• 1996
  • In 1996, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration mandated that all enriched cereal grain products be fortified with folic acid. (aafp.org)
  • After Burdick's death in 1992, she worked for a month as a consultant for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland, then took the position of chief of staff for Senator Kent Conrad, which she held until 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1996 she returned to academia and served as professor and director of the Center for Health Policy, Research, and Ethics at George Mason University. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1994
  • Federal and State Affairs Committee (Chair) In 1994 Sebelius left the House to run for state Insurance Commissioner and stunned political forecasters by winning - the first time a Democrat had won in more than 10 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • To assess the levels of folic acid in women of childbearing age, the CDC compared the concentrations of serum and red blood cell folate in women who participated in the 1999 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999) with women of childbearing age who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994). (aafp.org)
  • From 1992 to 1994, as the Vice President of Forest Resources for the American Forest and Paper Association, he pushed to eliminate public appeals to the USFS decision-making process because he claimed it was being abused by environmental groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nancy Dahlstrom graduated from the Skyview High School, Smithfield, Utah in 1975, received her Associate of Science in 1992 and her Bachelor of Science in 1994 for Human Services and Business from Wayland Baptist University, and received her Master's degree in Organization Management and Human Resource from University of LaVerne in 1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • In response to a need for objective information, the World Health Organisation implemented a nutrition and food security monitoring system in three besieged cities in Bosnia-Hercegovina (Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Zenica) between December 1993 and May 1994. (bmj.com)
  • 1991
  • In 1991, she ran to become House Majority Leader, but lost to State Representative Tom Sawyer of Wichita. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parkinson had previously served in the state House during 1991-1992 and the Senate during 1993-1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to these toxic effects, the manufacturers cancelled all use of endrin in the United States by 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resurgence of measles in the United States during the period 1989-1991 was associated with 55,622 reported cases (1,2), 11,251 hospitalizations, greater than 42,000 hospital days (CDC, unpublished data), and 166 suspected deaths from measles (3). (cdc.gov)
  • Bachelor of Scie
  • Trent-Adams received a bachelor of science in nursing from Hampton University, a master of science in nursing and health policy from the University of Maryland, Baltimore, and a doctorate from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally from Canton, Ohio, Rey has two Bachelor of Science degrees, in wildlife management and in forestry, and a Master of Science degree in natural resource policy and administration, all from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Welfare
  • Upon obtaining a license to practice, all physicians in Japan are enrolled in the National Register of Physicians and are assigned a unique physician identification (ID) number by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. (rrh.org.au)
  • The health and welfare of elderly people during the emergency in Bosnia-Hercegovina require special attention, and integrated age care programmes are needed. (bmj.com)
  • morbidity
  • Health status was evaluated through the dimensions of morbidity (defined as the presence or absence of health conditions), functional status (defined by limitations in activities of daily living due to health problems), changes in physical growth, and maternal perception of the child's health. (umich.edu)
  • The report, which appears in the October 27, 2000 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), states that in 1992, the U.S. Public Health Service recommended that women of childbearing age increase their consumption of folic acid to reduce the incidence of spina bifida and neural tube defects. (aafp.org)
  • Priorities for humanitarian aid agencies in emergency situations are to detect and prevent increased morbidity and mortality and to identify and protect those at nutritional and health risk. (bmj.com)
  • centers
  • The purpose was to develop and maintain a registry of individuals willing to donate bone marrow for patients in need of transplants, to facilitate marrow transplants by serving as a coordinating and communications center for a network of donor, collection and transplant centers in the United States and internationally, and to facilitate research into the efficacy of unrelated donor marrow transplants. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 provided Federal funds for two "neighborhood health centers," which were launched in 1965 by Jack Geiger and Count Gibson, physicians at Tufts University in Boston. (wikipedia.org)
  • Federal support for entities that would later be called health centers began in 1962 with passage of the Migrant Health Act, which funded medical and support services for migrant and seasonal farmworkers and their family members. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the mid-1970s, Congress permanently authorized neighborhood health centers as "community health centers" and "migrant health centers" under sections 329 and 330 of the Public Health Service Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time, health centers increased their patient base by almost 60 percent, nearly doubled the number of people receiving oral health care, and tripled the number of clients who received mental health and addiction counseling services. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Health Centers are community-based and patient-directed organizations that serve people with limited access to health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health centers are required to be located in or serve a high-need community (a "medically underserved" area or population) - and to make their services available to all patients on a sliding scale, with fees based on ability to pay. (wikipedia.org)
  • By law, health centers must be governed by community boards with majority patient representation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a report on the folate status in women of childbearing age in the United States. (aafp.org)
  • chief of st
