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  • Psychological
  • Psychological theories range from explaining anxiety as a displacement of an intrapsychic conflict (psychodynamic models) to conditioning (learned) paradigms (cognitive-behavioral models). (medscape.com)
  • Anxiety disorders develop out of a blend of biological (genetic) and psychological factors that, when combined with stress, may lead to the development of ailments. (nobaproject.com)
  • The exclusion criteria will be suicidal risk, an ongoing episode of bipolar disorder or psychosis, concurrent psychological treatment for the anxiety disorder, considered unable to attend the intervention as planned (due to vacation, work/study placement, sickness, or similar occurrences), or lack of informed consent. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Royal College of Nursing Royal College of Psychiatrists (Honorary) Academy of Medical Sciences Royal Society of Medicine Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society CBE : Queens New Year's Honours 1999 Honorary Doctor of Science Nurse of the Year (American Psychiatric Nursing Association, 2004) He originally trained as a Behaviour Therapist at the Maudsley Hospital between 1976- 1978 on the famous Nurse Therapy Programme, directed by Professor Isaac Marks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The causes of this disorder are mainly from emotional trauma or psychological defense mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anorexia Nervosa is a psychological disorder characterized by extremely reduced intake of food. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescents
  • Adolescents have identified their most common anxieties as focused on relationships with peers to whom they are attracted, peer rejection, public speaking, blushing, self-consciousness, freaking out, and past behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatments
  • It has also proved to be a useful tool in studying the effectiveness of certain treatments of anxiety disorders in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some studies suggested that alcohol dependent patients with social anxiety symptoms might have more difficulty attending or benefiting from traditional alcohol treatment-related activities (e.g., group-based treatments) (12, 13). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Answers to this question are likely to be particularly helpful in understanding the maintenance of anxiety disorders and developing e cient treatments. (spotidoc.com)
  • The effectiveness of psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments for the disorder have yet to be empirically and systematically investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatments such as exposure and response prevention focus on eliminating safety behaviors due to the detrimental role safety behaviors have in mental disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by gastrointestinal dysmotility, severe cachexia progressive external ophthalmoplegia, post-prandial emesis (vomiting after eating), peripheral neuropathy, and diffuse leukoencephalopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic
  • Biological vulnerabilities refer to specific genetic and neurobiological factors that might predispose someone to develop anxiety disorders. (nobaproject.com)
  • Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • A common justification for prohibiting incest is avoiding inbreeding: a collection of genetic disorders suffered by the children of parents with a close genetic relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders -characterized by impairments in social and communication skills as well as restricted interests and stereotyped behavior. (springer.com)
  • Exploring the nature and function of anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorders. (springer.com)
  • Management of children with autism spectrum disorders. (springer.com)
  • Charman T, Pickles A, Simonoff E, Chandler S, Loucas T, Baird G. IQ in children with autism spectrum disorders: data from the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). (springer.com)
  • Matson JL, Shoemaker M. Intellectual disability and its relationship to autism spectrum disorders. (springer.com)
  • The status of pharmacotherapy for autism spectrum disorders. (springer.com)
  • About a third of people have features of autism such as problems with social interactions and delayed speech. (wikipedia.org)
  • affective disorders
  • A set of initial general questions for the use of ICT in affective disorders was used to guide the discussion of the expert panel and to analyze the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) of employing ICT in elderly populations with affective disorders. (frontiersin.org)
  • Stress sensitivity and the development of affective disorders. (springer.com)
  • programmes
  • The findings of randomised controlled trials indicate that the effects of various IBT programmes for anxiety disorders seem better than no intervention and in some instances are equivalent to usual therapy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • distress
  • The phobic situation(s) is avoided or else is endured with intense anxiety or distress. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of these feelings, they also experience persistent suffering in the form of emotional distress through shame, embarrassment, anxiety, fear, and other tense feelings that occur when confronted with social circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scores in this range often are accompanied by great distress and difficulty in social functioning, and are also commonly seen in persons entering treatment for the generalized type of SAD. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavior
  • An example of a safety behavior in social anxiety is to think of excuses to escape a potentially uncomfortable situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • By avoiding the situation through the use of safety behaviors, the user is unable to realize that the situation is harmless, allowing the cycle of anxiety and behavior to continue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disorders are thought to lie on a spectrum from impulsive to compulsive where impulsivity is said to persist due to deficits in the ability to inhibit repetitive behavior with known negative consequences, while compulsivity persists as a consequence of deficits in recognizing completion of tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with specific influences coming from counseling, psychology, education, special education, communication disorders, physical therapy and criminal justice. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • However, the evidence for the use of primary, secondary, indicated or selected interventions for internalising disorders in this age group is scarce. (health.gov.au)
  • diagnoses
  • A reason for the differential diagnoses that surround AN arise mainly because, like other disorders, it is primarily, albeit defensively and adaptive for, the individual concerned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skin turning yellow Some of the differential or comorbid medical diagnoses may include: achalasia - There have been cases where achalasia, a disorder of the esophagus which affects peristalsis, has been misdiagnosed as AN. (wikipedia.org)
  • fear
  • The brain amygdala appears key in modulating fear and anxiety. (medscape.com)
  • Social anxiety is characterized by the fear of negative evaluation by others. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Safety behaviors (also known as safety-seeking behaviors) are coping behaviors used to reduce anxiety and fear when the user feels threatened. (wikipedia.org)
  • Safety behaviors directly amplify fear and anxiety. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a person uses safety behaviors to reduce anxiety and fear in a threatening situation, the anxiety and fear may subside. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the decrease in anxiety and fear may be due to other factors such as time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The decrease in anxiety and fear may also be due to the situation itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fear or anxiety may be triggered both by the presence and the anticipation of the specific object or situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person who encounters that of which they are phobic will often show signs of fear or express discomfort. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term taijin kyofusho translates into the disorder (sho) of fear (kyofu) of interpersonal relations (taijin). (wikipedia.org)
  • This culture-bound syndrome is a social phobia based on fear and anxiety. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, instead of a fear of embarrassing themselves or being harshly judged by others because of their social ineptness, sufferers of taijin kyofusho report a fear of offending or harming other people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social phobia is defined by a persistent fear of embarrassment or negative evaluation while engaged in social interaction or public performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scores for total fear and social interaction were extremely high with correlations of .94 and .92, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, some children with social anxiety will act out because of their fear. (wikipedia.org)