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  • child's
  • The caregiver role will increase daily mental pressures on the caregiver as they have to manage their child's behaviour and health-related factors to a larger extent than before the diagnosis. (peerj.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child abuse and child maltreatment as "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. (wikipedia.org)
  • The WHO defines physical abuse as: Intentional use of physical force against the child that results in - or has a high likelihood of resulting in - harm for the child's health, survival, development or dignity. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • and the World Health Organization causes of neonatal deaths , possibly due to challenges (WHO) estimated that LBW contributes to 60-80% of in determining LBW-attributable deaths. (deepdyve.com)
  • This age bracket reflects the influence on Brazilian law of international organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO). (wikipedia.org)
  • Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem, with the country having the second-highest suicide rate in the world according to the World Health Organization, as well as the highest suicide rate for an OECD member state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization recommends that young people limit the use of personal audio players to an hour a day in an effort to limit exposure to noise. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effects of a mother-child intervention program using home visits and video-feedback regarding mother-child interaction (STEEP-b) plus psychiatric treatment of the mother in cases where mental illness is present compared with TAU (treatment as usual, that is, standardized support by the child welfare system) on enhancing maternal sensitivity and child responsiveness in adolescent, high-risk mothers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The second aim of the current project is to investigate behavioral and neural differences between adolescent and adult mothers at baseline and postintervention. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The primary outcome hypothesis is that STEEP-b added to treatment as usual will improve maternal sensitivity and child responsiveness compared with treatment as usual alone in high-risk adolescent mothers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is a randomized controlled trial that evaluates the effects of an early intervention program (STEEP-b) on the quality of mother-child interaction and child development in adolescent, high-risk mothers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The high level of TT administration to pregnant women in rural Haryana indicates that antenatal mothers do come in contact with health services. (indmedica.com)
  • Mothers who had a child with diabetes had lower quality of life measured by general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health than mothers that did not have a child with diabetes. (peerj.com)
  • Liberals thought that welfare reform should expand opportunities for welfare mothers to receive training and work experience that would help them raise their families' living standards by working more and at higher wages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the 6577 adolescents in the final study sample, 214 (3.3%) were living with adoptive mothers and 6363 (96.7%) were living with biological mothers. (aappublications.org)
  • attitudes
  • Maternal attitudes and knowledge of child-rearing: associations with family and child outcomes. (springer.com)
  • Knowledge and attitudes of Malaysian adolescents towards family planning", Singapore Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 25 (3) : 279-288 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • Report on "Knowledge, Attitudes And Perceptions Related To Drug Abuse In Peninsula Malaysia With Additional Focus On Parents And Adolescents", Social Obstetrics & Gynaecology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, April 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • consequences
  • This special report draws on interviews and correspondence with roughly two dozen adolescent and health professionals, including researchers, psychologists, abstinence program coordinators and evaluators, sexuality educators and epidemiologists, to explore some of these consequences. (guttmacher.org)
  • Others are unaware that their bleeding patterns are abnormal and may be attributable to significant underlying medical issues with the potential for long-term health consequences. (aappublications.org)
  • The link between parental unemployment and its consequences for adolescents could be influenced by many individual factors (e.g. intellectual ability, previous experience of unemployment, coping styles) and contextual influences (the general context in which unemployment occurs, e.g. societal settings, political situation, unemployment benefits, culture, gender role distribution). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Because such a high proportion of abortions are likely performed by unskilled providers or are self-induced, about two-fifths of all women who have an abortion are believed to suffer a medical complication, and nearly one-fifth are expected to be hospitalized for treatment of health consequences. (guttmacher.org)
  • It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, and poses high development costs for communities, particularly in perpetuating the cycle of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centers
  • The villages were selected purposively from two sub-centers considering similar socioeconomic status, feasibility of visiting these villages in all seasons and availability of health workers. (indmedica.com)
  • This decentralized model involves annual contracts between MINSA and local hospitals and health centers that are negotiated to set upcoming specific actions, goals, and funding allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1992
  • For example, the highly charged political debate in 1992 over federal financing of comprehensive sexuality studies had a chilling effect on adolescent sexuality research. (guttmacher.org)
  • In 1992, as a presidential candidate, Bill Clinton pledged to "end welfare as we know it" by requiring families receiving welfare to work after two years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Methods: Cross-sectional survey datasets from Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys between 1995 and 2011 were analyzed using binary logistic regression with 95% confidence interval (CI) and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to examine associations and trends of neonatal mortalities with respect to LBW. (deepdyve.com)
