• 2017
  • Nominations for the technical workshop for review of the voluntary guidelines for the design and effective implementation of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, 20-22 November 2017 - Bonn, Germany. (cbd.int)
  • lakes
  • Light penetration into infected lakes also improves the ecosystem, resulting in an increase in algae. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a natural/cultivated environment has symbolic meanings and cultural values the object of these values are not ecosystems but shaped phenomena like mountains, lakes, forests, and, mainly, symbolic landscapes. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Ecosystems in similar environments that are located in different parts of the world can have very different characteristics simply because they contain different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The introduction of non-native species can cause substantial shifts in ecosystem function. (wikipedia.org)
  • the principles of ecosystem management suggest that rather than managing individual species, natural resources should be managed at the level of the ecosystem itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, a vision for ecosystem health of Lake Superior was developed by a public forum and a series of objectives were prepared for protection of habitat and maintenance of populations of some 70 indigenous fish species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, fossil and pollen records indicate that the species that occupy an ecosystem reshuffle through time, so it is difficult to identify one snapshot in time as optimum or "healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, the relationship between resilience and diversity is complex, and ecosystem stability may depend upon one or a few species rather than overall diversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of some ecosystem engineers has been linked to higher species richness at the landscape level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thoughts may be that similar to other umbrella species by conserving an ecosystem engineer you may be able to protect the overall diversity of a landscape. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coral-reef habitats, created by the ecosystem engineer coral species, hold some of the highest abundances of aquatic species in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species are able to be transported across all parts of the world by humans or human-made vessels at boundless rates resulting in foreign ecosystem engineers changing the dynamics of species interactions and the possibility for engineering to occur in locations that would not have been accessible by engineers without the mediation by humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Introduced species, which may be invasive species, are often ecosystem engineers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to the benefits some ecosystem engineers can cause, invasive species often have the reverse effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to being able to assist in restoration ecology, ecosystem engineers may be a helpful agent in invasive species management. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as providing habitats for a number of endangered wildlife species, the ecosystem acts as a life support for approximately four million people who live around it by providing a steady supply of water, soil fertility, flood control, climate regulation and pest mitigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are at least 130 species of mammals within the ecosystem which means that one in 32 of the world's mammals are found there, or one quarter of Indonesia's mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • At least 325 species of birds have been recorded in the ecosystem with at least eight species endemic to Sumatra. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Leuser Ecosystem comprises one of the remaining examples of Indo-Malayan (Malesian) vegetation communities with an estimated 45% of the approximately 10 000 recorded plant species. (wikipedia.org)
  • A depauperate ecosystem is one which is lacking in numbers or variety of species, often because it lacks enough stored chemical elements required for life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem decay is a term coined by Thomas Lovejoy to define the process of which species become extinct locally based on habitat fragmentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem decay can be mainly attributed to population isolation, leading to inbreeding, leading to a decrease in the population of local species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain countries such as Brazil prohibit the harvesting of Brazil nut trees and groves of this species causing forest fragmentation and thus causing ecosystem decay to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • approaches
  • CSIRO CSE's urban ecosystem research is focused on: Understanding how cities work as integrated social-ecological systems Developing sustainable approaches to development of city fringe areas that reduce negative impact on surrounding environments Developing approaches to urban design that provide for health and opportunity for citizens. (wikipedia.org)
  • A good review of approaches in landscape aesthetics, cultural heritage, outdoor recreation, and spiritual significance to define and assess cultural values of our environment so that they fit into the ecosystem services approach is given by Daniel et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professional natural resource managers, typically operating from within government bureaucracies and professional organizations, often mask debate over controversial assertions by depicting ecosystem management as an evolution of past management approaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Throughout, the use and incorporation of ecosystem approaches, two similar terms have been created in that time: ecosystem-based management and ecosystem management. (wikipedia.org)
  • habitats
  • Decline of native populations of animals Decrease in genetic diversity Decrease of the interior:edge ratio Isolation of an area of viable habitat Reduction in viable habitats and often extreme separation The process through which ecosystem decay occurs can be long and complicated or short and hasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • Odum (2001) attributes this term to a 1982 publication by Zev Naveh: "Current urban-industrial society not only impacts natural life-support ecosystems, but also has created entirely new arrangements that we can call techno-ecosystems, a term believed to be first suggested by Zev Neveh (1982). (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • The ecosystem is home to the largest remaining populations of the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran rhino and the Sumatran orangutan. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using data gathered from the field, ecological relationships-such as the relation of sunlight and water availability to photosynthetic rate, or that between predator and prey populations-are derived, and these are combined to form ecosystem models. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • An ecosystem approach to agriculture and natural resource management explicitly identifies opportunities and trade-offs. (fao.org)
  • The well-being of people all over the world depends on healthy ecosystems to provide goods, like food and water, and services like climate regulation and protection from natural hazards. (iucn.org)
