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  • Primary
  • Primary infertility is infertility in a couple who have never had a child. (wikipedia.org)
  • A - 26 years old primary infertile woman without any significant infertility etiology but with bilateral large paraovarian cysts. (youtube.com)
  • Primary infertility is defined as the absence of a live birth for women who desire a child and have been in a union for at least 12 months, during which they have not used any contraceptives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary infertility refers to the inability to give birth either because of not being able to become pregnant, or carry a child to live birth, which may include miscarriage or a stillborn child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa has had decreasing levels of primary infertility from 1990 to 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings substantially increase the number of NR5A1 mutations reported in humans and show that mutations in NR5A1 can be found in patients with a wide range of phenotypic features, ranging from 46,XY sex reversal with primary adrenal failure to male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing archives of the seven primary psychoanalytic journals from 1927 to 2000, not a single article on male infertility appears. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • Every month a couple has basically 1 in 4 chance of conceiving where no infertility factors exist. (angelfire.com)
  • In broad sense, acquired factors practically include any factor that is not based on a genetic mutation, including any intrauterine exposure to toxins during fetal development, which may present as infertility many years later as an adult. (wikipedia.org)
  • The underlying causative factors in the male infertility can be attributed to environmental toxins, systemic disorders such as, hypothalamic-pituitary disease, testicular cancers and germ-cell aplasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic factors including aneuploidies and single-gene mutations are also contributed to the male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it is possible that these mutations individually have no major effect and only contribute to the male infertility by collaboration with other contributors such as environmental factors and other genomics variants. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • It is likely that an effective evaluation for infertility would best include assessment for underlying celiac disease, both in men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potential methods in unexplained infertility include oral ovarian stimulation agents (such as clomifene citrate, anastrozole or letrozole) as well as intrauterine insemination (IUI), intracervical insemination (ICI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). (wikipedia.org)
  • manifest
  • Vice versa, existence of the other alleles could reduce the phenotypic effects of impaired NR5A1 proteins and attenuate the expression of abnormal phenotypes and manifest male infertility solely. (wikipedia.org)