Loading...
  • occurs
  • For growth plate fractures, your child's doctor will carefully monitor the hand for many years to ensure that growth occurs normally. (scottgrahammd.com)
  • Often occurs in broilers (chickens raised for meat) and other poultry which have been bred for fast growth rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cadaver experiments from the late 1800s found that if the forearm strikes the ground at an angle between 60-90°, a fracture would occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, this late in childhood, the supply is tenuous and frequently lost after the fracture occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fracture usually occurs in children and teens because their bones are flexible, unlike adults whose more brittle bones usually break. (wikipedia.org)
  • This fracture occurs at the metaphyseal locations and resemble the torus or base of a pillar in architectural terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • physeal fractures
  • This article discusses some of the important orthopedic history relative to the physes, the relevant anatomy, the most commonly used classification system, and some details of physeal fractures in specific areas of the body. (medscape.com)
  • lateral
  • Anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique views can be used together to describe the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigation of a potential distal radial fracture includes assessment of the angle of the joint surface on lateral X-ray (volar/dorsal tilt), the loss of length of the radius from the collapse of the fracture (radial length), and congruency of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lateral compression (LC) fractures involve transverse fractures of the pubic rami, either ipsilateral or contralateral to a posterior injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grade I - Associated sacral compression on side of impact Grade II - Associated posterior iliac ("crescent") fracture on side of impact Grade III - Associated contralateral sacroiliac joint injury The most common force type, lateral compression (LC) forces, from side-impact automobile accidents and pedestrian injuries, can result in an internal rotation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fracture is usually transverse or oblique and above the medial and lateral condyles and epicondyles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bleeding from the fracture expands the joint capsule and is visualized on the lateral view as a darker area anteriorly and posteriorly, and is known as the sail sign. (wikipedia.org)
  • vertebral
  • A spinal fracture, also called a vertebral fracture or a broken back, is a fracture affecting the vertebrae of the spinal column. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vertebral fractures of the thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae or sacrum are usually associated with major trauma and can cause spinal cord injury that results in a neurological deficit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common causes of vertebral fractures include trauma from a direct blow, a compression force resulting in improper or excessive axial loading, and hyper-flexion or hyper-extension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vertebral fractures in children or elderly individuals can be related to the development or health of their spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common vertebral fracture in children is spondylolysis which can progress to spondylolisthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vertebral fractures in elderly individuals are exacerbated by weakening of the skeleton associated with osteoporosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • X-rays are often used to visualize pathology of bones and can be ordered when a vertebral fracture is suspected. (wikipedia.org)
  • epiphyseal plate
  • In puberty increasing levels of estrogen, in both females and males, leads to increased apoptosis of chondrocytes in the epiphyseal plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • deformity
  • The treating provider needs to know which fractures are likely to remodel (usually those with angulation in the plane of joint motion) and which are unlikely to remodel (eg, fractures with rotational deformity, joint incongruity, or physeal stepoff, as well as those occurring in patients near skeletal maturity). (medscape.com)
  • When growth deformity is possible, the treating provider must predict the degree of expected remodeling, and this requires an understanding of the specific fracture. (medscape.com)
  • A classic "dinner fork" deformity may be seen in dorsally angulated fractures due to dorsal displacement of the carpus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reverse deformity may be seen in volarly angulated fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the fracture displacement, there may be deformity. (wikipedia.org)
  • classification
  • Several classification systems have been developed that categorize the different types of growth plate fractures. (aaos.org)
  • Suitable as an on-the-spot reference for residents and practitioners seeking fast facts on fracture management and classification, this title includes chapters organized by anatomic site that provide key information on fractures in adults and in children, including epidemiology, anatomy, mechanism of injury, clinical evaluation, and treatment. (logobook.ru)
  • The thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) is a scoring system to determine the need to surgically treat a spinal fracture of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Salter-Harris classification is the most used to describe these fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • displacement
  • when there is a small displacement in the periosteum the thickness and strength of it will make the fracture in the periosteum difficult to diagnose. (wikipedia.org)
  • trauma
