• distress
  • For this to be regarded as a disorder, it must cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulties and not be better accounted for by another mental disorder, a drug (legal or illegal), some other medical condition, or asexuality . (wikipedia.org)
  • The DSM at that time recognised ' ego-dystonic homosexuality ' as a disorder, defined as sexual interest in the same sex that caused significant distress. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low sexual desire alone is not equivalent to HSDD because of the requirement in HSDD that the low sexual desire causes marked distress and interpersonal difficulty and because of the requirement that the low desire is not better accounted for by another disorder in the DSM or by a general medical problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • A recent overview confirmed this and found that distress of carers correlated with patient factors including mood disorder and behavioural problems and with the carer being a woman, but not with severity of illness. (bmj.com)
  • Scores in this range often are accompanied by great distress and difficulty in social functioning, and are also commonly seen in persons entering treatment for the generalized type of SAD. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1986
  • 1. Medical research of the immediate impact of participation in the mitigation of the Chernobyl accident upon the liquidators was done in 1986 1987 (Komissarenko and Zak 1994). (arwis.com)
  • 1991
  • A sharp increase started between 1988 and 1991, a period during which broader diagnostic criteria for autism were newly in use and increased awareness of the disorder occurred. (blogspot.com)
  • questionnaire
  • Such self-report measures include the Test of Negative Social Exchange, the Marital Adjustment Test, the Risky Families Questionnaire, the Holmes-Rahe Stress Inventory, the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress, the Daily Stress Inventory, the Job Content Questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Stress and Adversity Inventory. (wikipedia.org)
  • somatic
  • Patients with various life-threatening conditions often experience intense anxiety and preoccupation and hypervigilance regarding somatic sensations. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychologists
  • ADAA describes itself as having an "internationally renowned board certified psychiatrists and psychologists, social workers and psychiatric nurses. (cchrint.org)
  • Although social conditioning is believed to play a role, psychologists and psychoanalysts such as Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung believed that aspects of "feminine" and "masculine" identity are subconsciously present in all human males. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • Six processes (safety-seeking behaviours, attentional deployment, spontaneous imagery, emotional reasoning, memory processes and the nature of the threat representation) that could maintain anxiety-related negative beliefs are outlined and their empirical status is reviewed. (spotidoc.com)
  • Critics argue that the definition of SPD is flawed due to cultural bias and that it does not constitute a mental disorder but simply an avoidant attachment style requiring more distant emotional proximity. (wikipedia.org)
  • An intervention for improving executive functioning and social/emotional adjustment of ADHD children: Three single case design studies. (szapkiw.com)
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder comorbid with emotional and behavioral disorders and learning disabilities in adolescents. (szapkiw.com)
  • Class of disorders marked by disturbances in thought that affect perceptual, social, and emotional processes. (powershow.com)
  • The core characteristics of alexithymia are marked dysfunction in emotional awareness, social attachment, and interpersonal relating. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anxiety level of agoraphobics often increases when dwelling upon the idea of eventually dying, which they may consciously or unconsciously associate with being the ultimate separation from their emotional comfort and safety zones and loved ones, even for those who may otherwise believe in some form of afterlife. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many people become addicted to these drugs because they are so effective at blocking emotional pain, including anxiety. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anxiety is distinguished from fear, which is an appropriate cognitive and emotional response to a perceived threat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fear and anxiety can be differentiated in four domains: (1) duration of emotional experience, (2) temporal focus, (3) specificity of the threat, and (4) motivated direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Most of the search for a genetic substrate to child anxiety has centred around a functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] transporter (5-HTT) gene. (blogspot.com)
  • More recently, numerous studies attempting to better understand the causes, and hopefully improving diagnosis and treatment have focused on genetic underpinnings of the disorders that may play a role in a significant number of cases. (blogspot.com)
  • A common justification for prohibiting incest is avoiding inbreeding: a collection of genetic disorders suffered by the children of parents with a close genetic relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • Classification
  • In the 1960s, professor Andrei Snezhnevsky, the most prominent theorist of Soviet psychiatry and director of the Institute of Psychiatry of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, developed a novel classification of mental disorders postulating an original set of diagnostic criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • LSAS
  • The LSAS is the most frequently used form of social anxiety assessment in research, clinical-based, and pharmacotherapy studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a large study, LSAS scores were compared with scores for Total fear, Fear of social interaction, Fear of performance, Total avoidance, Avoidance of social interaction and Avoidance of performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • intense
  • Patients with more aggressive brain tumors, known brain or aortic aneurysms, or malignancies often experience intense anxiety in adapting to their illnesses. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • neurological
  • Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a neurological disorder whose key defining characteristic is a temporary but almost total disruption of short-term memory with a range of problems accessing older memories. (wikipedia.org)
  • illnesses
  • Less common medical illnesses that can present with anxiety include adrenal dysfunction, carcinoid syndrome, pancreatic tumor, and pheochromocytoma. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • As a milestone in its history and "achievements," it notes that the year it was formed the American Psychiatric Association issued "version III of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders " (DSM) and "for the first time in history defines and differentiates anxiety disorders as specific illnesses that can be diagnosed and treated. (cchrint.org)
  • People
  • It is the most common anxiety disorder with up to 10% of people being affected at some point in their life. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, individuals with social anxiety are nervous in the presence of people with authority and feel uncomfortable during physical examinations. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who suffer from this disorder may behave a certain way or say something and then feel embarrassed or humiliated after. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, if one looks at the natural history of anxiety disorders it is clear that there are many people in the community who develop an anxiety disorder and then recover without any treatment. (spotidoc.com)
