• FMRI
  • We also discuss the application of tools for the correction of image distortions prior to the statistical analysis and the utility of recent advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) time series modeling and inference such as the use of optimal constrained HRF basis function modeling and mixture modeling inference. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Multiplexed echo planar imaging for sub-second whole brain FMRI and fast diffusion imaging. (naver.com)
  • Multiband multislice GE-EPI at 7 tesla, with 16-fold acceleration using partial parallel imaging with application to high spatial and temporal whole-brain fMRI. (naver.com)
  • We report the first published case study of a suddenly occurring panic attack in a patient with no prior history of panic disorder during combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI, 1.5 Tesla) and electrocardiogram (ECG) recording. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Simultaneous recording of event-related electroencephalographic (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) responses has the potential to provide information on how the human brain reacts to an external stimulus with unique spatial and temporal resolution. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Evoked Potentials
  • However, in most studies combining the two techniques, the acquisition of functional MR images has been interleaved with the recording of evoked potentials. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In this study we investigated the feasibility of recording pain-related evoked potentials during continuous and simultaneous collection of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional MR images at 3 T. Brain potentials were elicited by selective stimulation of cutaneous Adelta and C nociceptors using brief radiant laser pulses (laser-evoked potentials, LEPs). (ox.ac.uk)
  • Simulation
  • In 1979, the U.S. Army Ballistic Research Laboratory (BRL) - now the United States Army Research Laboratory - expressed a need for tools that could assist with the computer simulation and engineering analysis of combat vehicle systems and environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • Clinical ultrashort echo time imaging of bone and other connective tissues. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The background underpinning the clinical use of ultrashort echo time, SPRITE and other pulse sequences for imaging bone and other connective tissues with short T2 is reviewed. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Preliminary clinical performance of a scanning detector for rapid portal imaging. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Clinical problems in the use of megavoltage imaging include limited field of view, loss of information at the field edge due to penumbra effects, degradation of the image by bowel gas, and difficulties in the detection of soft tissue-air interfaces. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • PURPOSE: To investigate whether saturation using existing methods developed for 3T imaging is feasible for clinical perfusion imaging at 7T, and to propose a new design of saturation pulse train for first-pass myocardial perfusion imaging at 7T. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Its mission is to encourage all scientific and clinical advancement of computer-aided surgery and related medical interventions throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The students of MMST serve as Medical Officers rendering OPD and Emergency services at BC Roy Technology Hospital, a hospital with Intensive Care Unit and housing research labs for Medical Imaging, Instrumentation and Telemedicine, which provides the clinical acumen to the students for interdisciplinary research. (wikipedia.org)
  • multislice
  • Consequences of the broad linewidth of short T2 components are also discussed, including partial saturation by off-resonance fat suppression pulses as well as those used in multislice and multiecho imaging. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Blipped-controlled aliasing in parallel imaging for simultaneous multislice echo planar imaging with reduced g-factor penalty. (naver.com)
  • medical
  • The proposed PhD will take place at DTIC as a collaborative project between the Biomechanics and Mechanobiology and the Medical Imaging Analysis research areas of BCN MedTech. (esbiomech.org)
  • Computer-assisted interventions (CAI) is a field of research and practice, where medical interventions are supported by computer-based tools and methodologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imaging techniques in X-ray, MRI, and ultrasound diagnostics yield a great deal of information that the radiologist or other medical professional has to analyze and evaluate comprehensively in a short time. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time, a class on medical imaging led Kundu into the medical field, where she believed she could use her expertise to diagnose patients faster. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main goal of MIC is to extract clinically relevant information or knowledge from medical images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical image computing typically operates on uniformly sampled data with regular x-y-z spatial spacing (images in 2D and volumes in 3D, generically referred to as images). (wikipedia.org)
  • In medical imaging, these segments often correspond to different tissue classes, organs, pathologies, or other biologically relevant structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical image segmentation is made difficult by low contrast, noise, and other imaging ambiguities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although there are many computer vision techniques for image segmentation, some have been adapted specifically for medical image computing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The image data can take many forms, such as video sequences, views from multiple cameras, or multi-dimensional data from a medical scanner. (wikipedia.org)
  • The school offers the following courses: Master of Medical Science & Technology (MMST), Masters in Medical Imaging and Informatics and PhD. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has described SMST as an innovative model which integrates the two diverse disciplines of engineering and medicine and signal new directions in medical education and healthcare delivery. (wikipedia.org)
  • detection
  • Computer-aided detection (CADe) systems are usually confined to marking conspicuous structures and sections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current voice activity detection (VAD) system uses the complex spectrum circle centroid (CSCC) method and a maximum signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) beamformer. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2009: Night View Assist Plus added a pedestrian detection function calling the revised system on the redesigned Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W212) and refreshed S-class, however, the E-class uses the navigation screen's display. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2013: Night View Assist Plus with animal detection on the W222 S-Class. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1970s
  • As a University of Utah graduate student in the early 1970s, Ingebretsen assisted Dr. Thomas G. Stockham in the development of Stockham's restoration technique for sound and images. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA) at Stanford University was created in the early 1970s and the Institute for Research and Coordination Acoustic/Music (IRCAM) in Paris in the late 1970s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electrical
