• attitudes
  • Knowledge and attitudes of Malaysian adolescents towards family planning", Singapore Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 25 (3) : 279-288 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • Report on "Knowledge, Attitudes And Perceptions Related To Drug Abuse In Peninsula Malaysia With Additional Focus On Parents And Adolescents", Social Obstetrics & Gynaecology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, April 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • females
  • Findings suggest that factors influencing weight-loss efforts, including age, race, body-mass index, weight perception, and weight-perception accuracy, should be incorporated into existing or new multi-component weight-loss interventions for U.S. adolescent females in order to help reduce the national epidemic of overweight and obesity among U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A human capital investment model is employed and this provides a framework within which to analyse the interrelated [`]decisions' regarding schooling and overeating, taking into account the importance of time preference and the differential effects of adolescent obesity for males and females. (repec.org)
  • Teenage pregnancy, also known as adolescent pregnancy, is pregnancy in females under the age of 20. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • The origins of hopelessness among inner-city African-American adolescents. (ascd.org)
  • The prevalence of overweight and obesity among U.S. adolescents has almost tripled in the last 30 years. (biomedcentral.com)
  • An understanding of factors that influence healthy weight-loss behaviors among overweight and obese female adolescents promotes effective, multi-component weight-loss interventions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There is limited evidence demonstrating associations between demographic variables, body-mass index, and weight perception among female adolescents trying to lose weight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study, therefore, examined the associations of body-mass index, weight perception, and weight-perception accuracy with trying to lose weight and engaging in exercise as a weight-loss method among a representative sample of U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Age, Black or African American race, body-mass index, weight perception, and weight perceptions accuracy were consistently associated with the likeliness of trying to lose weight among U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Due to the increased worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity, health care officials consider overweight and obesity a global epidemic [ 1 , 2 ], especially among young people. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Overweight and obesity also represent a national epidemic in the United States, where the prevalence of overweight and obesity has almost tripled among children and adolescents in the last 30 years. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While reviews of such programs found that almost all programs led to significant increases in employment and reductions in welfare rolls, there was little evidence that income among former welfare recipients had increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the findings that welfare-to-work programs did have some effect in reducing dependence on government increased support among policymakers for moving welfare recipients into employment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Academic achievement among immigrant and U.S.-born Latino adolescents: Associations with cultural, family, and acculturation factors. (docplayer.net)
  • Immigrant status, mental health need and mental health service utilization among high-risk Hispanic and Asian Pacific Islander youth. (docplayer.net)
  • Race matters: Maltreatment identification and impact among high-risk adolescents. (docplayer.net)
  • Findings underscore the need to build support among youth and their families for delaying marriage, to enforce existing laws on the minimum age at marriage and to encourage school, health and other authorities to support young women in negotiating with their parents to delay marriage. (guttmacher.org)
  • Inadequate functional health literacy among patients at two public hospitals. (springer.com)
  • Health literacy among Medicare enrollees in a managed care organization. (springer.com)
  • Poverty increased, especially among women, newly formed health policies meant that no health care or only very insufficient care at best - was available to most women. (un.org)
  • children
  • Throughout his career, Khairuddin has written many published and unpublished journals and books related to academics, social lives and, women and children development and health. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also speaks to ways child welfare workers can promote resiliency in the children with whom they work. (practicenotes.org)
  • Even more striking, researchers found that most of the high risk children who had trouble during their high school years with delinquency, early child-bearing, or mental health problems had found a way out of their difficulties by the time they reached their thirties. (practicenotes.org)
  • Methods: A cross-sectional survey, the Australian Study of Child Health in Same-Sex Families, was distributed in 2012 to a convenience sample of 390 parents from Australia who self-identified as same-sex attracted and had children aged 0-17 years. (docplayer.net)
  • Conclusions: Australian children with same-sex attracted parents score higher than population samples on a number of parent-reported measures of child health. (docplayer.net)
  • Keywords: Child health, Stigma, Sexuality, Parenting Background It is estimated that in 2011 there were 6,120 children under the age of 25 years living with two same-sex parents in Australia , with the number of same-sex couple households increasing from around 19,000 to more than 33,000 over the preceding ten years [1, (docplayer.net)
  • Ongoing reforms in Australia around same-sex adoption, surrogacy and fertility treatments will only see this number rise, with a recent national survey on the health and wellbeing of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender Australians identifying that 22.1% of respondents have children or step children . (docplayer.net)
  • Child abuse and neglect , child maltreatment , and child victimization are interchangeable terms that refer to a major public health problem confronting children and families. (springer.com)
