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  • subcutaneous
  • After the war, Patey and Scarf hypothesized the origin of pilonidal disease was acquired by penetration of hair into the subcutaneous tissue with consequent granulomatous reaction, basing this theory on the high incidence of recurrence, as well as occurrence of disease in other areas of the body, such as the hands of a barber or sheep shearer. (medscape.com)
  • Debris may collect in this pit, followed by development of a sinus with a short tract, with a not clearly understood suction mechanism involving local anatomy, eventually leading to further penetration of the hair into the subcutaneous tissue. (medscape.com)
  • organ
  • Striated bodies were found below the cuticular plate when the organ of Corti was sectioned in a radial plane parallel with the long axis of the hair cells. (cdc.gov)
  • Mice homozygous for a knock-in mutation fisplay syndromic deafness with rapid progressive degeneration of the hair cells, increased body and organ weights and abnormal tricellular tight junctions. (jax.org)
  • basal
  • In the small intestines, these LGR5+ve crypt base columnar cells (CBC cells) have broad basal surfaces and very little cytoplasm and organelles and are located interspersed among the terminally differentiated Paneth cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • vesicles
  • Bipolar cells of the retina are one type of ribbon-containing neuron and extensive research has demonstrated kinetically distinct pools of vesicles that are released and replenished in a calcium-dependent manner. (physiology.org)
  • In this study, we look at the properties of the fastest pool of releasable vesicles in these cells, often referred to as the immediately releasable pool (IRP), to investigate the relationships between vesicle release and calcium channels in these terminals. (physiology.org)
  • Its internal body is almost fully filled with glycogen particles and vesicles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The influx of calcium then triggers the cell to release vesicles containing excitatory neurotransmitters into a synapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • birds
  • I played the call again, the male grew bored, and I was about to put the phone away when suddenly the female - the larger of the two owls, as female birds of prey often are - pitched her body forward on her perch, lifted up her heavy, magnificent wings and belted out a full-throated retort to my recorded call. (nytimes.com)
  • So, "a person or animal with very pale skin, white hair or fur, and pink eyes caused by a medical condition that they were born with" and "a person or animal with white skin and hair and pink eyes" do not include feathers, scales or cuticles of birds, fish and invertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • primary walls predominate in young, dividing, and growing cells, whereas secondary walls are characteristic of the thickened walls of woody tissues. (plantphysiol.org)
  • A small but growing number of monoclonal antibodies against plant cell wall polysaccharides and glycoproteins have been used to determine the localizations of these macromolecules within plant cells and tissues ( Knox, 1997 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • LGR5 is expressed across a diverse range of tissue such as in the muscle, placenta, spinal cord and brain and particularly as a biomarker of adult stem cells in certain tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • yeast
  • Includes glycolysis, reduction of pyruvate to ethanol (yeast) or lactic acid (human muscle cells), and oxidation of NADH back to NAD+. (brainscape.com)
  • Trichosporon species are distinguished microscopically by having yeast cells that germinate to produce hyaline hyphae that disarticulate at the septa, the hyphal compartments acting as arthroconidia (asexual propagules). (wikipedia.org)
  • Soft, pale nodules containing yeast cells and arthroconidia form on hairs of the scalp and body. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurons
  • In contrast to murine hair cells and salamander photoreceptors, our results provide evidence for the summation of calcium entering through many channels at each release site in goldfish bipolar neurons. (physiology.org)
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • The striated body is at times separated from the cuticular plate and may be surrounded on both top and bottom surfaces by cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticulum. (cdc.gov)
  • proteins
  • Zinc is needed for the proper structure of skin proteins and cell membranes. (wellbeing.com.au)
  • The process by which the body reads the code in RNA to make proteins. (jhu.edu)
  • Shaping cells is thought to involve cortical cytoskeletal components and Bin-Amphiphysin-Rvs167 (BAR) superfamily proteins. (biologists.org)
  • For cells to function properly it is important for components-proteins and other molecules- to be in the right place at the right time. (wikipedia.org)
  • progression
  • A type of treatment that specifically targets a single molecule or pathway involved in cancer cell growth and progression. (jhu.edu)
  • Strict monitoring of blood cell counts, liver function, serum electrolytes, serum creatinine, heart function and fluid retention is required to track the progression of tumour cells, response, adverse reactions and toxicity so that treatment can be modified or terminated if necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • collagen
  • Collagen comes in the form of pills, injections or liquid promising to compensate the age related reduction by replenishing the level of collagen in the body, promising to slow down the aging process. (pattayadailynews.com)
  • Vitamin E plays an integral role in the skin's antioxidant defences and provides protection against UV radiation, pollution and free radicals that damage skin cells, which cause the breakdown of collagen, resulting in wrinkles and premature ageing. (wellbeing.com.au)
  • synthesis
