• processes
  • Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge. (wn.com)
  • Since the use of a quantum-theoretic framework is for modeling purposes, the identification of quantum structures in cognitive phenomena does not presuppose the existence of microscopic quantum processes in the human brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus the quantum cognition approach can be considered as an attempt to formalize contextuality of mental processes by using the mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cognitive model is an approximation to animal cognitive processes (predominantly human) for the purposes of comprehension and prediction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to cognitive architectures, cognitive models tend to be focused on a single cognitive phenomenon or process (e.g., list learning), how two or more processes interact (e.g., visual search and decision making), or to make behavioral predictions for a specific task or tool (e.g., how instituting a new software package will affect productivity). (wikipedia.org)
  • Such models make explicit the hypothesized information- processing activities carried out in a particular cognitive function (such as language), in a manner analogous to computer flowcharts that depict the processes and decisions carried out by a computer program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Executive function is the domain of high-level cognitive processes that assist in goal-oriented tasks, such as problem solving, mental flexibility, attentional control, inhibitory control, and task switching. (wikipedia.org)
  • More cognitively oriented, these geographers focus on the cognitive processes underlying spatial reasoning, decision making, and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • The emergence of Cognitive Hearing Science: Background and Basic Processes. (eriksholm.com)
  • Enactive
  • Thus, our results suggest that spatial information about house and street orientation is coded differently and that house orientation and location is primarily learned in an action-oriented way, which is in line with an enactive framework for human cognition. (springer.com)
  • Centre
  • The IACSR supports the Electronic Archive for Religion & Cognition at the Centre for Religion & Cognition, Groningen, the Journal of Cognition & Culture (Brill Publishers), and two book series, Scientific Studies of Religion: Inquiry and Explanation (Bloomsbury Academic), which was formerly the series Cognitive Science of Religion (AltaMira Press), and Religion, Cognition and Culture (Equinox Press). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centre for Human Evolution, Cognition, and Culture (HECC) was established to create a research and training hub that will simultaneously advance understanding of the human species within the framework of Darwinian evolutionary theory and maximize the contribution of the University of British Columbia and the Simon Fraser University researchers to this rapidly developing field. (iacsr.com)
  • Founding member of the Neurosciences Cluster and formerly Chair of the Applied Clinical Neurosciences Subgroup of the National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Sciences (2006 - 2010). (nuigalway.ie)
  • In December 2012, the Neurosciences Cluster was recognised as a Centre of Excellence in Neurodegeneration by the international COEN initiative ( http://www.coen.org/home.html) . (nuigalway.ie)
  • Human
  • Human cognition is conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). (wn.com)
  • Funded by the UCD School of Philosophy, UCD College of Human Sciences (GRIF), and the UCD SEED fund. (ucd.ie)
  • Nowadays, however, modern neuroimaging technologies offer a powerful means to explore the cognitive functioning of the human brain. (ed.gov)
  • As former President of the International Society for Psychophysics, with 19-years post PhD experience in psychological measurement, Mark is well placed to apply expertise in the design and development of state-of-the-art human performance measures for business and industry clients. (nuigalway.ie)
  • Quantum cognition is an emerging field which applies the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to model cognitive phenomena such as information processing by the human brain, language, decision making, human memory, concepts and conceptual reasoning, human judgment, and perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • The field focuses on modeling phenomena in cognitive science that have resisted traditional techniques or where traditional models seem to have reached a barrier (e.g., human memory), and modeling preferences in decision theory that seem paradoxical from a traditional rational point of view (e.g., preference reversals). (wikipedia.org)
  • Like any cognitive architecture, ACT-R aims to define the basic and irreducible cognitive and perceptual operations that enable the human mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, this enables researchers to specify models of human cognition in the form of a script in the ACT-R language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive modeling historically developed within cognitive psychology/cognitive science (including human factors), and has received contributions from the fields of machine learning and artificial intelligence to name a few. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition (LCHC) is a social science laboratory located at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) since 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attention to the cognitive process came about more than eighteen centuries ago, beginning with Aristotle and his interest in the inner workings of the mind and how they affect the human experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though Wundt's contributions are by no means minimal, modern psychologists find his methods to be quite subjective and choose to rely on more objective procedures of experimentation to make conclusions about the human cognitive process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) conducted cognitive studies that mainly examined the function and capacity of human memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The language module is a hypothesized structure in the human brain or cognitive system that some psycholinguists such as Steven Pinker claim contains innate capacities for language. (wikipedia.org)
