• opiates
  • The prototype for this subgroup of semi-synthetic opiates is heroin and the group also includes dipropanoylmorphine, diacetyldihydromorphine, disalicylmorphine and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1995
  • First, on December 8, 1995, 68 kilograms of SWA heroin base (approximately 58% pure) were seized in Lubbock, Texas. (druglibrary.org)
  • The other seizure related to this investigation occurred on December 11, 1995, when 24 kilograms of SWA heroin base (57.2% pure) were seized in New York City. (druglibrary.org)
  • Addiction
  • O'Brien and his colleagues at the Center for Studies of Addiction received personal praise, for their innovative research and results in helping patients recover from drug addiction, from U.S. President George H.W. Bush during a September 1991 tour of the center. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainly
  • Polish heroin was used mainly in Central and Eastern Europe prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of communist control of the countries of the Warsaw Pact or Eastern Bloc. (wikipedia.org)
  • drugs
  • This drug was also considered by Eastern Bloc addicts to be one of last resort when refined heroin, morphine, or other similar drugs were unavailable, as was often the case during the 1950s through the end of the Soviet era. (wikipedia.org)
  • as after 1991 the availability of heroin and other drugs smuggled into those countries from abroad increased enormously. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prisoners injecting heroin six times in four weeks will test positive in random mandatory drugs testing on at most 18 days out of 28. (bmj.com)
  • In early 1991, amidst the growing controversy surrounding the "abuse" of anabolic steroids, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) reclassified anabolic steroids as Schedule 3 drugs. (ceri.com)
  • In addition to conducting scientific research, O'Brien also has advised U.S. government authorities on policies affecting the availability of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, as well as on government's proper role in preventing and treating addictive disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • The magnitude of refugees migrating into Pakistan had a huge socio-economic impact on the country's society, promoting wide availability of illegal narcotic drugs like heroin, and automatic firearms like the AK-47 rifles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • A complementary study of adolescents shows 1991 data for substance use within the past 30 days among a sample of approximately 17,500 eighth graders, 14,800 tenth graders, and 15,000 twelfth graders (75). (druglibrary.org)
  • the study in Aberdeen prison gave the first insight to injector and HIV prevalence in north east Scotland at a time of concern about the availability of cheap heroin. (bmj.com)
  • A 1991 study indicated that diazepam, in particular, had a greater abuse liability among people who were drug abusers than did many of the other benzodiazepines. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1991-1993 British study found that the hypnotics flurazepam and temazepam were more toxic than average benzodiazepines in overdose. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • From 1980 through 1987, SWA heroin was the predominant form of heroin available in the United States, as evidenced by its prominence in DEA indicator data and the large number of investigations that were conducted against SWA heroin traffickers. (druglibrary.org)
  • Noscapine is currently being investigated as the preferred drug candidate for the clinical trials based on its effectiveness on Heriditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) stem cells, safety data, toxicology data, patent status, availability, and future affordability to HSPers. (wikipedia.org)
  • cities
  • Drug traffickers take advantage of expanding port facilities in coastal cities, such as Qingdao, Shanghai, Tianjin, and Guangdong, to ship heroin along maritime routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, investigative intelligence and indicator programs suggest that it is too soon to determine if these seizures represent a concerted effort by SWA heroin trafficking organizations to expand their operations and market share in the United States. (druglibrary.org)
  • However, since that time, heroin from Southeast Asia has dominated the domestic market. (druglibrary.org)
  • dependent
  • The threshold of developing amenorrhoea appears to be dependent on low energy availability rather than absolute weight because a critical minimum amount of stored, easily mobilized energy is necessary to maintain regular menstrual cycles. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • If I was withdrawing from benzos you could offer me a gram of heroin or just 20mg of diazepam and I'd take the diazepam every time - I've never been so frightened in my life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noscapine has also been used to identify drug users who are taking street heroin at the same time as prescribed diamorphine. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • Due to increased availability of the internet and satellite television outside of the United States, plus the reduction of import tariffs under NAFTA, fashion became more globalized and homogeneous in the late 1990s and early 2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Polish" heroin (also kompot and compote in drug culture slang) is a crude preparation of heroin made from poppy straw. (wikipedia.org)
  • No significant seizures of SWA heroin have been made domestically as a result of random or 'cold' interdiction efforts. (druglibrary.org)
  • found
  • These are the first major seizures of SWA heroin in the United States since August 1994, when 14 kilograms were found buried in San Bernardino County, California. (druglibrary.org)
  • Noscapine can survive the manufacturing processes of heroin and can be found in street heroin. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Willing anonymous salivary HIV (WASH) surveillance in Scottish prisons provided consistent estimates in 1991-5 of the prevalence of risk behaviours inside and outside prisons, of their geographic and sentencing correlates, and of the prevalence of HIV among injector inmates. (bmj.com)
  • Stress and exposure to drug-related cues (environmental stimuli previously associated with drug availability) are considered factors that increase the risk of relapse to heroin and/or cocaine use. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • small
  • Nevertheless, large, well-organized SWA heroin trafficking groups and small, independent traffickers remain capable of supplying heroin to the U.S. market. (druglibrary.org)
  • operations
  • First, drug law enforcement investigations successfully dismantled much of the smuggling and trafficking operations of SWA heroin organizations in the United States. (druglibrary.org)
  • Following Rothstein's death in 1928, Katzenberg was readily enlisted by Luciano and Louis "Lepke" Buchalter to obtain heroin for their own operations as well as bootleg liquor. (wikipedia.org)
  • test
  • Since the diamorphine in street heroin is the same as the pharmaceutical diamorphine, examination of the contaminants is the only way to test whether street heroin has been used. (wikipedia.org)
  • weeks
  • 9. Sorensen JL, Hargreaves WA, Weinberg JA "Heroin addict responses to six weeks of detoxification with LAAM. (drugs.com)
  • Europe
  • Born in Russia, Katzenberg grew up in Manhattan's Lower East Side and, by the mid-1920s, he had become involved with Arnold Rothstein in drug trafficking helping purchasing heroin from Europe and establishing pipelines into New York for distribution throughout the rest of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • rather
  • The severity of the benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome has been described by one benzodiazepine drug misuser who stated that I'd rather withdraw off heroin any day. (wikipedia.org)
  • internet
  • Originating from a recipe originally published as a hoax in the Berkeley Barb in March 1967, variants of this legend often circulate on the Internet and were popular on BBSs well before the widespread availability of Internet access through William Powell's "The Anarchist Cookbook. (wikipedia.org)