Loading...


  • Department of Defe
  • The United States Department of Defense initiated the Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program (AVIP) in 1997 to immunize 2.4 million military personnel. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • In December 2003, Judge Emmet G. Sullivan of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that the Department of Defense could not force military personnel to take the vaccine unless through a special order by the president. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the U.S., the principal purchasers of the vaccine are the Department of Defense and Department of Health and Human Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • In December 1997, the Department of Defense (DOD) announced that all US military forces would receive anthrax vaccinations. (blogspot.com)
  • According to a new congressionally mandated report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council of the National Academies, to successfully develop these drugs, vaccines, and other medical interventions against biowarfare agents, Congress should authorize the creation of a new agency within the Office of the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Defense. (worldcat.org)
  • As you know, concerns have been raised about the Department of Defense s (DOD) anthrax immunization program since the Department began vaccinating the first of 2.4 million active duty and reserve members. (whale.to)
  • vaccination
  • The military does give this vaccination regularly as well as Japanese encephalitis (JEV) when the service member is to be deployed to Southeast Asia, and other vaccines such as pneumococcal, tetanus, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • For military members who had started the vaccination (which usually takes build-up and booster shots), they tended to continue the vaccination program under informed consent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The government stated that they will resume the vaccination program under informed consent in April 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • The difference between smallpox vaccination and anthrax or chicken cholera vaccination was that the weakened form of the latter two disease organisms had been "generated artificially", so a naturally weak form of the disease organism did not need to be found. (wikipedia.org)
  • His 2004 book, "Vaccine A: The Covert Government Experiment That's Killing Our Soldiers and Why GIs are Only the First Victims" took sharp issue with IOM results and the Pentagon's denial of Gulf War syndrome.Investigating the shadowy vaccination development world, he discovered US military-employed doctors and scientists conducted secret medical experiments on US citizens in violation of the Nuremberg Code and fundamental medical ethics. (blogspot.com)
  • Over the past two decades, the recommended vaccination schedule has grown rapidly and become more complicated as many new vaccines have been developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, yellow fever vaccination is on the routine vaccine schedule of French Guiana, is recommended in certain regions of Brazil but in the United States is only given to travelers heading to countries with a history of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sample vaccination schedules discussed by the World Health Organization show a developed country using a schedule which extends over the first five years of a child's life and uses vaccines which cost over $700 including administration costs while a developing country uses a schedule providing vaccines in the first 9 months of life and costing only $25. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of combination vaccine products means that, as of 2013[update], the United Kingdom's immunization program consists of 9 injections by the age of two, rather than 22 if vaccination for each disease was given as a separate injection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization monitors vaccination schedules across the world, noting what vaccines are included in each country's program, the coverage rates achieved and various auditing measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The California Assembly is fast tracking SB 277, a bill to eliminate all non-medical vaccine exemptions for religious and conscientious beliefs from the mandatory vaccination law governing school attendance. (nvic.org)
  • long-term (months or years) safety studies on any vaccination or immunization. (atlaschiro.com)
  • This is not so, for the simple reason that mass vaccination programs did not take place in many areas. (atlaschiro.com)
  • 2000
  • In August, 1999 and April, 2000 Congressional hearings were held in Washington D.C. dealing with questions of vaccine safety. (atlaschiro.com)
  • smallpox
  • In 1900, the smallpox vaccine was the only one administered to children. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the early 1950s, children routinely received three vaccines, for protection against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and smallpox, and as many as five shots by two years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • But health officials say the immunization plan has been used in the past and was successful in eradicating smallpox from the planet. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed the current "Smallpox Response Plan and Guidelines" in the aftermath of Sept. 11 and the anthrax attacks. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Also, it would appear that it was in those early days that vaccines had their greatest successes, with eradication of smallpox from the world (although there are disturbing reports of current appearances in parts of the Far East), and eradication of polio from the Western Hemisphere, the last case of wild polio having taken place in 1979. (atlaschiro.com)