  • among
  • Oral Sex Among Adolescents:Is It Sex or Is It Abstinence? (guttmacher.org)
  • The reports in the popular press that oral sex has become widespread among adolescents cannot be confirmed or refuted because the data to do so have never been collected. (guttmacher.org)
  • There is limited evidence demonstrating associations between demographic variables, body-mass index, and weight perception among female adolescents trying to lose weight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study, therefore, examined the associations of body-mass index, weight perception, and weight-perception accuracy with trying to lose weight and engaging in exercise as a weight-loss method among a representative sample of U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Age, Black or African American race, body-mass index, weight perception, and weight perceptions accuracy were consistently associated with the likeliness of trying to lose weight among U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Findings suggest that factors influencing weight-loss efforts, including age, race, body-mass index, weight perception, and weight-perception accuracy, should be incorporated into existing or new multi-component weight-loss interventions for U.S. adolescent females in order to help reduce the national epidemic of overweight and obesity among U.S. female adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cultural taboos around women's sexuality in Myanmar prevent open conversation regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights among women in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2 The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys have found no significant change in the median age at menarche over the past 30 years except among the non-Hispanic black population, which has a 5.5-month earlier age at menarche than it did 30 years ago. (aappublications.org)
  • While reviews of such programs found that almost all programs led to significant increases in employment and reductions in welfare rolls, there was little evidence that income among former welfare recipients had increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the findings that welfare-to-work programs did have some effect in reducing dependence on government increased support among policymakers for moving welfare recipients into employment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low socioeconomic status, high stress, inadequate sleep, alcohol use, and smoking are associated with suicidal tendencies among adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some countries and jurisdictions, health care planning is distributed among market participants, whereas in others, planning occurs more centrally among governments or other coordinating bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • reproductive
  • Low W. Y., Ooi G. L & Yusof K, "Community-based use of IQ Test with Sang Kancil pre-school children", Malaysian Journal Reproductive Health 4(2) : 97 - 103, 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach should include "providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education for all young people, investing in girls' education, preventing child marriage, sexual violence and coercion, building gender-equitable societies by empowering girls and engaging men and boys and ensuring adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health information as well as services that welcome them and facilitate their choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • sexual
  • Over the past few decades, nationally representative surveys have accumulated a wealth of data on levels of adolescent sexual activity. (guttmacher.org)
  • 1 The Senate's decision, prompted by pressure from a small group of conservative senators, to deny funding for the American Teenage Study of adolescent sexual behavior still reverberates in the scope of research on teenagers. (guttmacher.org)
  • The tendency to equate "sex" with intercourse alone represents long-standing cultural norms of acceptable sexual behavior and certainly applies to adults as well as to adolescents. (guttmacher.org)
  • Zulkifli S.N., W.Y. Low & Yusof K., "Sexual activities of Malaysian adolescents", Medical Journal of Malaysia, 50 (1) : 4-10, 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • The problems related to abortion may be particularly severe for adolescent wome n. 7 As increasing numbers of rural families migrate to urban areas, parental control and supervision are weakened, and young people are exposed to modern influences that encourage sexual activity in relationships that may not lead to marriage. (guttmacher.org)
  • adulthood
  • Just as abnormal blood pressure, heart rate, or respiratory rate may be key to the diagnosis of potentially serious health conditions, identification of abnormal menstrual patterns through adolescence may permit early identification of potential health concerns for adulthood. (aappublications.org)
  • behavioral
  • Improving the reporting quality of nonrandomized evaluations of behavioral and public health interventions: The TREND statement. (springer.com)
  • 25 years) will additionally be recruited to investigate behavioral and neural differences between the adolescent and adult group. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1990
  • U.S. federal laws that govern CPS agencies include: Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Multi-Ethnic Placement Act (MEPA) Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) 42 U.S.C. Section 1983, and depending on the circumstances 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • parental
  • This study examined the role of parental emotional well-being and parenting practices as mediators of the association between familial socioeconomic status (SES) and child mental health problems. (springer.com)
  • Results supported a model where family economy was associated with externalizing problems through parental emotional well-being and parenting practices, whereas maternal education level was associated with externalizing problems through negative discipline. (springer.com)
  • The results suggest that parental emotional well-being and parenting practices are two potential mechanisms through which low socioeconomic status is associated with child mental health problems. (springer.com)
  • Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This suggests that the link between parental employment status and the health of their children may vary between countries, and therefore further studies involving various cultures are needed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • child
