• infect
  • Pathogens can also infect people when there is contact with animal saliva, urine and other body fluids or secretions, When fecal material is unintentionally ingested, infection can occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fleas and ticks can carry pathogenic organisms that infect a person with Lyme disease, tick borne encephalitis, and Rocky mountain spotted fever Statistics generated by the state of Ohio document that Cat bites are about 20% of all animal bites per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since mites also infect plants, birds, and reptiles, the term "mange", suggesting poor condition of the hairy coat due to the infection, is sometimes reserved only for pathological mite-infestation of nonhuman mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Accidental infection of humans though, can occur when eggs are ingested from food or water contaminated with dog feces and the human then becomes the T. serialis intermediate host. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection may also occur by drinking contaminated water with floating young fasciola or when using utensils washed with contaminated water. (wikipedia.org)
  • mite
  • Varroa destructor (Varroa mite) is an external parasitic mite that attacks the honey bees Apis cerana and Apis mellifera. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, these two types of mite infections, which would otherwise be known as "mange" in furry mammals, are instead known respectively as scabies and demodicosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mite plays an important part in the disease, however, by preparing the ground for the invasion of the bacterium by dilating the follicles and sweat-glands, and possibly also carries and introduces the germ. (wikipedia.org)
  • The test is also positive in animals with ear mites, an ear canal infection caused by a different but closely related mite (treatment is often the same). (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammatory bowel di
  • The findings suggest that drugs that are already in clinical trials for inflammatory bowel diseases might be effective in the treatment or prevention of HIV infection. (healthcanal.com)
  • Bloating from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is of unknown origin but often results from an insult to the gut, and as such can overlap with infective diarrhea, celiac, and inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • ticks
  • Due to their role in transmitting Lyme disease, ixodid ticks, particularly the North American I. scapularis, have been studied using geographic information systems to develop predictive models for ideal tick habitats. (wikipedia.org)
  • host's
  • Feeding by adult flies on the blood of their hosts exposes the hosts to pathogenic organisms that are infecting the fly, this can lead to acute disease of the host's blood and other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory
  • NAMRU-3 is the first overseas Department of Defense research laboratory to receive the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Laboratory Accreditation for infectious diseases clinical diagnostics. (wikipedia.org)
  • NAMRU-3 is the only research institution in North Africa with an AAALAC International (Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International) accredited animal research facility and is one of only two institutions in Africa with a Biosafety Level 3 (BSL-3) laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic
  • Chronic infection results in diarrhoea, emaciation and anaemia, indicated by haemorrhage in the intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the chronic state the disease causes inflammation of the bile ducts, gall bladder and may cause gall stones as well as fibrosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fecal examination is generally not helpful because the worm eggs can seldom be detected in the chronic phase of the infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • T. evansi is very common in India and Iran and causes acute disease in camels and horses, and chronic disease in cattle and buffaloes. (wikipedia.org)
  • livestock
  • Veterinary vaccines are in development, and their use is being considered by a number of countries on account of the risk to human health and economic losses resulting from livestock infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers
  • NAMRU-3 collaborators include the Egyptian Ministry of Health, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), the World Health Organization (WHO), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other veterinarians work at federal agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where they deal with the implications of diseases affecting human health that originate in nonhuman primates. (avma.org)
  • Centers for Disease Control. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • The modern mission of the NAMRUs is threefold: To investigate prophylactic agents such as vaccines and pharmaceuticals against tropical infectious diseases which cause severe mortality or morbidity to the US military member in the deployed environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bacterium Pasteurella multocida and its genus can pose a risk of severe diseases in high-risk groups such as the elderly, transplant recipients, cancer patients and immunocompromised individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • In people, MRSA most often causes skin infections that can range from mild to severe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under severe infection, stunted growth and decreased egg production, resulting in loss of meat and egg productions are experienced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immature
