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  • larvae
  • The disease (called Toxocariasis) caused by migrating T. canis larvae (toxocariasis) results in two syndromes: visceralis larva migrans and ocularis larva migrans. (wikipedia.org)
  • L2 larvae may also be ingested by a variety of animals like mice or rabbits, where they stay in a dormant stage inside the animals' tissue until the intermediate host has been eaten by a dog, where subsequent development is confined to the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Life-cycle is a complete metamorphosis with larvae that are non-parasitic, living in environments such as pools of water, soil, streams. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Also included will be study of a set of prototypical diseases that affect humans and animals. (iastate.edu)
  • Dogs with chronic sarcoptic mange are often in poor condition, and in both animals and humans, immune suppression from starvation or any other disease causes this type of mange to develop into a highly crusted form in which the burden of mites is far higher than in healthy specimens. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lifecycle of T. gondii can be broadly summarized into two components: a sexual component that occurs only within cats (felids, wild or domestic), and an asexual component that can occur within virtually all warm-blooded animals, including humans, cats, and birds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ingestion of oocysts by humans or other warm-blooded animals is one of the common routes of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various filarial diseases specific to humans are candidates for elimination by such means as breaking the cycle of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • zoonotic
  • Ahluwalia SS (1968) Studies on host parasite relationship and control of Schistosoma incognitum infection of domestic pig with observations on the zoonotic potentialities of the parasite. (springer.com)
  • Dairy Animals
  • Milk samples brought from 2611 dairy animals suspected to be suffering from mastitis were examined with California mastitis test (CMT) and culture sensitivity tests (CST). (edu.in)
  • viral
  • In contrast, immunodiagnosis has played a pivotal role in viral and bacterial diseases, owing to its ability to reflect immune status of the host and for undertaking vaccination program with available vaccines. (springer.com)
  • hosts
  • Found worldwide, T. gondii is capable of infecting virtually all warm-blooded animals, but felids such as domestic cats are the only known definitive hosts in which the parasite can undergo sexual reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • nonhuman
  • In nonhuman animals, Babesia canis rossi, Babesia bigemina, and Babesia bovis cause particularly severe forms of the disease, including a severe haemolytic anaemia, with positive erythrocyte-in-saline-agglutination test indicating an immune-mediated component to the haemolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathological
  • Pound's activities also included obtaining pathological specimens of various manifestations of diseases in stock and other domesticated animals, and items sent in by stock owners were added to the museum's collection. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammals
  • After trypanosomes, Babesia is thought to be the second-most common blood parasite of mammals, and they can have a major impact on health of domestic animals in areas without severe winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • birds
  • Heterakis gallinarum is a nematode parasite that lives in the cecum of some galliform birds, particularly in ground feeders such as domestic chickens and turkeys. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • The mite plays an important part in the disease, however, by preparing the ground for the invasion of the bacterium by dilating the follicles and sweat-glands, and possibly also carries and introduces the germ. (wikipedia.org)
  • eaten
  • When this animal is eaten by a predator, the parasite survives the digestion process and matures into an adult. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • Their eggs are found to live for years in soil making it difficult to eliminate H. gallinarum from a domestic flock. (wikipedia.org)
  • host
  • Heartworm infection may result in serious disease for the host, with death typically as the result of congestive heart failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heartworms go throughout several life stages before they become adults infecting the pulmonary artery of the host animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunodiagnosis is an indirect way of diagnosing the disease by detecting not the parasitic stages but footprints of the infection in the form of presence of antibodies or antigens either in the host or in its excretions. (springer.com)
  • spread
  • The Yeerongpilly site was more suitable than other sites considered as it was bounded on the north by the river, on the south by the railway line, leaving only narrow frontages on the east and west to adjoining land and public roads, thereby reducing the danger that disease could spread. (wikipedia.org)
  • A significant contribution to the northward spread of Bluetongue disease has been the ability of Culicoides obsoletus and C.pulicaris to acquire and transmit the pathogen, both of which are spread widely throughout Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conditions
  • Conditions that result from parasitism by Onchocercidae include some of the most troublesome diseases of the warmer regions, including river blindness and elephantiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • Some animals also develop foot lesions, beginning with coronitis, with consequent lameness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not all animals develop signs, but all those that do lose condition rapidly, and the sickest die within a week. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • however, adults often reside in the pulmonary arterial system (lung arteries), as well as the heart, and a major effect on the health for the animal is a manifestation of damage to the lung vessels and tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it often carries a protozoan parasite Histomonas meleagridis which causes of histomoniasis (blackhead disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • plants
  • Sulfurated lime (a mixture of calcium polysulfides) rinses applied weekly or biweekly are effective (the concentrated form for use on plants as a fungicide must be diluted 1:16 or 1:32 for use on animal skin). (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • Image credit: Wikimedia, Fir0002 Over the past 30 years, scientists have come to realize that chimps are by no means the only animals that alter their diet and behavior to treat their own maladies. (the-scientist.com)
