients were symptomatic for SI joint dysfunction based on diagnostic blocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some patients, excessive spinal destabilization and muscle damage from laminectomy results in "postlaminectomy syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • Beginning with an orientation of the lumbar spine, the animation shows boney spurs, a left side disc herniation and boney tumors that impinge the dorsal nerve root, causing pain sensations to flow down the left leg. (metacafe.com)
  • Extradural diamorphine in the control of pain following lumbar laminectomy. (bmj.com)
  • Failed back syndrome or post-laminectomy syndrome is a condition characterized by chronic pain following back surgeries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The maintenance of perineal sensation with absence of pain sensation over the lumbar nerve roots is typical for an extra-medullary and intra-thecal (outside the cord and within the dural sheath) process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The triad is paraplegia with lumbar loss of pain sensation and presence of perineal altered sensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • rotation
  • This leaves young athletes at increased risk, particularly when involved in repetitive hyperextension and rotation across the lumbar spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • A "waddle" may be seen in more advanced causes, due to compensatory pelvic rotation due to decreased lumbar spine rotation. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Following a laminectomy, you may observe an immediate improvement of some or all symptoms or sometimes a gradual improvement of the symptoms also may be seen. (nzspine.co.nz)
  • Factsheet with information on the lumbar spine, the causes of this condition, the symptoms and treatment. (dmoztools.net)
  • body
  • The lumbar portion of the spine bears the most body weight and also provides the most flexibility, a combination that makes it susceptible to injury and wear and tear over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • condition
  • Spondylolysis has a higher occurrence in the following activities: Baseball Tennis Diving Chearleading Gymnastics Gridiron Football Association Football Wrestling Weightlifting Roller Derby Cricket Pole Vault Rugby Volleyball Gym Ultimate Frisbee (especially during impact from laying out) Although this condition can be caused by repetitive trauma to the lumbar spine in strenuous sports, other risk factors can also predispose individuals to spondylolsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • In some cases after laminectomy and spinal fusion, it may take several months to return to normal activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further studies.showed that this model when combined with a lumbar spinal cord myelotomy leads to the hindbrain herniation characteristic of the Chiari II malformation and that in utero surgery restores normal hindbrain anatomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • According to a World Health Organization census in 2001, most patients who had undergone a lumbar laminectomy recovered normal function within one year of their operation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the past two decades there has been a dramatic increase in fusion surgery in the U.S.: in 2001 over 122,000 lumbar fusions were performed, a 22% increase from 1990 in fusions per 100,000 population, increasing to an estimate of 250,000 in 2003, and 500,000 in 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • laminotomy
  • A laminotomy is less invasive than conventional vertebral column surgery techniques, such as laminectomy because it leaves more ligaments and muscles attached to the vertebral column intact and it requires removing less bone from the vertebra. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerves
  • Despite the fact that microsurgical lumbar laminoplasty is an effective and less-invasive method for decompressing spinal nerves compared to traditional laminectomy, few surgeons have adopted it because the technique is more time consuming and requires specialized training and equipment (operating microscope). (wikipedia.org)
  • Examination for pain sensation, by pinprick, shows leg (lumbar nerves) analgesia with perineal (sacral nerves) escape. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve roots
  • The maintenance of perineal sensation with absence of pain sensation over the lumbar nerve roots is typical for an extra-medullary and intra-thecal (outside the cord and within the dural sheath) process. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • As a last resort, decompressive laminectomy may be attempted to relieve pain symptoms and remove the abnormally enlarged portions of bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • back
  • On his letter of 'plan of action', it states that he wants to do a lumbar puncture as a daycase but he must've now changed his mind or something as I thought daycase was where I go in and then come back out on the same day. (healthboards.com)
  • The term "post-laminectomy syndrome" is used by some doctors to indicate the same condition as failed back syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • specific
  • The success rate of a laminectomy depends on the specific reason for the operation, as well as proper patient selection and the surgeon's technical ability. (wikipedia.org)