• Ethics
  • In setting out an argument about the intersection of politics, ethics, and policy, I focus on national bioethics committees, elected leaders, and their efforts to reconcile the moral status of the embryo and the imperative of biomedical progress in practice. (scribd.com)
  • A report by the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies was presented to the European Union in November 2000, and found that the creation of human embryos to be used in stem-cell research is "premature. (readabstracts.com)
  • 2000
  • Research leaves in 2000-2001 and 2004-5, supported by an Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship, gave me as a scholar of German foreign policy and European integration an opportunity to delve into a new topic area. (scribd.com)
  • development
  • He was award the Royal Photographic Society's Progress medal in 1993 'in recognition of any invention, research, publication or other contribution which has resulted in an important advance in the scientific or technological development of photography. (wikipedia.org)
  • They have lost the ability to differentiate to all cell types needed for a complete embryo development, but they still have the potential to differentiate to any other cell type (up to day 14th post-fertilization). (orthodoxwiki.org)
  • He has taken up the cause before the U.S. Congress, President Bush's Council on Bioethics and the late Pope John Paul II, warning at every turn that limiting or blocking stem cell research would hamper development of potential treatments and cures-a moral dilemma of its own. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • The noteworthy aspect of these was how the embryos of these different life forms initially resembled one another very closely and gradually diverged over the course of their development. (darwinism-watch.com)
  • Recording and contextualizing the science of embryos, development, and reproduction. (asu.edu)
  • These mice are essential for research in the function of genes in embryonic development and disease pathogenesis. (tulane.edu)
  • The "loss-of-function" approach to study gene function during development has been utilized extensively in researching gene function. (tulane.edu)
  • While a single gene has not been isolated for the creation of Koller's sickle, there is evidence that the Homeobox gene Hex influences Koller's sickle development. (wikipedia.org)
  • During embryo development (embryogenesis), many cell types are present which are not present in the adult organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The embryogenic tree is a diagram which shows the temporal development of each of the cell lines in the embryo. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • The Tulane Transgenic Core Facility was established in 2001 in order to provide a service for the Tulane University community by supplying the demand for the creation of transgenic and knockout mice. (tulane.edu)
  • moral
  • The document also for the first time raises questions about whether it is moral for people to 'adopt' embryos left over from IVF -- a practice President Bush highlighted when he restricted federal funding of stem cell research. (cath4choice.org)
  • President Bush, backed by leading Republicans in Congress who share his beliefs that a human embryo has the same moral rights as a person, has strictly limited the use of federal funds to pursue this avenue of scientific inquiry. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • 1997
  • The Council's Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights was opened for signatures in 1997 and went into force in 1998. (biopolicywiki.org)
  • Following their study, Richardson and his team published genuine photographs of embryos in the August 1997 issue of the journal Anatomy and Embryology . (darwinism-watch.com)
  • An article about Haeckel's drawings, for long maintained on the agenda as false evidence of evolution, appeared in the September 5, 1997, issue of Science magazine titled "Haeckel's Embryos: Fraud Rediscovered," following which the whole scientific world agreed that there had been a fraud. (darwinism-watch.com)
  • injection
  • But the church also decries procedures already commonly used to help couples have children, such as the freezing of unfertilized eggs and embryos, the injection of sperm into eggs, and genetic testing of embryos to identify those with defects. (cath4choice.org)
  • sperm
  • Italy has a 2004 law that forbids all sperm or egg donations and the freezing of embryos, but allows, in effect, using existing stem cell lines that have been imported. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • common model organism) Physcomitrella patens (only plant in which gene targeting is available, as of 1998) Egener, T. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • President-elect Barack Obama, for example, has promised to end restrictions on federal funding for embryonic stem cell research, just as the Bush administration is finalizing a broad new federal regulation designed to protect health-care workers who object to providing therapy or care they find morally objectionable. (cath4choice.org)
