• 2001
  • This document updates and replaces 2 previously published clinical guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children: "Clinical Practice Guideline: Diagnosis and Evaluation of the Child With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder" (2000) 1 and "Clinical Practice Guideline: Treatment of the School-aged Child With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder" (2001). (aappublications.org)
  • We undertook the current analysis to assess how the delivery of respiratory care services at a tertiary-care academic medical center, the Cleveland Clinic Foundation Hospital, has evolved over the decade 1991 to 2001. (rcjournal.com)
  • This analysis compares patterns of respiratory care service delivery in two 5-year intervals: from 1991 to 1996 and from 1996 to 2001. (rcjournal.com)
  • From 1991 to 2001, there were important expansions in the scope of respiratory care practice by our Section of Respiratory Care, while the volume of respiratory care services delivered per year increased 1.96-fold (from 339,600 to 665,921 services/y). (rcjournal.com)
  • A 2001 paper examining three of the original four hospitals with comparable "micro-cost" data determined that "the cost reductions primarily came from nursing intensive care unit, routine nursing, pharmacy, and catheter lab. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1996 to 2001 he was the first Robert & Susan Carmel Professor in Algesiology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Department of Oral Pathology, Biology & Diagnostic Science Department of Psychiatry. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • Medical advances allow better management of chronic and incurable diseases, including pathologies related to HIV and AIDS. (aafp.org)
  • The results suggest that Canada's policy of free AIDS care is having a double benefit: to the people being treated and to the public's health. (cbslocal.com)
  • In the United States, the study should boost efforts to more aggressively test and treat people, and to plug funding gaps that keep many from getting care now, AIDS experts said. (cbslocal.com)
  • Researchers used patient registries from British Columbia's universal health care system to track HIV tests, new cases, treatments and virus levels since 1996, when modern AIDS drugs became available. (cbslocal.com)
  • There's an ethical imperative" to provide care to people with HIV, and finding that this helps prevention "is an added bonus," said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's AIDS prevention chief. (cbslocal.com)
  • Mitchell Warren, executive director of the AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition, a New York-based nonprofit group that has worked toward developing a vaccine and other prevention tools, said the study was "quite compelling" and "very strong evidence" that treatment cuts the risk of spreading infection. (cbslocal.com)
  • The first cases of Gay related immunodeficiency, now known as AIDS, were first reported 5 June 1981, when the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recorded a cluster of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five homosexual men in Los Angeles. (wikipedia.org)
  • HIV/AIDS prevalence figures in the 15-19 year age group for 2005, 2006 and 2007 were 16%, 14% and 13% respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • The region also has 48% of new HIV infections among adults, 55% among children, and 48% of AIDS related deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ryan Wayne White (December 6, 1971 - April 8, 1990) was an American teenager from Kokomo, Indiana, who became a national poster child for HIV/AIDS in the United States after failing to be re-admitted to school following an AIDS diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Congress passed a major piece of AIDS legislation, the Ryan White CARE Act, shortly after White's death. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1995
  • From 1986-1995, Reinhardt served three consecutive three-year terms as a Commissioner on the Physician Payment Review Commission (PPRC), established in 1986 by the Congress to advise it on issues related to the payment of physicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • Another significant care standard is found in Medical Management of the Home Care Patient: Guidelines for Physicians , published by the American Medical Association (AMA) in 1998. (aafp.org)
  • Rifai completed a neuroscience research training fellowship at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, College of Medicine in Memphis (1996-1998). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • From 1993 to 2000 held different management positions at Insalud (now-defunct Spanish national healthcare authority): Medical Director of Primary Care Team at Barajas (1991-1993), Assistant Medical Director of Primary Care of Madrid's Area 4 (1993-1994), Medical Director of the same regional area (1994-1996) and finally Medical Director of Primary Care for Madrid's Area 2 (1996-2000). (getbetterhealth.com)
  • treatment
  • Problems arise especially in determining flat prices for case and treatment categories (similiar to diagnosis related groups). (ehesp.fr)
  • 3 Reducing medication out-of-pocket costs for patients with diabetes has had several positive effects across multiple studies, including improvements in medication initiation and adherence, lower treatment discontinuation rates, and decreased disease-related costs. (ajpb.com)
  • In response to the article by Drake, Mueser, Clark and Wallach (1996) which states "Ten years ago the only treatment options available for people with co-occurring substance abuse and severe mental illness were parallel treatments in separate programs" (p.49), the record requires correction. (erols.com)
  • Dual diagnosis treatment interventions and "integrated" programs that truly adapted to the needs of severely mentally ill chemical abusers (MICA) began in 1984 (Gigliotti,1986, Sciacca 1987a,1987b) in a New York State outpatient psychiatric facility. (erols.com)
