• child's
  • The caregiver role will increase daily mental pressures on the caregiver as they have to manage their child's behaviour and health-related factors to a larger extent than before the diagnosis. (peerj.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child abuse and child maltreatment as "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. (wikipedia.org)
  • The WHO defines physical abuse as: Intentional use of physical force against the child that results in - or has a high likelihood of resulting in - harm for the child's health, survival, development or dignity. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • 1 Moreover, adolescents who have initiated sexual intercourse have some of the highest age-specific rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), 2 which along with unintended pregnancy impose enormous costs in human pain and suffering, in social and economic opportunity, and in social welfare and health care. (guttmacher.org)
  • However, in these societies, early pregnancy may combine with malnutrition and poor health care to cause medical problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health consequences include not yet being physically ready for pregnancy and childbirth leading to complications and malnutrition as the majority of adolescents tend to come from lower-income households. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means not focusing on changing the behaviour of girls but addressing the underlying reasons of adolescent pregnancy such as poverty, gender inequality, social pressures and coercion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teenage pregnancy puts young women at risk for health issues, economic, social and financial issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Young women who had married at age 18 or older were more likely than those who had married before age 18 to have been involved in planning their marriage (odds ratio, 1.4), to reject wife beating (1.2), to have used contraceptives to delay their first pregnancy (1.4) and to have had their first birth in a health facility (1.4). (guttmacher.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • and the World Health Organization causes of neonatal deaths , possibly due to challenges (WHO) estimated that LBW contributes to 60-80% of in determining LBW-attributable deaths. (deepdyve.com)
  • This age bracket reflects the influence on Brazilian law of international organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO). (wikipedia.org)
  • Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem, with the country having the second-highest suicide rate in the world according to the World Health Organization, as well as the highest suicide rate for an OECD member state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization recommends that young people limit the use of personal audio players to an hour a day in an effort to limit exposure to noise. (wikipedia.org)
  • reproductive
  • Low W. Y., Ooi G. L & Yusof K, "Community-based use of IQ Test with Sang Kancil pre-school children", Malaysian Journal Reproductive Health 4(2) : 97 - 103, 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cultural taboos around women's sexuality in Myanmar prevent open conversation regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights among women in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, and poses high development costs for communities, particularly in perpetuating the cycle of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach should include "providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education for all young people, investing in girls' education, preventing child marriage, sexual violence and coercion, building gender-equitable societies by empowering girls and engaging men and boys and ensuring adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health information as well as services that welcome them and facilitate their choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Little evidence from India is available regarding the ways in which early marriage may compromise young women's lives and their reproductive health and choices. (guttmacher.org)
  • While the situation of young married women in India has been increasingly documented, 6,27-33 evidence on the ways in which early marriage may limit young women's lives and compromise their reproductive health and choices is limited. (guttmacher.org)
  • The GII has three components that reflect three dimensions of gender inequality: reproductive health, empowerment, and economic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • consequences
  • Others are unaware that their bleeding patterns are abnormal and may be attributable to significant underlying medical issues with the potential for long-term health consequences. (aappublications.org)
  • The link between parental unemployment and its consequences for adolescents could be influenced by many individual factors (e.g. intellectual ability, previous experience of unemployment, coping styles) and contextual influences (the general context in which unemployment occurs, e.g. societal settings, political situation, unemployment benefits, culture, gender role distribution). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Because such a high proportion of abortions are likely performed by unskilled providers or are self-induced, about two-fifths of all women who have an abortion are believed to suffer a medical complication, and nearly one-fifth are expected to be hospitalized for treatment of health consequences. (guttmacher.org)
  • Centers
  • This decentralized model involves annual contracts between MINSA and local hospitals and health centers that are negotiated to set upcoming specific actions, goals, and funding allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • How do these findings relate to child welfare? (practicenotes.org)
