• acute
  • Barrett AP (1986) A long-term prospective clinical study of orofacial herpes simplex virus infections in acute leukaemia. (springer.com)
  • We report a 19-year old female patient who became ill with an acute unexplained febrile encephalitis-like illness, followed by increasingly severe multisystem dysfunction and death 10 years later. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To describe the characteristics of electroencephalography (EEG) and MRI in patients with acute limbic encephalitis (LE). (scielo.br)
  • A case of acute encephalitis syndrome was defined as any person presenting a fever with neurological signs (altered mental status AND/OR motor deficit AND/OR sensory deficit AND/OR seizures of new onset, excluding simple febrile seizures) of sudden onset (fewer than seven days). (plos.org)
  • The disease is highly lethal: in a study carried out in 1986 at Boca do Acre, also in the Amazon, 39 patients out of 44 died in the acute phase of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • 1993). A polymerase chain reaction assay of cerebrospinal fluid in patients with suspected herpes simplex encephalitis. (springer.com)
  • 1993). Encephalitis in immunocompetent patients due to herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2 as determined by type-specific polymerase chain reaction and antibody assays of cerebrospinal fluid. (springer.com)
  • This report updates the 1993 recommendations by CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regarding the prevention of Japanese encephalitis (JE) among travelers (CDC. (cdc.gov)
  • dengue
  • Almost half (35 of 75) of articles were on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) alone or associated with dengue. (plos.org)
  • Data on dengue, scrub typhus and rabies encephalitis, among other aetiologies, are also reviewed and discussed. (plos.org)
  • In 1986 Esparza was then recruited as a medical officer by the Division of Communicable Diseases of the World Health Organization, a position which implied worldwide supervising responsibilities of research projects involving various vector-borne viral diseases such as yellow fever, dengue, encephalitis and hemorrhagic fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • outbreak
  • We review the emerging infectious agents known to cause transplant-transmitted encephalitis, as described from several recent outbreak clusters reported to and investigated by CDC, and suggest methods for better identifying possible donor-derived infections. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The encephalitis outbreak in the western hemisphere caused by West Nile virus, a related flavivirus, highlights the potential for arboviruses to cause severe problems far from their source enzootic foci. (wikipedia.org)
  • During his undergraduate teenage years, Esparza teamed up with some of his teachers in viral research studies designed to characterize a large zoonotic outbreak of Venezuelan equine encephalitis affecting people and riding beasts in the nearby Guajira region and its surroundings. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Herein, we review the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and clinical and radiological features of herpes simplex virus-1 encephalitis in adults, including a discussion of the most common complications and their treatment. (springer.com)
  • With the exception of some data on Japanese encephalitis virus, very few prevalence, incidence, cost-ascertainment or clinical follow-up studies seem available on most identified encephalitides circulating in countries of the Mekong region. (plos.org)
  • flavivirus
  • WNV, an enveloped, positive, single-stranded RNA flavivirus within the Japanese encephalitis serologic complex, was historically associated with infrequent epidemics of relatively mild febrile illness in parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe (12). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • neurological
  • Low levels of serum IgM antibody against Japanese Encephalitis virus were an independent risk factor for severe neurological deficit in humans ( 22 ). (rupress.org)
  • Japanese
  • Japanese encephalitis (JE) occurs throughout most of Asia and parts of the western Pacific ( 1,3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • As the epidemiological aspects of Japanese encephalitis (JE) are transformed by vaccination in some countries, highly integrated expert collaborative research and objective data are needed to identify and prioritize the human health, animal health and economic burden due to JE and other pathogens associated with encephalitides. (plos.org)
  • He wrote several books on the birds of Japan and worked on Japanese encephalitis, the systematics of shearwaters, ducks and on avian anatomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • The signs and symptoms of encephalitis vary, depending on the region of the brain involved, but most cases are characterized by global cerebral dysfunction or focal neurologic deficits (6). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • B. mandrillaris is found in the soil and water and was first discovered in 1986 in the brain of a baboon that died in the San Diego Wild Animal Park. (wikipedia.org)
  • virus
  • For the first time since 1986, Saint Louis encephalitis virus has been found in adult mosquito samples in Orange County. (ca.us)
  • The mosquito samples were collected in Garden Grove on August 9, 2016 and tested positive for St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLE) on August 17, 2016. (ca.us)
  • Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) virus was isolated in 8 of the 13 years of the study from seven mosquito species, but more than 90% of the isolates were from Cx. (ajtmh.org)
  • Epizootic activity of Murray Valley encephalitis virus in an Aboriginal community in the southeast Kimberley region of Western Australia: results of cross-sectional and longitudinal serologic studies. (ajtmh.org)
  • Murray Valley encephalitis virus surveillance and control initiatives in Australia. (ajtmh.org)
  • Early 19th century-Rubella is identified as a distinct disease 1930-Western Equine Encephalitis virus is first isolated in the United States (the first alphavirus ever isolated) 1933-Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus is first isolated in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Correlation of Culex tarsalis indices with the incidence of St. Louis encephalitis and western equine encephalomyelitis in California. (ajtmh.org)
  • widely
  • Diverse aetiologies of viral and bacterial encephalitis are widely recognized as significant yet neglected public health issues in the Mekong region. (plos.org)
  • patients
  • During 1986, Syed Zaki Salahuddin, Dharam Ablashi, and Robert Gallo cultivated peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with AIDS and lymphoproliferative illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • The last known case involving people was confirmed in 1982, when a 14-year- old Kenansville boy was hospitalized with the eastern equine encephalitis. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • health
  • Test chickens are kept in various parts of the county to enable health officials to detect the presence of various strains of encephalitis. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Encephalitides are considered a serious public health issue in countries of the Mekong region (here defined as Cambodia, Lao PDR [Laos], Vietnam, Thailand, and Yunnan of PR China). (plos.org)
  • In these times of competing priorities and financial constraints for health authorities, can the burden of encephalitis in the Mekong region be estimated? (plos.org)