  • At Stanford, Pea co-founded Stanford's H-STAR Institute (Human Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research) with Byron Reeves, and is now H-STAR Institute Director. (wikipedia.org)
  • Learning Research as a Human Science (pp. 34-52), National Society for the Study of Education Yearbook, 109(1). (wikipedia.org)
  • These autonomous agents computationally model human and animal cognition, and provide testable hypotheses for cognitive scientists and neuroscientists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soar
  • Like other influential cognitive architectures (including Soar, CLARION, and EPIC), the ACT-R theory has a computational implementation as an interpreter of a special coding language. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the most popular architectures for cognitive modeling include ACT-R and Soar. (wikipedia.org)
  • biology
  • Dr. Karina Meiri is a Professor of Developmental, Molecular and Chemical Biology and Director of the Center for Translational Science Education (CTSE) at Tufts University School of Medicine. (mit.edu)
  • In their seminar, titled The Great Diseases Partnership: bringing cutting edge biomedical science to the high school biology classroom, they discussed how they built a year-long biology curriculum focused on the Great Diseases that teachers across the country are using to engage students in real-world science and build their knowledge of health and disease. (mit.edu)
  • abilities
  • The general opinion was that bilinguals would have smaller vocabularies, stunted cognitive abilities and that children learning two languages from a young age would be spending too much of their energy differentiating and building the two languages to become competent in either one. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of early works on Cognitive Geography include Tolman's `Cognitive maps in rats and men' compared the behavior of laboratory rats with the navigation and wayfinding abilities of humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • That is two groups: First, people for whom language is severely damaged and yet have normal cognitive abilities and, second, persons for whom normal cognitive abilities are grossly impaired and yet language remains intact. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual's
  • Research has studied how a bilingual individual's first language (L1) and second language (L2) interact, and it has been shown that both languages have an influence on the function of one another, and on cognitive function outside of language. (wikipedia.org)
  • These studies indicate that working memory performance and speed of cognitive processing are important for speech recognition in noise, and that type of noise and hearing aid compression settings can pose different challenges, depending on the individual's cognitive capacity. (eriksholm.com)
  • Such measures can be used to customise signal processing to the individual's cognitive capacity. (eriksholm.com)
  • research
  • Blurb: 'The cognitive science of religion is a burgeoning field that finds itself in the center of cross-disciplinary research. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • New insights into cognition, culture and religion are being discovered, new ways of doing research are being established and new methodologies and technologies are being used in the cognitive science of religion. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Work in the journal is considered "highly cited," and is noted to adequately represent research on an international level. (wn.com)
  • Aarhus University: Religion, Cognition, and Culture Research Unit in the Department of the Study of Religion. (iacsr.com)
  • The Religion, Cognition and Culture (RCC) research unit explores the dynamic interrelationships between religion, cognition and culture from both top-down and bottom-up disciplinary approaches. (iacsr.com)
  • The RCC, which became a Research Unit in 2009, grew out of research priority areas initiated in 2003 by Armin W. Geertz and Jeppe Sinding Jensen who have been working with cultural psychology and religion since the late 1980s and religion, cognition and culture since 1990. (iacsr.com)
  • NUI Galway has earned international recognition as a research-led university with a commitment to top quality teaching across a range of key areas of expertise. (nuigalway.ie)
  • Kyushu University is now one of 11 Japanese international research universities and is ranked 135 in the world (2016 QS ranking - rank 32 in Asia). (nuigalway.ie)
  • Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research on executive functions such as working memory, perception, and attentional and inhibitory control, has suggested that bilinguals can benefit from significant cognitive advantages over monolingual peers in various settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of this research area is to minimize the disparity between the environment and its geometric representation and the removal of spatial cognitive biases that are inherent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scholars at LCHC pursue research focused on understanding the complex relationship between cognition and culture in individual and social development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taken together, these domains of social science theory and methodology have informed the diverse research projects of the members of the LCHC. (wikipedia.org)
