• 2017
  • activists for the independence of Western Sahara and Human rights defenders , but also the lawyers by their absence protest against this unfair trial whose first hearings were held on March 13th 2017 after months of postponements. (awsa.org.au)
  • Now that Horst Kohler has been confirmed, there's this from Mozambique: "The Republic of Mozambique hosted, from August 23 to 25, 2017, the Ministerial Meeting of the Tokyo International Conference for Africa Development (TICAD). (innercitypress.com)
  • In 2017, the African Development Bank reported Africa to be the world's second-fastest growing economy, and estimates that average growth will rebound to 3.4% in 2017, while growth is expected to increase by 4.3% in 2018. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saharawi
  • In the statement signed last September by its WA Branch Secretary, Mr. Chris Cain, and his assistants, the Australian union considered its concerns "legitimate as the phosphate mined in Western Sahara and subsequently shipped to the Fermantle Ports do not belong to the beneficiaries of the trade but is a resource belonging to the Saharawi people, not the foreign occupiers of Western Sahara", referring to Morocco. (awsa.org.au)
  • It is also campaigning against the Australian companies that export Saharawi phosphate to convince them give up these dubious trade. (awsa.org.au)
  • The trial of the Saharawi political prisoners of the Gdeim Izik group opened before the Court of Appeal in Salé - Morocco. (awsa.org.au)
  • On June 15, the Court determined that the claim should proceed to a full trial, noting that the Saharawi government had prima facie ownership of the cargo. (awsa.org.au)
  • Furthermore, it is unethical because the trade gives support to a brutal regime and it is unjust because the indigenous people of Western Sahara, the Saharawi people, neither consent to nor benefit from the trade in their own natural resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • The Saharawi people have not yet had the opportunity to determine their future as an independent nation although their state â€" the Saharawi republic (SADR), is recognised by over 80 countries worldwide and has been admitted to the African Union (AU). (awsa.org.au)
  • The Saharawi people thus won a 5 million USD walk-over victory before the trial over phosphate rock ownership even had begun. (awsa.org.au)
  • The UN has concluded that any exploitation of resources in Western Sahara would be illegal if the Saharawi people do not consent to it. (awsa.org.au)
  • The Government of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is pleased to announce that it has awarded the Bir Lahlou Block to the UK-based Red Rio Petroleum Limited ("Contractor"), effective from 18 March 2014. (awsa.org.au)
  • In this regard, the Saharawi flag was raised on Balmain Town Hall (New South Wales), Fremantle Town Hall (Western Australia), Moreland City Council (Victoria), Yarra City Council (Victoria), Ballarat Trades Hall (Victoria), Geelong Trades Hall (Victoria) and Victorian Australian Workers Union (Melbourne office). (awsa.org.au)
  • mineral
  • The Chatham Rise resource represents one of New Zealand's more valuable mineral assets and is of huge strategic significance because phosphate is essential to maintain high agricultural productivity. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Here multistory draglines rise above the scrubland of the Peace River plains, veined with the remains of the ancient sea life that makes up the mineral phosphate. (csmonitor.com)
  • exports
  • World leader in sardine exports and beneficiary of some of the world's richest territorial ocean stocks, Morocco could now offer major returns for technically savvy investors as it turns inland to harness the potential of its lakes and reservoirs. (worldfishing.net)
  • Fish is one of the five pillars of this export-oriented economy, standing with remittances from migrant Moroccans (some three million in Europe alone), inbound foreign tourism (add three million overseas Moroccans visiting relatives each year), phosphates and agricultural exports . (worldfishing.net)
  • SADR
  • The United Nations Security Council has called for fresh negotiations between Morocco and the Polisario, which runs its self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic or SADR. (reuters.com)
  • The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is currently in talks with three mining companies - Russian, Polish and Spanish - on granting them exploration rights on territory controlled by Polisario to the east of the demarcation line with Morocco. (africaintelligence.com)
  • The SADR government recognizes the withdrawal of what would have been an untenable defence as a helpful step, both for ensuring clarity of what the High Court has determined on abundant evidence and as a contribution to the application of the rule of law in the continuing occupation of Western Sahara and a denial to its people of the right of self-determination. (awsa.org.au)