  • For example, the human embryo in the mother's womb first resembles a fish and then, in subsequent weeks, a salamander, a reptile and a mammal, finally "evolving" into a human being. (darwinism-watch.com)
  • English-speakers often use the word "dignity" in proscriptive and cautionary ways: for example, in politics it can be used to critique the treatment of oppressed and vulnerable groups and peoples, but it has also been applied to cultures and sub-cultures, to religious beliefs and ideals, to animals used for food or research, and to plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wilmut
  • While this was tried many times, it was never successfully accomplished until 1996, in the creation of the sheep Dolly by Ian Wilmut and colleagues in Scotland . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Wilmut was the leader of the research group that in 1996 first cloned a mammal, a lamb named Dolly. (wikipedia.org)
  • His supervisory role is consistent with the post of principal investigator held by Wilmut at the time of Dolly's creation. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • A couple's additional embryos can be frozen to await the day when they're used to create another pregnancy, are discarded, or used for medical research. (reviewjournal.com)
  • He was noted for his photographs of human embryos and other medical subjects once considered unphotographable, and more generally for his extreme macro photography. (wikipedia.org)
  • frozen
  • They also share a history that would make them the talk of the playground if anybody their age remotely cared: They were adopted nine months before they were born, in the form of embryos created and frozen six years before that. (reviewjournal.com)
  • Legally speaking, transferring ownership of a frozen embryo from one couple to another is a mere property transfer. (reviewjournal.com)
  • The new Spanish law allows existing frozen embryos - of which there are estimated to be tens of thousands in Spain - to be kept for patient's future use, donated for another infertile couple, or used in research. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2003, Spain's laws state that embryos left over from IVF and donated by the couple that created them can be used in research, including ES cell research, if they have been frozen for more than five years. (wikipedia.org)
  • represents
  • But, for Jim and Barbara Seebock, Matthew and Jenna are simply the answer to a prayer, even if the method of conception they chose - "embryo adoption" - represents yet another twist on what used to be the straightforward business of conception. (reviewjournal.com)
  • However, instead of each branch on this tree representing a species, as in the tree of life, each branch represents a particular cell type present in the embryo at a particular time. (wikipedia.org)
  • focuses
  • Beachy's research focuses on understanding the molecular mechanisms behind the growth of multicellular embryos, especially the role of the Hedgehog signaling pathway. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • The research on human embryos created by IVF is considered by some critics to be the most disturbing of all, and although science believes it is never undertaken lightly, and even helps researchers to understand why most embryos fail to thrive or are prone to abnormalities, many countries have forbidden such research. (promptpapers.com)
  • According to modern stem cell researchers, Spain is one of the leaders in stem cell research and currently has one of the most progressive legislations worldwide with respect to hESC research. (wikipedia.org)
  • colleagues
  • In reality, Richardson and his colleagues note, even closely related embryos such as those of fish vary quite a bit in their appearance and developmental pathway. (darwinism-watch.com)
  • Science
  • In keeping with the ideal of a value-free social science as articulated by the great German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920), I seek to describe and explain the views and actions of participants in embryo politics, not to inject my own. (scribd.com)
  • But while the science is straightforward, the philosophical - and, maybe, the religious - underpinnings of embryo adoption are trickier. (reviewjournal.com)
  • The United Kingdom is one of the leaders in stem cell research, in the opinion of Lord Sainsbury, Science and Innovation Minister for the UK. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • Regulatory boards could be created to ensure these guidelines were being met, and thus, no intentionally destroyed embryos would be used for research purposes. (freeonlineresearchpapers.com)
  • Thus, Aristotle could fit his observations of embryos perfectly well within his larger theoretical interpretations of the world. (stanford.edu)
  • International proclamations have thus far left dignity undefined, and scientific commentators, such as those arguing against genetic research and algeny, cite dignity as a reason but are ambiguous about its application. (wikipedia.org)
  • create
  • This paved the way for Mario Capecchi, Martin Evans, and Oliver Smithies to create the first knockout mouse, ushering in a whole new era of research on human disease. (wikipedia.org)