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  • populations
  • this test shows a superposition of a set of populations on the African-East Asian axis, so populations occupy different positions depending on whether they have African or East Asian admixture. (blogspot.com)
  • It is quite clear that North European populations are shifted towards East Asians, with the exception of the Turkish_D sample which is also so shifted, due to its Central Asian Turkic admixture. (blogspot.com)
  • I have calculated the correlation coefficient between the f4 statistics for this set of West_Eurasian populations and the sum of the Siberian+East Asian components of my K7b calculator on the same set of populations. (blogspot.com)
  • The southern Caucasoid populations from Armenia to Iberia appear roughly perpendicular to the north European cline, suggesting that they do not significantly partake in the same phenomenon as the northern groups. (blogspot.com)
  • By analogy, the term metapopulation is used in forensic genetics to describe a set of geographically dispersed populations with shared ancestry and continuing geneflow. (wikipedia.org)
  • In countries like USA, Brazil, UK or China which are characterized by strong population substructure national reference databases are often built on basis of a historical concept of ethnic affiliation, e.g. the US population is sub-structured in a Caucasian, African, Hispanic, Asian and Native American populations or UK differentiates English, Afro-Caribbean, Indo-Pakistani and Chinese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long and Kittles' objection is also methodological: according to them the FST is based on a faulty underlying assumptions that all populations contain equally genetic diverse members and that continental groups diverged at the same time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sarich and Miele have also argued that estimates of genetic difference between individuals of different populations understate differences between groups because they fail to take into account human diploidy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term refers to a panethnic group that includes diverse populations, which have ancestral origins in East Asia, Southeast Asia, or South Asia, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. (wikipedia.org)
  • We found several new, so far undescribed mtDNA lineages in this dataset and surrounding populations.The Laos population was characteristic in terms of haplotype composition and genetic structure, however, genetic comparisons with other Southeast Asian populations revealed limited, but significant genetic differentiation.They encourage setting up regional and subpopulation databases, especially for forensic applications. (nih.gov)
  • The Laos population was characteristic in terms of haplotype composition and genetic structure, however, genetic comparisons with other Southeast Asian populations revealed limited, but significant genetic differentiation. (nih.gov)
  • state: "Historical contacts-for example, under Alexander the Great or during the ancient Minoan civilization-may provide an explanation for the common ancestry of disease mutations in these ethnically diverse populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In The History and Geography of Human Genes (Princeton, 1994), Cavalli-Sforza, Menozzi and Piazza grouped Greeks with other European and Mediterranean populations based on 120 loci (view MDS plot). (wikipedia.org)
  • B, West_Asian) where B is any one of the remaining 23 populations. (blogspot.com)
  • IE2, West_Asian) statistics to be either negative or not, depending on different levels of West_Asian-related admixture in different IE populations associated with either the Indo-Europeans or other, later, population movements emanating from West Asia. (blogspot.com)
  • 42 of 44 Z-scores are negative and significant, suggesting that most IE-speaking West European populations are West Asian-admixed relative to non-IE Basques. (blogspot.com)
  • This shows evidence in differences in West_Asian admixture in some but not other IE populations. (blogspot.com)
  • citation needed] Although Haplogroup O-M122 appears to be primarily associated with Chinese people, it also forms a significant component of the Y-chromosome diversity of most modern populations of the East Asian region. (wikipedia.org)
  • This indicates that native East Asian populations converted to Islam and were culturally assimilated to these ethnicities and that Chinese Muslim populations are mostly not descendants of foreigners as claimed by some accounts while only a small minority of them are. (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years there has been a remarkable amount of evidence from various disciplines supporting a common ancestry for the Austronesian and Tai-speaking populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequently, Y-DNA that belongs to Haplogroup D-M15 has been found frequently among Tibeto-Burman-speaking populations of Southwestern China (including approximately 23% of Qiang, approximately 12.5% of Tibetans, and approximately 9% of Yi) and among Yao people inhabiting northeastern Guangxi (6/31 = 19.4% Lowland Yao, 5/41 = 12.2% Native Mien, 3/41 = 7.3% Lowland Kimmun) with a moderate distribution throughout Central Asia, East Asia, and continental Southeast Asia (Indochina). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2017, the Cat Specialist Group revised felid taxonomy and now recognizes the tiger populations in continental Asia as P. t. tigris. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autosomal analysis of these remains suggest that some were closely related to modern Southwest Asian populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Europeans
  • east/central Asian admixture has affected northern Europeans to a greater extent than Sardinians (in our separate manuscript in submission, we show that this is a result of the different amounts of central/east Asian-related gene flow into these groups). (blogspot.com)
