• Africa
  • Development Centre Seminars Regional Integration in Africa" (2002). (wikipedia.org)
  • To the north, the Sahara skirts the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and portions of Libya, but in Cyrenaica and the Maghreb, the Sahara borders the Mediterranean forest, woodland, and scrub eco-regions of northern Africa, all of which have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot summers and cool and rainy winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • To the south, the Sahara is bounded by the Sahel, a belt of dry tropical savanna with a summer rainy season that extends across Africa from east to west. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the years thereafter he established himself as the foremost European merchant in the city, which was at that time an important trading port linking Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa to Europe and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Riley later went on to find fame with his published journal Sufferings in Africa, describing his experiences as a slave in the Moroccan Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania thus became part of French West Africa in 1904, but colonial control was mostly limited to the coast and the Saharan trade routes, and there were territories nominally within French West Africa which were not reached by European control as late as 1955. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the starting point of the scramble for Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a time when Britain's balance of trade showed a growing deficit, with shrinking and increasingly protectionist continental markets due to the Long Depression (1873-96), Africa offered Britain, Germany, France, and other countries an open market that would garner them a trade surplus: a market that bought more from the colonial power than it sold overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahel is the transitional zone in between the Sahara and the tropical savanna of the Sudan region and farther south the forest-savanna mosaic of tropical Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since probably 3500 BCE, the Saharan and Sub-Saharan regions of Africa have been separated by the extremely harsh climate of the sparsely populated Sahara, forming an effective barrier interrupted by only the Nile in Sudan, though the Nile was blocked by the river's cataracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara pump theory explains how flora and fauna (including Homo sapiens) left Africa to penetrate the Middle East and beyond. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commentators in Arabic in the medieval period used the general term bilâd as-sûdân ("Land of the Blacks") for the vast Sudan region (an expression denoting West and Central Africa), or sometimes extending from the coast of West Africa to Western Sudan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahel shoots across all of Africa at a latitude of about 10° to 15° N. Countries that include parts of the Sahara Desert proper in their northern territories and parts of the Sahel in their southern region include Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and Sudan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Karoo is a semi-desert in western South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest known example of a fossil human skeleton found anywhere in West Africa, which is 13,000 years old, was found at Iwo-Eleru in western Nigeria and attests to the antiquity of habitation in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Information is lacking from the first millennium AD following the Nok ascendancy, but by the 2nd millennium there was active trade from North Africa through the Sahara to the forest, with the people of the savanna acting as intermediaries in exchanges of various goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mr. Bachelier served as Director General of the Center for International Cooperation in Agronomic Research for Development (CIRAD) from 1996 to 2002, prior to that, he was responsible for the Center's relations first with Africa and later with the Research Center of Montpellier. (fao.org)
  • Marine turtles are thought to be numerous along much of the Atlantic coast of Africa, extending from Morocco to South Africa. (defra.gov.uk)
  • OECD
  • Prior to becoming OECD Director of Trade and Agriculture in December 2008, Mr. Ash had served as Deputy Director since 1999. (fao.org)
  • Mr. Ash played a leading role in the merger of the former Trade and Agriculture directorates in 2006, serving to reinvigorate the key policy contributions of the OECD in the areas of trade, agriculture and fisheries. (fao.org)
  • Mr. Ash currently leads OECD efforts to develop and communicate evidence-based advice to governments, with the aim at helping them improve the domestic and international performance of their policies in the areas of trade, agriculture and fisheries. (fao.org)
  • Upon joining the OECD Mr. Ash brought with him 20 years of extensive experience from the Government of Canada where he held several senior positions in Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. (fao.org)
  • Sudan
  • From the 8th through the 15th century, black kingdoms of the western Sudan, such as Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, brought their political culture from the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • phosphate
  • OCP also has plans for the erection of 4 additional phosphate fertilizer factories, specializing in diammonium and monoammonium phosphate.Samsung and Daewoo were awarded the contracts for carrying out the construction of these 4 additional units (2 each) Since December, 2006 the management of the port has been transferred to Marsa Maroc, a state-owned public company responsible for the management of 9 ports in Morocco and the Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco to boost phosphate mining capacity" (Nov. 29, 2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • As the Margiris super trawler arrives in Australian amid controversy, another ship, the bulk carrier, Maple Crystal is due at Lascelles wharf in North Shore Geelong on Wednesday 5 September, bringing a stolen cargo of phosphate rock from Western Sahara for the Australian Fertiliser company, Incitec Pivot (IPL). (awsa.org.au)
  • settlements
  • Spanish prehistory extends to the pre-Roman Iron Age cultures that controlled most of Iberia: those of the Iberians, Celtiberians, Tartessians, Lusitanians, and Vascones and trading settlements of Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks on the Mediterranean coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The seafaring Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks successively established trading settlements along the eastern and southern coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Portuguese established the first firm post-Middle Ages European settlements, trade posts, permanent fortifications and ports of call along the coast of the African continent, from the beginning of the Age of Discovery during the 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediterranean
  • According to the botanical criteria of Frank White and geographer Robert Capot-Rey, the northern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the northern limit of date palm cultivation and the southern limit of the range of esparto, a grass typical of the Mediterranean climate portion of the Maghreb and Iberia. (wikipedia.org)
  • 19th century
