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  • Environmental Protec
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency classifies dioxane as a probable human carcinogen (having observed an increased incidence of cancer in controlled animal studies, but not in epidemiological studies of workers using the compound), and a known irritant (with a no-observed-adverse-effects level of 400 milligrams per cubic meter) at concentrations significantly higher than those found in commercial products. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2. United States Environmental Protection Agency , 2009. (suffolkcountyny.gov)
  • levels for many of these contaminants are in violation of United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Cal/EPA standards by several hundredfold. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interventions
  • The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of the evidence of effectiveness of selected population-based interventions to prevent and control dental caries (tooth decay), oral (mouth) and pharyngeal (throat) cancers, and sportsrelated craniofacial injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • A concerted effort to increase application of public health and clinical interventions of known efficacy to reduce prevalence of tobacco use, poor diet, and insufficient physical activity-the major risk factors for these diseases-and to increase utilization of screening tests for their early detection could substantially reduce the human and economic cost of these diseases. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides similar reviews concerning community, population, and health care system interventions related to cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • addiction
  • CSAT supports a variety of activities aimed at fulfilling its mission: To improve the lives of individuals and families affected by alcohol and drug abuse by ensuring access to clinically sound, cost-effective addiction treatment that reduces the health and social costs to our communities and the nation. (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • The evidence base regarding the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of specific components of prevention and early detection is reviewed regularly by many health organizations, including the American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and the American Heart Association (AHA). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The 501(c)(3) Skyshapers Foundation (dba Skyshapers University) is a public charity established in August 1988, which provides scholarships, materials and services to children, parents, schools and other non-profit organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late-19th century, private child protection agencies - modeled after existing animal protection organizations - developed to investigate reports of child maltreatment, present cases in court and advocate for child welfare legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health plays an important role in disease prevention efforts in both the developing world and in developed countries, through local health systems and non-governmental organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Toxicology and Environmental Health Program was established at the National Library of Medicine in 1967 and is charged with developing computer databases compiled from the medical literature and from the files of governmental and nongovernmental organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • They demonstrate that major public policy in important domains such as health and energy are shaped by latent social connections that exist among the leaders of numerous networked organizations (e.g., lay voluntary association, federal agencies, and professional societies). (wikipedia.org)
  • public health officials
  • Data from these analyses suggest that 1) blood samples are more sufficiently acquired and can be used to evaluate recent acute exposure and 2) use of a real-time mercury vapor analyzer can help public health officials determine the magnitude of exposures and help prevent reexposures. (cdc.gov)
  • Brisbane
  • The resulting report recommended up to 8,000 job losses, including the withdrawal of staff from 94 country railway stations, withdrawing services on the Nyngan- Bourke line, Queanbeyan - Cooma line and Glen Innes- Wallangarra line, the discontinuation of several country passenger services (the Canberra XPT, the Silver City Comet to Broken Hill and various diesel locomotive hauled services) and the removal of sleeper trains from services to Brisbane and Melbourne. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccination safety is a frequent motivation for consumers to contact drug information services operating out of the Mater Health Services in Brisbane (personal reflection). (mja.com.au)
  • Prevention
  • Current approaches to health promotion and prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes do not approach the potential of the existing state of knowledge. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • While health care costs skyrocket, the national investment in prevention was estimated at less than 3% of the total annual health care expenditures ( 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • U.S. federal laws that govern CPS agencies include: Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Multi-Ethnic Placement Act (MEPA) Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) 42 U.S.C. Section 1983, and depending on the circumstances 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health aims to improve the quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease, including mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common public health initiatives include promoting handwashing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, suicide prevention and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada is the national agency responsible for public health, emergency preparedness and response, and infectious and chronic disease control and prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • officials
  • According to the article, A review of memos, e-mail and other contracting documents obtained by The Washington Post show that in a rush to meet congressional mandates to establish the information analysis and infrastructure protection offices, agency officials routinely waived rules designed to protect taxpayer money. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1962
  • The library moved to its current quarters in Bethesda, Maryland, on the campus of the National Institutes of Health, in 1962. (wikipedia.org)
  • bodies
  • The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is one of the bodies concerned with research integrity in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legal scholar Terry S. Kogan lists four primary rationales for sex-segregated toilets as detailed by state statutes and related literature during this time period: sanitation, women's privacy, the protection of women's bodies, which were seen as weaker, and to protect social morality especially as it pertained to the nineteenth century ideology of separate spheres. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulatory
  • United States regulatory policy is governed by the Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. (wikipedia.org)