  • However, the findings that welfare-to-work programs did have some effect in reducing dependence on government increased support among policymakers for moving welfare recipients into employment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the provision of abortion is highly restricted in Nigeria, findings from a 1996 survey of 67 health professionals from two-thirds of the country's states indicate that women of all socioeconomic levels obtain induced abortions, albeit under a wide range of conditions. (guttmacher.org)
  • These findings suggest a need to increase our understanding of how methodologies influence survey response in research on adolescents. (guttmacher.org)
  • Discussion and Implications Taken together, these findings suggest a family-health process stemming from early FEH and operating cumulatively over the life course. (deepdyve.com)
  • Findings identify BMI as a modifiable leverage point for the long-term reduction of CM disease risk and highlight the role of spouses as a buffer against the detrimental stress-health association. (deepdyve.com)
  • Findings underscore the need to build support among youth and their families for delaying marriage, to enforce existing laws on the minimum age at marriage and to encourage school, health and other authorities to support young women in negotiating with their parents to delay marriage. (guttmacher.org)
  • among
  • An understanding of factors that influence healthy weight-loss behaviors among overweight and obese female adolescents promotes effective, multi-component weight-loss interventions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There is limited evidence demonstrating associations between demographic variables, body-mass index, and weight perception among female adolescents trying to lose weight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study, therefore, examined the associations of body-mass index, weight perception, and weight-perception accuracy with trying to lose weight and engaging in exercise as a weight-loss method among a representative sample of U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Age, Black or African American race, body-mass index, weight perception, and weight perceptions accuracy were consistently associated with the likeliness of trying to lose weight among U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2 The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys have found no significant change in the median age at menarche over the past 30 years except among the non-Hispanic black population, which has a 5.5-month earlier age at menarche than it did 30 years ago. (aappublications.org)
  • While reviews of such programs found that almost all programs led to significant increases in employment and reductions in welfare rolls, there was little evidence that income among former welfare recipients had increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Academic achievement among immigrant and U.S.-born Latino adolescents: Associations with cultural, family, and acculturation factors. (docplayer.net)
  • Immigrant status, mental health need and mental health service utilization among high-risk Hispanic and Asian Pacific Islander youth. (docplayer.net)
  • Race matters: Maltreatment identification and impact among high-risk adolescents. (docplayer.net)
  • While methodologies and populations varied by survey, adolescents aged 15-17 who attend high school were a common subpopulation among all four. (guttmacher.org)
  • 4 Recognizing the impact of these behaviors, the public health community has set national goals for delaying the initiation of intercourse, increasing abstinence among sexually experienced adolescents and increasing the use of condoms and other contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
  • Low socioeconomic status, high stress, inadequate sleep, alcohol use, and smoking are associated with suicidal tendencies among adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some countries and jurisdictions, health care planning is distributed among market participants, whereas in others, planning occurs more centrally among governments or other coordinating bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Methods: Cross-sectional survey datasets from Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys between 1995 and 2011 were analyzed using binary logistic regression with 95% confidence interval (CI) and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to examine associations and trends of neonatal mortalities with respect to LBW. (deepdyve.com)
  • outcomes
  • Understanding Chinese American adolescents' developmental outcomes: insights from the family stress model. (springer.com)
  • A number of social, economic and health outcomes are associated with early marriage. (guttmacher.org)
  • Although Nicaragua's health outcomes have improved over the past few decades with the efficient utilization of resources relative to other Central American nations, it still confronts challenges responding to its population's diverse healthcare needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • This study examined the role of parental emotional well-being and parenting practices as mediators of the association between familial socioeconomic status (SES) and child mental health problems. (springer.com)
  • The results suggest that parental emotional well-being and parenting practices are two potential mechanisms through which low socioeconomic status is associated with child mental health problems. (springer.com)
  • 2005). Parent-training programs in child welfare services: planning for a more evidence-based approach to serving biological parents. (springer.com)
  • Socioeconomic status and children's mental health: results from the Bergen child study. (springer.com)
  • Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15 , 1342-1349. (springer.com)
  • Child Welfare, LXX (2) : 293-302, 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zulkifli S.N., Yusof K., Low W.Y., "Maternal and child health in urban Sabah, Malaysia: A comparison of Citizens and migrants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family poverty, welfare reform, and child development. (springer.com)
  • It also speaks to ways child welfare workers can promote resiliency in the children with whom they work. (practicenotes.org)