  • This historical context motivated foundations to give grants to LCHC to conduct research on apparent cultural variations in cognitive development and their significance for maximizing success in schooling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both the Konrad Lorenz Research Station in Grünau and the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology in Vienna, an institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, pursue research in behavioral ecology, including animal cognition in the tradition of Konrad Lorenz[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • After studying child language and cognitive development from 1975 to 1980, his research concerns were attracted to understanding how innovations in computing and communications technologies can significantly influence learning, thinking, collaboration, and educational systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pea is a key figure in the development of the learning sciences as a recognized field of research and graduate study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pea was one of the first research scientists to build the Bank Street College Center for Children in Technology (1981-1986), the first social sciences center devoted to studying children's learning with technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Education , Association for Psychological Science, The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and the American Educational Research Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is founder of the Cognitive Computing Research Group at the University of Memphis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papers
  • The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years. (elsevier.com)
  • This work is funded by the United States Navy and has been the subject of numerous papers in scientific journals and conference proceedings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Franklin has authored or co-authored numerous academic papers as well as a book entitled Artificial Minds published by MIT Press, which was a primary selection of the Library of Science book club, and has been translated into Japanese and Portuguese. (wikipedia.org)
  • developmental
  • The journal deals with a wide range of topics, such as developmental psychology of music, musical creativity, similarity perception, music and evolution, music and emotion, and music performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • LCHC has also been strongly influenced by ideas from developmental psychology and takes a strong multidisciplinary, "theory and practice" approach to the social sciences and humanities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dual systems model and maturational imbalance model propose that cognitive control development continues into early adulthood and that increased risk-taking in adolescence is attributable to a developmental imbalance where the socioemotional system is at its peak of development but the cognitive control system developmental trajectory lags behind. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • It covers a wide variety of subjects concerning all the different aspects of cognition , ranging from biological and experimental studies to formal analysis. (elsevier.com)
  • This independence among levels led to the epistemic argument that knowledge of the biological basis of cognition would not be relevant at a psychological level of explanation. (ed.gov)
  • Fellows are scientists and scholars (e.g., in the biological and social sciences and in the humanities) who come to the KLI to work on a project corresponding to the aims of the institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • The number of scholars and scientists working in this exciting field are expanding exponentially, and the journal provides a cutting-edge publication channel for this field. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Centuries later, as psychology became a burgeoning field of study in Europe and then gained a following in America, other scientists like Wilhelm Wundt, Herman Ebbinghaus, Mary Whiton Calkins, and William James would offer their contributions to the study of cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • initially
  • The journal was initially published quarterly, then every other month from 1982, and finally on a monthly basis since 1985. (wn.com)
  • stimuli
  • With infinite time for cognitive reasoning, the performance of the task using house stimuli increased greatly for the absolute orientation and surpassed the slightly improved performance in the relative orientation task. (springer.com)
  • This model posits that impulsivity and risk seeking in adolescence is due to a combination of hyperactive reward systems causing adolescents to approach appetitive stimuli, emotion processing systems causing adolescents to enhance perceived costs of delaying behaviors and reduce avoidance of potentially negative stimuli, and an underdeveloped cognitive control system that is unable to regulate reward-seeking behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1991
  • Clynes was the subject of a front page article in the Wall Street Journal, Sept. 21 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • He founded and served as the first director of the first learning sciences doctoral program, at Northwestern University (1991), directing the NSF-funded field-building Center for Innovative Learning Technologies , and launching in 2002 the Learning Sciences and Technology Design (LSTD: http://ed.stanford.edu/academics/doctoral/lstd) program at Stanford University. (wikipedia.org)
  • subjective
  • The subjective probability viewpoint on quantum probability which was developed by C. Fuchs and collaborators also supports the quantum cognition approach, especially using of quantum probabilities to describe the process of decision making. (wikipedia.org)
  • computational
  • A computational model is a mathematical model in computational science that requires extensive computational resources to study the behavior of a complex system by computer simulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • aims
  • The institute has close ties with many of the higher education institutions in Vienna and Lower Austria as well as with a number of international institutions with similar aims[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • beliefs
  • This positive increase matches the shift to more positive beliefs about the cognitive advantages of bilingualism. (wikipedia.org)
  • This synthesis is grounded in the idea that although religious beliefs and practices originally arose as nonadaptive by-products of innate cognitive functions, particular cultural variants were then selected for their prosocial effects in a long-term, cultural evolutionary process. (cambridge.org)
  • comprehension
  • Tower of Hanoi, memory for text or for list of words, language comprehension, communication, aircraft controlling), researchers create "models" (i.e., programs) in ACT-R. These models reflect the modelers' assumptions about the task within the ACT-R view of cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the cognitive effort necessary to recognize speech in difficult listening conditions can draw on resources that would otherwise be available for sentence comprehension/encoding words in memory. (eriksholm.com)