  • That paper ignored the Eastern ancestry in North Europeans, and used the CEU (a population of mainly North European origin) instead of Sardinians, hence generating inflated estimates of African ancestry in Southern Europeans. (blogspot.com)
  • This study challenges the theory that certain groups of Europeans were lactose tolerant and that this inborn ability led the community to pursue dairy farming. (blogspot.com)
  • They found that though these individuals could be classified very accurately to continental clusters, there was a significant degree of genetic overlap on the individual level, to the extent that, using 377 loci, individual Europeans were about 38% of the time more genetically similar to East Asians than to other Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • As is the usual case in these analyses the largest dimension separates Africans from everyone else, and the second largest dimension separates Asians from Europeans and Africans. (discovermagazine.com)
  • The groups with the most Amerasian-like admixture possess Y-haplogroup N , a clear trace of eastern ancestry that is not shared by most Europeans. (blogspot.com)
  • If Mesolithic Europeans were themselves Asian-shifted , then this would account for the presence of the element, but not necessarily for its clinal manifestation. (blogspot.com)
  • Previous ADMIXTURE experiments have shown that the Basques differ from the Indo-European speaking Europeans primarily due to a lack of a "West Asian" genetic component most strongly represented on the highlands of West Asia, from Anatolia and the Caucasus through Iran to Baluchistan. (blogspot.com)
  • The majority of Tibeto-Burmans, Han Chinese, and Ningxia and Liaoning Hui share paternal Y chromosomes of East Asian origin which are unrelated to Middle Easterners and Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to distant Middle Eastern and Europeans whom the Muslims of China are not related to, East Asians, Han Chinese, and most of the Hui and Dongxiang of Linxia share more genes with each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • defines
  • The YHRD defines six continental Metapopulations following the United Nations classification of geographical regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, Oceania. (wikipedia.org)
  • Changing patterns of immigration and an extensive period of exclusion of Asian immigrants have resulted in demographic changes that have in turn affected the formal and common understandings of what defines Asian American. (wikipedia.org)
  • immigrants
  • Statistics Sweden uses the term 'Asian' to refer to immigrants of Asian background from all Asian countries, including the Middle East. (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. Immigration Policy was first restricted toward Chinese with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907 in which Japan voluntarily barred emigration to the United States and the Immigration Act of 1917 or the Asiatic Barred Zone which barred immigrants from all of the Middle East, the Steppes and the Orient, excluding the Philippines which was then a US Colony. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • Despite there being a strong presence of East Asians in the United Kingdom there are considerably more South Asians, for example the 2001 Census recorded 1.05 million people of Indian origin and 247,000 of Chinese origin in the UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • continent
  • The degree of human genetic variation is a little different depending upon the gene type studied, but in general it is common to claim that ~85% of genetic variation is found within groups, ~6-10% between groups within the same continent and ~6-10% is found between continental groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • Asian people or Asiatic people are people who descend from a portion of Asia's population. (wikipedia.org)
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the population groups are more similar within the metapopulation than to groups outside the metapopulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, since the removal of restrictive "national origins" quotas in 1965, the Asian-American population has diversified greatly to include more of the peoples with ancestry from various parts of Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to describe the mtDNA setup of Laos more thoroughly, the data were subjected to population genetic comparisons with 16 East Asian groups. (nih.gov)
  • better source needed] As the Japanese-American population continued to grow, European Americans on the West Coast resisted the new group, fearing competition and exaggerating the idea of hordes of Asians keen to take over white-owned farmland and businesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • No sub-Saharan African genes were observed in this population, therefore, non-Caucasoid maternal ancestry in Greece is very low, as elsewhere in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the caveat about drift in mind, there does not seem to be any evidence that Basques are more West Asian-admixed than any other population. (blogspot.com)
  • As mentioned above, this may reflect either the diminution of Indo-European-related West Asian ancestry across Europe, or it may be due to post-IE population movements. (blogspot.com)
  • common
  • Today, "Asian American" is the accepted term for most formal purposes, such as government and academic research, although it is often shortened to Asian in common usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, several discoveries made since the Hammer articles are thought to make an Asian origin less likely: Underhill and Kivisild (2007) demonstrated that C and F have a common ancestor meaning that DE has only one sibling which is non-African. (wikipedia.org)
  • peoples