  • See Mendocino County GMO Ban) The Biotechnology Regulatory Services program of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) agency within the USDA is concerned with protecting agriculture and the environment from potential pests under the Plant Protection Act of 2000 (part of the Agriculture Risk Protection Act) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace
  • 7-10 The growing evidence on the adverse health effects of exposure to passive smoking has catalysed the development of workplace smoking restrictions. (bmj.com)
  • In the United States, sex-based separation of public restrooms began in the late 19th century as a response to women not having toilets available to them in the workplace. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1887 Massachusetts became the first of the United States to pass legislation requiring any workplace with female employees to have a female-specific restroom. (wikipedia.org)
  • mental health
  • The agency administers grant programs supporting research, training, and service programs in alcoholism, drug abuse, and mental health. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • CMHS was established under the 1992 ADAMHA Reorganization Act, Public Law 102-321, which mandates CMHS' leadership role in delivering mental health services, generating and applying new knowledge, and establishing national mental health policy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Most governments recognize the importance of public health programs in reducing the incidence of disease, disability, and the effects of aging and other physical and mental health conditions, although public health generally receives significantly less government funding compared with medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • government
  • A U.S. government agency that is part of the National Institutes of Health. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Booz Allen Hamilton Inc. (/ˈbuːz ˈælən ˈhæməltən/, informally: Booz Allen) is an American management and information technology consulting firm, sometimes referred to as a government-services company, headquartered in McLean, Virginia, in Greater Washington, D.C., with 80 other offices around the globe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report also recommended the removal of all country passenger services and small freight operations, but the government did not consider this to be politically feasible. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ACLU and PI filed a memo at the end of their investigation which called into question the ethics and legality of a government contractor (in this case Booz Allen) acting as auditors of a government program, when that contractor is heavily involved with those same agencies on other contracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • After working in government for eight years, Baker left to become CEO of Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates and later Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, a non-profit health benefits company. (wikipedia.org)
  • He returned to the John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1992, becoming an associate of the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Washington: United States Government Printing Office. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Dr. Nathan Davis Awards are presented annually by the American Medical Association (AMA) and awarded to elected and career public servants in national, state, and local governments for outstanding government service. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then a number of prominent individuals have received a Dr. Nathan Davis Award for outstanding government service. (wikipedia.org)
  • With funding and distribution from the US government, Skyshapers University has to date provided more than 20 percent of public elementary schools in the United States with Skyshapers supplemental curriculum to boost academic achievement and motivation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In partnership with The Department of Health and Human Services, other government agencies and corporate sponsors, The Skyshapers Foundation developed and executed one of the largest outreach programs ever conducted by the Public Health Service in American schools. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, demolition and waste-disposal firms and government agencies must take actions to ensure that elemental mercury is adequately secured before disposal. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1692, states and municipalities identified care for abused and neglected children as the responsibility of local government and private institutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partly funded by the federal government, Child Protective Services (CPS) agencies were first established in response to the 1974 CAPTA which mandated that all states establish procedures to investigate suspected incidents of child maltreatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extramural programs provide funding to research institutions that are not part of the Federal government of the United States - medical schools, universities, colleges, hospitals, research institutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most countries have their own government public health agencies, sometimes known as ministries of health, to respond to domestic health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supplemental
  • Supplemental information on additional topics, such as health, wealth, retirement plans, flows of time and money, help among families and their friends, and motivation and efficacy, is gathered on an intermittent basis. (wisc.edu)
  • programs
  • In cutting back state programs and social services, Baker caused controversy from early on. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jonathan Moore (10 September 1932 - 8 March 2017) was United States Director of the Bureau of Refugee Programs from 1987 to 1989 and United States Representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Council from 1989 to 1992. (wikipedia.org)
  • In FY 2004, the PHS provided at least $30 billion for health research and development, primarily in the biomedical and behavioral sciences through its extramural and intramural programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health communications programs, vaccination programs and distribution of condoms are examples of common preventive public health measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health programs providing vaccinations have made strides in promoting health, including the eradication of smallpox, a disease that plagued humanity for thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professor
  • Unfortunately, for example, take tobacco: It took 50, 60 years of research before policy catches up with what the science is showing- Laura Anderko, professor at Georgetown University and director of the Mid-Atlantic Center for Children's Health and the Environment commenting on public health practices in response to proposal to ban chlorpyrifos pesticide. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is the George Herbert Mead Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Chicago. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1964
  • Laumann earned his Ph.D. in the Harvard Department of Social Relations in 1964, where he studied under George Homans, Talcott Parsons, and Harrison White. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • Deals with the implications of the passing of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Response Act of 2001, a legislation which expands the authority of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to respond to bioterrorism, for the converting industry. (ebscohost.com)