  • Thus, it is important to gain a better understanding of the structure and function of the macromolecular components of plant cell walls, how their synthesis is coordinated and regulated, and how these components interact to form a functional wall. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Among the melanin pigmenting the skin and hair, 2 types can be distinguished based on its chemical composition and biological route of synthesis: the black/brown eumelanin and the red/yellow pheomelanin. (wikipedia.org)
  • proliferation
  • Proliferation of Trichosporon yeasts in the hair can lead to an unpleasant but non-serious condition known as white piedra. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • In all cases for the over 70 inner hair cells sectioned, when serial sections were examined, striated bodies were found to be located in every inner hair cell. (cdc.gov)
  • their cell bodies are found in the spiral ganglion (perilymph). (brainscape.com)
  • The monoclonal antibody, CCRC-M1, which recognizes a fucose (Fuc)-containing epitope found principally in the cell wall polysaccharide xyloglucan, was used to determine the distribution of this epitope throughout the mur1 mutant of Arabidopsis. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Kinocilia are found on the apical surface of hair cells and are involved in both the morphogenesis of the hair bundle and mechanotransduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before morphogenesis of the hair bundle, the kinocilium is found in the center of the apical surface of the hair cell surrounded by 20-300 microvilli. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as inhibiting mitosis, the presence of docetaxel has been found to lead to the phosphorylation of the oncoprotein bcl-2, which leads to apoptosis of cancer cells that had previously blocked the apoptotic inducing mechanism, leading to tumour regression. (wikipedia.org)
  • These cells are found in a wide range of animals including amphibians, fish, reptiles, crustaceans and cephalopods. (wikipedia.org)
  • The high turnover rate of the intestinal lining is due to a dedicated population of stem cells found at the base of the intestinal crypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Species are widespread and have been isolated from a wide range of substrates, including human hair (Trichosporon ovoides), soil (T. guehoae), cabbages (T. brassicae), cheese (T. caseorum), scarab beetles (T. scarabaeorum), parrot droppings (T. coremiiforme), and sea water (T. dermatis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Their retinas generally have both rod cells and cone cells (for scotopic and photopic vision), and most species have colour vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinct
  • During development, general body plan information must be translated into distinct morphologies of individual cells. (biologists.org)
  • During development of multicellular organisms, general body plan information, i.e. definition of body axes and pattern formation, has to be translated into distinct morphologies of individual cells. (biologists.org)
  • Adult Schistosoma haematobium is monoecious (male and female sex organs in one body), but with distinct male and female bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • nails
  • On such occasions, when he awakened, his straw was changed and his hair and nails were cut. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Most cancers of the breast arise from the cells which form the lobules and terminal ducts . (jhu.edu)
  • Its leaf-like flat body is curled up from both sides to form a channel or groove called gynaecophoric canal in which the female is wrapped up. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells can also grow and divide to form a cluster of cells which may become a sorus that produces biflagellated zoospores. (wikipedia.org)
  • arise
  • Afferent nerve fibers are excited or inhibited depending on whether the hair cells they arise from are deflected in the preferred or opposite direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • The posterior two-thirds of the body contain the vittelogenic glands and their winding canal, which unites with the oviduct a little before it reaches the ootype. (wikipedia.org)
  • Growth
  • Growth of the mutant on Fuc-containing media restores wild-type labeling, where all cell walls are labeled by the CCRC-M1 antibody. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Walls give shape and structure to plant cells and, ultimately, organs, while at the same time maintaining strength, flexibility, and plasticity to accommodate growth and respond to biotic and abiotic changes in the plant's environment. (plantphysiol.org)
  • nucleus
  • Irregular shaped area inside a prokaryotic cell formed from the genetic material (DNA, RNA and protein complex) and serves as a nucleus. (brainscape.com)
  • Genes inside the nucleus of a cell are strung together in such a way that the sequence carries information: that information determines how living organisms inherit various features (phenotypic traits). (wikipedia.org)
  • hormone therapy
  • In part this can be attributed to anemia, and to so degree mitigated by iron supplements, blood transfusions, and hormone therapy designed to boost blood cell production. (opposingviews.com)
  • sensors
  • Density of tactile sensors varies across the body, but tends to be particularly concentrated in organs of touch, such as an octopus 's tentacles, a pig 's snout, or the fingertips of a human hand. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • prostate
  • After a discussion with your doctor, a blood test can be used to measure prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein produced by prostate cells. (webmd.com)
  • This includes breast cancer, head and neck cancer, stomach cancer, prostate cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • In a zygote, a nucleic acid double helix divides, with each single helix occupying one of the daughter cells, resulting in half the normal number of genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In normal cell division (mitosis) is possible when the double helix separates, and a complement of each separated half is made, resulting in two identical double helices in one cell, with each occupying one of the two new daughter cells created when the cell divides. (wikipedia.org)
  • It works by disrupting the normal function of microtubules and thereby stopping cell division. (wikipedia.org)