• Molecular
  • Walling DM, Andritsos LA, Etienne W, Payne DA, ARONSON JF, Flaitz CM, Nichols CM: Molecular markers of clonality and identity in Epstein-Barr virus-associated B-cell lymphoproliferative disease. (utmb.edu)
  • yellow fever
  • Malaria , dengue (or "breakbone fever," a severe, sometimes-deadly tropical disease transmitted by mosquitoes and accompanied by headache, rash, and severe joint pain), yellow fever , cholera , and a number of rodent-borne viruses are also appearing with increased frequency. (gcrio.org)
  • Forest
  • Semliki Forest virus (SFV) is an enveloped alphavirus that requires cellular membrane cholesterol for both membrane fusion and efficient exit of progeny virus from infected cells. (rupress.org)
  • In the design of such a vector to treat hepatocellular carcinoma, we took advantage of ( a ) the high infectivity of adenoviruses for hepatic cells, ( b ) the high level of protein expression and proapoptotic properties that characterize Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replicon, and ( c ) tumor selectivity provided by α-fetoprotein (AFP) promoter. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The structure of the Semliki Forest virus revealed a structure that is similar to that of flaviviral glycoprotein E, with three structural domains in the same primary sequence arrangement. (wikipedia.org)
  • plasma membrane
  • Replication occurs within the cytoplasm, and virions mature by budding through the plasma membrane, where virus-encoded surface glycoproteins E2 and E1 are assimilated. (wikipedia.org)
  • endosome
  • SFV infects cells by cell surface receptor binding, uptake via receptor-mediated endocytosis, and low pH-triggered fusion of the virus membrane with that of the endosome. (rupress.org)
  • replication
  • These are translated directly from the full-length 42S genomic RNA and form the virus replicase responsible for RNA replication and transcription ( Takkinen, 1986 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • temperature
  • The rate at which the virus disseminate in the vector is limited by temperature of their environment which can be an important determinant of geographical and seasonal limits to transmission by the arthropods in the tropics. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mutations in nsP2 that produce noncytopathic viruses or a temperature sensitive phenotypes cluster at the P2/P3 interface region. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • The srf-3 mutant emphasizes the relationship between the role of cholesterol in membrane fusion and virus exit, and most significantly, identifies a novel spike protein region involved in the virus cholesterol requirement. (rupress.org)
  • study
  • A study of this taxon suggests that this group of viruses had a marine origin - specifically the Southern Ocean - and that they have subsequently spread to both the Old and New World. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • A 1993 reform transformed the structure of public health care funding by shifting the burden of subsidy from providers to users. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Serology testing performed on this virus has shown the presence of six different subtypes (classified I to VI). (wikipedia.org)
  • transcription
  • 3. The method of claim 1, wherein the cell-penetrating peptide is a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) trans-activator of transcription (TAT) cell-penetrating peptide. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • health
  • Since 1993, Grieder has been on the faculty and has conducted research at the medical school of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. (nih.gov)
  • Although this new system has widened population coverage by the social and health security system from 21% (pre-1993) to 56% in 2004 and 66% in 2005, health disparities persist, with the poor continuing to suffer relatively high mortality rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • Sequence analysis of the small RNA segment of guinea-pig passaged Pichinde virus variants. (utmb.edu)
  • Small interfering RNA suppression of PKR levels in NIH-3T3 cells also reduced virus production and apoptosis. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • causes
  • The virus that causes VEE is transmitted primarily by mosquitoes that bite an infected animal and then bite and feed on another animal or human. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • An animal model for the tick-borne Flavivirus Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus. (utmb.edu)