  • ruminants
  • This invention relates to novel compositions of macrolide avermectin and milbemycin endecticides with an immunising agent and in particular it relates to a stable injectable composition for use with warm-blooded animals, in particular ruminants. (google.com)
  • small
  • A highly significant decrease in the number of small animals, mainly hares and partridges - which also constituted natural food for foxes - has resulted in the fact that the fox has become a threat for young roes and fallows, which could be confirmed by our own observations as well as hunters' reports published in hunting periodicals. (media.pl)
  • He discovered that the muscardine disease of silkworms was caused by a living, very small, parasitic organism, a fungus that would be named eventually Beauveria bassiana in his honor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Against this hypothesis stands the fact that when the brown rat had become common in this country, it was unknown in Norway, although there was a small animal like a rat, but really a lemming, which made its home there. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • This reduction of genetic information has committed M. haemofelis to a parasitic lifestyle in which it is entirely dependent upon host cells for the amino acids, fatty acids, and vitamins it has lost the ability to synthesize. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a genetic difference between domestic and wild populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The archaeological and genetic data suggest that long-term bidirectional gene flow between wild and domestic stocks - including donkeys, horses, New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. (wikipedia.org)
  • initially
  • Self-medication in primates and other mammals is most likely a learned behavior, initially picked up as the animals watch their mothers, then reinforced as they notice the beneficial effects of the various medicinal plants. (the-scientist.com)
  • human
  • Human interference into natural environment through changes of cultivation structure, fertilisation, use of pesticides, contamination, urbanisation and fast development of motorization have a negative influence on the population and health of wild animals. (media.pl)
  • His 1684 book Osservazioni intorno agli animali viventi che si trovano negli animali viventi (Observations on Living Animals, that are in Living Animals) described and illustrated over 100 parasites including the human roundworm. (wikipedia.org)
  • They have a prominent economic impact in sub-Saharan Africa as the biological vectors of trypanosomes, which cause human sleeping sickness and animal trypanosomiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native East Asian raccoon dog populations have declined in recent years due to hunting, fur trade, urbanization, the increase of animals associated with human civilization (such as pets and abandoned animals) and diseases that may be transmitted between them. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Huffman's later work identified several compounds in bitter leaf and other medicinal plants used by the chimps with activity against parasitic nematode infections. (the-scientist.com)
  • 7. A composition as claimed in claim 4 wherein the carrier is an oil or mixture of oils suitable for injection into animals and is chosen from the group comprising sesame oil, saponine oil, soya bean oil, corn oil, paraffin oils, purified derivatives of vegetable oils and mineral adjuvant oils and mixtures thereof, and wherein the carrier extends the activity of the parasitic agent. (google.com)
  • diets
  • Many animals have gone so far as to alter their diets and behavior in ways that protect them from nature's microscopic threats-parasites. (the-scientist.com)
  • When animals eat the typical restricted diets served in most zoo facilities, "one of the problems we start finding is that animals become sick and have a lot of digestive problems," he noted. (the-scientist.com)
  • includes
  • A stable injectable composition includes a non-aqueous parasitic agent in a therapeutically effect amount, chosen from the group of avermectin, ivermectin, doramectin, abamectin, milbemycin and moxidecting, and an antigen in combination with a liquid carrier that also acts as an adjuvant for use with. (google.com)
  • study
  • The study of parasites that cause economic losses in agriculture or aquaculture operations, or which infect companion animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • wild
  • There is also such a difference between the domestication traits that researchers believe to have been essential at the early stages of domestication, and the improvement traits that have appeared since the split between wild and domestic populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • World
  • Agriculture developed in at least 11 different centres around the world, domesticating different crops and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • significant
  • The year 2012 involved many significant scientific events and discoveries, including the first orbital rendezvous by a commercial spacecraft, the discovery of a particle highly similar to the long-sought Higgs boson, and the near-eradication of guinea worm disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • I looked at the lab, astonished to hear the conclusions, because nothing else appeared in line with Hep C. There is a natural variant called Gilbert's Disease where a person walks around with elevated bili. (typepad.com)
  • economic
  • The maggots hatch and burrow into the flesh, distressing the animal and causing economic loss to the farmer Otodectes cynotis, the cat ear mite, responsible for Canker. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • The plant didn't provide nutrients to the chimpanzee, and is rarely used by healthy chimps, but sick animals are commonly observed ingesting the plant, and their symptoms usually resolve soon after. (the-scientist.com)
  • Domestication traits are generally fixed within all domesticates, and were selected during the initial episode of domestication of that animal or plant, whereas improvement traits are present only in a proportion of domesticates, though they may be fixed in individual breeds or regional populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • improvement
  • In the breeding activities concerning warrantable animals one should aim at the improvement of living conditions also through improving the feeding base and biological shield. (media.pl)