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  • limb
  • Polytrauma patients showed a significantly slower limb rehabilitation, a longer hospitalisation and a worse clinical result than patients with isolated fractures. (kuleuven.be)
  • Most comminuted fractures are considered a severe orthopedic injury, which, unless treated, may lead to loss of limb function and could lead to spread of infection and even death. (petplace.com)
  • and any malunion or deformities like limb length discrepancy were collected after the surgery in every session. (ac.ir)
  • Thus, PTI remains a clinical challenge, specifically in cases of limb lengthening or deformity correction. (springer.com)
  • The diabetic population is more susceptible to the risks of fracture and potential healing complications and infection that may lead to limb amputation. (wikipedia.org)
  • tibial fractures
  • For tibial fractures union is generally achieved between 3 and 6 months though to union can be a rather subjective, and the dynamistion process combined with irregular appointment may interfere with these measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • stress fractures
  • The risk of muscular stress fractures can be reduced through stretching and weight-bearing exercise, such as strength training. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2012 study conducted by Salzler showed that the increasing trend toward minimalist footwear or running barefoot can lead to a variety of stress fractures including that of the calcaneus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Correction
  • The Experience of Progressive Spine Deformities Correction of Different Genesis in Growing Children. (eoa.org.eg)
  • When it comes to deformity correction, one frequently needs to lateralize the talus back up on top of the calcaneus in a scissors fashion to correct medial collapse of the hindfoot. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • Anthropometric cosmetology (Anthropometry from Greek Ανθρωπος, "man") is the medical practice science of correction and modification of deformities in the upper and lower extremities of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • The posterior malleolar fragment (PMF) of an ankle fracture can have various shapes depending on the injury mechanism. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition, the subtalar joint fusion may be beneficial in the treatment of talocalcaneal coalitions, adult acquired flatfoot, posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, Charcot neuroarthropathy, and hindfoot varus or valgus deformity. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • Bilateral body or parasymphysis fractures are sometimes termed "flail mandible", and can cause involuntary posterior movement of the tongue with subsequent obstruction of the upper airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sanders classification groups these fractures into four types based on the location of the fracture at the posterior articular surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • We retrospectively analyzed CT data of 107 patients (107 ankles) who underwent surgery for trimalleolar fracture from January 2012 to December 2014. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The mean visual analogue scale satisfaction score of the surgeons and patients were 7.62 and 8, respectively, with no significant differences between fracture types. (e-ceo.org)
  • Regardless of fracture type, patients' personal desire for an aesthetic improvement was our major guideline to choose which patient does or does not receive rhinoplasty. (e-ceo.org)
  • Single Event Multilevel Acute Pancorrection of Complex Equinocavovarus Deformity in Skeletally Mature Patients with Spastic Cerebral Palsy Hemiparesis. (eoa.org.eg)
  • Mechanism of injury included both road traffic accident and fall in which 14 patients (58.3%) sustained the fracture due to RTA and 10 patients (41.7%) sustained injury due to fall affecting both sides equally. (imedpub.com)
  • All patients should follow-up with an ophthalmologist within 1 week of the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • traumatic
  • The subtalar joint (STJ) arthrodesis is a well-documented procedure in elective reconstructive hindfoot surgery, for pain relief in cases of subtalar joint arthrosis and occasionally in the treatment of highly comminuted traumatic fractures. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • An orbital blowout fracture is a traumatic deformity of the orbital floor or medial wall, typically resulting from impact of a blunt object larger than the orbital aperture, or eye socket. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • The neurovascular bundle of the arm may be affected in severe cases, which will cause loss of nerve function and diminished blood supply beneath the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Open
  • This is particularly relevant for open fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of a unilateral condylar fracture the back teeth on the side of the fracture will meet and the open bite will get progressively greater towards the other side of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results in gagging of the teeth on the fractured side (the teeth meet too soon on the fractured side, and not on the non fractured side, i.e. "open bite" that becomes progressively worse to the unaffected side). (wikipedia.org)
  • computed tomography
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the PMF according to the ankle fracture pattern described in the Lauge-Hansen classification by using computed tomography (CT) images. (biomedcentral.com)