  • A request for a summer internship in 1987 led to a position as a legislative assistant for health matters for Senator Quentin Burdick (D-ND), who later made her chief of staff. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her Senate duties included co-chairing the Senate Rural Health Caucus Staff Organization with Sheila Burke, who was also a nurse and was chief of staff for Senator Bob Dole, from 1987 to 1992. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • In 2001 she returned to North Dakota as the associate dean for rural health at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, and director of the Center for Rural Health at UND's School of Medicine and Health Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was sworn in as the undersecretary for natural resources and environment by the Agriculture Secretary, Ann M. Veneman on 2 October 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavioral
  • Measures of cognitive development, behavioral status, health status, and other variables were collected from both groups at predetermined time points. (umich.edu)
  • In FY 2004, the PHS provided at least $30 billion for health research and development, primarily in the biomedical and behavioral sciences through its extramural and intramural programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • The 340B Drug Discount Program is a US federal government program created in 1992 that requires drug manufacturers to provide outpatient drugs to eligible health care organizations and covered entities at significantly reduced prices. (wikipedia.org)
  • The program gives participating students work placements within federal natural resources agencies or non-governmental organizations (both nonprofit and for profit) operating in the natural resources policy arena in Washington, D.C. https://web.archive.org/web/20071104052503/http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/%21ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB?contentidonly=true&contentid=bios_rey.xml. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting Standards for Pediatric Immunization Practices (see box on page 3) were developed by CDC in collaboration with a 35-member working group representing 22 public and private agencies that had input from state and local health departments, physician and nursing organizations, and public and private providers involved in clinical care and in prevention health services. (cdc.gov)
  • program
  • In 1992, the program was enlarged to support a limited number of demonstration projects to develop, implement, and evaluate innovative models for minority marrow donor recruitment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The National Forest Management Act requires the Secretary of Agriculture to assess forest lands, develop a management program based on multiple-use, sustained-yield principles, and implement a resource management plan for each unit of the National Forest System. (wikipedia.org)
  • The act provides an updated and expanded authority for research by the Forest Service, including allowing competitive grants, performing research studies, recycling wood fiber, conducting tests, and establishing a forestry student grant program for minority and female students. (wikipedia.org)
  • The intent of the program is to allow covered entities to "[s]tretch scarce federal resources as far as possible, reaching more eligible patients and providing more comprehensive services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maintaining services and lowering medication costs for patients is consistent with the purpose of the program, which is named for the section authorizing it in the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) It was enacted by Congress as part of a larger bill signed into law by President George HW Bush. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congressional hearings in 1992 found that failing to exempt these voluntary discounts under the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program caused prices to rise "dramatically" for such facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, Congress created the 340B program in November 1992 through the enactment of Public Law 102-585, the Veterans Health Care Act of 1992, which is codified as Section 340B of the Public Health Service Act (created under Section 602 of the Veterans Health Care Act of 1992). (wikipedia.org)
  • OSBO Margret Davis, HRSA's Primary Health Care Programs have their roots in the Migrant Health Act of 1962 and the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, which established funding for the first community-based clinics that were to become today's Health Center Program. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Free Clinics Medical Malpractice Program extends this coverage to insures physicians and other clinicians who contribute free health care services in the communities, relieving them of the burden of paying for private liability coverage. (wikipedia.org)
  • She assisted in managing the $2.3 billion Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009 (Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program) for uninsured people living with HIV disease as well as training for health care professionals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Infant Health and Development Program was a collaborative, randomized, longitudinal, multisite clinical trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of comprehensive early intervention in reducing the developmental and health problems of low birth weight, premature infants. (umich.edu)
  • The Hawaii Healthy Start program, which targets expecting and new parents who may be at risk of abusing or neglecting their children, became the model for the Healthy Families America home visiting program that the United States Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs identified in 2010 as a "promising" approach to child abuse prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • she oversaw the disbursement of $150 million in funding to those clinics under the Affordable Care Act to help people enroll in the program, and another $250 million in competitive grant funding to build new community care clinics and increase services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rey has made use of connections obtained during his political career to facilitate the Demmer Scholars Program, a joint internship and class arrangement between Michigan State University and Mississippi State University. (wikipedia.org)
  • Founded in 1992, NICHE (Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders) is the nation's only geriatric-care recognition program for hospitals. (nwaonline.com)
  • About 300 hospitals through- out the United States and Canada currently participate in the NICHE program. (nwaonline.com)
  • Using NICHE principles and guidelines, Madden said, Washington Regional will soon begin rolling out a program to place ge- riatric resource nurses throughout the hospital. (nwaonline.com)
  • dental caries
  • At the beginning of the 20th century, extensive dental caries was common in the United States and in most developed countries (2). (cdc.gov)