  • Tansley regarded ecosystems not simply as natural units, but as mental isolates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technoecosystems interface with natural life-supporting ecosystems in competitive and parasitic ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits that humans freely gain from the natural environment and from properly-functioning ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Collectively, these benefits are becoming known as 'ecosystem services', and are often integral to the provisioning of clean drinking water, the decomposition of wastes, and the natural pollination of crops and other plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • There also is a fundamental critique of the concept of cultural ecosystem services that builds on three arguments: Pivotal cultural values attaching to the natural/cultivated environment rely on an area's unique character that cannot be addressed by methods that use universal scientific parameters to determine ecological structures and functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem management is a process that aims to conserve major ecological services and restore natural resources while meeting the socioeconomic, political and cultural needs of current and future generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The principal objective of ecosystem management is the efficient maintenance and ethical use of natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a concept of natural resource management, ecosystem management remains both ambiguous and controversial, in part because some of its formulations rest on policy and scientific assertions that are contested. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term natural resource management is frequently used when dealing with a particular resource for human use rather than managing the whole ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the peace agreement between the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) and the central government of Indonesia, Aceh was awarded a significant level of autonomy over its natural resources, including the right to govern the Leuser Ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Stallman argues that software has nothing in common with an ecosystem which is a natural system of combined physical and biological components of a natural environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem models have applications in a wide variety of disciplines, such as natural resource management, ecotoxicology and environmental health, agriculture, and wildlife conservation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem decay is a natural phenomenon that has several resulting features. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Although humans exist and operate within ecosystems, their cumulative effects are large enough to influence external factors like climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • A novel ecosystem is one that has been heavily influenced by humans but is not under human management. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans are thought to be one of the most dramatic ecosystem engineers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urban ecosystems are the cities, towns, and urban strips constructed by humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem decay is commonly caused by the harvesting of rain forest in appliance to certain laws or illegally for profit by humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • socio-economic
  • CEESP News - by Maria Pena, Patrick McConney, Sherry Constantine and Lucie Labbouz Integration of socio-economic data into monitoring of coastal ecosystems, particularly coral reefs, is a relatively recent phenomenon under development in the Caribbean. (iucn.org)
  • The ecosystem services concept has continued to expand and includes socio-economic and conservation objectives, which are discussed below. (wikipedia.org)
  • climate
  • External factors such as climate, the parent material that forms the soil, and topography control the overall structure of an ecosystem and the way things work within it, but are not themselves influenced by the ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Understanding
  • This survey is part of a research effort that aims at understanding aspects of the current interconnection agreement ecosystem and how it can evolve in the next years. (google.com)
  • These assertions are important to understanding much of the conflict surrounding ecosystem management. (wikipedia.org)
  • Software Ecosystem: Understanding an Indispensable Technology and Industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • adaptive
  • Therefore, the goal of adaptive management is to manage the ecosystem so it maintains the greatest amount of ecological integrity, but also to utilize management practices that have the ability to change based on new experience and insights. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adaptive management aims to identify uncertainties in the management of an ecosystem while using hypothesis testing to further understand the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, adaptive management serves as a "learning by doing" method for ecosystem management. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adaptive management has had mixed success in the field of ecosystem management, possibly because ecosystem managers may not be equipped with the decision-making skills needed to undertake an adaptive management methodology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Naturally, fires and rising sea levels on low land can also cause habitat fragmentation and thus ecosystem decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • environment
  • As a result, ecosystem engineers are important for maintaining the health and stability of the environment they are living in. (wikipedia.org)
  • identified two different types of ecosystem engineers: Allogenic engineers modify the environment (biophysical) by mechanically changing living or nonliving materials from one form to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human ecosystems are complex cybernetic systems that are increasingly being used by ecological anthropologists and other scholars to examine the ecological aspects of human communities in a way that integrates multiple factors as economics, socio-political organization, psychological factors, and physical factors related to the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The environment can be organizational (a company), social (an open-source community), or technical (the Ruby ecosystem). (wikipedia.org)
  • With the preservation and management of the planet through an ecosystem approach, the future monetary and planetary gain are the by-product of sustaining and/or increasing the capacity of that particular environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ecosystem approach would represent as the equalizer for obtaining knowledge and creating countermeasures in preventing the endangerment of any ecological environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • innovation
  • Stakeholders can quickly come together on the scope & agreement on the problems to develop specific projects, and engage in quick high impact initiatives to help address missing pieces in the framework, in order to develop the fabric of well-functioning ICT centric innovation ecosystem. (itu.int)
  • The Watson Ecosystem is driving innovation. (ibm.com)
  • management
  • The ecosystem approach is a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way. (fao.org)
  • This Thematic Group will focus on the question how to create long-term business commitment on the ground for ecosystem management. (iucn.org)