  • and type III, comminuted fracture) based on computed tomography images and preoperative facial images. (e-ceo.org)
  • Symptoms
  • Symptoms of fracture are pain, swelling, and discoloration of the skin at the site of the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other symptoms may include loose teeth (teeth on either side of the fracture will feel loose because the fracture is mobile), numbness (because the inferior alveolar nerve runs along the jaw and can be compressed by a fracture) and trismus (difficulty opening the mouth). (wikipedia.org)
  • ankle
  • In a few studies that examined PMFs using CT, the authors concluded that PMFs resulted from ankle and pilon fractures. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To date, two classification systems [ 14 , 17 ] of assessing PMF morphology of ankle fractures have been addressed through CT-based studies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite the fact that these two classification systems [ 14 , 17 ] were able to describe the pathoanatomy or morphology of the PMF in ankle fracture, neither classification described the morphological characteristics of the PMF according to the ankle fracture pattern or injury mechanism. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Zygomaticomaxillary
  • The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar fracture, and formerly referred to as a tripod fracture or trimalar fracture, has four components: the lateral orbital wall (at either the zygomaticofrontal suture superiorly along the wall or zygomaticosphenoid suture inferiorly), separation of the maxilla and zygoma along the anterior maxilla (near the zygomaticomaxillary suture), the zygomatic arch, and the orbital floor near the infraorbital canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Complex
  • On the other hand, the Lauge-Hansen classification system is complex and cumbersome due to the need to understand the different stages of pathological damage in addition to the fracture pattern depending on the injury mechanism. (biomedcentral.com)
  • orthopaedic
  • It is one of the major challenges to an orthopaedic surgeon to treat this fracture with aim of achieving union and good range of motion at the knee. (imedpub.com)
  • reduction
  • Yellow indicates instruments used with 1.2mm screws and XS Plates Red indicates instruments used with 1.7mm screws and S Plates Green indicates instruments used with 2.3mm screws and M and L Plates Comprehensive Reduction Instruments Designed by Hand surgeons, these tools facilitate fracture reduction and soft tissue management. (docplayer.net)
  • Rates and Risk Factors of Conversion Hip Arthroplasty After Closed Reduction Percutaneous Hip Pinning for Femoral Neck Fractures-A Population Analysis. (amedeo.com)
  • Lambotte was the first to use threaded pins, however, his device necessitated initial, open fracture reduction and then pin insertion and fixator placement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Open reduction refers to open surgery to set bones, as is necessary for some fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • fixator
  • Once the fixator is attached to the bone, the deformity is characterised by studying the postoperative x-rays, or CT scans. (wikipedia.org)
  • External fixator pins or wires (as above) are placed each side of the 'man made fracture' and the external metal apparatus is used to very gradually push the two sides of the bone apart millimetre by millimetre day by day and week by week. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is known that bearing weight through fracture by walking on it, for example, with the added support of the external fixator frame actually helps fractures to heal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lateral
  • The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar fracture, and formerly referred to as a tripod fracture or trimalar fracture, has four components: the lateral orbital wall (at either the zygomaticofrontal suture superiorly along the wall or zygomaticosphenoid suture inferiorly), separation of the maxilla and zygoma along the anterior maxilla (near the zygomaticomaxillary suture), the zygomatic arch, and the orbital floor near the infraorbital canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • wrist
  • This is a truly comprehensive plating system which offers you the locking and non-locking options necessary to treat a full range of hand and wrist fractures which present daily. (docplayer.net)
  • The etiology of the fracture usually is a dorsiflexion injury of the wrist. (hand-surgery.gr)
  • The volar forearm splint is best for temporary immobilization of forearm, wrist and hand fractures, including Colles fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the fracture affects the blood supply, then the patient will have a diminished pulse at the wrist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Incidence
  • Incidence, Risk Factors, and Clinical Implications of Pneumonia After Surgery for Geriatric Hip Fracture. (amedeo.com)
  • Comparable Cumulative Incidence of Late Periprosthetic Femoral Fracture and Aseptic Stem Loosening in Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty-A Concise Follow-Up Report at a Minimum of 20 Years. (amedeo.com)
  • The incidence of scaphoid fractures is about 70% of carpal bones and 2% of all bones. (hand-surgery.gr)
  • Concomitant NOE fractures predict a higher incidence of post operative deformity. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • The neurovascular bundle of the arm may be affected in severe cases, which will cause loss of nerve function and diminished blood supply beneath the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a severe distal fracture is supected, then a computed tomography (CT) scan can provide greater detail of the fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • injuries
