• processes
  • Since the use of a quantum-theoretic framework is for modeling purposes, the identification of quantum structures in cognitive phenomena does not presuppose the existence of microscopic quantum processes in the human brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus the quantum cognition approach can be considered as an attempt to formalize contextuality of mental processes by using the mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cognitive model is an approximation to animal cognitive processes (predominantly human) for the purposes of comprehension and prediction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to cognitive architectures, cognitive models tend to be focused on a single cognitive phenomenon or process (e.g., list learning), how two or more processes interact (e.g., visual search and decision making), or to make behavioral predictions for a specific task or tool (e.g., how instituting a new software package will affect productivity). (wikipedia.org)
  • Such models make explicit the hypothesized information- processing activities carried out in a particular cognitive function (such as language), in a manner analogous to computer flowcharts that depict the processes and decisions carried out by a computer program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Executive function is the domain of high-level cognitive processes that assist in goal-oriented tasks, such as problem solving, mental flexibility, attentional control, inhibitory control, and task switching. (wikipedia.org)
  • More cognitively oriented, these geographers focus on the cognitive processes underlying spatial reasoning, decision making, and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enactive
  • Thus, our results suggest that spatial information about house and street orientation is coded differently and that house orientation and location is primarily learned in an action-oriented way, which is in line with an enactive framework for human cognition. (springer.com)
  • Centre
  • The IACSR supports the Electronic Archive for Religion & Cognition at the Centre for Religion & Cognition, Groningen, the Journal of Cognition & Culture (Brill Publishers), and two book series, Scientific Studies of Religion: Inquiry and Explanation (Bloomsbury Academic), which was formerly the series Cognitive Science of Religion (AltaMira Press), and Religion, Cognition and Culture (Equinox Press). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centre for Human Evolution, Cognition, and Culture (HECC) was established to create a research and training hub that will simultaneously advance understanding of the human species within the framework of Darwinian evolutionary theory and maximize the contribution of the University of British Columbia and the Simon Fraser University researchers to this rapidly developing field. (iacsr.com)
  • Founding member of the Neurosciences Cluster and formerly Chair of the Applied Clinical Neurosciences Subgroup of the National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Sciences (2006 - 2010). (nuigalway.ie)
  • In December 2012, the Neurosciences Cluster was recognised as a Centre of Excellence in Neurodegeneration by the international COEN initiative ( http://www.coen.org/home.html) . (nuigalway.ie)
  • Soar
  • Like other influential cognitive architectures (including Soar, CLARION, and EPIC), the ACT-R theory has a computational implementation as an interpreter of a special coding language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the most popular architectures for cognitive modeling include ACT-R and Soar. (wikipedia.org)
  • biology
  • Dr. Karina Meiri is a Professor of Developmental, Molecular and Chemical Biology and Director of the Center for Translational Science Education (CTSE) at Tufts University School of Medicine. (mit.edu)
  • In their seminar, titled The Great Diseases Partnership: bringing cutting edge biomedical science to the high school biology classroom, they discussed how they built a year-long biology curriculum focused on the Great Diseases that teachers across the country are using to engage students in real-world science and build their knowledge of health and disease. (mit.edu)
  • abilities
  • The general opinion was that bilinguals would have smaller vocabularies, stunted cognitive abilities and that children learning two languages from a young age would be spending too much of their energy differentiating and building the two languages to become competent in either one. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of early works on Cognitive Geography include Tolman's `Cognitive maps in rats and men' compared the behavior of laboratory rats with the navigation and wayfinding abilities of humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • That is two groups: First, people for whom language is severely damaged and yet have normal cognitive abilities and, second, persons for whom normal cognitive abilities are grossly impaired and yet language remains intact. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Funded by the UCD School of Philosophy, UCD College of Human Sciences (GRIF), and the UCD SEED fund. (ucd.ie)
  • Nowadays, however, modern neuroimaging technologies offer a powerful means to explore the cognitive functioning of the human brain. (ed.gov)
  • The authors argue that this technological revolution is associated with a new way of building theories of human cognition in which mind and brain are no longer independent nor autonomous. (ed.gov)