  • International ACM Conference on Management of Digital EcoSystems (MEDES) (since 2009) - computer science Conference for interdisciplinary studies on Digital Ecosystems and Analysis IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (IEEE-DEST 2012) - computer science Conference for Digital Ecosystems and related Technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "ecosystem management" has been in use at least since the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edward Grumbine's highly cited paper "What is ecosystem management? (wikipedia.org)
  • Stakeholders are individuals or groups of people who are affected by environmental decisions and actions, but they also may have power to influence the outcomes of environmental decisions relating to ecosystem management. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means effective management of ecosystems requires a negotiation process that develops mutual trust in issues of common interest with the objective of creating mutually beneficial partnerships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem managers form hypotheses about the ecosystem and its functionality and then implement different management techniques to test the hypotheses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Irwandi Yusuf, the current Governor of Aceh, established Badan Pengelola Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser (BPKEL) to govern the Leuser Ecosystem and coordinate wildlife management in Aceh. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, ecosystem management has a minor difference with the two terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two being ecosystem management and ecosystem-based management, the framework of the three methods are still the same (the conservation and protection of the ecosystem). (wikipedia.org)
  • principles
  • The Conference of the Parties, at its Fifth Meeting, endorsed the description of the ecosystem approach and operational guidance and recommended the application of the principles and other guidance on the Ecosystem Approach ( decision V/6 ). (cbd.int)
  • With the acknowledgment of the ecosystem approach, during the fifth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, a group consensus agreed on a concrete definition and elaboration for the ecosystem approach would be needed, and the Parties would request Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) to create a guideline with 12 principles and a description of the ecosystem approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • stressors
  • Macroinvertebrates are most often used in these models because of well known taxonomy, ease of collection, sensitivity to a range of stressors, and their overall value to the ecosystem. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • The ecological niche of the anthropocene contains entirely novel ecosystems that include technosols, technodiversity, anthromes, and the technosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common chemical stresses on freshwater ecosystem health include acidification, eutrophication and copper and pesticide contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primates residing within the ecosystem include the white-handed gibbon, the siamang, macaques, the loris and the lutung. (wikipedia.org)
  • stakeholders
  • We have observed that when groups of stakeholders work to define … visions, this leads to debate over whether to emphasize ecosystem health or human well-being … Whether the priority is ecosystems or people greatly influences stakeholders' assessment of desirable ecological and social states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stakeholders will often have different interests in ecosystem services. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • Recognition of how ecosystems could provide complex services to humankind date back to at least Plato (c. 400 BC) who understood that deforestation could lead to soil erosion and the drying of springs. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • The project based ecosystem review includes an implementation, monitoring and evaluation framework for long term engagement. (itu.int)
  • These new services help people get the most out of Twitter, contributing to user growth and new business opportunities-both of which are critical to the long-term viability of the ecosystem. (twitter.com)
  • The term "ecosystem" was first used in 1935 in a publication by British ecologist Arthur Tansley. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tansley later defined the spatial extent of ecosystems using the term ecotope. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term ecosystem health has been employed to embrace some suite of environmental goals deemed desirable. (wikipedia.org)
  • In following years, variations of the term were used, but eventually 'ecosystem services' became the standard in scientific literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • True ecosystems grow organically, and the process can be messy. (reuters.com)
  • in the process of clearcutting and damming, beavers alter their ecosystem extensively. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process of simplification typically reduces an ecosystem to a small number of state variables and mathematical functions that describe the nature of the relationships between them. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Novel ecosystems are human-built, modified, or engineered niches of the Anthropocene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The total human ecosystem (or anthrome) describes the relationship of the industrial technosphere to the ecosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • A difficulty is that the historical composition of many human-altered ecosystems is unknown or unknowable. (wikipedia.org)
  • There can be highly resilient states of ecosystems which are very undesirable from some human perspectives , such as algal-dominated coral reefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a mistake to describe the free software community, or any human community, as an "ecosystem", because that word implies the absence of (1) intention and (2) ethics. (wikipedia.org)
  • implementation
  • The Ecosystem Review is a lightweight Country Review and implementation framework looking into core challenges of systemic approach. (itu.int)
  • The seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties agreed that the priority at this time should be on facilitating implementation of the ecosystem approach and welcomed additional guidelines to this effect ( decision VII/11 ). (cbd.int)
  • During the seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties, further iteration on the ecosystem approach would be seen as a priority, during the meeting the parties would agree new implementation and strategical development could be incorporated with the ecosystem approach into the CBD. (wikipedia.org)
  • sustainability
  • The perspective of this research is providing methods and tools to achieve a set of objectives of the ecosystem (e.g. sustainability, fairness, bounded information asymmetry, risk control and gracious failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • complexity
  • Due to the complexity of many communities and ecosystems, restoration projects are often difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of this complexity, ecosystem models typically simplify the systems they are studying to a limited number of components that are well understood, and deemed relevant to the problem that the model is intended to solve. (wikipedia.org)
  • varies
  • Ecological resilience is a "capacity" that varies depending upon which properties of the ecosystem are to be studied and depending upon what kinds of disturbances are considered and how they are to be quantified. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • While scientists and environmentalists have discussed ecosystem services implicitly for decades, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) in the early 2000s popularized the concept. (wikipedia.org)