  • Links to abstracts and references on the Internet enable the user to fully utilize the wealth of information provided in this multimedia resource.AO Principles of Fracture Management is an essential resource for orthopaedists, trauma surgeons, and residents in these specialties. (logobook.ru)
  • After the immediate trauma, there is a risk of spinal cord injury (or worsening of an already injured spine) if the fracture is unstable, that is, likely to change alignment without internal or external fixation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long bones in feet begin to harden within the ages of 8 to 14, dancing en pointe before one's bones have hardened can lead to trauma and growth-plate fractures that create deformed feet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acetabulum
  • Completely updated for its Third Edition, Fractures, the acclaimed Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery volume presents the most advanced, successful surgical techniques for fractures of the upper extremity, lower extremity, pelvis, and acetabulum. (logobook.ru)
  • Pelvis
  • When it comes to the stability and the structure of the pelvis, or pelvic girdle, understanding its function as support for the trunk and legs helps to recognize the effect a pelvic fracture has on someone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The different forces on the pelvis result in different fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • greatly
  • Of note is the fracture toughness of composites (made by combining engineering ceramics with engineering polymers) (in the zone of engineering alloys), which greatly exceeds the individual fracture toughness of the constituent materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crack
  • Plastic-elastic fracture toughness is denoted by JIc, with the unit of J/cm2 or lbf-in/in2, and is a measurement of the energy required to grow a thin crack. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • Fractures here are a painful experience and can limit your ability to walk normally and engage in work, recreation, and athletic activity. (verywell.com)
  • A related concept is the work of fracture ( γ w o f {\displaystyle \gamma _{wof}} ) which is directly proportional to K I c 2 / E {\displaystyle K_{Ic}^{2}/E} , where E {\displaystyle E} is the Young's modulus of the material. (wikipedia.org)
  • break
  • A Jones fracture is a break in the fifth metatarsal, a bone of your foot that connects your pinky toe to the rest of your foot. (verywell.com)
  • show
  • At least 7 spreading centers have been recognized, and plate measurements near Axial show that the ridge is separating at a rate of 6 cm (2 in) per year, producing a complex system of oceanic basins and ridges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foot
  • A Jones fracture is often caused by a forceful blow to the bottom or outside part of your foot. (verywell.com)
  • After reporting to your doctor or the hospital and if a Jones fracture is suspected, an x-ray will most likely be taken to see the bones of your foot. (verywell.com)
  • materials
  • In materials science, fracture toughness is a property which describes the ability of a material to resist fracture, and is one of the most important properties of any material for many design applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Just as the elastic properties of materials, like elastic moduli and strength, vary among material class, so too does the fracture toughness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure.1 graphs the fracture toughness vs. strength for various materials and materials classes. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, unlike most elastic properties, fracture toughness displays a wide variation across materials, about 4 orders of magnitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • Explicitly, when the strength of these materials is increased we can expect to see an accompanied increase in fracture toughness. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, materials that are on the upper left most part of the diagram are used to design a system's failure against flow, because these materials yield before they are fractured. (wikipedia.org)
  • While materials on the lower right most part of the diagram are used to design a system's failure against fracture, because these materials fracture before yielding. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • The main focus of physical therapy after a Jones fracture is to overcome the effects of being immobilized and to improve function related to walking and moving around. (verywell.com)
  • process
  • If a Jones fracture is confirmed, the fracture must be reduced , which is the process where the bones are put in the correct place. (verywell.com)
  • Enamel hypoplasia refers to transverse furrows or pits that form in the enamel surface of teeth when the normal process of tooth growth stops, resulting in a deficit of enamel. (wikipedia.org)
  • zone
  • It is a product of the Cobb hotspot, but now sits on an ocean spreading center between the Juan de Fuca Plate and the North American Plate, offset by the Blanco Fracture Zone to the south and a ridge-built triple junction to the north. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • their arrangement along the caldera walls suggests that they were an important component in the volcano's early growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • strength
  • For this reason, it is beneficial to think of an increase in strength (within the engineering alloys) as a direct decrease in fracture toughness, which is correlated with a lower ductility of the material. (wikipedia.org)
  • section
  • pathogens have Methyl shortcut and stick, permanent as naturopath and RecipesHealthy project and indica, prescription section growth, succinyl-coA engineers, and Quicktime Public access using modern order model and product at exposed findings. (pd19.org)
  • theory
  • As an engineer, Leonardo conceived ideas vastly ahead of his own time, conceptually inventing an improved version of the helicopter, an armoured fighting vehicle, the use of concentrated solar power, a calculator, a rudimentary theory of plate tectonics and the double hull. (wikipedia.org)