  • This is not to say that people do not experience anxiety, but psychiatrists had an agenda to redefine people's anguish in terms of "illness" or "disease" in order to turn them into a cash cow for research funds and insurance reimbursement. (cchrint.org)
  • This shows the effect of one dose of a member of this group, diazepam (Valium), on the anxiety experienced when people who were phobic about cats and roaches were exposed to these animals. (weebly.com)
  • These studies used, however, selective and unrepresentative samples, such as members of the Alzheimer's Disease Society 3 and people known to social and medical services 4 or referred to an old age psychiatry service. (bmj.com)
  • Class of disorders in which people lose contact with consciousness/memory. (powershow.com)
  • This can include low social status in society or in particular groups, giving a speech, interviewing with potential employers, caring for a child or spouse with a chronic illness, meeting new people at a party, the threat of or actual death of a loved one, divorce, and discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social stress is typically the most frequent type of stressor that people experience in their daily lives and affects people more intensely than other types of stressors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Panic disorder affects about 2.5% of people at some point in their life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies investigating the relationship between interoception and panic disorder have shown that people with panic disorder feel heartbeat sensations more intensely when stimulated by pharmacological agents, suggesting that they experience heightened interoceptive awareness compared to healthy subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anecdotally there is a sense that people regard this disorder to be on the increase. (blogspot.com)
  • Estimates suggest there are five to six cases of autism spectrum disorders per 1,000 people or roughly as many as one case out of every 166 people. (blogspot.com)
  • Diagnostic criteria changed dramatically in the late 1980's, broadening the number of people who could be considered to have autism spectrum disorder. (blogspot.com)
  • Social anxiety and stranger anxiety are caused when people are apprehensive around strangers or other people in general. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, outside the Russian SSR and Ukrainian SSR, homosexuality remained a criminal offense in certain Soviet republics in the 1920s (particularly the Muslim-dominated Soviet Republics in Central Asia) and Soviet policy was often inconsistent in terms of pursuing homosexual rights and wider legal/social equality for homosexual people. (wikipedia.org)
  • avoidance
  • These additional four subscales are: fear of social interaction, fear of performance, avoidance of social interaction and avoidance of performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • significantly
  • The attention given to social anxiety disorder has significantly increased since 1999 with the approval and marketing of drugs for its treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the same study, 16% of postmyocardial infarction patients had panic disorder, significantly higher than the prevalence in the general population. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • 2005) found that, controlling for temperamental status at age 4 years, the presence of the short 5-HTT allele significantly raised the risk of both objectively assessed behavioural inhibition and maternal reports of child shyness in 7-year-olds, but only where there had been reduced levels of social support. (blogspot.com)
  • sufferers
  • Some sufferers may use alcohol or other drugs to reduce fears and inhibitions at social events. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many times, prior to the potentially anxiety-provoking social situation, sufferers may deliberately review what could go wrong and how to deal with each unexpected case. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • 1. Although it is normal to experience anxiety occasionally, it is abnormal to feel strong anxiety chronically in the absence of a visible cause. (weebly.com)
  • interaction
  • In this article, we review 5 themes concerning the interaction between anxiety and medical illness, and comment on the implications for treatment. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Scores for total fear and social interaction were extremely high with correlations of .94 and .92, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • embarrassment
  • Agoraphobia is often, but not always, compounded by a fear of social embarrassment, as the agoraphobic fears the onset of a panic attack and appearing distraught in public. (wikipedia.org)
  • Axes
  • This has sparked investigation of the intersection of masculinity with other axes of social discrimination and concepts from other fields, such as the social construction of gender difference (prevalent in a number of philosophical and sociological theories). (wikipedia.org)
  • defines
  • David Barlow defines anxiety as "a future-oriented mood state in which one is not ready or prepared to attempt to cope with upcoming negative events," and that it is a distinction between future and present dangers which divides anxiety and fear. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • In fact, etiological models suggest that parenting behaviors impact child anxiety (Hudson & Rapee, 2001). (springer.com)
  • treatments
  • Answers to this question are likely to be particularly helpful in understanding the maintenance of anxiety disorders and developing e cient treatments. (spotidoc.com)
  • The effectiveness of psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments for the disorder have yet to be empirically and systematically investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnostic criteria
  • A key question is whether more kids are being labeled with autism today due to a true increase of the disorder or whether factors such as greater awareness by doctors and the public, a broader definition of it, better diagnostic instruments, and changes in diagnostic criteria are contributing to this perception. (blogspot.com)
  • mental
  • Alexithymia is not classified as a mental disorder in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Just now, for instance, in the predawn darkness of his comfortable, rambling home in Carmel, California, he has broken off his exercise routine to declare that "there is no definition of a mental disorder. (ipce.info)
  • Allen Frances , lead editor of the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (universally known as the DSM -IV ), the guy who wrote the book on mental illness, confessing that "these concepts are virtually impossible to define precisely with bright lines at the boundaries. (ipce.info)
  • Diagnosis involves ruling out other potential causes of anxiety including other mental disorders, medical conditions such as heart disease or hyperthyroidism, and drug use. (wikipedia.org)
  • In positive psychology, anxiety is described as the mental state that results from a difficult challenge for which the subject has insufficient coping skills. (wikipedia.org)
  • Official Soviet policy on homosexuality in the 1920s also fluctuated: between legal and social tolerance of homosexuals and homosexuality to state attempts to classify homosexuality as a mental disorder. (wikipedia.org)