  • The SADR government continues to explore the interdiction of phosphate rock and fisheries cargos in other states, and how historic claims against certain phosphate purchasing companies and shipping carriers will next be pursued. (awsa.org.au)
  • http://www.sadrpma.com/licence_offering.php , in the area controlled by the Frente POLISARIO, which leads the Government of the SADR. (awsa.org.au)
  • rock
  • Its harbor is well equipped for the exportation of phosphate rock (transported from Gantour and Ouled Abdoun) and various chemicals such as pure sulphur, ammonia, and sulphuric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you follow phosphate, keep a close eye on what is happening now in Morocco, home to more than half of the world's rock phosphate resources. (investorintel.com)
  • The company was convinced that there was a substantial market in Mali and neighbouring states for phosphate rock. (investorintel.com)
  • New Zealand needs to use its own source of ethically-produced, environmentally-friendly phosphate rock rather than importing product from a disputed territory. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • But phosphorous and potassium cannot be synthesized they're found in significant amounts only in a few large deposits scattered across the planet, in the form, respectively, of phosphate rock and potash. (care2.com)
  • spokesman
  • We are directly tied to the farmer and until he gets a fair return on his commodities, we won't be going anywhere,'' explains Robert Bonnell, spokesman of the Florida Phosphate Council. (csmonitor.com)
  • Saharawis
  • Western Sahara, the last colony in Africa, is still awaiting for the UN to fulfil its "mandate to organise a referendum of the Saharawis to determine the future of their land and resources", MUA considered. (awsa.org.au)
  • MUA, finally, declared it will keep on campaigning and raising awareness about the question of Western Sahara "until the Saharawis can determine" their future and the future of their resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • Saharawis living in occupied Western Sahara hold regular protests about the plunder of their land. (awsa.org.au)
  • The people of Western Sahara, the Saharawis opposed that invasion with force, defeating the Mauritanians and preventing the Moroccans from taking over all of their country. (awsa.org.au)
  • Algeria
  • Following bloody clashes with the Polisario troops (SPLA) and deteriorating ties with Algeria, Mauritania pulled out in 1979 and gave up its share in the Western Sahara in order to avoid further complicated conflicts with the Sahrawi Republic, Algeria, and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Well, it seems from news reports that, to quote one, there is now occurring "an outburst of hostile rhetoric between Morocco and Algeria (reflecting) a historic animosity rooted in irreconcilable differences" over Western Sahara. (investorintel.com)
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • authorities
  • The press is mostly state controled even though there are free newspapers , and clampdowns have occurred following criticism of the authorities or articles concerning the [[Western Sahara]] situation. (wikitravel.org)
  • Dakhla
  • It's impossible to count the lorries laden with octopus and fish streaming north on the main road between El Aaiun, the major city in the north of Western Sahara, and Dakhla, 500 km south. (awsa.org.au)
  • fisheries
  • As we went to press, the European Parliament Fisheries Committee was examining persistent challenges by some MEPs about the legality of Western Sahara elements in the EU Morocco deal signed in September 2005. (worldfishing.net)
  • There are three new masterplans to buttress those pillars: for water, Plan Bleu (blue, for Morocco and the Mediterranean) for fisheries, Plan Halieutis (fish) and agriculture, Plan Vert (green). (worldfishing.net)
  • Provinces
  • The government conducts various economic and social development programs and includes these "Southern Provinces" in the national budget of government funding, national sport competitions, education programs, and national parliamentary elections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco has assigned a special satellite TV channel for the "Southern Provinces", called Laayoun TV. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of three distinct physiographic provinces of the African massive physiographic division. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1991 ceasefire split the region in two between what Morocco calls its southern provinces and an area controlled by Polisario. (reuters.com)
  • 2025
  • however, the World Bank expects that most African countries will reach "middle income" status (defined as at least US$1,000 per person a year) by 2025 if current growth rates continue. (wikipedia.org)
  • begun
  • Some parts of Africa had close trade relationships with Arab kingdoms, and by the time of the Ottoman Empire, Africans had begun converting to Islam in large numbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • substantial
  • Substantial deposits of iron ore have been found and exploration for oil and gas has brought some success and is continuing, particularly in the off-shore areas of Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • year