  • It began on July 1, 1997, and succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, they asserted that welfare reform would reduce parents' ability to monitor the behaviors of their children, leading to problems in child and adolescent functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • To examine maternal functioning and wellbeing as important aspects of a family's adaptation to chronic paediatric conditions, in particular, children with diabetes. (peerj.com)
  • In Australia, over 6,000 children under 15 years of age had type 1 diabetes in 2013, representing 139 cases per 100,000 people ( Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2015 ). (peerj.com)
  • Type 1 diabetes is a disorder that mainly affects children and adolescents and is directly caused by immune system associated destruction of cells in the pancreas ( Atkinson, Eisenbarth & Michels, 2014 ). (peerj.com)
  • The risk for death from measles or its complications is greater for infants, young children, and adults than for older children and adolescents. (cdc.gov)
  • List of Other Names and Acronyms for CPS: Department of Children and Families - DCF Department of Children and Family Services - DCFS Department of Social Services - DSS Department of Human Services - DHS CPS/DCF is a department under a state's Health and Human Services organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1825, states enacted laws giving social-welfare agencies the right to remove neglected children from their parents and from the streets. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980, Congress passed the first comprehensive federal child protective services act, the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-272), which focused on family preservation efforts to help keep families together and children out of foster care or other out-of-home placement options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many impoverished elderly people kill themselves as to not be a burden on their families, since the South Korean welfare system is poorly funded and the tradition of children caring for their parents in old age has largely disappeared in the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • We examine the determinants of obesity and its role in influencing early school leaving amongst adolescents in the city of Salerno and its province in Southern Italy. (repec.org)
  • Fat and Out in Salerno and Province: Adolescent Obesity and Early School Leaving in Southern Italy ," IZA Discussion Papers 4229, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (repec.org)
  • 1990
  • The 27 percent increase in caseloads between 1990 and 1994 accelerated the push by states to implement more radical welfare reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. federal laws that govern CPS agencies include: Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Multi-Ethnic Placement Act (MEPA) Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) 42 U.S.C. Section 1983, and depending on the circumstances 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers
  • This decentralized model involves annual contracts between MINSA and local hospitals and health centers that are negotiated to set upcoming specific actions, goals, and funding allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • However, in these societies, early pregnancy may combine with malnutrition and poor health care to cause medical problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health consequences include not yet being physically ready for pregnancy and childbirth leading to complications and malnutrition as the majority of adolescents tend to come from lower-income households. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means not focusing on changing the behaviour of girls but addressing the underlying reasons of adolescent pregnancy such as poverty, gender inequality, social pressures and coercion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teenage pregnancy puts young women at risk for health issues, economic, social and financial issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Young women who had married at age 18 or older were more likely than those who had married before age 18 to have been involved in planning their marriage (odds ratio, 1.4), to reject wife beating (1.2), to have used contraceptives to delay their first pregnancy (1.4) and to have had their first birth in a health facility (1.4). (guttmacher.org)
  • Objectives
  • U.S. Public Health Service year 2000 objectives include eliminating measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome, and reducing mumps incidence to less than 500 reported cases per year. (cdc.gov)
  • The Platform for Action adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995) established five strategic objectives for women health. (un.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • The study published by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1996 stated: 'While the industrialized countries are expected to grow richer still in coming decades, most developing regions are likely to see more modest income growth. (un.org)
  • This age bracket reflects the influence on Brazilian law of international organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO). (wikipedia.org)
  • Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem, with the country having the second-highest suicide rate in the world according to the World Health Organization, as well as the highest suicide rate for an OECD member state. (wikipedia.org)
  • socioeconomic
  • Do daily stress processes account for socioeconomic health disparities? (ascd.org)
  • Socioeconomic status and children's mental health: results from the Bergen child study. (springer.com)
  • This system also integrated the Nicaraguan Social Security Institute (INSS) under MINSA's direction in order to make it financially feasible to provide a single national health service available to all Nicaraguan citizens, regardless of socioeconomic background. (wikipedia.org)
  • TANF
  • TANF was created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act instituted under President Bill Clinton in 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • families
  • More specifically, conservatives wanted to impose a five-year lifetime limit on welfare benefits and provide block grants for states to fund programs for poor families. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1992, as a presidential candidate, Bill Clinton pledged to "end welfare as we know it" by requiring families receiving welfare to work after two years. (wikipedia.org)
  • deaths
  • The majority of maternal deaths occur at home, only 38% of women with labor complications were referred to a hospital in 2010, and only 24% reached the hospital, the other 14% died on route because of delayed referral or transportation delays. (wikipedia.org)
  • While abortion is illegal in Myanmar, around 10 percent of all maternal deaths are reported to be abortion-related. (wikipedia.org)