  • Parenthetically, the average person today believes that mass smallpox vaccines were responsible for eradicating smallpox from the world. (atlaschiro.com)
  • If limited vaccines together with quarantine were effective in the case of smallpox, this raises question about the necessity of ongoing mass vaccines in other diseases as well, a question which we believe will assume growing importance as more is learned about the adverse effects of vaccines. (atlaschiro.com)
  • influenza
  • MF59 is approved in Europe and is found in several vaccines, such as an influenza vaccine manufactured by Novartis. (wordpress.com)
  • An MF59-adjuvanted influenza vaccine (Fluad, developed by Chiron, which contains about 10 mg of squalene per dose) has been approved by health agencies and used in several European countries for seasonal flu shots since 1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • The group undertake diagnostic work as the representative Victorian State Laboratory, as well as a wide range of multi-disciplinary, collaborative projects including avian influenza virus , anthrax, abalone herpesvirus , plant viruses, plant bacteria and arboviruses, and encompass new technologies such as Next Generation Sequencing and MALDI-TOF into current research projects and emerging diagnostic issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • From 1997 to 2001, he was Adjunct Professor at the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley, where he received the Distinguished Teacher and Mentor of the Year Award. (wikipedia.org)
  • diphtheria
  • He went on to develop an antitoxin against diphtheria in animals and then in humans, which resulted in the modern methods of immunization and largely ended diphtheria as a threatening disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The early exploitation of his discovery might have saved millions of lives, especially in World War I. A new age of preventive medicine in France was made possible by such developments from the Institut Pasteur as vaccines for tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, yellow fever, poliomyelitis, and hepatitis B. The discovery and use of sulfonamides in treating infections was another breakthrough. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • Thereafter it ran into Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and judicial obstacles (mainly concerning the methods and viability of the vaccine manufactured by BioPort, a subsidiary of Emergent BioSolutions Inc.). Over 8 million doses of BioThrax were administered to over 2 million U.S. military personnel as part of the program between March 1998 and June 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1998, the Clinton administration required the inoculation of all military members with the anthrax vaccine known as Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) and by the trade name BioThrax. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • For example, of the 1,325 new medicines launched between 1975 and 1997, only 11 were specifically for tropical diseases ( Trouiller and others 2002 ). (nih.gov)
  • veterinary
  • His laboratory notebooks, now in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, in fact show Pasteur used the method of rival Jean-Joseph-Henri Toussaint (1847-1890), a Toulouse veterinary surgeon, to create the anthrax vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Austrian-South African immunologist Max Sterne (1905-1997) developed an attenuated live animal vaccine in 1935 that is still employed and derivatives of his strain account for almost all veterinary anthrax vaccines used in the world today. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning in 1934 at the Onderstepoort Veterinary Research Institute, north of Pretoria, he prepared an attenuated anthrax vaccine, using the method developed by Pasteur. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with the Sterne (veterinary) anthrax vaccine strain and the similar British anthrax vaccine (known as AVP), AVA lacks the capsule plasmid pXO2 (required for full virulence) and is composed chiefly of the anthrax protective antigen (PA) with small amounts of edema factor (EF) and lethal factor (LF) that may vary from lot to lot. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • In the 1870s, the French chemist Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) applied his previous method of immunizing chickens against chicken cholera to anthrax, which affected cattle, and thereby aroused widespread interest in combating other diseases with the same approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • This discovery revolutionized work in infectious diseases and Pasteur gave these artificially weakened diseases the generic name "vaccines", in honor of Jenner's groundbreaking discovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • This difference is due to the lower cost of health care, the lower cost of many vaccines provided to developing nations, and that more expensive vaccines, often for less common diseases, are not utilized. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additional vaccines are given to individuals that are much more likely to come into contact with certain diseases due to their occupation or travel to regions where the disease is present (including members of the military), or only after potentially infectious exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many diseases can be effectively treated, managed, or prevented with pharmaceuticals and vaccines. (nih.gov)
  • Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in 1999 initiated its advocacy program, Drugs for Neglected Diseases, which has highlighted this gap ( http://www.accessmed-msf.org/ ). (nih.gov)
  • However, vaccine proponents would have us believe that vaccines have been largely responsible for controlling virtually all of the former epidemics of killer diseases in the U.S.A. With the exceptions cited above, the facts do not bear this out. (atlaschiro.com)