  • The government takes it lead from 46-year-old king Mohammed VI of the powerful 17th century Alaoui dynasty which permeates all politics and business here. (worldfishing.net)
  • Industry studies show that at normal rates of mining and with existing technology there is a 200-year supply of phosphate left here. (csmonitor.com)
  • In 2013, Africa was the world's fastest-growing continent at 5.6% a year, and GDP is expected to rise by an average of over 6% a year between 2013 and 2023. (wikipedia.org)
  • Growth has been present throughout the continent, with over one-third of Sub-Saharan African countries posting 6% or higher growth rates, and another 40% growing between 4% to 6% per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • billion
  • It was announced in 2008 that the Abu Dhabi-based International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) was in the beginning stages of preparations for the construction of an oil refinery at Jorf Lasfar at a cost of $5 billion. (wikipedia.org)
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  • As of 2012[update], approximately 1.07 billion people were living in 54 different countries in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • officials
  • In progressing plans to submit a new application we are working with government officials to seek improvement in the permitting process and iwi, academic, industry and central government input to ensure New Zealand can benefit from an environmentally superior phosphate source. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • trade
  • In March 2009, four Norwegian shipping companies desisted from Western Sahara trade. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Trade and Development Agency will donate Morocco $250,000 to finance a technical-economic study to build a sea water desalination unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • MUA, and the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU), the statement indicated are lobbying the Australian government to convince it carry out he policies adopted on Western Sahara by the Australian Labour Party in three previous National Conference. (awsa.org.au)
  • Morocco wanted more recognition as one of the EU's longest trade partners. (worldfishing.net)
  • But jog off the main tourist trade routes, beyond the orange groves and into central Florida's ''Bone Valley'' and the state's third largest industry - phosphate mining - becomes very visible. (csmonitor.com)
  • This development, along with the economic potential in finding a trade route to the Indian Ocean, brought the Portuguese to sub-Saharan Africa as an imperial force. (wikipedia.org)
  • Condemns
  • Whereas Mozambique values its bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Morocco, it, nonetheless, condemns the deplorable behavior of its delegation, which reveals a shocking lack of composure and respect for the high office of His Excellency the President of the Republic, for the nature of TICAD, as well as well as for other participants, distinguished representatives of sovereign States, international organizations and development partners. (innercitypress.com)
  • borders
  • To the north, the Sahara skirts the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and portions of Libya, but in Cyrenaica and the Maghreb, the Sahara borders the Mediterranean forest, woodland, and scrub eco-regions of northern Africa, all of which have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot summers and cool and rainy winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the Weimar Republic, the German government did not respect the Treaty of Versailles that it had been pressured to sign, and various government figures at the time rejected Germany's post-Versailles borders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediterranean
  • According to the botanical criteria of Frank White and geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the northern limit of date palm cultivation and the southern limit of the range of esparto, a grass typical of the Mediterranean climate portion of the Maghreb and Iberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is a North African country that has a coastline on both the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. (wikitravel.org)
  • Kingdom of Moro
  • Notwithstanding and regrettably, the delegation of the Kingdom of Morocco, beyond its mandate, has hijacked the competencies of the co-organizers and of the host country by awarding to itself the right to control the accesses to the Joaquim Chissano International Conference Center, venue of the meeting, and to the meeting room, having even resorted to violence. (innercitypress.com)
  • Zimbabwe
  • Nonetheless, growth has been dismal, negative or sluggish in many parts of Africa including Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Burundi. (wikipedia.org)
  • areas
  • If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometres (4,200,000 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)