  • Quantum cognition is an emerging field which applies the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to model cognitive phenomena such as information processing by the human brain, language, decision making, human memory, concepts and conceptual reasoning, human judgment, and perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • The field focuses on modeling phenomena in cognitive science that have resisted traditional techniques or where traditional models seem to have reached a barrier (e.g., human memory), and modeling preferences in decision theory that seem paradoxical from a traditional rational point of view (e.g., preference reversals). (wikipedia.org)
  • Theories of Enactivism propose an action-oriented approach to understand human cognition. (springer.com)
  • Like any cognitive architecture, ACT-R aims to define the basic and irreducible cognitive and perceptual operations that enable the human mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, this enables researchers to specify models of human cognition in the form of a script in the ACT-R language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive modeling historically developed within cognitive psychology/cognitive science (including human factors), and has received contributions from the fields of machine learning and artificial intelligence to name a few. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition (LCHC) is a social science laboratory located at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) since 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human cognition is conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). (wikipedia.org)
  • Attention to the cognitive process came about more than eighteen centuries ago, beginning with Aristotle and his interest in the inner workings of the mind and how they affect the human experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though Wundt's contributions are by no means minimal, modern psychologists find his methods to be quite subjective and choose to rely on more objective procedures of experimentation to make conclusions about the human cognitive process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) conducted cognitive studies that mainly examined the function and capacity of human memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The language module is a hypothesized structure in the human brain or cognitive system that some psycholinguists such as Steven Pinker claim contains innate capacities for language. (wikipedia.org)
  • At Stanford, Pea co-founded Stanford's H-STAR Institute (Human Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research) with Byron Reeves, and is now H-STAR Institute Director. (wikipedia.org)
  • Learning Research as a Human Science (pp. 34-52), National Society for the Study of Education Yearbook, 109(1). (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Blurb: 'The cognitive science of religion is a burgeoning field that finds itself in the center of cross-disciplinary research. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • New insights into cognition, culture and religion are being discovered, new ways of doing research are being established and new methodologies and technologies are being used in the cognitive science of religion. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Work in the journal is considered "highly cited," and is noted to adequately represent research on an international level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aarhus University: Religion, Cognition, and Culture Research Unit in the Department of the Study of Religion. (iacsr.com)
  • The Religion, Cognition and Culture (RCC) research unit explores the dynamic interrelationships between religion, cognition and culture from both top-down and bottom-up disciplinary approaches. (iacsr.com)
  • The RCC, which became a Research Unit in 2009, grew out of research priority areas initiated in 2003 by Armin W. Geertz and Jeppe Sinding Jensen who have been working with cultural psychology and religion since the late 1980s and religion, cognition and culture since 1990. (iacsr.com)
  • NUI Galway has earned international recognition as a research-led university with a commitment to top quality teaching across a range of key areas of expertise. (nuigalway.ie)
  • Kyushu University is now one of 11 Japanese international research universities and is ranked 135 in the world (2016 QS ranking - rank 32 in Asia). (nuigalway.ie)
  • Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has studied how a bilingual individual's first language (L1) and second language (L2) interact, and it has been shown that both languages have an influence on the function of one another, and on cognitive function outside of language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research on executive functions such as working memory, perception, and attentional and inhibitory control, has suggested that bilinguals can benefit from significant cognitive advantages over monolingual peers in various settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of this research area is to minimize the disparity between the environment and its geometric representation and the removal of spatial cognitive biases that are inherent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scholars at LCHC pursue research focused on understanding the complex relationship between cognition and culture in individual and social development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taken together, these domains of social science theory and methodology have informed the diverse research projects of the members of the LCHC. (wikipedia.org)