  • West Asian peoples. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Nonetheless, this proposal has remained controversial, since some scholars still group the Tai peoples either separately by themselves or together with the Sino-Tibetan peoples. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • According to ancestry estimates my friend is 50 percent Asian and 50 percent European. (discovermagazine.com)
  • A two-layer hypothesis with one layer being Austro-Melanesian and the other being 'modern East Asian' potentially impacts questions like what it means to date a West Eurasian-East Eurasian divergence which is often estimates based upon a simplified single schism model. (blogspot.com)
  • Census Bureau
  • Despite these factors, a 2014 report from the Census Bureau reported that 12% of Asian Americans were living below the poverty line, while only 10.1% of non-Hispanic White Americans live below the poverty line. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2014, data released by the United States Census Bureau revealed that five Asian American ethnic groups are in the top 10 lowest earning ethnicities in terms of per capita income in all of the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The most commonly used definition of Asian American is the US Census Bureau definition, which includes all people with origins in the Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and in parts of the Caribbean, the term "Asian" is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistics Norway uses the term 'Asian' pan-continentally and considers people of Asian background to be people from all Asian countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • This authority was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the West Coast, including all of California and parts of Oregon, Washington, and Arizona, except for those in government camps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Y DNA seems to define people groups. (blogspot.com)
  • laborers
  • This economic competition increased after the completion of the trans-continental Union-Central Pacific Railroad in 1869, which had employed around 10,000 Chinese laborers. (nps.gov)
  • In this, the Japanese government agreed to limit emigration to the continental United States to laborers who had already been to the United States before and to the parents, wives, and children of laborers already there. (nps.gov)
  • Pulled rickshaws created a popular form of transportation, and a source of employment for male laborers, within Asian cities in the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • origins
  • After immigration laws were reformed during the 1940s-60s, abolishing national origins quotas, Asian immigration increased rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chinese
  • Anti-Asian prejudices, especially in California, began as anti-Chinese feelings. (nps.gov)
  • Chinese labor was cheap labor, and this economic grievance became an ideology of Asian inferiority similar to existing American racial prejudices. (nps.gov)
  • Asia
  • Vast migrations and subsequent assimilation processes have shaped the genetic composition of Southeast Asia, an area of close contact between several major ethnic groups. (nih.gov)
  • Most of them are descendants of the major founding groups who migrated from Asia into the Americas by crossing the Bering Strait. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • this is much higher than the percentile of non-Hispanic Whites, proving that Asian Americans suffer from a tremendous wealth gap when compared among each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are major disparities that exist among Asian Americans when specific ethnic groups are examined. (wikipedia.org)
  • origin
  • Although once you factor country of origin and the data of each specific sub group of Asian you'll find many of these sub groups have average median incomes lower than both the U.S. average and non-Hispanic Whites. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • This might be explained by the fact that these four samples do not represent ethnic entities, but are a similar combination of several groups. (nih.gov)
  • Japanese
  • No person of Japanese ancestry living in the United States was ever convicted of any serious act of espionage or sabotage during the war. (nps.gov)
  • Anti-Japanese movements began shortly after Japanese immigration began, arising from existing anti-Asian prejudices. (nps.gov)
  • However, the anti-Japanese movement became widespread around 1905, due both to increasing immigration and the Japanese victory over Russia, the first defeat of a western nation by an Asian nation in modern times. (nps.gov)
  • Of 127,000 Japanese Americans living in the continental United States at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, 112,000 resided on the West Coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • country
  • Once country of birth and other demographic factors are taken into account, a portion of the sub-groups that make up Asian Americans are much more likely than non-Hispanic White Americans to live in poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eurasian
  • Dargins and Lezgins are Northeast Caucasian speakers, and while Kumyks are Turkic, this is probably due to a small East Eurasian component in their ancestry, and it's a fair guess that they too are natives to the region who underwent language shift. (blogspot.com)
  • The Ethiopian sample consists of a number different ethnic groups of the country, some of which (like the Amharas) are of Western Eurasian linguistic origin. (blogspot.com)
  • Another major bottleneck occurred about 5,000 years ago and subsequently most Eurasian men can trace their ancestry back to a dozen ancestors who lived 5,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Greeks
  • Genetic distances are closer between Greeks and Ethiopian/sub-Saharan groups than to any other Mediterranean group and finally Greeks cluster with Ethiopians/sub-Saharans in both neighbour joining dendrograms and correspondence analyses. (historum.com)
  • Caucasus