  • The Electrical Engineering program in the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering offers graduate programs of study which lead to the MS degree (thesis and non-thesis options), the PhD degree and the Doctorate of Engineering (DE) degree. (mst.edu)
  • There are ample opportunites in the department of Electrical & Computer Engineering for the graduate students to be involved in faculty members' research as listed below. (mst.edu)
  • Mammone attended City College of New York where he earned a B.E.E.E and M.E.E.E in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1975 and 1977, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has been a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Rutgers University since 1982, later earning a joint appointment as a Rutgers Business School professor, and was awarded the Henry Rutgers Faculty Fellowship in 1985, 1986, and 1987. (wikipedia.org)
  • parallel
  • To better exploit wavelet-domain sparsity, compressed sensing can be used for high-spatial-frequency regions, whereas parallel imaging can be used for low-spatial-frequency regions. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Ultimate intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio for parallel MRI: electromagnetic field considerations. (naver.com)
  • acquisition
  • The particular meaning of the data at the sample point depends on modality: for example a CT acquisition collects radiodensity values, while a MRI acquisition may collect T1 or T2-weighted images. (wikipedia.org)
  • centre
  • The basic two-dimensional UTE pulse sequence with its half excitation pulse and radial imaging from the centre of k-space is described, together with options that suppress fat and/or reduce the signal from long T2 components. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Analysis
  • This article presents results obtained from applying various tools from FSL (FMRIB Software Library) to data from the repetition priming experiment used for the HBM'05 Functional Image Analysis Contest. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Circuits and electronics - Topics include network analysis and synthesis, computer-aided circuit design, distributed circuits, communication circuits, and linear and nonlinear electronic circuits. (mst.edu)
  • A scanning megavoltage imaging detector, with associated image storage and analysis facilities has been developed. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • This produces images of the treatment portals in under 10 seconds, in a digital format, facilitating rapid, quantitative image analysis. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Nearest-Neighbor Rule (e.g. k-nearest neighbors) Minimum distance classifier Cascade Classifier Naive Bayesian Classifier Artificial Neural Network Radial basis function network (RBF) Support Vector Machine (SVM) Principle Component Analysis (PCA) If the detected structures have reached a certain threshold level, they are highlighted in the image for the radiologist. (wikipedia.org)
  • These data are born digital, which allows researchers to analyze the brain images further by using advanced mathematical and statistical methods such as shape quantification or multivariate analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The department offer undergraduate program in Space Engineering which specialises in Image Analysis and Remote Sensing. (wikipedia.org)
  • It includes an interactive geometry editor, ray tracing support for graphics rendering and geometric analysis, computer network distributed framebuffer support, scripting, image-processing and signal-processing tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computer vision is concerned with the automatic extraction, analysis and understanding of useful information from a single image or a sequence of images. (wikipedia.org)
  • The next decade saw studies based on more rigorous mathematical analysis and quantitative aspects of computer vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • Processing of sound and music signals: This subfield focuses on audio signal processing techniques for the analysis, transformation and resynthesis of sound and music signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • MR Imaging of the heart with cine true fast imaging with steady-state precession: influence of spatial and temporal resolutions on left ventricular functional parameters. (naver.com)
  • 2001. The term Surgical Process (SP) has been defined as a set of one or more linked procedures or activities that collectively realise a surgical objective within the context of an organisational structure defining functional roles and relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • CONCLUSION: Existing saturation methods developed for 3T imaging are not optimal for perfusion imaging at 7T. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The methods can be grouped into several broad categories: image segmentation, image registration, image-based physiological modeling, and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parametric atlas methods typically combine these training images into a single atlas image, while nonparametric atlas methods typically use all of the training images separately. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atlas-based methods usually require the use of image registration in order to align the atlas image or images to a new, unseen image. (wikipedia.org)
  • Image-Based segmentation: Some methods initiate a template and refine its shape according to the image data while minimizing integral error measures, like the Active contour model and its variations. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there are some other classification of image segmentation methods which are similar to above categories. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computer vision tasks include methods for acquiring, processing, analyzing and understanding digital images, and extraction of high-dimensional data from the real world in order to produce numerical or symbolic information, e.g., in the forms of decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • This led to methods for sparse 3-D reconstructions of scenes from multiple images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acoustics
  • Kundu has authored or co-authored eight peer-reviewed publications, including in the journals European Radiology and World Journal of Gastroenterology, and has presented at the International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • physics
  • This image understanding can be seen as the disentangling of symbolic information from image data using models constructed with the aid of geometry, physics, statistics, and learning theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • vision