  • This historical context motivated foundations to give grants to LCHC to conduct research on apparent cultural variations in cognitive development and their significance for maximizing success in schooling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both the Konrad Lorenz Research Station in Grünau and the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology in Vienna, an institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, pursue research in behavioral ecology, including animal cognition in the tradition of Konrad Lorenz[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the United States National Academy of Sciences has argued that animal research cannot be replaced by even sophisticated computer models, which are unable to deal with the extremely complex interactions between molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms and the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • After studying child language and cognitive development from 1975 to 1980, his research concerns were attracted to understanding how innovations in computing and communications technologies can significantly influence learning, thinking, collaboration, and educational systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pea is a key figure in the development of the learning sciences as a recognized field of research and graduate study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pea was one of the first research scientists to build the Bank Street College Center for Children in Technology (1981-1986), the first social sciences center devoted to studying children's learning with technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Education , Association for Psychological Science, The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and the American Educational Research Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • It covers a wide variety of subjects concerning all the different aspects of cognition , ranging from biological and experimental studies to formal analysis. (elsevier.com)
  • This independence among levels led to the epistemic argument that knowledge of the biological basis of cognition would not be relevant at a psychological level of explanation. (ed.gov)
  • Fellows are scientists and scholars (e.g., in the biological and social sciences and in the humanities) who come to the KLI to work on a project corresponding to the aims of the institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • initially
  • The journal was initially published quarterly, then every other month from 1982, and finally on a monthly basis since 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papers
  • The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years. (elsevier.com)
  • theories
  • Cognition is understood in a variety of ways from bottom-up to top-down models and theories. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • The quantum cognition project is based on the observation that various cognitive phenomena are more adequately described by quantum information theory and quantum probability than by the corresponding classical theories, see examples below. (wikipedia.org)
  • ACT-R has been inspired by the work of Allen Newell, and especially by his lifelong championing the idea of unified theories as the only way to truly uncover the underpinnings of cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimuli
  • With infinite time for cognitive reasoning, the performance of the task using house stimuli increased greatly for the absolute orientation and surpassed the slightly improved performance in the relative orientation task. (springer.com)
  • This model posits that impulsivity and risk seeking in adolescence is due to a combination of hyperactive reward systems causing adolescents to approach appetitive stimuli, emotion processing systems causing adolescents to enhance perceived costs of delaying behaviors and reduce avoidance of potentially negative stimuli, and an underdeveloped cognitive control system that is unable to regulate reward-seeking behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1991
  • Clynes was the subject of a front page article in the Wall Street Journal, Sept. 21 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • He founded and served as the first director of the first learning sciences doctoral program, at Northwestern University (1991), directing the NSF-funded field-building Center for Innovative Learning Technologies , and launching in 2002 the Learning Sciences and Technology Design (LSTD: http://ed.stanford.edu/academics/doctoral/lstd) program at Stanford University. (wikipedia.org)
  • aims
  • The institute has close ties with many of the higher education institutions in Vienna and Lower Austria as well as with a number of international institutions with similar aims[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • beliefs
  • This positive increase matches the shift to more positive beliefs about the cognitive advantages of bilingualism. (wikipedia.org)
  • This synthesis is grounded in the idea that although religious beliefs and practices originally arose as nonadaptive by-products of innate cognitive functions, particular cultural variants were then selected for their prosocial effects in a long-term, cultural evolutionary process. (cambridge.org)
  • experiments
  • Philosophy of science does not use the scientific method to empirically derive ideas about the physical world through conducting experiments and interpreting results. (wikipedia.org)
  • These assumptions are based on numerous facts derived from experiments in cognitive psychology and brain imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • comprehension
  • Tower of Hanoi, memory for text or for list of words, language comprehension, communication, aircraft controlling), researchers create "models" (i.e., programs) in ACT-R. These models reflect the modelers' assumptions about the task within the ACT-R view of cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • The number of scholars and scientists working in this exciting field are expanding exponentially, and the journal provides a cutting-edge publication channel for this field. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • International Association for the Cognitive Science of Religion One of the first journals in the field, the Journal of Cognition and Culture, is now on Facebook! (iacsr.com)