  • CQC proceeded to visit the dual diagnosis programs developed in 1984, and declared the treatment interventions, the training, and integrated programs to be positive solutions to the dilemmas (Gigliotti, 1986). (erols.com)
  • A reporter sat in on treatment groups, interviewed consumers and the director, and attended related training seminars. (erols.com)
  • Consumers participated in treatment groups without pressure to self disclose, and explored topics from their own perspectives. (erols.com)
  • For preschool-aged children (4-5 years of age) , the primary care clinician should prescribe evidence-based parent- and/or teacher-administered behavior therapy as the first line of treatment (quality of evidence A/strong recommendation) and may prescribe methylphenidate if the behavior interventions do not provide significant improvement and there is moderate-to-severe continuing disturbance in the child's function. (aappublications.org)
  • In areas where evidence-based behavioral treatments are not available, the clinician needs to weigh the risks of starting medication at an early age against the harm of delaying diagnosis and treatment (quality of evidence B/recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • For elementary school-aged children (6-11 years of age) , the primary care clinician should prescribe US Food and Drug Administration-approved medications for ADHD (quality of evidence A/strong recommendation) and/or evidence-based parent- and/or teacher-administered behavior therapy as treatment for ADHD, preferably both (quality of evidence B/strong recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • For adolescents (12-18 years of age) , the primary care clinician should prescribe Food and Drug Administration-approved medications for ADHD with the assent of the adolescent (quality of evidence A/strong recommendation) and may prescribe behavior therapy as treatment for ADHD (quality of evidence C/recommendation), preferably both. (aappublications.org)
  • The number of new infections there has been cut in half since 1996, matching a rise in treatment. (cbslocal.com)
  • The number of infected people getting treatment rose from 837 in 1996 to 5,413 in 2009. (cbslocal.com)
  • He linked sociology, anthropology and psychology methods to help address issues in the diagnosis and treatment of various painful disorders affecting various organ systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • He initiated research projects related to social issues that affected the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Speaking to The New York Times about diseases including hepatitis C, he posited that the shame associated with diagnosis was also a major negative factor in treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one study, poor early management was reported to be a main risk factor for severe CFS (delayed diagnosis, poor response to analgesics, physiotherapy, or alternative medicine), with associated variables including a poor relationship with the GP before and after diagnosis, and the involvement of a psychiatrist in initial treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2008 Cochrane review of CBT concluded, "CBT is more effective than usual care for reducing fatigue symptoms in adults with CFS, with 40% of participants assigned to CBT showing clinical response at post-treatment, in comparison with 26% assigned to usual care control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment is recommended as soon as the diagnosis is made. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • In the ongoing effort to control and prevent these diseases, molecular methods are finding increasing application for differential diagnosis, epidemiological investigations and screening of covert infections in hatcheries and on farms. (fao.org)
  • The rapid uptake has also been driven by the lack of other methods that are used commonly in diagnosis of animal viral infections. (fao.org)
  • Because of the absence of adaptive immunity in invertebrates (Fearon and Locksley, 1996), serology cannot be used to detect existing or prior infections with shrimp viruses. (fao.org)
  • Although new infections among mature age groups in South Africa remain high, new infections among teenagers seem to be on the decline. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012 alone, the Human Science Research Council (HSRC), reported 470,000 new diagnoses-or nearly 1,100 new infections every day. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary
  • Correspondence: James K Stoller MD MSc FAARC, Department of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine/A90, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland OH 44195. (rcjournal.com)
  • Asbestos-related diseases include non-malignant disorders such as asbestosis (pulmonary fibrosis due to asbestos), diffuse pleural thickening, pleural plaques, pleural effusion, rounded atelectasis and malignancies such as lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is conducting research as a geriatric intensivist in the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and the Center for Health Services Research at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • It classifies patients into nearly 300 pathology groups rather than the 14,000 of the International Classification of Diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guidelines in paediatric oncology encourage health care providers to share relevant information with young patients and parents to enable their active participation in decision making. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Seven patients (aged 8-17), 11 parents, and 18 survivors (aged 8-17 at diagnosis) participated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Still, some variation in preferences was found, which faces health care providers with the task of balancing between the sometimes conflicting preferences of young cancer patients and their parents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients and families are choosing the option of home care more frequently. (aafp.org)