  • representation
  • Recent derivations of the complete quantum formalism from simple operational principles for representation of information supports the foundations of quantum cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • interact
  • There are many types of cognitive models, and they can range from box-and-arrow diagrams to a set of equations to software programs that interact with the same tools that humans use to complete tasks (e.g., computer mouse and keyboard). (wikipedia.org)
  • There is growing evidence that cognitive factors interact with auditory factors to affect how effectively people use their hearing to function in everyday life, and how well hearing-impaired individuals adjust to the amplification provided by particular technologies. (eriksholm.com)
  • Professor
  • Sanjoy Mahajan is Visiting Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at MIT, and Associate Professor of Applied Science and Engineering at Olin College of Engineering . (mit.edu)
  • Roy Pea is David Jacks Professor of Learning Sciences and Education at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainly
  • short for "Adaptive Control of Thought-Rational") is a cognitive architecture mainly developed by John Robert Anderson at Carnegie Mellon University. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • The dual systems model hypothesizes that early maturation of the socioemotional system (including brain regions like the striatum) increases adolescents' attraction for exciting, pleasurable, and novel activities during a time when cognitive control systems (including brain regions like the prefrontal cortex) are not fully developed and thus cannot regulate these appetitive, and potentially hazardous, impulses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Theory
  • Quantum cognition is based on the quantum-like paradigm or generalized quantum paradigm or quantum structure paradigm that information processing by complex systems such as the brain, taking into account contextual dependence of information and probabilistic reasoning, can be mathematically described in the framework of quantum information and quantum probability theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantum cognition uses the mathematical formalism of quantum theory to inspire and formalize models of cognition that aim to be an advance over models based on traditional classical probability theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formerly a mathematician who became first a computer scientist and then a cognitive scientist, Franklin has worked for some years on "conscious" software agents, which model the global workspace theory of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • areas
  • We welcome submissions relevant to the theme of Social Cognition from all areas and approaches to philosophy - analytic, continental, history of philosophy, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of cognitive science, etc. (ucd.ie)
  • Since then, the literature has consistently found advantages for bilinguals over matched monolingual peers, in particular in relation to cognitive areas of aptitude such as perception and executive functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • doctoral
  • Doctoral studies in the cognitive science of religion also make use of labs and centers coordinated under MINDLab within the Aarhus University Neurocampus. (iacsr.com)
  • studies
  • International Association for the Cognitive Science of Religion New Religious Studies Podcast relevant to CSR is out! (iacsr.com)
  • A systematic review of studies carried out between 1999 and 2012 found that the evidence for cognitive advantages is mixed and that reporting may be subject to publication bias, which has therefore given a distorted view of the evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1996, after a year at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences, Pea was recruited to SRI International, where he worked with colleagues to build a major national Center for Technology in Learning, until recruited to Stanford University in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is also co-director of the National Science Foundation-funded LIFE Center, one of six national Science of Learning Centers, whose studies seek to inform better bridging of the sciences of informal and formal learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the dual systems model, "reward sensitivity" and "cognitive control" refer to neurobiological constructs that are measured in studies of brain structure and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paris, France: Lund University Cognitive Studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • There was a specific pattern of conclusions, namely that being bilingual was detrimental to a child's linguistic and cognitive development, and that it put the individual at a disadvantage compared to monolingual peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The temporal gap in the development of the socioemotional and cognitive control systems creates a period of heightened vulnerability to risk-taking during mid-adolescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, the dual systems model proposes that the development of the cognitive control and socioemotional systems is independent whereas the maturational imbalance proposes that the maturation of the cognitive control system leads to dampening of socioemotional responsivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • These later models hypothesize that cognitive control development is completed by mid-adolescence and attribute increased risk-taking during adolescence to the hyperarousal of the socioemotional system. (wikipedia.org)
  • language
  • Further, there is considerable debate concerning whether SLI is actually a language disorder or whether its aetiology is due to a more general cognitive (e.g. phonological) problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • The alternative, as it is framed, is that language occurs within a more general cognitive system. (wikipedia.org)