  • family
  • This issue brief examines women's roles in family health care decision-making and coordination, the effect of that involvement for women who work, and women's caregiving responsibilities. (kff.org)
  • As 71.4% of the elderly population is uneducated and 37.1% of them live in rural areas, they are more likely to face economic hardship, which can lead to health problems and family conflicts. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • Indigenous Australian health and wellbeing statistics indicate Aboriginal Australians are much less healthy than the rest of the Australian community. (wikipedia.org)
  • representative
  • Data representative of U.S. female adolescents (N = 2216) were analyzed using STATA statistical software. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A secondary analysis of Wave I data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was conducted, which used a school-based, clustered sampling design to identify a nationally representative sample of 7th- to 12th-grade students, with oversampling of underrepresented groups. (aappublications.org)
  • child's
  • The caregiver role will increase daily mental pressures on the caregiver as they have to manage their child's behaviour and health-related factors to a larger extent than before the diagnosis. (peerj.com)
  • The WHO defines physical abuse as: Intentional use of physical force against the child that results in - or has a high likelihood of resulting in - harm for the child's health, survival, development or dignity. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • He is currently serving as the Director of Telemedicine Malaysia (World Care Health, Malaysia), non-executive Director of a public listed company and has just retired from the position of an Academic Advisor in Perak Royal Medical College. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996. WY Low, SN Zulkifli, K Yusof, & YL Wong, "Dawn of a New Millennium: Future of Public Health Issues in Malaysia", 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health News Index March/April, 2003 The Health News Index measures public attention to and knowledge about leading health stories covered in the news in February and March. (kff.org)
  • We searched MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS), Industrial and Labor Relations Review (ILLR), PsychInfo, and Ageline from 1980 to 2003. (springer.com)
  • Nutbeam D. Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. (springer.com)
  • Rudd RE, Colton T, Schacht R. An Overview of the Medical and Public Health Literature Addressing Literacy Issues: An Annotated Bibliography. (springer.com)
  • Definitions of child maltreatment can vary across the sectors of society which deal with the issue, such as child protection agencies, legal and medical communities, public health officials, researchers, practitioners, and child advocates. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1926, 18 states had some version of county child welfare boards whose purpose was to coordinate public and private child related work. (wikipedia.org)
  • While communicable diseases such as dengue, chikunguya, and Zika continue to persist as national health concerns, there is a rising public health threat of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, which were diseases previously thought to be more relevant and problematic for more developed nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current Nicaraguan public health system follows a decentralized model. (wikipedia.org)
  • education
  • The relation between economic growth and development and health, education and other basic needs of people is well recognized and studied since the beginning of this century. (un.org)
  • From the 1950 s to the 1970 s, health and education expenditures were considered social investment by policy makers. (un.org)
  • Health, education and other social expenditures were reduced suddenly in developing countries. (un.org)
  • The deterioration of education and health services as well as other social basic services such as nutrition, employment, housing and others. (un.org)
  • outcome
  • Gender was recognized as an important determinant in health as seen in differences in health outcome between women and men. (un.org)
  • reform
  • As president, Clinton was attracted to welfare expert and Harvard University Professor David Ellwood's proposal on welfare reform and thus Clinton eventually appointed Ellwood to co-chair his welfare task force. (wikipedia.org)
  • morbidity
  • The great challenge of those studies are how to quantify, for example, the life of a person, its health status or some morbidity condition, in order to compare the cost of a treatment to the benefit in terms of health, cure or death avoidance. (un.org)
  • complications
  • Leading causes of maternal death according to the government's 2006-2011 National Health Plan are postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, and complications from unsafe abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • primary heal
  • Research publications with other lecturers and professors from University of Malaya Khairuddin Yusof, Saroja Batumalai, Wong Yut Lin, & Jonathan Okamura, "The ABCs of Community Participation in Primary Health Care", Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1989. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yusof K, Low W.Y, Ooi G.L, "Sang Kancil primary health care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • successfully
  • Results from recent systematic reviews demonstrate that no single, particular intervention or strategy successfully assists overweight or obese adolescents in losing weight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • From 1979 to 1984, the government also successfully pushed for the construction of 309 new primary healthcare facilities and the training of over 3,000 health professionals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initiative
  • In 1993, the Childhood Immunization Initiative established goals of eliminating indigenous transmission of measles and rubella in the United States by 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • Subsequently, the goals of the initiative were extended to include reducing the number of reported mumps cases to less than or equal to 1600 by 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • population
  • Only 25% of the total health budget was controlled by the Ministry of Health, and 90% of the services went to 10% of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though only a quarter of the population lived in the capital city of Managua, health professionals were disproportionately concentrated there. (wikipedia.org)