  • These regulations require patients who receive home health care services to be under the care of a physician and to be homebound. (aafp.org)
  • Patients (or caregivers) often desire to avoid prolonged expensive care at the end of life. (aafp.org)
  • Patients choose to receive care in the home. (aafp.org)
  • Thus the occurrence of post-traumatic stress (PTS) with trauma-related symptoms in patients with cancer has been under increasing study, influenced by changes in the diagnostic criteria for PTSD in the DSM, fourth edition (DSM-IV). (wellspan.org)
  • One German study [ 15 ] that evaluated patients with breast cancer for PTSD and ASD concluded that patients with lifetime PTSD (8.7%) were much more likely to experience cancer-related ASD or PTSD (odds ratio, 14.1). (wellspan.org)
  • Eventually 239 patients were randomly allocated to the programme, and 86 patients referred back to their doctor for usual care. (isrctn.com)
  • Changing characteristics of hospitalized patients over the last decade have created challenges for all health-care providers in delivering optimal care. (rcjournal.com)
  • In the specific case of respiratory care, trends that hospitalized patients have generally become sicker over time and that average lengths of stay have generally become shorter have posed the challenge of meeting demands for more services delivered with greater immediacy. (rcjournal.com)
  • The amount of virus that patients harbored also dropped and was directly related to fewer new cases being diagnosed in the population. (cbslocal.com)
  • symptoms
  • For a number of years, investigators have reported stress or trauma-related symptoms such as avoidant behaviors, intrusive thoughts, and heightened arousal in survivors of cancer. (wellspan.org)
  • 12 ] Thus, people with histories of cancer can now be evaluated and considered at risk for PTS and related symptoms. (wellspan.org)
  • Take "back pain" for example - should you see a primary care physician, an orthopedist, a neurosurgeon, an anesthesiologist, a rheumatologist, or a rehab specialist to evaluate your symptoms? (getbetterhealth.com)
  • The primary care clinician should initiate an evaluation for ADHD for any child 4 through 18 years of age who presents with academic or behavioral problems and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity (quality of evidence B/strong recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • Play media Many people with Crohn's disease have symptoms for years before the diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Faculty
  • He obtained his M.D. with honors from University of Aleppo Faculty of Medicine in 1996 and received a Neuroscience National Research Service Award funded by the National Institute of Mental Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Western Middle School in Russiaville faced enormous pressure from many parents and faculty to deny White from the campus after his diagnosis became widely known. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders
  • To The Editor, The opening article of the Journal's special section (Osher & Drake,1996) which traces the history of separating mental health and addictive services, is an important contribution to the literature on dual disorders. (erols.com)
  • 1996 The US Department of Defense includes homosexuality in a list of "mental disorders," in a document known as "directive 1332.38: physical disability evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asbestos-related diseases are disorders of the lung and pleura caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibres. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinic is primarily designed to serve as a research facility while at the same time offering diagnosis and care for unusual chronic pain disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • encompass
  • Benign asbestos-related pleural abnormalities encompass four types of pleural changes: Pleural plaques Diffuse pleural thickening Benign asbestos pleural effusions Rounded atelectasis (folded lung) The pleura appears to be more sensitive than the lung parenchyma to the effects of asbestos fibres. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • The primary care clinician should recognize ADHD as a chronic condition and, therefore, consider children and adolescents with ADHD as children and youth with special health care needs. (aappublications.org)
  • Management of children and youth with special health care needs should follow the principles of the chronic care model and the medical home (quality of evidence B/strong recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • From 1983 to 1996 he was the Director of the Pain Research Unit Columbia University School of Public Health (Division of Sociomedical Sciences) He was responsible for developing research programs applying the social sciences to problems in chronic pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • The patient must have a documented need for skilled nursing care or physical, occupational or speech therapy. (aafp.org)
  • Patient is under the care of a physician. (aafp.org)
  • Member of Patient Safety groups at Cochrane and Spanish Primary Care Association (Semfyc). (getbetterhealth.com)
  • In 1996, while serving as chief resident at Bowman Gray, Ely and his colleagues published the findings of a study into the efficacy of a ventilator weaning protocol (called spontaneous breathing trials) in shortening the duration an ICU patient required assistance through mechanical ventilation as well as reducing complications and cost of care. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • Asbestos-related diseases can also occur as a result of non-occupational, environmental exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus asbestos-related pleural diseases can result from much lower doses than the fibrotic changes in the lung. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pleural plaques are evidence of past asbestos exposure and indicate an increased risk for the future development of other asbestos-related diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • In this summary, unless otherwise stated, evidence and practice issues as they relate to adults are discussed. (wellspan.org)