  • Pioneering oral epidemiologists developed an index to measure the prevalence of dental caries using the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT) or decayed, missing, or filled tooth surfaces (DMFS) (5) rather than merely presence of dental caries, in part because nearly all persons in most age groups in the United States had evidence of the disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Application of the DMFT index in epidemiologic surveys throughout the United States in the 1930s and 1940s allowed quantitative distinctions in dental caries experience among communities--an innovation that proved critical in identifying a preventive agent and evaluating its effects. (cdc.gov)
  • The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of the evidence of effectiveness of selected population-based interventions to prevent and control dental caries (tooth decay), oral (mouth) and pharyngeal (throat) cancers, and sportsrelated craniofacial injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • utilization
  • This act, as amended, authorizes the State and private forestry activities of the Forest Service-including fire, forest management, forest health, wood utilization, urban and community forestry, forest land easements, and organizational management assistance-to State forestry agencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinics
  • The amount of the rebates paid to the states were based on a "best price" calculation that did not take into account the discounted prices that manufacturers were offering directly to Federally funded clinics and public hospitals serving large numbers of low-income and uninsured patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Emergency physicians generally practice in hospital emergency departments, pre-hospital settings via emergency medical services, and intensive care units, but may also work in primary care settings such as urgent care clinics. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • The major areas of concern have been the provision of food and water in sufficient supply and of acceptable quality, the control of the physical environment, the prevention or control of epidemic and endemic diseases, the provision of health care, and the relief of physical and social disability. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Out of the need for dealing with the health problems of group living, there has evolved, with increasing clarity over the centuries, a recognition of the signal importance of community action in the promotion of health and the prevention and treatment of disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Formed in 1992, the State and Territorial Injury Prevention Directors Association (STIPDA) is a nonprofit organization of public health injury professionals representing all states and territories of the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • The State and Territorial Injury Prevention Directors Association (STIPDA) officially changed its name to the Safe States Alliance in April 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cross-sectional study of sleep-related infant deaths from 24 states during 2004-2012 contained in the National Center for the Review and Prevention of Child Deaths Case Reporting System, a database of death reports from state child death review teams. (aappublications.org)
  • practices
  • The FDA whistleblowers also stated that when physicians and scientists objected to these practices by CDRH managers, the managers engaged in reprisals. (pogo.org)
  • The whistleblowers stated that they had then contacted top FDA officials, including FDA Commissioner Andrew von Eschenbach, but following this there was little or no change in the practices of CDRH managers. (pogo.org)
  • 9 However, the adoption of safe sleep practices has been inconsistent in home, child care, and health care settings. (aappublications.org)
  • mental health
  • not until the realm of health was extensively secularized was it even possible to begin to consider mental health in a public health context. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some children who experience acute illness or injury or chronic medical conditions (e.g., recovery from surgery, trauma, prolonged recuperation from medical illness and mental health conditions) are unable to attend school on a regular basis. (aafp.org)
  • CSHCN face more difficulties with accessing mental health care as well as having a medical home. (wikipedia.org)
  • America
  • In November 2005, Time named Sebelius as one of the five best governors in America, praising her for eliminating a $1.1 billion debt she inherited, ferreting out waste in state government, and strongly supporting public education - all without raising taxes, although she proposed raising sales, property, and income taxes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Milwaukee, WI: Family Service America. (springer.com)
  • Chair
  • Sebelius was the Democratic respondent to the 2008 State of the Union address and is chair-emerita of the Democratic Governors Association (she was its first female chair). (wikipedia.org)
  • She serves as chair of the Federal Public Health Nurse Leadership Council, and the Federal Nursing Service Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congress
  • For his service, Shelby received the Thanks of Congress and the Congressional Gold Medal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) spied on whistleblowers-resulting in this hearing after significant media attention, statements and letters from concerned members of Congress, reports by my organization, lawsuits, and investigations by the Office of Special Counsel, the Health and Human Services (HHS) Inspector General, as well as the staff report for Chairman Issa and Senator Grassley, anticipated to be released in conjunction with this hearing. (pogo.org)
  • medical
  • Japan's government has introduced many strategies to establish physicians in rural areas, including the 1956 'Strategy to Promote Rural Health and Medical Services', in which Japan's national and local governments vigorously supported the distribution of medical resources to rural areas 2 . (rrh.org.au)
  • Calvin C.J. Sia (born Calvin Chia Jung Sia on June 3, 1927) is a primary care pediatrician from Hawaii who developed innovative programs to improve the quality of medical care for children in the United States and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extramural programs provide funding to research institutions that are not part of the Federal government of the United States - medical schools, universities, colleges, hospitals, research institutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The unit treats the same medical-surgical diagnoses found in other patients throughout the hospital, but offers extra services, including a multidisciplinary care team, specially designed interiors and lighting, assistance for the hearing-impaired, group activities and pet therapy. (nwaonline.com)
  • Specifically, the whistleblowers stated that managers in the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) had "failed to follow the laws, rules, regulations, and Agency Guidance to ensure the safety and effectiveness of medical devices and consequently, they have corrupted the scientific review of medical devices. (pogo.org)
  • state's
