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  • symptoms
  • The rebound effect, or rebound phenomenon, is the emergence or re-emergence of symptoms that were either absent or controlled while taking a medication, but appear when that same medication is discontinued, or reduced in dosage. (wikipedia.org)
  • This information suggests sensory gating may be affecting some of the visible symptoms of ASD. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical effect of PBA can be severe, with unremitting and persistent symptoms that can be disabling to patients, and may significantly affect quality of life for caregivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults
  • It has been said that, even in adults, the only lasting effect of a drug is indirect: that is, it is a result of the changed interaction between the patient and his or her environment due to concurrent psychosocial treatment(s) (Irwin, 1968). (springer.com)
  • neurodevelopmental
  • Play media Autism is a highly variable neurodevelopmental disorder that first appears during infancy or childhood, and generally follows a steady course without remission. (wikipedia.org)
  • difficulty
  • It is characterized by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or difficulty controlling behavior which is not appropriate for a person's age. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with attention deficits are prone to having difficulty processing verbal and nonverbal language which can negatively affect social interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) show patterns of restrictive and repetitive behaviors, reflecting a difficulty to inhibit excess sensory information in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • While learning disability, learning disorder and learning difficulty are often used interchangeably, they differ in many ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatty
  • 37 However, in a similarly designed study of 50 such children , use of essential fatty acids from fish oil and evening primrose oil failed to provide any consistent, significant benefit above and beyond the placebo effect. (portsmouthhospital.com)
  • Also, some research shows that taking a product containing plant-derived phosphatidylserine enriched with the fatty acid DHA helps improve memory and attention in older women complaining of memory loss. (webmd.com)
  • distinguish
  • The condition can be difficult to tell apart from other disorders, as well as to distinguish from high levels of activity that are still within the normal-range. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autism
  • Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the DSM V, autism is included within the autism spectrum (ASDs), along with Asperger syndrome which is less severe, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Globally, autism is estimated to affect 24.8 million people as of 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • These materials include Attention magazine, Attention weekly , a free electronically mailed current events newsletter, as well as other publications of specific interest to educators, professionals and parents. (chadd.org)
  • Types of learning disorders include reading (dyslexia), mathematics (dyscalculia) and writing (dysgraphia). (wikipedia.org)
  • functional
  • In the present study, we used voltammetry and monoamine-sensitive electrodes to investigate the possibility that this functional hyperactivity of the meso-NAcc system is attributable to a loss of inhibitory control from the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC). (jneurosci.org)
  • Functional friendships, such as those resulting in invitations to parties, may affect the quality of life more deeply. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • citation needed] Chronic pain Intermittent explosive disorder Pathological gambling Personality disorder Pyromania Substance abuse and addiction (includes alcoholism) Trichotillomania Also, there are now studies linking heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Association studies of 3081(AT) polymorphism of norepinephrine transporter gene with attention deficithyperactivity disorder in Korean population. (docme.ru)
  • An older 2003 review of linkage studies also listed seven genes as likely to increase risk for a later diagnosis of the disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • However, a review on zinc supplementation trials during pregnancy did not report a significant effect of zinc supplementation on neonatal survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Not surprisingly, disorders of higher executive function often reflect disruptions of prefrontal cortical and DA systems. (jneurosci.org)
  • excessive citations] Whether provided in person, or delivered via media, the verbal instruction consists of words, often pre-scripted, intended to direct the participant's attention to intentionally generated visual mental images that precipitate a positive psychologic and physiologic response, incorporating increased mental and physical relaxation and decreased mental and physical stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • This often involves a scanning process, by which the participant directs attention across and around an image, simulating shifts in perceptual perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] More detailed in his observation than Weikard, Crichton described attention problems as: The incapacity of attending with a necessary degree of constancy to any one object, almost always arises from an unnatural or morbid sensibility of the nerves, by which means this faculty is incessantly withdrawn from one impression to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • prenatal
