• pregnancy
  • TeenBreaks.com gives you detailed information on pregnancy and abortion plus help in dealing with both. (wrtl.org)
  • But the media have paid almost no attention to the many studies that have documented a significantly higher incidence of breast cancer among women who have abortions, in particular those who abort their first pregnancy before the age of 20. (actionlife.org)
  • The National Cancer Institute in the U.S., for example, sponsored a major study which showed a 36 per cent increased risk (rising to a disturbing 50 per cent among women under 20 who abort their first pregnancy) of breast cancer among women who undergo abortions. (actionlife.org)
  • There are solid physiological reasons for the association between induced abortion and the later development of breast cancer which have to do with the hormonal effects of pregnancy on a woman's breast tissue. (actionlife.org)
  • ambivalence or a coerced abortion of a "hidden" pregnancy. (afterabortion.org)
  • Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Induced Abortion in Spain is regulated under Title II of the Organic Law 2/2010 of sexual and reproductive health and abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • This law legalizes the practice of abortion during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 25 December 1936, in Catalonia, free abortion was legalized during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy with a decree signed by Josep Tarradellas and published on 9 January 1937 (Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya, núm.9). (wikipedia.org)
  • According to this law, the mother could terminate the pregnancy in public or private health centres in the first 12 weeks for reasons related to criminology, in the first 22 weeks in eugenics, and at any time during pregnancy for therapeutic reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measles illness during pregnancy leads to increased rates of premature labor, spontaneous abortion, and low birth weight among affected infants (2-5). (cdc.gov)
  • Abortion in Romania is currently legal as an elective procedure during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy, and for medical reasons at later stages of pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the early reports of the Joint Program for the Study of Abortion (JPSA) published in the early 1970s, the medical community learned to its surprise that surgical abortion was safer in the early second trimester of pregnancy than the more widely used induction methods. (glowm.com)
  • Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abortion is with associated both negative feelings and clinically significant disorders among some women, but similar problems are also associated with carrying an unwanted pregnancy to term. (wikipedia.org)
  • The evidence is less clear in situations such as repeat abortions, and late termination of pregnancy due to foetal abnormality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among those women who do experience mental health issues, the American Psychological Association's Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion concluded that these issues are most likely related to pre-existing risk factors, including "terminating a pregnancy that is wanted or meaningful, perceived pressure from others to terminate a pregnancy, perceived opposition to the abortion from partners, family, and/or friends, lack of perceived social support from others. (wikipedia.org)
  • The best predictor of mental health issues following an abortion is a history of mental health issues prior to the pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In December 2011, the U.K. National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health similarly concluded that first-time abortion in the first trimester does not increase the risk of mental-health problems compared with bringing the pregnancy to term. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United Kingdom, abortion (late term or otherwise) is allowed under the 1967 Abortion Act, but only when two doctors agree that carrying the pregnancy to term would be detrimental to a woman's health, physical or mental. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a 2013 literature review of studies comparing mental health following abortion versus carrying an unplanned pregnancy to term, David M. Fergusson and his colleagues concluded that there was no medical evidence of any mental health benefits to justify a recommendation of abortion over childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • dilation
  • Although 'dilation and evacuation' ('D & E') abortions had been performed in England by Drs Sopher, Bierer, and Finks, among others, and by Japanese physicians, it was not until the JPSA Study report was published in 1972 that this procedure was acknowledged in the United States. (glowm.com)
  • saline
  • Instillation abortion is performed by injecting a chemical solution consisting of either saline, urea, or prostaglandin through the abdomen and into the amniotic sac. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a 1998 Guttmacher Institute survey, sent to hospitals in Ontario, Canada, 9% of those hospitals in the province which offered abortion services used saline instillations, 4% used urea, and 25% used prostaglandin. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1998 study of facilities in Nigeria which provide abortion found that only 5% of the total number in the country use saline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conventional wisdom held that, following the first trimester, the physician must wait until the 16th or even 17th week of gestation, then apply an intraamniotic solution of hyperosmolar saline, for example, to induce the abortion. (glowm.com)
  • link between abortion
  • Yet the National Cancer Institute, and other establishment voices such as the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine stoutly continue to deny that there is any link between abortion and breast cancer. (actionlife.org)
  • Research in this area is in its early stages, but a few studies from the past decade point to a link between abortion and subsequent cancers of the reproductive system, as well as colorectal cancer. (actionlife.org)
  • Despite the weight of medical opinion that first-time abortions in the first trimester (which constitute the majority of abortions) do not increase the risk of mental health issues, some anti-abortion advocacy groups have continued to allege a link between abortion and mental-health problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • eugenics
  • In the Organic Law 9/1985, adopted on 5 July 1985, induced abortion was legalized in three cases: serious risk to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman (supposedly therapeutic), rape (supposedly criminology), and malformations or defects, physical or mental, in the fetus (supposedly eugenics). (wikipedia.org)