  • She refused to take campaign contributions from the insurance industry and blocked the proposed merger of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Kansas, the state's largest health insurer, with an Indiana-based company. (wikipedia.org)
  • It found that, although 10 percent of the state's population, they were less than 3 percent of state government workers, making Latinos the most underrepresented group in the state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The governor serves as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces and is empowered to enforce all laws of the state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Forest Service
  • Today, this act is one of several Federal laws under which the Forest Service operates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most recent act, P.L. 110-234, contains new authorities for the Forest Service: Title VIII: Forestry Subtitle A: Amendment to the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • Title VI of this act provides authority for international forestry activities of the Forest Service. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Throughout his career, he has opposed setting aside reserves for endangered species, while advocating logging quotas for old-growth forests, the imposition of fees for recreational use, and limiting public participation Forest Service planning. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Rey had been ordered to have the Forest Service evaluate the environmental impacts of air-dropped ammonium phosphate fire retardants that are known to harm fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • physicians
  • Rural emergency physicians may be the only health care providers in the community, and require skills that include primary care and obstetrics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through NICHE, hospital ad- ministrations, physicians, nurses and staff members receive on- going training, have access to evidence-based clinical protocols and are able to share information, knowledge and expertise with other NICHE health-care providers. (nwaonline.com)
  • research
  • The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is one of the bodies concerned with research integrity in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • This handbook was commissioned by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy as part of its continuing efforts to support policy-relevant rural health services research and analysis. (ncdcr.gov)
  • 2017
  • Trent-Adams also served as acting Surgeon General of the United States from April 21, 2017 to September 5, 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • On April 21, 2017, Trent-Adams was named acting surgeon general, replacing Vice Admiral Vivek Murthy, a physician, who was relieved as surgeon general by the Trump administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrieved April 27, 2017 Surgeon general is removed by Trump administration, replaced by deputy for now Lenny Bernstein. (wikipedia.org)
  • Federal
  • The act does not affect the jurisdiction or responsibilities of the States, the use or administration of the mineral resources of national forest lands, or the use or administration of Federal lands not within the national forests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mark Rey is an American former timber industry lobbyist and administrator, who served as Undersecretary for natural resources and agriculture in the federal government of the United States in the Bush Administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Families with income below the federal poverty level are 1/3 more likely to have children with special health care needs, and families with 12 or fewer years of education have increased prevalence of a child with SHCN as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1 ] Our coalition is deeply concerned with how surveillance of government and federal contractor employees threatens civil service rights, whistleblower protections, and taxpayer accountability. (pogo.org)
  • population
  • According to the National Health Statistics Report, the number of Americans age 65 and older will reach 70 million by 2030, comprising 20 percent of the total population. (nwaonline.com)
  • Additionally, this segment of the population utilizes nearly 50 percent of the nation's total health-care resources. (nwaonline.com)
  • policy
  • The National Institute for Latino Policy (NiLP) was established in 1982 as the Institute for Puerto Rican Policy (IPR) in New York City, United States as a non-profit and nonpartisan policy center focusing on critical Latino policy issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute created and operated The NiLP Network on Latino Issues, an online information service (originally the ipr-forum listserv) that is widely recognized as one of the most influential sources on Latino policy and political concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006-12 it received grants from The Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Proteus Fund, the Hispanic Federation, the Latino Policy Coalition/Metro Foundation, the NYC Worker-Community Collaborative, and the United Way of New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • His teaching focuses on the field of natural resources policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maria Hewitt (1992) In developing policies to address problems of access and health status for rural people in the United States, policy makers must specify the definition of "rural. (ncdcr.gov)
  • clinical
  • The history of water fluoridation is a classic example of clinical observation leading to epidemiologic investigation and community-based public health intervention. (cdc.gov)
  • Education
  • Following passage of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, she pointed out another father-daughter connection: her father had been in the House of Representatives when Medicare was originally passed in 1965. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Healthy and Ready to Learn Center was a three-year pilot project to initiate training and health delivery services in an integrated system of care, with pediatric residents and graduate students in social work and early childhood education working as a team. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • In addition, not all providers take advantage of all opportunities to administer needed vaccines, because of failure either to screen the immunization status of a child during a health-care visit or to administer simultaneously all vaccines for which a child is eligible. (cdc.gov)
  • Correspondence to: Ms Watson, Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH. (bmj.com)
  • Departments
  • STIPDA's aim is to strengthen the ability of state, territorial and local health departments to reduce death and disability associated with injury and violence. (wikipedia.org)
  • The officeholder is given broad statutory authority to make appointments to the various cabinets and departments of the executive branch, limited somewhat by the adoption of a merit system for state employees in 1960. (wikipedia.org)