  • Perhaps the modern Caucasus where particular ethnic groups are dominated by particular Y-haplogroups is a good analogy for prehistoric man, with many different groups with their signature haplogroups kept disjoint patrilineal gene pools before beginning to merge in late prehistorical and historical times. (blogspot.nl)
  • Eurasia
  • Comparing publicly available genomes from archaic humans, I further find that the distribution of archaic human ancestry in Eurasia is more complex than previously thought. (blogspot.nl)
  • Mediterranean
  • The unambiguous West Asian origin of this lineage should put to rest any ideas about Neolithic farmers in the Western Mediterranean being descended from indigenous Mesolithic foragers. (blogspot.nl)
  • The Y-chromosome is an extreme outlier compared to modern groups, probably because of its heavy G2a domination, whereas the mtDNA from Treilles appears just like a normal and unexceptional Mediterranean-type population. (blogspot.nl)
  • Despite
  • We demonstrate that the region was colonized by East Asians of likely high-altitude origin, followed by millennia of genetic continuity despite marked changes in material culture and mortuary behavior. (pnas.org)
  • distinct groups
  • 12,13 Although genetic studies and other lines of evidence are consistent in pointing to mixture of distinct groups in Indian history, the dates are unknown. (docplayer.net)
  • Next, the students' bodies were found scattered across the campsite in three distinct groups, some partially naked and with strange injuries including crushed ribs, a fractured skull, and one hiker mutilated with her eyes gouged out and tongue removed. (blogspot.com)
  • race
  • There were warnings from Indo-Europeanists, including the much-maligned Friedrich Max Müller, to maintain the distinction, but the public and many professionals started speaking of "the Aryan race", not in the vague sense common earlier (race = any group of hereditary belonging, from family to nation and race to humanity, Sanskrit jāti ), but in the biological sense. (blogspot.in)
  • ethnicity
  • The Metapopulation structure built on basis of "ethnicity/linguistic affiliation" takes to a larger extent the ancestry of sampled individuals into account. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • It seems reasonable that Korea and Japan would have more northern migration elements thus making them further removed from SE Asians. (blogspot.com)
  • Thus, the population groups are more similar within the metapopulation than to groups outside the metapopulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • These color adjectives are typically found in contrast to the "standard" set by the own group, not as a self-description. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Evidence for long-term contact between speakers of these two language groups in India is evident from the fact that there are Dravidian loan words (borrowed vocabulary) in the earliest Hindu text (the Rig Veda, written in archaic Sanskrit) that are not found in Indo- languages outside the Indian subcontinent. (docplayer.net)
  • In 2015, Asian American earnings were found to exceed all other racial groups when all Asian ethnic groups are grouped as a whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • East Asian
  • Defined by the 2006-2011 Australian Census, three broad groups have the word Asian included in their name: Central and Southern Asian, South-East Asian and North-East Asian. (wikipedia.org)
  • its use in transcribing East Asian languages avoids the issues caused by the separate hard and soft Cs existing in English vocabulary derived from the Romance languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laws
  • He has published extensively on the history of Jesuits, including Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral Probabilism (Ashgate, 2008) and The Jesuit Order as a Synagogue of Jews: Jesuits of Jewish Ancestry and Purity-of-Blood Laws in the Early Society of Jesus (Brill, 2009). (brill.com)
  • Nativist immigration laws during the 1880s-1920s excluded various Asian groups, eventually prohibiting almost all Asian immigration to the continental United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • After immigration laws were reformed during the 1940s-60s, abolishing national origins quotas, Asian immigration increased rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • ancestors
  • Linguistic and archaeological evidence supports the biblical picture of Abraham's ancestors coming from the Upper Nile region that was part of Kush and spreading their culture and religious beliefs by the great water systems across what I've termed the ancient "Afro-Asiatic Dominion. (blogspot.com)
  • Also, Sardinians , who show continuity with their Bronze Age ancestors who were similar to Iberians, and perfectly in sync with the idea that they are a southern European relic population, relatively untouched by continental European phenomena. (blogspot.com)
  • source
  • One source even quoted as saying that some Asian ethnic groups "have poverty rates that rival the African-American poverty rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulled rickshaws created a popular form of transportation, and a source of employment for male laborers, within Asian cities in the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • cluster
  • Thank you for including the south Indian Kannadi population and I do think that most likely the light blue western Asian cluster is the marker of 'indo-european' component. (blogspot.com)
  • migration
  • In population genetics the term metapopulation describes discrete spatially distributed population groups which are interconnected by geneflow and migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central Asian
  • The Proto-Indo-Iranians, from which the Indo-Aryans and the Iranians developed, formed as a distinguishable culture at the Central Asian steppes north of the Caspian Sea as the Sintashta culture (2100-1800 BCE), present-day Russia and Kazakhstan, and developed further as the Andronovo culture (1800-1400 BCE), around the Aral Sea. (wikipedia.org)