  • The average concordance rates are higher for identical twins than for fraternal twins and evidence also suggests that the prenatal and perinatal environments may also affect concordance rates in identical twins. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • People who have this disorder can't process phenylalanine properly. (webmd.com)
  • Phosphatidylserine seems to improve attention, language skills, and memory in aging people with declining thinking skills. (webmd.com)
  • As of 2015 it is estimated to affect about 51.1 million people. (wikipedia.org)
  • People walking up and down the room, a slight noise in the same, the moving of a table, the shutting a door suddenly, a slight excess of heat or of cold, too much light, or too little light, all destroy constant attention in such patients, inasmuch as it is easily excited by every impression. (wikipedia.org)
  • One reason people report they like smoking cigarettes is nicotine's ability to aid their selective attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc deficiency may affect up to 2 billion people worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc deficiency affects about 2.2 billion people around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 2000s the number of people affected was estimated at 1-2 per 1,000 people worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many people with neurologic disorders exhibit uncontrollable episodes of laughing, crying, or both that are either exaggerated or contradictory to the context in which they occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • alleviate
  • The wearing of convex lenses The wearing of concave lenses "Cawthorne Cooksey Exercises" also employ various eye exercises, however, these are designed to alleviate vestibular disorders, such as dizziness, rather than eye problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • learning disability
  • This disorder can make it problematic for a person to learn as quickly or in the same way as someone who is not affected by a learning disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1980s, NJCLD, therefore, defined the term learning disability as: a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • response
  • Implication of right frontostriatal circuitry in response inhibition and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (springer.com)
  • These disorders are identified by a common positive response to the same types of pharmacologic treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, and TNF-α) in blood plasma are affected by zinc deficiency and zinc supplementation produces a dose-dependent response in the level of these cytokines. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cardinal feature of the disorder is a pathologically lowered threshold for exhibiting the behavioral response of laughter, crying, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • An affected individual exhibits episodes of laughter and/or crying without an apparent motivating stimulus or in response to stimuli that would not have elicited such an emotional response before the onset of their underlying neurologic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • significant
  • We also found a significant taste-placebo effect, with higher experienced taste pleasantness and intensity for FT labeled chocolates. (frontiersin.org)
  • common
  • Convergence insufficiency is a common binocular vision disorder characterized by asthenopia, eye fatigue and discomfort. (wikipedia.org)
  • anxiety
  • Moreover, stress can increase the risk of developing health problems, such as cardiovascular disease and anxiety disorders. (stress-less.com)
  • Doses of sedatives such as benzodiazepines, when used as a hypnotic to induce sleep, tend to be higher than amounts used to relieve anxiety, whereas only low doses are needed to provide a peaceful effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advances in pharmacology have permitted more specific targeting of receptors, and greater selectivity of agents, which necessitates greater precision when describing these agents and their effects: Anxiolytic refers specifically to the effect upon anxiety. (wikipedia.org)
  • attentional
  • This information suggests that divided attention tasks require more attentional resources than normally required by a non sleep-deprived individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both Melchior Adam Weikard and Alexander Crichton wrote about the occupationally disabling features of this disorder, including attentional problems, restlessness, early onset, and how it can affect schooling, without any of the moralism introduced by George Still and later authors. (wikipedia.org)
  • personality
  • a broad definition can cover mental illness, mental retardation, personality disorder and substance dependence, but inclusion varies by country and is reported to be a complex and debated issue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Context
  • Context The frequency of occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is in dispute. (jamanetwork.com)
  • 1. Deficits in using communication for social purposes, such as greeting and sharing information, in a manner that is appropriate for the social context. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The WHO and national surveys report that there is no single consensus on the definition of mental disorder/illness, and that the phrasing used depends on the social, cultural, economic and legal context in different contexts and in different societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinct
  • The origins of SCD are in the speech and language literature, which documents pragmatic language impairment as a distinct pattern of deficits in social use of language. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Both list categories of disorders thought to be distinct types, and have deliberately converged their codes in recent revisions so that the manuals are often broadly comparable, although significant differences remain. (wikipedia.org)
  • illness
  • These mediating processes and moderating factors help determine whether people experience stress-related problems like burnout, mental disorders, and physical illness and are the focus of many stress management techniques that emphasize cognitive-behavioral approaches, relaxation, exercise, diet and nutrition, and medication. (stress-less.com)
  • However, some use "mental illness" as the main overarching term to encompass mental disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • large-scale studies have found homeopathy to be no more effective than a placebo, indicating that any positive effects that follow treatment are only due to the placebo effect, normal recovery from illness, or regression toward the mean. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, it has been our experience that the stability of chiropractic care is greatly enhanced when combined with other factors affecting the structural, chemical, and mental aspects of this complex disorder. (yesmamm.net)
  • However, a review on zinc supplementation trials during pregnancy did not report a significant effect of zinc supplementation on neonatal survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, they do display a slowed response in shifting their focus of current attention to events and stimuli appearing contralateral to the lesioned hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, sleep deprivation does not affect the attention modulation index of the PPA. (wikipedia.org)
  • drug
  • Sedatives can be misused to produce an overly-calming effect (alcohol being the classic and most common sedating drug). (wikipedia.org)
  • Eating
  • Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eating disorders also increase a person's risk of death from a wide range of other causes, including suicide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by attempts to lose weight, to the point of starvation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eating disorders: The few randomized controlled trials investigating its efficacy in eating disorders have been discouraging. (wikipedia.org)
  • intellectual
  • Lujan-Fryns syndrome (LFS), also referred to as X-linked mental retardation with Marfanoid habitus and Lujan syndrome, is an X-linked genetic disorder that causes mild to moderate intellectual disability and features described as Marfanoid habitus, referring to a group of physical characteristics similar to those found in Marfan syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • The top 10 discoveries were selected because of their significant contributions to our understanding of brain and behavior disorders as well as potential new treatments," says Jeffrey Borenstein, M.D., president and CEO of the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, the top non-governmental mental health research funder cited in published articles. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Various kinds of sedatives can be distinguished, but the majority of them affect the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which are brain chemicals performing communication between brain cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parietal lobes of the brain are largely involved in attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • LFS is also associated with psychopathology and behavioral abnormalities, and it exhibits a number of malformations affecting the brain and heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • The term "serious mental impairment" (SMI) is sometimes used to refer to more severe and long-lasting disorders while "mental health problems" may be used as a broader term, or to refer only to milder or more transient issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • The long-standing debate regarding how social communication/pragmatic impairments overlap and/or differ from language impairments, ASD, and other neurodevelopmental disorders is examined. (biomedcentral.com)
  • SCD is defined by a primary deficit in the social use of nonverbal and verbal communication (see Table 1 for the full list of criteria). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lay concepts of mental disorder vary considerably across different cultures and countries, and may refer to different sorts of individual and social problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • The possible causes are fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effect (FAS/FAE), are maternal prenatal smoking, genetics and vaccination. (yesmamm.net)
  • Including Marfan syndrome and LFS, marfanoid features of this type have also been observed with several other disorders, one of which is multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • another
  • Characteriza- tion of the another members has provided stylish insights into the balance and significance of glucose send and its disorders in miscellaneous tissues3,4,5 (Bring up 6-1). (teenaids.org)
  • release
  • Yeasts, which are not affected by antibiotics, are allowed to multiply and release harmful toxins into the child's body. (yesmamm.net)
  • found
  • It was found that auditory attention of sleep-deprived individuals is affected as the total amount of sleep-deprivation increases, possibly due to lowered perceptual vigilance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has found that together, attention and sleep deprivation modulate the parahippocampal place area (PPA) activation and scene processing. (wikipedia.org)