  • The Pasteur Institute (French: Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • adjuvants
  • Today's Study: Gulf War Syndrome Doesn't Exist is another in a long line of irresponsible denials by agencies of our government in order to avoid responsibility, accountability and liability for our government's use of experimental vaccines and various additives and adjuvants on more than 20 years of active, reserve, and guard military personnel. (whale.to)
  • Their outstanding research work with the potential involvement of experimental vaccines and adjuvants and the ramifications to unknowing human guinea pigs has become a passion of mine beginning shortly after the end of the Gulf War. (whale.to)
  • To prompt the body to create antibodies to these recombinants, scientists have created deadly oil-based vaccine additives called adjuvants. (wordpress.com)
  • bacterial
  • Vaccines against the livestock and human disease anthrax-caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis-have had a prominent place in the history of medicine, from Pasteur's pioneering 19th-century work with cattle (the first effective bacterial vaccine and the second effective vaccine ever) to the controversial late 20th century use of a modern product to protect American troops against the use of anthrax in biological warfare. (wikipedia.org)
  • No evidence exists of risk to the fetus from vaccinating pregnant women with inactivated virus or bacterial vaccines or toxoids. (cdc.gov)
  • therefore, live, attenuated virus and live bacterial vaccines generally are contraindicated during pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • Sterne
  • With little help from colleagues, Sterne performed small-scale experiments which isolated the "Sterne strain" (34F2) of anthrax which became, and remains today, the basis of most of the improved livestock anthrax vaccines throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • child's
  • At one point in the meeting, when the chairman asked those in the audience who believed that their child's autism was caused by vaccines to stand, a largely majority of the audience rose to their feet. (atlaschiro.com)
  • efficacy
  • The vaccine efficacy of AVA in humans was initially established by Philip S. Brachman of the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) in a controlled study undertaken between 1954 and 1959. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vaccine was judged to have a 92.5% vaccine efficacy against all types of anthrax experienced. (wikipedia.org)
  • We are pleased to be here today to discuss the results of our ongoing examination of the safety and efficacy of the anthrax vaccine, which is being done at your request. (whale.to)
  • Also, some active duty military personnel expressed concerns regarding the safety and efficacy of the anthrax vaccine after the FDA found problems during the inspection of the facility that was manufacturing the anthrax vaccine. (whale.to)
  • Prior to the time of licensing, no human efficacy testing of the MDPH vaccine was performed. (whale.to)
  • However, a study was done on the efficacy of the original vaccine. (whale.to)
  • livestock
  • Because no commercial treatment or vaccine is available for this disease, livestock management is the only method of control. (wikipedia.org)
  • publicly funded
  • Health Performance Measurement in the Public Sector is the second of two books for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services on using and improving performance measurement in publicly funded health programs and the implications for data needs and systems. (worldcat.org)
  • In Canada, publicly-funded immunization schedules may vary from province or territory. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • Many vaccines require multiple doses for maximum effectiveness, either to produce sufficient initial immune response or to boost response that fades over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • routinely
  • The potency of AVA vaccine lots is routinely determined both by the survival rates of parenterally challenged guinea pigs and their anti-PA antibody titres as measured by an enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • After reviewing extensive scientific evidence and carefully considering comments from the public, the FDA again determined that the vaccine is licensed for the prevention of anthrax, regardless of the route of exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benefits of vaccinating pregnant women usually outweigh potential risks when the likelihood of disease exposure is high, when infection would pose a risk to the mother or fetus, and when the vaccine is unlikely to cause harm. (cdc.gov)
  • populations
  • In recent years, substantial efforts have been initiated to develop new drugs, vaccines, and other medical interventions against biological agents that could be used in bioterrorist attacks against civilian populations. (worldcat.org)
  • Some vaccines are recommended only in certain areas (countries, sub national areas, or at-risk populations) where a disease is common. (wikipedia.org)
  • reactions
  • Both my husband and I had severe reactions to vaccines, but we did not know that our health problems were caused by vaccines until our youngest was five, and I had been researching the issues carefully. (whale.to)
  • given
  • After having thoroughly read Pasteur's lab notes, the science historian Gerald L. Geison declared Pasteur had given a misleading account of the preparation of the anthrax vaccine used in the experiment at Pouilly-le-Fort. (wikipedia.org)
  • The table below shows the types of vaccines given in example countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • But Pena said people should be given the option of the vaccine without the imminent threat of the virus hanging over their heads. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The excuses given to us about what happened after the vaccines sounded plausible at the time, but once the medical literature had been identified, and appropriate testing done, they were laughable. (whale.to)