  • 2005). Parent-training programs in child welfare services: planning for a more evidence-based approach to serving biological parents. (springer.com)
  • Socioeconomic status and children's mental health: results from the Bergen child study. (springer.com)
  • Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15 , 1342-1349. (springer.com)
  • Child Welfare, LXX (2) : 293-302, 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zulkifli S.N., Yusof K., Low W.Y., "Maternal and child health in urban Sabah, Malaysia: A comparison of Citizens and migrants. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also speaks to ways child welfare workers can promote resiliency in the children with whom they work. (practicenotes.org)
  • Even more striking, researchers found that most of the high risk children who had trouble during their high school years with delinquency, early child-bearing, or mental health problems had found a way out of their difficulties by the time they reached their thirties. (practicenotes.org)
  • Abuse manifests when the child or adolescent's caregiver fails to provide for the youth's health and well-being either by causing an injury or, as in neglect, by not meeting a basic need. (springer.com)
  • Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health. (springer.com)
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway. (springer.com)
  • By 1926, 18 states had some version of county child welfare boards whose purpose was to coordinate public and private child related work. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980, Congress passed the first comprehensive federal child protective services act, the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-272), which focused on family preservation efforts to help keep families together and children out of foster care or other out-of-home placement options. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • An example of this was the worldwide eradication of smallpox in 1980, declared by the WHO as the first disease in human history to be completely eliminated by deliberate health care interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcomes
  • Understanding Chinese American adolescents' developmental outcomes: insights from the family stress model. (springer.com)
  • Although Nicaragua's health outcomes have improved over the past few decades with the efficient utilization of resources relative to other Central American nations, it still confronts challenges responding to its population's diverse healthcare needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • He is currently serving as the Director of Telemedicine Malaysia (World Care Health, Malaysia), non-executive Director of a public listed company and has just retired from the position of an Academic Advisor in Perak Royal Medical College. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996. WY Low, SN Zulkifli, K Yusof, & YL Wong, "Dawn of a New Millennium: Future of Public Health Issues in Malaysia", 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 1994 : 7(3): 151-8. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Journal of Public Health, 94 (3), 361-366. (springer.com)
  • Health News Index March/April, 2003 The Health News Index measures public attention to and knowledge about leading health stories covered in the news in February and March. (kff.org)
  • While communicable diseases such as dengue, chikunguya, and Zika continue to persist as national health concerns, there is a rising public health threat of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, which were diseases previously thought to be more relevant and problematic for more developed nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current Nicaraguan public health system follows a decentralized model. (wikipedia.org)
  • It includes the work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, plus many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Socioeconomic
  • Other possible explanations for the perceived trend in timing and progression of puberty are environmental factors, including socioeconomic conditions, nutrition, and access to preventive health care. (aappublications.org)
  • This system also integrated the Nicaraguan Social Security Institute (INSS) under MINSA's direction in order to make it financially feasible to provide a single national health service available to all Nicaraguan citizens, regardless of socioeconomic background. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary care involves the widest scope of health care, including all ages of patients, patients of all socioeconomic and geographic origins, patients seeking to maintain optimal health, and patients with all manner of acute and chronic physical, mental and social health issues, including multiple chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • TANF
  • TANF was created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act instituted under President Bill Clinton in 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • The majority of maternal deaths occur at home, only 38% of women with labor complications were referred to a hospital in 2010, and only 24% reached the hospital, the other 14% died on route because of delayed referral or transportation delays. (wikipedia.org)
  • and they may be unable to afford a physician's fe e. 9 All of these factors may cause delays, and the later an adolescent seeks an abortion, the more likely she is to suffer complications that may lead to hospitalization. (guttmacher.org)
  • families
  • It began on July 1, 1997, and succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • More specifically, conservatives wanted to impose a five-year lifetime limit on welfare benefits and provide block grants for states to fund programs for poor families. (wikipedia.org)
  • List of Other Names and Acronyms for CPS: Department of Children and Families - DCF Department of Children and Family Services - DCFS Department of Social Services - DSS Department of Human Services - DHS CPS/DCF is a department under a state's Health and Human Services organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many impoverished elderly people kill themselves as to not be a burden on their families, since the South Korean welfare system is poorly funded and the tradition of children caring for their parents in old age has largely disappeared in the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • representative
  • Data representative of U.S. female adolescents (N = 2216) were analyzed using STATA statistical software. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A secondary analysis of Wave I data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was conducted, which used a school-based, clustered sampling design to identify a nationally representative sample of 7th- to 12th-grade students, with oversampling of underrepresented groups. (aappublications.org)