  • Centuries later, as psychology became a burgeoning field of study in Europe and then gained a following in America, other scientists like Wilhelm Wundt, Herman Ebbinghaus, Mary Whiton Calkins, and William James would offer their contributions to the study of cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • All workshops are organized by leading experts in their field, who invite an international group of experts on the topic as participants[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has extensively published works in the field of the Learning Sciences and on learning technology design, and made significant contributions since 1981 to the understanding of how people learn with technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • representation
  • Recent derivations of the complete quantum formalism from simple operational principles for representation of information supports the foundations of quantum cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainly
  • short for "Adaptive Control of Thought-Rational") is a cognitive architecture mainly developed by John Robert Anderson at Carnegie Mellon University. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • The dual systems model hypothesizes that early maturation of the socioemotional system (including brain regions like the striatum) increases adolescents' attraction for exciting, pleasurable, and novel activities during a time when cognitive control systems (including brain regions like the prefrontal cortex) are not fully developed and thus cannot regulate these appetitive, and potentially hazardous, impulses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Theory
  • Quantum cognition is based on the quantum-like paradigm or generalized quantum paradigm or quantum structure paradigm that information processing by complex systems such as the brain, taking into account contextual dependence of information and probabilistic reasoning, can be mathematically described in the framework of quantum information and quantum probability theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantum cognition uses the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to inspire and formalize models of cognition that aim to be an advance over models based on traditional classical probability theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • doctoral
  • Doctoral studies in the cognitive science of religion also make use of labs and centers coordinated under MINDLab within the Aarhus University Neurocampus. (iacsr.com)
  • computational
  • A computational model is a mathematical model in computational science that requires extensive computational resources to study the behavior of a complex system by computer simulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • viewpoint
  • The subjective probability viewpoint on quantum probability which was developed by C. Fuchs and collaborators also supports the quantum cognition approach, especially using of quantum probabilities to describe the process of decision making. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • There was a specific pattern of conclusions, namely that being bilingual was detrimental to a child's linguistic and cognitive development, and that it put the individual at a disadvantage compared to monolingual peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The temporal gap in the development of the socioemotional and cognitive control systems creates a period of heightened vulnerability to risk-taking during mid-adolescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, the dual systems model proposes that the development of the cognitive control and socioemotional systems is independent whereas the maturational imbalance proposes that the maturation of the cognitive control system leads to dampening of socioemotional responsivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • These later models hypothesize that cognitive control development is completed by mid-adolescence and attribute increased risk-taking during adolescence to the hyperarousal of the socioemotional system. (wikipedia.org)
  • areas
  • Since then, the literature has consistently found advantages for bilinguals over matched monolingual peers, in particular in relation to cognitive areas of aptitude such as perception and executive functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristotle focused on cognitive areas pertaining to memory, perception, and mental imagery. (wikipedia.org)
  • proceedings
  • Oh, J., Wang, G. "LOLOL: Laugh Out Loud On Laptop" In Proceedings of the International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME) . (stanford.edu)
  • Oh, J., Wang, G. "Audience-Participation Techniques Based on Social Mobile Computing" In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference . (stanford.edu)
  • brain
  • As is commonly accepted in brain science, the basic unit of information processing is a neuron. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the dual systems model, "reward sensitivity" and "cognitive control" refer to neurobiological constructs that are measured in studies of brain structure and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professor
  • Sanjoy Mahajan is Visiting Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at MIT, and Associate Professor of Applied Science and Engineering at Olin College of Engineering . (mit.edu)
  • Roy Pea is David Jacks Professor of Learning Sciences and Education at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. (wikipedia.org)
  • philosophy
  • He received a dual major B.A. in philosophy and psychology from Michigan State University with an independently declared major in Cognition (1974) working with his mentor and friend Stephen Toulmin, and later, a D.Phil. (wikipedia.org)