  • In these books, Kass saw examples of "how the scientific project to master nature could, if we are not careful, lead to our dehumanization, via eugenics, drug-induced contentment, and other transformations of human nature, possibilities already foreseeable in the new biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1935 - Nazi Germany amended its eugenics law, to promote abortion for women who have hereditary disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • post-abortion
  • A nationally recognized expert on the topic of post-abortion syndrome, and a sufferer of the syndrome, Vera Faith Lord, spoke with us for our radio/podcast program. (wrtl.org)
  • In a study of post-abortion patients only eight weeks after their abortion, researchers found that 44% of patients complained of nervous disorders, 36% had experienced sleep disturbances, 31% had regrets about their decisions, and 11 % had been prescribed psychotropic medicine by their family doctor. (wrtl.org)
  • While present research is unable to accurately establish what percentage of women suffer from any specific symptom of post-abortion trauma, it is clear that post-abortion psychological disorders do occur. (afterabortion.org)
  • The present literature has also successfully identified statistically significant factors which can be used to pre-identify individuals who are most vulnerable to experiencing post-abortion psychological problems. (afterabortion.org)
  • Some anti-abortion groups have used the term "post-abortion syndrome" to refer to negative psychological effects which they attribute to abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physicians and pro-choice advocates have argued that the effort to popularize the idea of a "post-abortion syndrome" is a tactic used by anti-abortion advocates for political purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1967
  • From 1967 to 1990 abortion was severely restricted, in an effort of the Communist leadership to increase the fertility rate of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • On October 19, 1967, he presented a brief on behalf of the Humanist Association of Canada before a House of Commons Health and Welfare Committee that was investigating the issue of illegal abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1936
  • The Penal Code of 1864, which followed shortly after the union of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, and was in force between 1865 and 1936, banned abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abortion remained illegal under Romania's 1936 Criminal Code, except if needed to save the pregnant woman's life or if the child risked inheriting a severe genetic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Some people argue that having abortion legal makes it "safe" for women and that the overturn of Roe v. Wade would have a devastating impact on women's health. (wrtl.org)
  • 3 The risk of sterility is even greater for women who are infected with a venereal disease at the time of the abortion. (wrtl.org)
  • Whoever came searching for this ended up with information about abortion in the 1940s , when I think they were probably looking for women who had abortions in their 40's. (blogspot.com)
  • 1 Writing in the London Times a year later, Dr. Thomas Stuttaford declared that "an unusually high proportion" of the women diagnosed with breast cancer in the U.K. each year "had an abortion before eventually starting a family. (actionlife.org)
  • Examination of these risk factors suggests that many, if not most women seeking abortion have one or more of these high risk characteristics. (afterabortion.org)
  • From this point of view, punishment would not solve the problem, as hiding contributed decisively in the death of women who practiced abortion in conditions of illegality and legal and sanitary uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1976, according to the Supreme Court, between 200 and 400 women died from illegal abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, the punishments for both abortionists and pregnant women who procured an abortion were extremely lenient, almost symbolical, compared to many other European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Himmler, inspired by bureaucrats of the Race and Settlement Main Office, hoped to reverse a decline in the "Aryan" birthrate which he attributed to homosexuality among men and abortions among healthy Aryan women, which were not allowed under the 1935 law, but nevertheless practiced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given these two alternatives, the best evidence suggests that a single, first-trimester induced abortion for adult women poses no greater mental-health risks than carrying unwanted pregnancies to term. (wikipedia.org)
  • p11) Since these and other risk factors may also predispose some women to more negative reactions following a birth, the Task Force concluded that the higher rates of mental illness observed among women with a prior history of abortion are more likely to be caused by these other factors than by abortion itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is by this provision that women in the US can legally choose abortion when screenings reveal abnormalities of a viable fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • They argued that access to abortion should not based on a pretense of psychological benefits, but rather on the social, economic, and educational needs of women and their immediate families. (wikipedia.org)
  • Systematic reviews of the scientific literature have concluded that there are no differences in the long-term mental health of women who obtain induced abortions as compared to women in appropriate control groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morgentaler stated that women should have the right to a safe abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reaction to his public testimony surprised him: he began to receive calls from women who wanted abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetus
  • The law allowed abortion if a woman gave her permission, and if the fetus was not yet viable, and for purposes of so-called racial hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • uterus
  • Instillation abortion is a rarely used method of late term abortion, performed by injecting a solution into the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cervical muscle must be stretched to allow the surgeon to enter the uterus to complete the abortion. (wrtl.org)
  • patients
  • Some U.S. state legislatures have mandated that patients be told that abortion increases their risk of depression and suicide, despite the scientific evidence contradicting such claims. (wikipedia.org)
  • miscarriage
  • For the present discussion, an abortion or miscarriage is designated a conceptus that is expelled before the 20th week of gestation. (springer.com)
  • Hutchon (1998) reviewed the complex terminology of this topic and proposed (with concurrence of a British Study Group on terminology) that the term abortion be replaced with miscarriage for all types under discussion. (springer.com)