  • Even more striking, researchers found that most of the high risk children who had trouble during their high school years with delinquency, early child-bearing, or mental health problems had found a way out of their difficulties by the time they reached their thirties. (practicenotes.org)
  • Child abuse and neglect , child maltreatment , and child victimization are interchangeable terms that refer to a major public health problem confronting children and families. (springer.com)
  • Abuse manifests when the child or adolescent's caregiver fails to provide for the youth's health and well-being either by causing an injury or, as in neglect, by not meeting a basic need. (springer.com)
  • Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health. (springer.com)
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway. (springer.com)
  • Mothers who had a child with diabetes had lower quality of life measured by general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health than mothers that did not have a child with diabetes. (peerj.com)
  • In addition, they asserted that welfare reform would reduce parents' ability to monitor the behaviors of their children, leading to problems in child and adolescent functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maternal PTSD and Depression in Pediatric Primary Care: Association with Child Maltreatment and Frequency of Child Trauma Exposure. (docplayer.net)
  • Problem-specific Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Pathways from Maltreatment Exposure to Specialty Mental Health Service Use for Youth in Child Welfare. (docplayer.net)
  • Mental Health Service Use by Youths in Contact With Child Welfare: Racial Disparities by Problem Type. (docplayer.net)
  • Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma. (docplayer.net)
  • Definitions of child maltreatment can vary across the sectors of society which deal with the issue, such as child protection agencies, legal and medical communities, public health officials, researchers, practitioners, and child advocates. (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. federal laws that govern CPS agencies include: Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Multi-Ethnic Placement Act (MEPA) Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) 42 U.S.C. Section 1983, and depending on the circumstances 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late-19th century, private child protection agencies - modeled after existing animal protection organizations - developed to investigate reports of child maltreatment, present cases in court and advocate for child welfare legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1926, 18 states had some version of county child welfare boards whose purpose was to coordinate public and private child related work. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980, Congress passed the first comprehensive federal child protective services act, the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-272), which focused on family preservation efforts to help keep families together and children out of foster care or other out-of-home placement options. (wikipedia.org)
  • It employs over 1,000 people and works in mostly rural regions to promote literacy and increase community engagement in projects to promote health and hygiene, child welfare, human rights and democracy, the environment, and economic development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Tostan is well known for its success in accelerating the abandonment of female genital cutting, the program has also achieved results in the impact areas of governance, health, economic growth, education, and environment, as well as four key issues: child protection, empowerment of women and girls, early childhood development, and abandonment of female genital cutting. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • Of the 6577 adolescents in the final study sample, 214 (3.3%) were living with adoptive mothers and 6363 (96.7%) were living with biological mothers. (aappublications.org)
  • Liberals thought that welfare reform should expand opportunities for welfare mothers to receive training and work experience that would help them raise their families' living standards by working more and at higher wages. (wikipedia.org)
  • adulthood
  • Just as abnormal blood pressure, heart rate, or respiratory rate may be key to the diagnosis of potentially serious health conditions, identification of abnormal menstrual patterns through adolescence may permit early identification of potential health concerns for adulthood. (aappublications.org)
  • 1995
  • Zulkifli S.N., W.Y. Low & Yusof K., "Sexual activities of Malaysian adolescents", Medical Journal of Malaysia, 50 (1) : 4-10, 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sexual
  • Trends over time and gender differences were similar across surveys, underscoring their value for tracking adolescent sexual behaviors. (guttmacher.org)
  • obesity
  • We examine the determinants of obesity and its role in influencing early school leaving amongst adolescents in the city of Salerno and its province in Southern Italy. (repec.org)
  • Fat and Out in Salerno and Province: Adolescent Obesity and Early School Leaving in Southern Italy ," IZA Discussion Papers 4229, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (repec.org)
  • 1990
  • The 27 percent increase in caseloads between 1990 and 1994 accelerated the push by states to implement more radical welfare reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • parental
  • Results supported a model where family economy was associated with externalizing problems through parental emotional well-being and parenting practices, whereas maternal education level was associated with externalizing problems through negative discipline. (springer.com)
  • Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This suggests that the link between parental employment status and the health of their children may vary between countries, and therefore further studies involving various cultures are needed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • India