  • Clavicle fractures are common injuries, accounting for 8-15% of all fractures in children and adults. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • Common leg injuries include sprains and strains, joint dislocations, and fractures. (icdlist.com)
  • Orbital floor fractures were investigated and described by MacKenzie in Paris in 1844 and the term blow out fracture was coined in 1957 by Smith & Regan, who were investigating injuries to the orbit and resultant inferior rectus entrapment, by placing a hurling ball on cadaverous orbits and striking it with a mallet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Post-traumatic cases are most likely to develop following surgery for a forearm fracture, this is more common with high-energy injuries where the bones are broken into many pieces (comminuted). (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgery
  • Sepsis Within 30 Days of Geriatric Hip Fracture Surgery. (amedeo.com)
  • Surgery is indicated if there is enophthalmos greater than 2 mm on imaging, Double vision on primary or inferior gaze, entrapment of extraocular muscles, or the fracture involves greater than 50% of the orbital floor. (wikipedia.org)
  • For simpler fractures where no deformity is present the struts may still be adjusted post-surgery to achieve better bone alignment, but the correction takes less time. (wikipedia.org)
  • collarbone
  • In truth, the collarbone is the bone most often broken (fractured) in youth. (iytmed.org)
  • To help control the pain and swelling connected with a collarbone fracture, apply wrapped ice bag to the afflicted area for the first 2-3 days after the injury. (iytmed.org)
  • Following a collarbone fracture, it's important to keep the arm immobilized using a sling or wrap. (iytmed.org)
  • posterior
  • The formerly used 'tripod fracture' refers to these buttresses, but did not also incorporate the posterior relationship of the zygoma to the sphenoid bone at the zygomaticosphenoid suture. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sanders classification groups these fractures into four types based on the location of the fracture at the posterior articular surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bilateral body or parasymphysis fractures are sometimes termed "flail mandible", and can cause involuntary posterior movement of the tongue with subsequent obstruction of the upper airway. (wikipedia.org)
  • open
  • In children with open epiphyses, an equivalent fracture is the "epiphyseal slip", as can be seen in other joints, such as a slipped capital femoral epiphysis in the hip. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is particularly relevant for open fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Open fractures take longer to heal, and infection will delay union. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of a unilateral condylar fracture the back teeth on the side of the fracture will meet and the open bite will get progressively greater towards the other side of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results in gagging of the teeth on the fractured side (the teeth meet too soon on the fractured side, and not on the non fractured side, i.e. "open bite" that becomes progressively worse to the unaffected side). (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • There is an association of ZMC fractures with naso-orbito-ethmoidal fractures (NOE) on the same side as the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • A CT scan is currently the imaging study of choice for evaluating calcaneal injury and has substituted conventional radiography in the classification of calcaneal fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hematoma may spread downwards and backwards behind the ear, which may be confused with Battle's sign (a sign of a base of skull fracture), although this is an uncommon finding so if present, intra-cranial injury must be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
  • medial
  • Are often a fracture through the medial clavicle physis (e.g. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • The force of a blow to the orbit is dissipated by a fracture of the surrounding bone, usually the orbital floor and/or the medial orbital wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • In blowout fractures, the medial wall is fractured indirectly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The consequent sudden rise in intraorbital pressure is transmitted to the walls of the orbit, which ultimately leads to fractures of the thin medial wall and/or orbital floor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Theoretically, this mechanism should lead to more fractures of the medial wall than the floor, since the medial wall is slightly thinner (0.25 mm vs 0.50 mm). (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • It is also common practice to administer prophylactic antibiotics when the fracture enters a sinus, although this practice is largely anecdotal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthropometric cosmetology (Anthropometry from Greek Ανθρωπος, "man") is the medical practice science of correction and modification of deformities in the upper and lower extremities of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes
  • This causes force that was previously transmitted around the fracture site and through the struts to be transmitted through the bone. (wikipedia.org)