  • Some recommend not using the term "abortion" in discussions with those experiencing a miscarriage in an effort to decrease distress. (wikipedia.org)
  • favor
  • Once in common practice, abortion by intrauterine instillation has fallen out of favor, due to its association with serious adverse effects and its replacement by procedures which require less time and cause less physical discomfort. (wikipedia.org)
  • In both cases, virtually all the Spanish people interviewed, have been in favor of more social awareness on abortion and the need for government to regulate its intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • In Spain, induced abortion has been a practice totally banned, illegal and punishable[citation needed] except for a period of the Second Republic and from the 9/1985 and the last 2/2010 law acts which, to varying degrees, have decriminalized abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Considering the point of view presented as being against abortion, the arguments offered for banning it include that it is a criminal and murderous practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the area loyal to the Republic during the Spanish Civil War, in 1937, the Minister for Health being the Catalan anarchist (CNT) Federica Montseny in the socialist Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) government headed by Francisco Largo Caballero legalized the practice of abortion, but its effect was short-lived, as the Franco side repealed. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2012 technical and policy guidance book and a 2014 clinical practice handbook by the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend mifepristone followed by the prostaglandin analog misoprostol for first and second trimester medical abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2013 and 2014 practice bulletins by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommend mifepristone followed by the prostaglandin analog misoprostol for first and second trimester medical abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • establishment
  • In these three cases, abortion was not punishable if undertaken by a doctor, or under their supervision, in a medical establishment approved for abortions, whether public or private, with the express consent of the woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • During an abortion procedure, the cervix is artificially opened before it is ready to deliver the baby, and often the cervical muscle is torn. (wrtl.org)
  • Medical
  • These are among several dramatic findings dredged up from the obscurity of scientific journals and presented in Women's Health After Abortion: The Medical and Scientific Evidence, a new book I co-authored with Elizabeth Ring-Cassidy.6 In it, we review and summarize over 500 studies which have appeared in medical and professional journals, most of them over the past twenty years. (actionlife.org)
  • The punishment increased for the persons who performed abortion if they were medical workers, or if the pregnant woman died. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical personnel or pharmacists involved in performing abortions were barred for practicing the profession for 1-3 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mifepristone followed by a prostaglandin analog (misoprostol or gemeprost) is used for medical abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2011 evidence-based clinical guideline by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) says medical abortion using mifepristone followed by the prostaglandin analog misoprostol is effective and appropriate at any gestational age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other medical uses include suppression of diarrhea, treating opioid use disorder, reversing opioid overdose, suppressing cough, and suppressing opioid induced constipation. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1820-1900 - Primarily through the efforts of physicians in the American Medical Association and legislators, most abortions in the U.S. were outlawed. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2008 systematic review of the medical literature on abortion and mental health found that high-quality studies consistently showed few or no mental-health consequences of abortion, while poor-quality studies were more likely to report negative consequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • In other cases, the Penal Code provided various terms of imprisonment for both the mother and the doctors who performed abortions outside of the law. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • 1 Moreover, the JPSA study challenged the sacrosanct notion that a surgical abortion could not be performed at all in the period immediately following the first trimester (13-16 menstrual weeks). (glowm.com)
  • risk
  • They concluded there are no mental health benefits associated with abortion but there is small to moderate increased risk of substance use and suicidal behaviors following abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • establishing the co
  • This law is to ensure fundamental rights in the field of sexual and reproductive health established by the World Health Organization (WHO), regulating the conditions of abortion and establishing the corresponding obligations of public authorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • Article 246 punished the person who performed the abortion with "minimul recluziunei" (a shorter form of imprisonment), while the pregnant woman who procured her own abortion was only punished with 6 months-2 years imprisonment. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1966, the national birthrate had fallen from 19.1 per 1,000 in 1960 to 14.3 per 1,000, a decline that was attributed to the legalization of abortion nine years previously. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Opioid drugs include partial agonists, like the anti-diarrhea drug loperamide and antagonists like naloxegol for opioid-induced constipation, which do not cross the blood-brain barrier, but can displace other opioids from binding in those receptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • woman
  • The punishments increased if the woman didn't consent to the abortion, if she was severely injured, or if she died. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Kingdom
  • 1803 - United Kingdom enacts Lord Ellenborough's Act, making abortion after quickening a capital crime, and providing lesser penalties for the felony of abortion before quickening. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1861 - The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Offences against the Person Act 1861 which outlaws abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • issue
  • Whether you see yourself as either for or against abortion, it is important to clearly understand the facts surrounding this very difficult issue. (wrtl.org)