• rapidly
  • This report published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 22, No 11, 29 October 1998 contains information on enterococci with acquired resistance to vancomycin and other glycopeptides, which has emerged and spread rapidly through Europe and the United States since 1988. (health.gov.au)
  • Enterococci with acquired resistance to vancomycin and other glycopeptides (VRE) have emerged and spread rapidly through Europe and the United States since 1988. (health.gov.au)
  • humans
  • Blastomycosis (also known as "North American blastomycosis", "Blastomycetic dermatitis", and "Gilchrist's disease") is a fungal infection of humans and other animals, notably dogs and occasionally cats, caused by the organism Blastomyces dermatitidis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, DHS has not yet focused its regulatory program for reclaimed wastewaters on the control of the cyst-forming and oocyst-forming pathogenic protozoans that are known to cause significant disease in humans. (gfredlee.com)
  • The nematodes can also infect humans and cause the disease called mammomonogamiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only M. laryngeus is known to infect and cause disease in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • A prescient commentary by Scholtissek and Naylor in 1988 drew attention to the risks of future pandemics which could result from developments in aquaculture which promote contacts between humans, ducks and pigs (Scholtissek & Naylor 1988). (scielo.org.za)
  • It is thought that humans can contract the disease by consuming material from animals infected with the bovine form of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurrence
  • The strategy focused on assessing the combination of participatory epidemiological approaches and the deployment of mobile technologies to enhance the effectiveness of disease alerts and surveillance at the point of occurrence, which often lies in remote areas. (scielo.org.za)
  • For most non-Western societies this transcendent explanation for the occurrence of disease tends to figure more pervasively in the total body of medical lore and practice than does the empirical framework. (encyclopedia.com)
  • onset
  • all were aged less than 3 years and died within 3 weeks of disease onset. (cdc.gov)
  • The fourth pattern is one of degenerative diseases onset by a diet high in total fat, cholesterol, sugar, and other refined carbohydrates and low in polyunsaturated fatty acids and fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viral
  • Yellow fever (YF) is an acute viral disease of public health importance in Africa and South America, and of interest for travel clinics in other areas of the world. (scielo.br)
  • The first chapter provides an introduction to viral hepatitis and to the global response to this group of diseases. (blogspot.com)
  • endemic
  • The disease occurs in several endemic areas, the most important of which is in eastern North America, particularly in the western and northern periphery of the Great Lakes Basin, extending eastward along the south shore of the St. Lawrence River Valley and southward in the territory spanned by the central Appalachian Mountains in the east, to the Mississippi River Valley in the west. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe disease
  • In some infected persons a milder form, dengue fever (DF), may develop, whereas in a smaller proportion, the severe disease, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), develops, which is characterized by an excessive capillary permeability that may lead to shock (dengue shock syndrome [DSS]) and death. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • decades
  • Although acute care has characterized all medical care until recently, several varieties of managed care have emerged in the past decades in an effort to improve care, reduce unnecessary service utilization and control spiraling costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • The administration of drugs to whole populations irrespective of disease status is referred to as mass drug administration (MDA). (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • As of the last few years new designs have emerged that work on a needle that is low dead space and fits onto and transforms high dead space syringes into low dead space syringes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such change has been dramatic over the past 100 years or so, with the decline of communicable diseases and the rise in non-communicable diseases, particularly in developed countries. (australiangraduate.com)
  • Despite South Asia's many challenges, including a rapid increase in non-communicable eye diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, the many and varied successes of the last thirty years are a cause for celebration. (cehjournal.org)
  • Life expectancy at birth across South Asia has increased by 11 years, from 57 years in 1988 to 68 years in 2015, with the increase ranging from 6 years in Pakistan to 19 years in Bhutan. (cehjournal.org)
  • Infant and under-five mortality rates have decreased in all countries in South Asia from 1988 to 2016 and the population aged 50 years and older has increased significantly. (cehjournal.org)
  • The year 1988 began with the reaffirmation of the Alma-Ata 'Health for all' declaration in Riga, Latvia - ten years after it first identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All. (cehjournal.org)
  • pathogenic
  • Even after what is considered to be good conventional domestic wastewater treatment and chlorination, domestic wastewaters released to surface waters in nearby streams, lakes, estuaries or coastal marine waters, may contain large numbers of enteroviruses and pathogenic protozoans that can readily cause human disease upon ingestion and, to a lesser extent, body contact with these waters. (gfredlee.com)
  • AIDS
  • It is based on the philosophy of harm reduction that attempts to reduce the risk factors for diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • The organised efforts of society to prevent disease, promote health, and pro- long life could, of course, include all aspects of the health sector. (australiangraduate.com)
  • These two functions of government: the regulatory, licensing function and the disease surveillance function report to the Assistant Deputy Minister, Health Protection. (infolynk.ca)
  • cases
  • It is estimated that Legionnaires' disease is the cause of between two and nine percent of pneumonia cases that occur in the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over 90% of cases of Legionnaires' disease are caused by the bacteria Legionella pneumophila. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • The current nutrition transition seen in the emerging markets of Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, North Africa, and urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa is largely a product of globalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • It started its operations on 1 November 1988 after taking over the treatment of skin diseases from Middle Road Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this light, most of the following discussion focuses on the non-Western, nonindustrialized societies of the world, although it is clear that in "modern" societies as well there exist beliefs and practices relating to disease and its treatment which are based on magical or religious conceptions rather than on those of scientific medicine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Treatment of Legionnaires' disease is with antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Cannibalism has also been implicated as a transmission mechanism for abnormal prions, causing the disease known as kuru, once found primarily among women and children of the Fore people in Papua New Guinea. (wikipedia.org)
  • fever
  • Those with Legionnaires' disease usually have fever, chills, and a cough, which may be dry or may produce sputum. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • In all human groups, no matter how small or technologically primitive, there exists a body of belief about the nature of disease, its causation and cure, and its relations to other aspects of group life. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Smallpox is the first human disease ever to be eradicated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent
  • It is recommended that those with severe pneumonia and those with pneumonia and a recent travel history be tested for the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • spread
  • Legionnaires' disease is usually spread by the breathing in of aerosolized water and/or soil contaminated with the Legionella bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • The main driver of seasonality of campylobacter remains elusive and underscores the need to identify the major serotypes and routes of transmission for this disease. (springer.com)
  • upper
  • The city's elite black colleges were founded between 1865 and 1885, and despite disenfranchisement and the later imposition of Jim Crow laws in the 1910s, a prosperous black middle class and upper class emerged. (wikipedia.org)