  • T. gondii causes disease in those who have immature immune systems, particularly those infected in utero. (redorbit.com)
  • Then, they migrate to the muscles of the chest and abdomen, and 45 to 60 days after infection, molt to the fifth stage (L5, immature adult). (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 75 and 120 days after infection, these immature heartworms then enter the bloodstream and are carried through the heart to reside in the pulmonary artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals
  • Although opossums may be considered desirable as game animals, certain individuals may be a nuisance near homes where they may get into garbage, bird feeders, or pet food. (oklahomawildlifecontrol.com)
  • Precise numbers are difficult to elucidate, but Born Free USA and the Captive Wild Animal Protection Coalition estimate 4 that more than 15,000 nonhuman primates are owned by private individuals in the United States today. (avma.org)
  • endemic
  • The host nation benefits by getting access to state of the art treatments and protection against diseases endemic to their country and a more robust public health infrastructure and better trained microbiology and physician population. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the war, the U.S. Navy was invited by the Egyptian Government to study, prevent, and control epidemic diseases and diseases endemic in subtropical areas and NAMRU-3 was formally established by the Secretary of the Navy in the same buildings formerly occupied by the Typhus commission in 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • zoonotic
  • Furthermore, the AVMA also does not support the use of nonhuman primates as assistance or service animals because of animal welfare concerns, the potential for serious injury, and zoonotic risks. (avma.org)
  • tissues
  • The researchers also observed a decrease in the level of virus in gut tissues and the presence of residual virus in cervical tissues in alpha-4-beta-7-antibody-treated animals. (healthcanal.com)
  • Direct examination of the tissues of the intestines may be required to rule out certain infections. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • however, adults often reside in the pulmonary arterial system (lung arteries), as well as the heart, and a major effect on the health for the animal is a manifestation of damage to the lung vessels and tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Work was directed toward the method of isolation and identification of the parasite by the establishment of a mouse colony free from Nosema infection and by tissue culture. (dtic.mil)
  • These painless nodules present in the skin or subcutaneous tissue are a sign of infection and are used to diagnose a host with the parasite. (wikipedia.org)
  • cattle
  • The spinose ear tick has a worldwide distribution, the young feeding inside the ears of cattle and wild animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • worm
  • This disease is caused by the Guinea worm and is characterized by the female worm emerging from the leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • This worm was distinguished by the presence of "massive cysts" in the liver of animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most documented by far was Guinea worm disease mainly because the grown female worm emerges from the skin which causes considerable irritation and which cannot really be ignored. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fasciolosis (also known as fascioliasis, fasciolasis, distomatosis and liver rot) is a parasitic worm infection caused by the common liver fluke Fasciola hepatica as well as by Fasciola gigantica. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mild
  • Mild infections can be treated by applying one of the drugs to the skin along the tracks and the normal skin surrounding the area. (encyclopedia.com)
  • often
  • People may become temporarily lactose intolerant after an infection and therefore it is often recommended milk be avoided for a few weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • viruses
  • The adults suck the "blood" (hemolymph) of adult honey bees for sustenance, leaving open wounds and transmitting diseases and viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasite
  • Other tests may be required, depending on the parasite and disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Research aspects include the collection and study of different parasite populations, analysis of the immune responses of the host, a correlation between parasite burden in the host and disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The parasite McLeod and colleagues focused on, Toxoplasma gondii, is "probably the most common parasitic infection in the world," she said. (redorbit.com)
  • When this animal is eaten by a predator, the parasite survives the digestion process and matures into an adult. (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • and Validate utility of gene sets and pathways for prediction of responsiveness to PRRSV infections in multiple populations. (usda.gov)
  • diagnosis
  • Molecular diagnosis of Babesia and Theileria infections by PCR amplification of DNA (gene) fragments, then cloning and sequencing of the positive samples were conducted. (degruyter.com)
  • larval
  • After infection, the third-stage larval heartworms (L3) deposited by the mosquito grow for a week or two and molt to the fourth larval stage (L4) under the skin at the site of the mosquito bite. (wikipedia.org)
  • The infection with the metacestode larval form (coenurus) of T. serialis is called Coenurosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • detect
  • Most immunodiagnostic tests detect infection with very high sensitivity, and as concentration drops after treatment, it is a very good diagnostic method. (wikipedia.org)