  • From an historical perspective it is important to keep in mind that, in the early days of immunizations, there were relatively few vaccines, and for the most part they were given separately. (atlaschiro.com)
  • effectiveness
  • Vaccine schedules are developed by governmental agencies or physicians groups to achieve maximum effectiveness using required and recommended vaccines for a locality while minimizing the number of health care system interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientific evidence does support the effectiveness of immunizations. (atlaschiro.com)
  • virulence
  • A persistent problem with Pasteur's vaccine was achieving the correct balance between virulence and immunogenicity during preparation. (wikipedia.org)
  • germ
  • Discoveries in the 18th and 19th centuries included Antoine Lavoisier's use of a guinea pig in a calorimeter to prove that respiration was a form of combustion, and Louis Pasteur's demonstration of the germ theory of disease in the 1880s using anthrax in sheep. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • In 1970, AVA was first licensed by the PHS for protection against cutaneous anthrax to a state-owned facility operated by the Michigan Department of Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • In developing countries, vaccine recommendations also take into account the level of health care access, the cost of vaccines and issues with vaccine availability and storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the vaccine was licensed, the vaccine and the manufacturing process were changed, creating a similar vaccine, produced by the Michigan Department of Public Health (MDPH), which was the one eventually licensed. (whale.to)
  • After a 1962 study on the vaccine s effects in mill workers, its manufacturing process was changed, and the Michigan Department of Public Health (MDPH) took over as the vaccine s producer. (whale.to)
  • You have received this because you have expressed the view that there is a possibility that vaccines could be causing damage to our children s health. (whale.to)
  • If the bill is voted out of the Assembly Health Committee and then quickly approved by the full Assembly and signed by the Governor, your only options will be to (1) find a doctor to write an almost impossible-to-get medical vaccine exemption for your child or (2) homeschool or enroll your child in an independent study program. (nvic.org)
  • The bill's primary sponsors, pediatrician Richard Pan (D-Sacramento) and Ben Allen (D-Santa Monica) have not publicly explained what will happen if parents refuse to give their school aged child every federally recommended vaccine required by state health officials now or in the future under SB 277. (nvic.org)
  • He was the founding Director of Research at the Institute for Work & Health in Toronto from 1991 until 1997, and was a Senior Scientist at that Institute until 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frank was a Fellow with the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Population Health Program until it closed in 2003, and Professor at the University of Toronto in the Department of Public Health Sciences (now the Dalla Lana School of Public Health) from 1983 until 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3. Mustard JF, Frank JW, (on behalf of the Population Health Program, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The study field sites were four wool-sorting mills in the northeastern United States where employees were sometimes exposed to anthrax spores in the course of their work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Read on to learn about her work in our virtual mentoring programs. (nyas.org)
  • She left work in 1997 to undertake PhD studies with a focus on molecular biology and viruses, which was the catalyst to lead a microbiology group of bacteriologists, virologists and molecular biologists at the completion of her studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Therefore, we ardently believe the best approach to this very controversial subject is to present both the pros and cons, good and bad, known and unknown about immunizations, and then help guide the patient or parents to choose what is best for them or their children. (atlaschiro.com)
  • effective
  • The product has attracted some controversy owing to alleged adverse events and questions as to whether it is effective against the inhalational form of anthrax. (wikipedia.org)
  • So although access has significantly improved in a number of countries, a large fraction of the world's population still has no effective access to modern medicines or vaccines. (nih.gov)
  • Access to effective medicines and vaccines requires a complex and coordinated system. (nih.gov)
  • available
  • All vaccines available under the Australian immunization schedule are free of charge under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Available vaccines contain noninfectious HBsAg and should cause no risk of infection to the fetus. (cdc.gov)
  • Available exclusively to our Member community, Member-to-Member Mentoring is a self-directed mentoring program that matches early career scientists and engineers with experienced STEM professionals for advice and coaching. (nyas.org)
  • made
  • Later that month, the DOD made it policy to include any personnel spending 15 days or more in high anthrax-risk areas, such as the Persian Gulf or the Korean peninsula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pasteur publicly claimed he had made the anthrax vaccine by exposing the bacilli to oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • These two vaccines were made using different processes and have different data to support their safety. (whale.to)