  • The evidence and application to practice related to children may differ significantly from information related to adults. (wellspan.org)
  • respiratory
  • Douglas K Orens RRT MBA presented a version of this report at the 48th International Respiratory Congress of the American Association for Respiratory Care, held in Tampa, Florida, October 5-8, 2002. (rcjournal.com)
  • publishes
  • Timeline of events related to sexual orientation and medicine 1886 Dr. Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing, a German psychiatrist, publishes a study of sexual perversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • In September, 1986, the New York State (NYS) Commission on Quality of Care (CQC) released the findings of eighteen months of research. (erols.com)
  • Diagnosis is based on a number of findings including biopsy and appearance of the bowel wall, medical imaging and description of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, other therapies were used as attention placebo control groups, which limits confidence in the findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • 1990 The World health organization replaces its categorization of homosexuality as a mental illness with the diagnosis of ego-dystonic homosexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • In the last eleven years Dr. MinuĂ© has been involved in several projects related to education, investigation and consulting both at national and international level. (getbetterhealth.com)
  • system
  • Traduction en anglais : The new compensation system for inpatient care - first experience with implementation and preparation for 1996. (ehesp.fr)
  • It is reported about the state of implementation of the new compensation system for inpatient care. (ehesp.fr)
  • While Crohn's is an immune related disease, it does not appear to be an autoimmune disease (in that the immune system is not being triggered by the body itself). (wikipedia.org)
  • The controversy regarding Siebert's firing resulted in accusations by the National Association of Medical Examiners, independent groups of Medical Examiners throughout the nation, the State Attorney, and the Bay County Commissioners complaining that the Florida Medical Examiner system had been compromised by racial politics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution
  • Since we are now in the early stages of the evolution of dual diagnosis services, however, I believe it is important to provide a more complete and detailed account of the previous initiatives in this field. (erols.com)
  • services
  • MICA programs and groups that grew out of this model continue to be an important nucleus of our present services in New York State and nationally. (erols.com)
  • In 1996, he was appointed to the Board of Health Care services of the Institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • doses
  • The primary care clinician should titrate doses of medication for ADHD to achieve maximum benefit with minimum adverse effects (quality of evidence B/strong recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • occur
  • The care must be part time (28 hours or less per week, eight hours or less per day) and occur at least every 60 days except in special cases. (aafp.org)
  • Assessment
  • The same year, Ely and his ICU Delirium Study Group developed CAM-ICU based on an earlier Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) developed by Sharon Inouye. (wikipedia.org)
  • Management
  • Enrollees were matched 1-to-1 using propensity scores to a comparison group in the same firm (~1800 enrollees per arm) with disease management but without the value-based pharmacy benefit. (ajpb.com)
  • They observed that the value-based program, when combined with concurrent disease management (DM), was associated with an increase in adherence to diabetes medical guidelines and a positive return on investment for diabetes-related spending. (ajpb.com)
  • At Semfyc he is also member of the Knowledge Management group and coordinates Project ARA, focused on MD re-certification. (getbetterhealth.com)
  • case
  • He resigned over inappropriate remarks made about African-American civil rights leaders related to the case. (wikipedia.org)
  • primary
  • Bouncing from specialist to specialist can be costly, so if you're not sure which kind of physician specializes in treating your disease or condition (or if you haven't been diagnosed yet), start with a primary care physician first. (getbetterhealth.com)
  • The primary care clinician should also rule out any alternative cause (quality of evidence B/strong recommendation). (aappublications.org)
  • Reinhardt's work on health care spending includes his argument that the aging of the U.S. population is not the primary cause of the growth in U.S. health care spending. (wikipedia.org)
  • tasks
  • These [LGBT] adolescents may experience profound isolation and fear of discovery, which interferes with achieving developmental tasks of adolescence related to self-esteem, identity, and intimacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • In it, Reinhardt argued that there is little correlation between the prevalence of consumer choice and the high quality of Swiss health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who worked in jobs with high asbestos dust exposure are at the highest risk of developing asbestos-related disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Source
  • The study tried to establish functioning groups as a source to achieve changes and as a start for individual targets. (isrctn.com)
  • time
  • The number of new HIV diagnoses fell from 702 to 338 per year during that time. (cbslocal.com)
  • Among hemophiliacs treated with blood-clotting factors between 1979 and 1984, nearly 90% became infected with HIV and/or Hepatitis C. At the time of his diagnosis, his T-cell count had dropped to 25 (a healthy individual without HIV will have around 500-1200). (wikipedia.org)