• symptoms
  • The rebound effect, or rebound phenomenon, is the emergence or re-emergence of symptoms that were either absent or controlled while taking a medication, but appear when that same medication is discontinued, or reduced in dosage. (wikipedia.org)
  • This information suggests sensory gating may be affecting some of the visible symptoms of ASD. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical effect of PBA can be severe, with unremitting and persistent symptoms that can be disabling to patients, and may significantly affect quality of life for caregivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults
  • It has been said that, even in adults, the only lasting effect of a drug is indirect: that is, it is a result of the changed interaction between the patient and his or her environment due to concurrent psychosocial treatment(s) (Irwin, 1968). (springer.com)
  • Autism
  • Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the DSM V, autism is included within the autism spectrum (ASDs), along with Asperger syndrome which is less severe, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Globally, autism is estimated to affect 24.8 million people as of 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oppositional
  • Along these lines, conduct problems - often categorized as oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) - can be conceived as the byproduct of incompatibility between child and environment, or what can be referred to as "child-environment incompatibility. (springer.com)
  • include
  • These materials include Attention magazine, Attention weekly , a free electronically mailed current events newsletter, as well as other publications of specific interest to educators, professionals and parents. (chadd.org)
  • Types of learning disorders include reading (dyslexia), mathematics (dyscalculia) and writing (dysgraphia). (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • In the present study, we used voltammetry and monoamine-sensitive electrodes to investigate the possibility that this functional hyperactivity of the meso-NAcc system is attributable to a loss of inhibitory control from the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC). (jneurosci.org)
  • Functional friendships, such as those resulting in invitations to parties, may affect the quality of life more deeply. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • However, a review on zinc supplementation trials during pregnancy did not report a significant effect of zinc supplementation on neonatal survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Overrepresentation of adoptees in children with attention deficit disorder. (springer.com)
  • Originally, the term attention deficit disorder (ADD) referred to children who were incapable of concentrating at school. (portsmouthhospital.com)
  • 37 However, in a similarly designed study of 50 such children , use of essential fatty acids from fish oil and evening primrose oil failed to provide any consistent, significant benefit above and beyond the placebo effect. (portsmouthhospital.com)
  • A sample of 1873 children were screened in their fourth year for the presence of hyperactivity at baseline (HA), of whom 1246 had skin prick tests to identify atopy (AT). (bmj.com)
  • There is a general adverse effect of artificial food colouring and benzoate preservatives on the behaviour of 3 year old children which is detectable by parents but not by a simple clinic assessment. (bmj.com)
  • A double blind placebo controlled high dose azo dye challenge in a highly selected group of children with behaviour disturbance suggested a small adverse effect on the children's behaviour based on ratings on the Connor scale. (bmj.com)
  • In children, problems paying attention may result in poor school performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • It affects about 5-7% of children when diagnosed via the DSM-IV criteria and 1-2% when diagnosed via the ICD-10 criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • citation needed] Chronic pain Intermittent explosive disorder Pathological gambling Personality disorder Pyromania Substance abuse and addiction (includes alcoholism) Trichotillomania Also, there are now studies linking heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1 Subsequent studies, despite improved methodology, have failed to substantiate this claim 2- 7 or have only shown a small effect. (bmj.com)
  • An older 2003 review of linkage studies also listed seven genes as likely to increase risk for a later diagnosis of the disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Not surprisingly, disorders of higher executive function often reflect disruptions of prefrontal cortical and DA systems. (jneurosci.org)
  • excessive citations] Whether provided in person, or delivered via media, the verbal instruction consists of words, often pre-scripted, intended to direct the participant's attention to intentionally generated visual mental images that precipitate a positive psychologic and physiologic response, incorporating increased mental and physical relaxation and decreased mental and physical stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • This often involves a scanning process, by which the participant directs attention across and around an image, simulating shifts in perceptual perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] More detailed in his observation than Weikard, Crichton described attention problems as: The incapacity of attending with a necessary degree of constancy to any one object, almost always arises from an unnatural or morbid sensibility of the nerves, by which means this faculty is incessantly withdrawn from one impression to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • prenatal
  • The average concordance rates are higher for identical twins than for fraternal twins and evidence also suggests that the prenatal and perinatal environments may also affect concordance rates in identical twins. (wikipedia.org)
  • alleviate
  • The wearing of convex lenses The wearing of concave lenses "Cawthorne Cooksey Exercises" also employ various eye exercises, however, these are designed to alleviate vestibular disorders, such as dizziness, rather than eye problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • placebo
  • We also found a significant taste-placebo effect, with higher experienced taste pleasantness and intensity for FT labeled chocolates. (frontiersin.org)
  • learning disability
  • This disorder can make it problematic for a person to learn as quickly or in the same way as someone who is not affected by a learning disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1980s, NJCLD, therefore, defined the term learning disability as: a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Phosphatidylserine seems to improve attention, language skills, and memory in aging people with declining thinking skills. (webmd.com)
  • As of 2015 it is estimated to affect about 51.1 million people. (wikipedia.org)
  • One reason people report they like smoking cigarettes is nicotine's ability to aid their selective attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • People walking up and down the room, a slight noise in the same, the moving of a table, the shutting a door suddenly, a slight excess of heat or of cold, too much light, or too little light, all destroy constant attention in such patients, inasmuch as it is easily excited by every impression. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 2000s the number of people affected was estimated at 1-2 per 1,000 people worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc deficiency may affect up to 2 billion people worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc deficiency affects about 2.2 billion people around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many people with neurologic disorders exhibit uncontrollable episodes of laughing, crying, or both that are either exaggerated or contradictory to the context in which they occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • response
  • Implication of right frontostriatal circuitry in response inhibition and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (springer.com)
  • These disorders are identified by a common positive response to the same types of pharmacologic treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, and TNF-α) in blood plasma are affected by zinc deficiency and zinc supplementation produces a dose-dependent response in the level of these cytokines. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cardinal feature of the disorder is a pathologically lowered threshold for exhibiting the behavioral response of laughter, crying, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • An affected individual exhibits episodes of laughter and/or crying without an apparent motivating stimulus or in response to stimuli that would not have elicited such an emotional response before the onset of their underlying neurologic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Orthoptics is a field pertaining to the evaluation and treatment of patients with disorders of the visual system with an emphasis on binocular vision and eye movements. (wikipedia.org)