  • Image quality is important in applications that require excellent robotic vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2011: Night View Assist Plus with Spotlight Function premiere: the Mercedes-Benz CL-Class (C216) became the first series production car with night vision-guided pedestrian spotlighting (HID version) can flash at any pedestrians it detects in order to warn both the driver and the pedestrians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pros: greater range of about 300 meters or 1,000 feet, higher contrast for living objects Cons: grainy, lower resolution image, works poorly in warmer weather conditions, larger sensor Night Vision Assistant was introduced in 2010 on the Audi A8. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a scientific discipline, computer vision is concerned with the theory behind artificial systems that extract information from images. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a technological discipline, computer vision seeks to apply its theories and models for the construction of computer vision systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • What distinguished computer vision from the prevalent field of digital image processing at that time was a desire to extract three-dimensional structure from images with the goal of achieving full scene understanding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toward the end of the 1990s, a significant change came about with the increased interaction between the fields of computer graphics and computer vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • improves
  • Image quality is comparable to, and at some sites improves upon, that available from film. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Algorithm based on wavelet transform for fusing images of different spectra and different foci improves image quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Manual segmentation, using tools such as a paint brush to explicitly define the tissue class of each pixel, remains the gold standard for many imaging applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • produces
  • This system uses the headlight projectors emitting near infrared light aimed like the car's highbeam headlights and a CCD camera then captures that reflected radiation, this signal is then processed by computer which produces a black-and-white image which is projected on the lower section of the windshield. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensor
  • Robots analyze the image of the immediate environment imported from the visual sensor. (wikipedia.org)
  • It enables the robot to predict the resulting sensor signals of its internal motions, screening these false signals out. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pros: higher resolution image, superior picture of inanimate objects, works better in warmer conditions, smaller sensor can be mounted to rearview mirror. (wikipedia.org)
  • Segmentation
  • Segmentation for Differentiation of different structures in the image, e.g. heart, lung, ribcage, blood vessels, possible round lesions Matching with anatomic databank Sample gray-values in volume of interest 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Segmentation is the process of partitioning an image into different meaningful segments. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, variations of graph cut were used to solve image segmentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computing
  • Dr. S.S. Iyengar is currently the Ryder Professor of Computer Science and Director of the School of Computing and Information Sciences at Florida International University (FIU), Miami. (fiu.edu)
  • Computer Music and Music Technology might be the terms that have been used the most, being Sound and Music Computing a more recent term. (wikipedia.org)
  • digital
  • CAD systems process digital images for typical appearances and to highlight conspicuous sections, such as possible diseases, in order to offer input to support a decision taken by the professional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Digital image data are copied to a CAD server in a DICOM-format and are prepared and analyzed in several steps. (wikipedia.org)
  • In doing so, it reconstructs the continuous time signal (whether originally sampled, or modelled by digital logic) corresponding to the digital time sequence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of applications are: Digital music instruments: This application focuses on musical sound generation and processing devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • contrast
  • In vitro validation of phase-contrast flow measurements at 3 T in comparison to 1.5 T: precision, accuracy, and signal-to-noise ratios. (naver.com)
  • Cons: does not work as well in fog or rain, lower contrast for animals, shorter range of 150-200 meters or 500-650 feet Night View Assist prototype was shown in 2003 on the Mercedes-Benz F500 concept. (wikipedia.org)
  • instructional
  • With deep roots in information technology, CSL has invented and deployed many landmark innovations, such as the electric vacuum gyroscope, the first computer-assisted instructional program and the plasma TV. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multimodal
  • Related surgical models can then be introduced into a new generation of Computer-Assisted Interventions systems to improve the management of complex multimodal information, improve surgical workflows, increase surgical efficiency and the quality of care in the OR. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • These results suggest that both are processed in a single underlying system without any significant asymmetries for content vs. voice processing. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The imaging system has been used to assess the random errors occurring during routine para-aortic nodal irradiation. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • For example, a facial recognition system may not need to classify any possible image, but only the subset of images that contain faces. (wikipedia.org)
  • The visual sensing system can be based on anything from the traditional camera, sonar, and laser to the new technology radio frequency identification (RFID), which transmits radio signals to a tag on an object that emits back an identification code. (wikipedia.org)
  • BRL-CAD is a constructive solid geometry (CSG) solid modeling computer-aided design (CAD) system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Series production Night View Assist system introduced in 2005 on the redesigned Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W221). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Night View system combines a windshield mounted near infra-red camera and near infra-red projectors within the headlamps with a Night View ECU to display an image of the road ahead on center console display screen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of the course is to provide knowledge to design CAD (computer aided diagnostics) system. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • His research interests are generally in high performance switch architectures and high speed computer networks. (fiu.edu)
  • Established in 1951 as a classified defense laboratory, the Coordinated Science Laboratory (or CSL) was originally designed to be a center for research in remote sensing and space sciences, signal, image and speech processing and thin film electronics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The research community established in 1974 the International Computer Music Association and the International Computer Music Conference. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Groundbreaking corneal mapping technology catalyzed his second venture, Computed Anatomy Inc. The firm was first to develop, manufacture and sell computer aided surgery tools for corneal surgery commonly referred to today as LASIK surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • optimization
  • The optimization procedure updates the transformation of the source image based on a similarity value that evaluates the current quality of the alignment. (wikipedia.org)