• Middle Ages
  • Byzantine literature is the Greek literature of the Middle Ages , whether written in the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its borders. (wikipedia.org)
  • The apocalyptic literature of Judaism and Christianity embraces a considerable period, from the centuries following the Babylonian exile down to the close of the Middle Ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Latin was the language of the ancient Romans, but it was also the lingua franca of Western Europe throughout the Middle Ages, so Latin literature includes not only Roman authors like Cicero, Vergil, Ovid and Horace, but also includes European writers after the fall of the Empire, from religious writers like Aquinas (1225-1274), to secular writers like Francis Bacon (1561-1626), Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), and Isaac Newton (1642-1727). (wikipedia.org)
  • centuries
  • Consequently, the vast Christian literature of the 3rd to 6th centuries established a synthesis of Hellenic and Christian thought. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prestige of the Attic literature remained undiminished until the 7th century AD, but in the following two centuries when the existence of the Byzantine Empire was threatened, city life and education declined, and along with them the use of the classicizing language and style. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning around the 3rd century BC, it took two centuries to become a dominant literature of ancient Rome,[citation needed] with many educated Romans still reading and writing in Ancient Greek, as late as Marcus Aurelius (121-180 AD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Latin literature, mostly ecclesiastical, continued to be written in the centuries following the withdrawal of the Roman Empire at the beginning of the fifth-century, including Chronicles by Bede (672/3-735), Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, and Gildas (c. 500-570), De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rashtrakuta literature (Sanskrit:राष्ट्रकूट, Kannada: ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ) is the body of work created during the rule of the Rastrakutas of Manyakheta, a dynasty that ruled the southern and central parts of the Deccan, India between the 8th and 10th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • 19th century
  • From the 19th century onward, Austria contributed some of the greatest names in modern literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • For all of Austria's contributions to architecture, and having one of the most hallowed musical traditions in Europe, no Austrian literature made it to the classical canon until the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Er Targhın and Alpamıs are two of the most famous examples of Kazakh literature to be recorded in the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1921
  • Until fairly recent times Celtic languages continued to be spoken in Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, and Ireland, and still survive, especially in parts of Wales Subsequently, the impact of Irish nationalism led to the partition of the island of Ireland in 1921, which means that literature of the Republic of Ireland is not British, although literature from Northern Ireland is both Irish and British. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scholarly
  • Even Hellenistic literature exhibits two distinct tendencies, one rationalistic and scholarly, the other romantic and popular: the former originated in the schools of the Alexandrian sophists and culminated in the rhetorical romance, the latter rooted in the idyllic tendency of Theocritus and culminated in the idyllic novel. (wikipedia.org)
  • definition
  • There are and have been many tries to work out a complete definition of Austrian literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • with the observation: The quest to discover a definition for "literature" is a road that is much travelled, though the point of arrival, if ever reached, is seldom satisfactory. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, the only thing that is certain about defining literature is that the definition will change. (wikipedia.org)
  • The value judgment definition of literature considers it to cover exclusively those writings that possess high quality or distinction, forming part of the so-called belles-lettres ('fine writing') tradition. (wikipedia.org)
  • This sort of definition is that used in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910-11) when it classifies literature as "the best expression of the best thought reduced to writing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Problematic in this view is that there is no objective definition of what constitutes "literature": anything can be literature, and anything which is universally regarded as literature has the potential to be excluded, since value judgments can change over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • twentieth century
  • Formalism rose to prominence in the early twentieth century as a reaction against Romanticist theories of literature, which centered on the artist and individual creative genius, and instead placed the text itself back into the spotlight to show how the text was indebted to forms and other works that had preceded it. (wikipedia.org)
  • scholars
  • From Poet Laureates to Shakespeare, our Literature list includes award-winning titles of interest to students, scholars and the general reader. (palgrave.com)
  • Some scholars speak about Austrian literature in a strict sense from the year 1806 on when Francis II disbanded the Holy Roman Empire and established the Austrian Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • Apocalyptic literature is a genre of prophetical writing that developed in post-Exilic Jewish culture and was popular among millennialist early Christians. (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • Most education was provided by the Catholic Church , and therefore the literature from this period is mainly of a theological or clerical nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • This period produced some of the first standard works of Brazilian literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The period from the Fourth Crusade to the Fall of Constantinople saw a vigorous revival of imitative classicizing literature, as the Greeks sought to assert their cultural superiority over the militarily more powerful West. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, it is hard to speak of an Austrian literature prior to that period. (wikipedia.org)
  • foreign
  • During Apartheid , in particular since the 1960s, Afrikaans literature formed one of the strongest forces in opposition to the status quo, and most acclaimed Afrikaans authors challenged the National Party government's domestic and foreign policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • A. Two foreign literatures. (dartmouth.edu)
  • sung
  • He invented a variant of tanbur , a musical instrument still used when his verses are sung by people who love his literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • general
  • The Austrian literature must be considered in close connection with German literature in general, and the borderline between proper German literature and the Austrian one is porous, due to rich and complex cultural exchanges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The object of this literature in general was to square the righteousness of God with the suffering condition of His righteous servants on earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • authors
  • This article tries to provide some definitions which together may give a better understanding of authors and literature in Austria and its territorial predecessors, referring to all published works as well as those with classic status. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a genre, apocalyptic literature details the authors' visions of the end times as revealed by an angel or other heavenly messenger. (wikipedia.org)
  • Literature Alive is a multi-faceted educational project, produced by Toronto-based multimedia company CaribbeanTales and sister company Leda Serene Films, that explores the work of Caribbean-Canadian authors. (wikipedia.org)
  • writers
  • Having as birth the letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha , the document that marks the discovery of Brazil , the country's literature has encompassed several significant writers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Irish writers have played an important part in the development of literature in England and Scotland, but though the whole of Ireland was politically part of the United Kingdom between January 1801 and December 1922, it can be controversial to describe Irish literature as British. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • The center of this literature was in Paris, where several publishers and many more imprints under which the novels were published. (wikipedia.org)
  • series
  • Key series include Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature, Palgrave Studies in the Enlightenment, Romanticism and Cultures of Print, and Palgrave Studies in Literature, Science and Medicine. (palgrave.com)
  • book
  • After 1950, as the French book market returned to normal, interest in spanking literature did not return to its former levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Book of Daniel offers a fully matured and classic example of this genre of literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • article
  • Although Catalan is considered by some a variety of Occitan, this article will not deal with Catalan literature, which started diverging from its Southern French counterpart in the late 13th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Library
  • Anthropological Literature (AL) is an online database of citations to journal articles and articles in edited volumes and symposia held by the Tozzer Library (previously the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology), the anthropology library at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. (wikipedia.org)
  • students
  • Students planning to major in Comparative Literature will normally enroll in an Honors Program, which entails a thesis (60 to 80 pages) during their senior year. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Students pursuing the two-paper option will substitute another Comparative Literature course for CL 87. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Comparative Literature 85 (Senior Seminar) is required to fulfill the culminating experience requirement for students who do not meet the honor requirements, and Comparative Literature 85 and Comparative Literature 87 (Thesis Tutorial) for students meeting honors requirements. (dartmouth.edu)
  • work
  • Fine baroque palaces, imperial portraits and commissions of music could all work very well to this aim, but literature was deemed less suitable, and thus not encouraged. (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • Kazakh literature expands from the current territory of Kazakhstan, also including the era of Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, Kazakh recognized territory under the Russian Empire and the Kazakh Khanate. (wikipedia.org)