• bacillus
  • plural "Moneres") in German Bacillus-a genus of spore-forming rod shaped bacteria first described in 1835 Spirochaeta-thin spiral shaped bacteria first described in 1835 Spirillum-spiral shaped bacteria first described in 1832 etc. die Lepomoneren (with envelope) Protomonas-now classed as a eukaryote and not a bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name was reused in 1984 for an unrelated genus of Bacteria Vampyrella-now classed as a eukaryote and not a bacterium The classification of Cohn (1872) was influential in the nineteenth century, and recognized six genera: Micrococcus, Bacterium, Bacillus, Vibrio, Spirillum, and Spirochaeta. (wikipedia.org)
  • encodes
  • SPI1 encodes at least 30 proteins necessary for the production of a type III secretion system (TTSS), which secretes protein effectors out of the bacterium and translocates them into host cells (reviewed in Hueck, 1998 ). (embopress.org)
  • Archaea
  • In the currently accepted classification of life, there are three domains (Eukaryotes, Bacteria and Archaea), which, in terms of taxonomy, despite following the same principles have several different conventions between them and between their subdivisions as are studied by different disciplines (botany, zoology, mycology and microbiology), for example in zoology there are type specimens, whereas in microbiology there are type strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrosomonas
  • The genome of Nitrosomonas europaea , an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, carries three genes (NE0616, NE0730 and NE1722) encoding proteins belonging to Fur family. (biomedcentral.com)
  • genes
  • In response to environmental iron concentrations, many bacteria coordinately regulate transcription of genes involved in iron acquisition via the ferric uptake regulation (Fur) system. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A second subclass controls the expression of genes involved in the response of bacteria to oxidative stress (i.e. (biomedcentral.com)
  • viruses
  • Before the discovery of msDNA in myxobacteria, a group of swarming, soil-dwelling bacteria, it was thought that the enzymes known as reverse transcriptases (RT) existed only in eukaryotes and viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • These discoveries suggest that reverse transcriptase played a role in the evolution of viruses from bacteria, with one hypothesis stating that, with the help of reverse transcriptase, viruses may have arisen as a breakaway msDNA gene that acquired a protein coat. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1997). Bacteria, viruses and parasites are allpotential contaminants of horticultural produce and their mode of contamination ismade possible through the very nature of plant production. (finder-articles.com)
  • found
  • Gram-negative bacteria are found everywhere, in virtually all environments on Earth that support life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sequence comparison of msDNAs from Myxococcus xanthus, Stigmatella aurantiaca, and many other bacteria reveal conserved and hypervariable domains reminiscent of conserved and hypervariable sequences found in allorecognition molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1854, Louis Pasteur in France found that spoilage of wines was due to microorganisms (bacteria) that convert sugars to lactic acid, rather than the alcohol produced by yeasts. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Subsequently, it was found that trans-monounsaturated are predominant in gram-negative bacteria and are synthesized by direct isomerization of cis -unsaturated fatty acids to trans -unsaturated fatty acids without shifting of a double bond. (asmscience.org)
  • Mechanisms
  • This chapter focuses on the various mechanisms by which membrane fluidity is modulated in bacteria vis-à-vis its importance in cold adaptation. (asmscience.org)
  • Growth
  • Although bacteria, actinomycetes, yeasts, and molds are cells that must be magnified in order to see them, when cultured on solid media that allow their growth and multiplication, they form visible colonies consisting of millions of cells. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Temperature
  • A detailed update on the perception and transduction of low-temperature signals in bacteria is also included. (asmscience.org)
  • Modulation in membrane fluidity appears to be crucial for low-temperature sensing in bacteria, and this is normally achieved by the conversion of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids. (asmscience.org)
  • Perception and Transduction of Low Temperature in Bacteria, p 194-207. (asmscience.org)
  • important
  • Others include agriculturally important bacteria capable of inducing nitrogen fixation in symbiosis with plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Deltaproteobacteria include bacteria that are predators on other bacteria and are important contributors to the anaerobic side of the sulfur cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Additionally, the outer leaflet of this membrane comprises a complex lipopolysaccharide (LPS) whose lipid A component can cause a toxic reaction when these bacteria are lysed by immune cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • TTSS translocate effector proteins from bacteria into eukaryotic cells. (embopress.org)
  • The effector molecules stimulate morphological changes of the eukaryotic cells, resulting in engulfment of the bacteria. (embopress.org)