  • adverse
  • In May 2004, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants came into effect and listed endrin as one of the 12 initial persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that have been causing adverse effects on humans and the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking restrictions are an important component of tobacco control policy because they protect non-smokers from the adverse health effects of passive smoking 1-5 and facilitate smokers' decisions to quit or cut down. (bmj.com)
  • Center
  • Last year, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) issued its 27th report on the health status of the nation ( 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information is an intramural division within National Library of Medicine that creates public databases in molecular biology, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analyzing molecular and genomic data, and disseminates biomedical information, all for the better understanding of processes affecting human health and disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data
  • Unlike previous years, for 1990-1992 the Family data are provided as single-year files, while Individual data are provided in one merged file for 1968-1992 (with both Response and Nonresponse individuals for all waves of the study on the file). (wisc.edu)
  • The first year of TEDS-A data is 1992, while the first year of TEDS-D is 2006. (umich.edu)
  • He called for other medical journal editors to post research data online thereby allowing investigators to validate scientific conclusions before public policy is implemented, particularly in the area of public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • primary
  • Primary health care professionals are well placed to address patient concerns about vaccine safety. (mja.com.au)
  • regulation
  • CONCLUSIONS Advocates can support health related regulations by submitting commentary emphasising the sound research base for regulation and countering criticisms of research. (bmj.com)
  • addresses
  • It addresses 476 specific objectives in 28 focus areas that include nutrition and overweight, physical activity and fitness, tobacco use, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and access to quality health services. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Assembly
  • His great-grandfather, Charles D. Baker (1846-1934), was an assistant United States attorney in New York, who served several years in the New York State Assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Johnson had announced plans for a political comeback in 2010 as he was running for his old seat on the Sacramento County Board of Supervisors that was being vacated after 4 terms by Roger Dickinson who was running for the State Assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • An estimated 7--10 billion laboratory tests are performed each year in the United States ( 1,2 ), and laboratory test results influence approximately 70% of medical decisions ( 2--4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • 1986
  • Due to high selenium levels, the public was strictly advised to limit fish consumption from the Salton Sea in 1986, after which any amount was likely a health risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • governments
  • It had such extremely high concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria that it had a stench at its entry to the U.S. Under provisions of the 1944 Water Treaty with Mexico, the governments of the United States and Mexico agreed to give preferential attention to the solution of all border sanitation problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • He was a cabinet official under two Governors of Massachusetts and spent ten years as CEO of Harvard Pilgrim Health Care. (wikipedia.org)
  • existence
  • However, there is no known record or evidence to support the existence of a case of human fatality by result of marijuana overdose. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • The focus of a public health intervention is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors, communities and environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • opposition
  • RESULTS In both states, opposition to the regulations came primarily from the tobacco industry, small businesses, and business organisations and appeared to be coordinated. (bmj.com)
  • The United States is the largest grower of commercial crops that have been genetically engineered in the world, but not without domestic and international opposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • controversy
  • During 1993-1995, Faria was the editor of the Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia, taking that state medical journal to national prominence and controversy, which resulted in pressure on him to resign. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • National coordination of these efforts could avoid duplication of effort and make more efficient use of limited public health resources. (bmj.com)
  • In 1835, the Humane Society founded the National Federation of Child Rescue agencies to investigate child maltreatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PHS is composed of the following offices and agencies: National Institutes of Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Located in Bethesda, Maryland, the NLM is an institute within the National Institutes of Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • HMD Prints & Photos, PP059772.6 Main reading room The gleaming new reading room of the History of Medicine Division, in the National Library of Medicine on the National Institutes of Health campus, Bethesda, Maryland. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • CPS is also known by the name of "Department of Social Services" (DSS) or simply "Social Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1958, amendments to the Social Security Act mandated that states fund child protection efforts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health" takes into account physical, mental and social well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has written extensively on social stratification, urban sociology, organizational sociology, health and aging, and is widely recognized as a pioneer in the areas of social network analysis and the sociology of sexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • He moved to the University of Chicago in 1973, where he would eventually serve as the chair of the Department of Sociology, the Dean of the Social Sciences, as well as the Provost of the University. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical
  • He is a retired neurosurgeon and neuroscientist, editor and author, medical historian and medical ethicist, public health critic, and advocate for the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, Faria was born in Sancti Spiritus, Cuba. (wikipedia.org)
  • After his return to the United States, Faria, who was then serving as chief-of-staff at HCA Coliseum Medical Centers in Macon, Georgia, convinced Dr. Thomas F. Frist, Jr., CEO of Hospital Corporation of America (HCA), to send humanitarian assistance to El Salvador. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Test results contribute to diagnosis and prognosis of disease, monitoring of treatment and health status, and population screening for disease. (cdc.gov)