  • India, a low-to-middle search, despite being a key indicator of population and re- income country, contributes about 40% of global bur- productive health in a country . (deepdyve.com)
  • In many parts of Pakistan and India, maternal grandparents are called Nana and Nani. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • Improving the reporting quality of nonrandomized evaluations of behavioral and public health interventions: The TREND statement. (springer.com)
  • An example of this was the worldwide eradication of smallpox in 1980, declared by the WHO as the first disease in human history to be completely eliminated by deliberate health care interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • midlife
  • Health, Heart disease, Life course/life span, Economics, Body mass index, Marriage Although midlife, defined as ages 40-50, is generally considered a time of relatively good health (Lachman & James, 1997), an increasing number of studies have shown that it is a life stage with a notable increase in physical health problems. (deepdyve.com)
  • adoption
  • However, the association between adoption and adolescent suicide attempts and the mechanisms that might explain it remain unknown. (aappublications.org)
  • and, (ii) the significant differences identified between male and female adolescents suggest that the adoption of some gender-specific policy measures would be useful. (repec.org)
  • reform
  • As president, Clinton was attracted to welfare expert and Harvard University Professor David Ellwood's proposal on welfare reform and thus Clinton eventually appointed Ellwood to co-chair his welfare task force. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • He is currently serving as the Director of Telemedicine Malaysia (World Care Health, Malaysia), non-executive Director of a public listed company and has just retired from the position of an Academic Advisor in Perak Royal Medical College. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996. WY Low, SN Zulkifli, K Yusof, & YL Wong, "Dawn of a New Millennium: Future of Public Health Issues in Malaysia", 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 1994 : 7(3): 151-8. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Journal of Public Health, 94 (3), 361-366. (springer.com)
  • Health News Index March/April, 2003 The Health News Index measures public attention to and knowledge about leading health stories covered in the news in February and March. (kff.org)
  • While communicable diseases such as dengue, chikunguya, and Zika continue to persist as national health concerns, there is a rising public health threat of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, which were diseases previously thought to be more relevant and problematic for more developed nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current Nicaraguan public health system follows a decentralized model. (wikipedia.org)
  • It includes the work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, plus many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • The Community Empowerment Program (CEP) is a human rights-based curriculum that provides participants-women and men, adults and adolescents-with a strong foundation of knowledge and skills to improve their lives and generate solutions to community problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Throughout his career, Khairuddin has written many published and unpublished journals and books related to academics, social lives and, women and children development and health. (wikipedia.org)
  • To examine maternal functioning and wellbeing as important aspects of a family's adaptation to chronic paediatric conditions, in particular, children with diabetes. (peerj.com)
  • In Australia, over 6,000 children under 15 years of age had type 1 diabetes in 2013, representing 139 cases per 100,000 people ( Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2015 ). (peerj.com)
  • Type 1 diabetes is a disorder that mainly affects children and adolescents and is directly caused by immune system associated destruction of cells in the pancreas ( Atkinson, Eisenbarth & Michels, 2014 ). (peerj.com)
  • It began on July 1, 1997, and succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • List of Other Names and Acronyms for CPS: Department of Children and Families - DCF Department of Children and Family Services - DCFS Department of Social Services - DSS Department of Human Services - DHS CPS/DCF is a department under a state's Health and Human Services organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1825, states enacted laws giving social-welfare agencies the right to remove neglected children from their parents and from the streets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many impoverished elderly people kill themselves as to not be a burden on their families, since the South Korean welfare system is poorly funded and the tradition of children caring for their parents in old age has largely disappeared in the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Socioeconomic
  • Other possible explanations for the perceived trend in timing and progression of puberty are environmental factors, including socioeconomic conditions, nutrition, and access to preventive health care. (aappublications.org)
  • This system also integrated the Nicaraguan Social Security Institute (INSS) under MINSA's direction in order to make it financially feasible to provide a single national health service available to all Nicaraguan citizens, regardless of socioeconomic background. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary care involves the widest scope of health care, including all ages of patients, patients of all socioeconomic and geographic origins, patients seeking to maintain optimal health, and patients with all manner of acute and chronic physical, mental and social health issues, including multiple chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • TANF
  • TANF was created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act instituted under President Bill Clinton in 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • The majority of maternal deaths occur at home, only 38% of women with labor complications were referred to a hospital in 2010, and only 24% reached the hospital, the other 14% died on route because of delayed referral or transportation delays. (wikipedia.org)
