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  • enzymology
  • In enzymology, an isoflavone 3'-hydroxylase (EC 1.14.13.52) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction formononetin + NADPH + H+ + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } calycosin + NADP+ + H2O The 4 substrates of this enzyme are formononetin, NADPH, H+, and O2, whereas its 3 products are calycosin, NADP+, and H2O. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, a monoprenyl isoflavone epoxidase (EC 1.14.99.34) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 7-O-methylluteone + NADPH + H+ + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } dihydrofurano derivatives + NADP+ + H2O The 4 substrates of this enzyme are 7-O-methylluteone, NADPH, H+, and O2, whereas its 3 products are dihydrofurano pyranoisoflavone derivative, NADP+, and H2O. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, an isoflavone 7-O-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.150) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 7-hydroxyisoflavone ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 7-methoxyisoflavone Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and 7-hydroxyisoflavone, whereas its two products are S-adenosylhomocysteine and 7-methoxyisoflavone. (wikipedia.org)
  • In enzymology, an isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.170) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-glucose + an isoflavone ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } UDP + an isoflavone 7-O-beta-D-glucoside Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and isoflavone, whereas its two products are UDP and isoflavone 7-O-beta-D-glucoside. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cicer
  • UDP-glucose:isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase from roots of chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.)". Arch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malonyl-coenzyme A:isoflavone 7-O-glucoside-6"-O-malonyltransferase from roots of chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.)". Arch. (wikipedia.org)
  • names in common use include
  • Other names in common use include isoflavone 2'-monooxygenase, CYP81E1, and CYP Ge-3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include uridine diphosphoglucose-isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase, UDPglucose-favonoid 7-O-glucosyltransferase, and UDPglucose:isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include flavone/flavonol 7-O-beta-D-glucoside malonyltransferase, flavone (flavonol) 7-O-glycoside malonyltransferase, malonyl-CoA:flavone/flavonol 7-O-glucoside malonyltransferase, MAT-7, malonyl-coenzyme A:isoflavone 7-O-glucoside-6"-malonyltransferase, and malonyl-coenzyme A:flavone/flavonol-7-O-glycoside malonyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • risks
  • To fully evaluate the potential risks and benefits of isoflavones to human health, an understanding of the physiological behavior of these compounds following ingestion is required. (biomedsearch.com)
  • antioxidant
  • Soy isoflavones have antioxidant properties which protect the cardiovascular system from oxidation of LDL (the bad) cholesterol. (fwhc.org)
  • Besides functioning as antioxidant and anthelmintic, many isoflavones have been shown to interact with animal and human estrogen receptors, causing effects in the body similar to those caused by the hormone estrogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • weak
  • Similar in chemical structure to estrogen , isoflavones are, in fact, weak estrogens, and may have an effect similar to estrogens on the body. (encyclopedia.com)
  • amino
  • Although soy foods contain several components (isoflavones and amino acids) that could potentially have positive effects on bone health, there are few long term, large, clinical trials using soy as a means of improving bone mineral density. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • bone density
  • Independent studies conducted at the University of Illinois and the University of Hong Kong concluded that consuming soy isoflavones can increase bone mineral content and bone density. (fwhc.org)
  • osteoporosis
  • The consumption of isoflavones-rich food or dietary supplements is under preliminary research for its potential association with lower rates of postmenopausal cancer and osteoporosis in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is conflicting evidence regarding whether soy or isoflavones may be helpful for preventing osteoporosis , but on balance the evidence suggests a modest beneficial effect. (doctors-hospital.net)
  • Isoflavones can fight osteoporosis by stimulating bone formation and inhibiting bone resorption. (fwhc.org)
  • By preserving bone health, increasing bone mass and inducing bone turnover, researchers noted the potential role of soy isoflavones in preventing, and possibly even reversing, the effects of osteoporosis. (fwhc.org)
  • human estrogen
  • By mimicking human estrogen at certain sites in the body, isoflavones provide many health benefits that help you to avoid disease. (fwhc.org)
  • Isoflavones may help reduce breast cancer by blocking the cancer-causing effects of human estrogen. (fwhc.org)
  • beverages
  • Rounding up the book are the chapters on function and effects of isoflavones which provide details on isoflavones in beverages, soy and soy products and other food delivery systems and how their function effects the thyroid, menopause, prostate, breast, bone and cardiovascular disease to name but a few. (platekompaniet.no)