  • family
  • This issue brief examines women's roles in family health care decision-making and coordination, the effect of that involvement for women who work, and women's caregiving responsibilities. (kff.org)
  • As 71.4% of the elderly population is uneducated and 37.1% of them live in rural areas, they are more likely to face economic hardship, which can lead to health problems and family conflicts. (wikipedia.org)
  • intervention
  • Results from recent systematic reviews demonstrate that no single, particular intervention or strategy successfully assists overweight or obese adolescents in losing weight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • populations
  • In 2007/08, the Australian government focused mainly on decreasing 'overcrowding' within remote indigenous communities in endeavours to improve health in rural populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthcare systems are organisations established to meet the health needs of target populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • professionals
  • Even though only a quarter of the population lived in the capital city of Managua, health professionals were disproportionately concentrated there. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1979 to 1984, the government also successfully pushed for the construction of 309 new primary healthcare facilities and the training of over 3,000 health professionals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The delivery of modern health care depends on groups of trained professionals and paraprofessionals coming together as interdisciplinary teams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary care refers to the work of health professionals who act as a first point of consultation for all patients within the health care system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cultural
  • While the definitions of the various types of health care vary depending on the different cultural, political, organizational and disciplinary perspectives, there appears to be some consensus that primary care constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process, that may also include the provision of secondary and tertiary levels of care. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • Indigenous Australian health and wellbeing statistics indicate Aboriginal Australians are much less healthy than the rest of the Australian community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results indicate that having an unemployed father negatively influences self-rated health and long-term well-being of Slovak male adolescents, but has no effect on the health of Dutch adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • particularly
  • Beginning with President Ronald Reagan's administration and continuing through the first few years of the Clinton administration, growing dissatisfaction with AFDC, particularly the rise in welfare caseloads, led an increasing number of states to seek waivers from AFDC rules to allow states to more stringently enforce work requirements for welfare recipients. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • This implies that the health system has been inadequate in its efforts to save LBW babies. (deepdyve.com)
  • Before the 1979 Sandinista Revolution, the Nicaraguan health system consisted of four distinct agencies and independent health ministry offices in each province. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the 1979 Revolution, the new government established a new Unified National Health System that instated the Nicaraguan Ministry of Health (MINSA) at the head of health services throughout the nation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the locality, health system organization, and sometimes at the patient's discretion, they may see another health care professional first, such as a pharmacist or nurse. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • Throughout his career, Khairuddin has written many published and unpublished journals and books related to academics, social lives and, women and children development and health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health promotion by social gognitive means. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 57 (2) 223-239. (umd.edu)
  • In 1825, states enacted laws giving social-welfare agencies the right to remove neglected children from their parents and from the streets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Access to health care may vary across countries, groups, and individuals, largely influenced by social and economic conditions as well as the health policies in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • program
  • States that were granted waivers from AFDC program rules to run mandatory welfare-to-work programs were also required to rigorously evaluate the success of their programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the wake of the Revolution, MINSA promoted several prevention-based health efforts, one of the earliest being its Brigadista program. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Brigadista program involved the training of community health advocates, the majority of whom were chosen from the Sandinista Youth Organization, who were selected to be trained and transported to serve in underserved rural regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • A nonexperimental, descriptive, comparative secondary analysis design was conducted using data from Wave II (1996) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this study was to explore whether the effect of father's and mother's employment status on several aspects of adolescents' health differs between Slovakia and the Netherlands. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Of the 90 118 adolescents who completed the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in-school survey, 17 125 completed the in-home interview and had parents of identified gender who completed separate in-home questionnaire. (aappublications.org)
  • primary
  • Research publications with other lecturers and professors from University of Malaya Khairuddin Yusof, Saroja Batumalai, Wong Yut Lin, & Jonathan Okamura, "The ABCs of Community Participation in Primary Health Care", Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1989. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yusof K, Low W.Y, Ooi G.L, "Sang Kancil primary health care services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary care is often used as the term for the health care services which play a role in the local community. (wikipedia.org)