  • family
  • This issue brief examines women's roles in family health care decision-making and coordination, the effect of that involvement for women who work, and women's caregiving responsibilities. (kff.org)
  • As 71.4% of the elderly population is uneducated and 37.1% of them live in rural areas, they are more likely to face economic hardship, which can lead to health problems and family conflicts. (wikipedia.org)
  • families
  • More specifically, conservatives wanted to impose a five-year lifetime limit on welfare benefits and provide block grants for states to fund programs for poor families. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1992, as a presidential candidate, Bill Clinton pledged to "end welfare as we know it" by requiring families receiving welfare to work after two years. (wikipedia.org)
  • representative
  • Data representative of U.S. female adolescents (N = 2216) were analyzed using STATA statistical software. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A secondary analysis of Wave I data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was conducted, which used a school-based, clustered sampling design to identify a nationally representative sample of 7th- to 12th-grade students, with oversampling of underrepresented groups. (aappublications.org)
  • Cultural
  • While the definitions of the various types of health care vary depending on the different cultural, political, organizational and disciplinary perspectives, there appears to be some consensus that primary care constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process, that may also include the provision of secondary and tertiary levels of care. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • Dr. Jessica focuses on finding a natural solution for your pain and health problems. (medexplorer.com)
  • First, early stressors proliferate into later stressors, and these distal and proximal stressors independently contribute to health problems over the life course. (deepdyve.com)
  • primary heal
  • Research publications with other lecturers and professors from University of Malaya Khairuddin Yusof, Saroja Batumalai, Wong Yut Lin, & Jonathan Okamura, "The ABCs of Community Participation in Primary Health Care", Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1989. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yusof K, Low W.Y, Ooi G.L, "Sang Kancil primary health care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • Health promotion by social gognitive means. (springer.com)
  • Access to health care may vary across countries, groups, and individuals, largely influenced by social and economic conditions as well as the health policies in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Yet, even though research documents the cumulative physiological influence of FEH, previous research has rarely investigated the long-term, persistent health influence of FEH over the adult life course using prospective data. (deepdyve.com)
  • This research, however, aimed at using the funds pouring in from international agencies to set up 'women's projects' rather than actually seeking to improve the welfare of the women themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • The Nicaraguan government guarantees universal free health care for its citizens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Countries and jurisdictions have different policies and plans in relation to the personal and population-based health care goals within their societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health care is conventionally regarded as an important determinant in promoting the general physical health and mental health and well-being of people around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The delivery of modern health care depends on groups of trained professionals and paraprofessionals coming together as interdisciplinary teams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary care refers to the work of health professionals who act as a first point of consultation for all patients within the health care system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the locality, health system organization, and sometimes at the patient's discretion, they may see another health care professional first, such as a pharmacist or nurse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the nature of the health condition, patients may then be referred for secondary or tertiary care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary care is often used as the term for the health care services which play a role in the local community. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • Indigenous Australian health and wellbeing statistics indicate Aboriginal Australians are much less healthy than the rest of the Australian community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results indicate that having an unemployed father negatively influences self-rated health and long-term well-being of Slovak male adolescents, but has no effect on the health of Dutch adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • successfully
  • Results from recent systematic reviews demonstrate that no single, particular intervention or strategy successfully assists overweight or obese adolescents in losing weight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • From 1979 to 1984, the government also successfully pushed for the construction of 309 new primary healthcare facilities and the training of over 3,000 health professionals. (wikipedia.org)
  • economic
  • FEH and CM Health Chronic and repeated economic hardship results in frequent activation of physiological systems leading to the dysregulation of multiple body systems over time, also known as "weathering" (Geronimus, Hicken, Keene, & Bound, 2006). (deepdyve.com)
  • Since the 1990s the Nicaraguan government has been changing towards more market-oriented economic policies that have affected the health sector. (wikipedia.org)