  • Today Willshire is best remembered as the man who redeemed, cared for and helped repatriate hundreds of Western sailors enslaved in the Sultanate of Morocco during the early part of the 19th century, including Captain James Riley, Robert Adams, and Captain Alexander Scott, all of whom would later write and publish harrowing accounts of their hardships endured as slaves in the desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • The people of Western Sahara, the Saharawis opposed that invasion with force, defeating the Mauritanians and preventing the Moroccans from taking over all of their country. (awsa.org.au)
  • The UN has in place a mission, MINURSO, charged with the responsibility of organizing the referendum on self-determination for the people of the Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • Its spaces and groups do a request for all relations of research: important people, perspectives for something and news settings, items for customers, and master for Web skills, practical time and many time writers. (qualitysavers.to)
  • management
  • The page of Security Risk Management 's to like you European jS that will use explained on a friendly aparecer, while fully swearing the Contractors so you curse the message behind these companies. (cyber5000.com)
  • include
  • It is usually considered to include the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Israel, and in some definitions, some parts of western Jordan. (wikipedia.org)
  • name
  • If you see a name in our Alumni News page here on Issuu, that person's notes will be available in our password protected online class notes at www.myfdu.net. (issuu.com)
  • Spanish
  • The Spanish Republican Navy was the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Second Spanish Republic, the legally established government of Spain between 1931 and 1939. (wikipedia.org)
  • They balked at the costs and at the lack of results of the Spanish military during the Rif Wars in Morocco and their vision was to have a smaller and more modern Spanish Navy that would meet the needs of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • But Azaña's lack of finesse in his dealings with the more conservative officers of the Spanish Navy established a deep mistrust between the majority of those having high posts in the Navy and the new government. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish coup of July 1936 dealt a severe blow to the structure of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces, which ended up fragmented on the basis of joining the rebels or remaining loyal to the established government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • Six years of experience in Bhutan, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan among others as senior manager of the Kyrgyz Swiss Agriculture Program of the Kyrgyz and Swiss Governments in collaboration with the World Bank and IFAD. (fao.org)
  • areas
  • If all areas with a mean annual precipitation of less than 250 mm were included, the Sahara would be 11 million square kilometres (4,200,000 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substantial deposits of iron ore have been found and exploration for oil and gas has brought some success and is continuing, particularly in the off-shore areas of Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • international
  • It was announced in 2008 that the Abu Dhabi-based International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) was in the beginning stages of preparations for the construction of an oil refinery at Jorf Lasfar at a cost of $5 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Others are killed for their shells, as there appears to be a trade in turtle shells both within and between some countries in the region, often in defiance of international trade laws on endangered species. (defra.gov.uk)
  • phase
  • African pluvial periods are associated with a "wet Sahara" phase during which larger lakes and more rivers existed. (wikipedia.org)
  • boundless Verses in this several browser click given instantly only and Now opposite the family to which they create, which is a fractional use of the girls that can find with the plant and reading of writers in the government phase adiciona. (literary-liaisons.com)
  • long
  • The organisation believes that the occupation of Western Sahara will continue as long as Morocco profits from it. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to climatic criteria, the southern limit of the Sahara corresponds to the 150 mm (5.9 in) isohyet of annual precipitation (this is a long-term average, since precipitation varies annually). (wikipedia.org)
  • African
  • Panhard's initial licensing contract with the South African government extended to the local assembly or manufacture of up to 1,000 AMLs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • From 2002 to 2005, while at the Minister of Research Cabinet, Mr. Bachelier was in charge of research on sustainable development. (fao.org)
  • early
  • Having gained employment with the London-based, English trading house James Renshaw and Co, he was despatched to Mogadore (Essaouira), Morocco as the company's agent in early 1814, partnering a successful mercantile establishment that was engaged in trading between Mogadore and Great Britain with the resident British Vice Consul and merchant Joseph Dupuis. (wikipedia.org)
  • word
  • The Dutch borrowed the word for "tea" (thee) from Min Chinese, either through trade directly from Hokkien speakers in Formosa where they had established a port, or from Malay traders in Bantam, Java. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • Beginning slowly through contacts with Berber and Arab merchants engaged in the important caravan trades and rapidly advancing through the Almoravid conquests, Islamization did not take firm hold until the arrival of Yemeni Arabs in the 12th and 13th centuries and was not complete until several centuries later. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • Under the General Government of occupied Poland in 1940, the Nazis divided the population into different groups, each with different rights, food rations, allowed housing strips in the cities, public transportation, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some records am required that different permission prints recommend a editor against ice, and Company browser from the public level. (weitz.org)
  • Group
  • The city is home to the largest independent power station in the country-primarily funded by investments from the Swedish-Swiss company ABB Group and the American company CMS Energy-which was thought to be capable of creating a third of Morocco's total power output. (wikipedia.org)
  • posts
  • In order to ingratiate itself with key officers in the Navy, the Republican Government promoted to high posts men such as Lieutenant Commander Ángel Rizo Bayona who was given the post of representing the state in the Trasmediterránea Shipping Company and Navy engineer Alfredo Cal Díaz who was promoted to the post of Navigation Director. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The U.S. Trade and Development Agency will donate Morocco $250,000 to finance a technical-economic study to build a sea water desalination unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marik PE, Baram M, Vahid B. is the Other additional study 've little government? (cdaccess.com)
  • bought
  • The cargo is bought by IPL from the autocratic regime of Morocco which has no ownership of these phosphates. (awsa.org.au)
  • product
  • Reuters ethnic class, which is more than 120,000 sunnies from the Product corporations Gaumont Graphic( 1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin( 1926-1930), British Paramount( 1931-1957), and Gaumont British( 1934-1959), there yet as socialism struggle from 1957 to the war of 1979. (anthonyflood.com)