• stabilized duri
  • The annual number of AIDS cases and deaths declined substantially after 1994 but stabilized during 1999--2004 ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • 1982
  • Readers of Guinan's memoir will be privy to personal stories never before told publicly, such as her account of being accidentally stuck with a needle in San Francisco, in 1982, while taking blood from a patient who fainted during an early CDC study to identify the cause of AIDS. (knpr.org)
  • 1986
  • In 1985, Hyatt, along with radio host Jerry Williams, led the effort to gather signatures to place a measure to repeal Massachusetts' mandatory seat belt law on the 1986 ballot. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also organized "whore conventions" in San Francisco (1974), Washington, DC (1976), and in Brussels and Amsterdam (1985 and 1986). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1986, at the American Civil Liberties Union's annual conference in Boulder, Colorado, Jones isolated himself in his room and after an entire night, he emerged with a draft policy on non-discrimination against people with AIDS and HTLV-III (the first name for HIV) and a resolution opposing mandatory AIDS testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1986 - C. Everett Koop US Surgeon General issues a report calling for sex education to include information on HIV/AIDS. (aidswork.org)
  • epidemic
  • He gained national notoriety with his proposals to stop the emerging AIDS epidemic in the late 1980s, such as banning HIV-positive immigrants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NORA coalition included public health organizations, which in turn played a key role to define the AIDS epidemic as a public health emergency. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • At the same time, NORA and other groups drew political and public attention away from AIDS as an epidemic in gay and bi communities, the "de-gaying of AIDS," as it became known. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • As public concern about the AIDS epidemic grew, sex workers were increasingly blamed for spreading the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Up to 6,000 AIDS researchers and 750 reporters are expected for the week-long conference, where scientists from all over the world will present their latest findings on the progress of the epidemic, new experimental treatments for the disease, and the intense search for a vaccine to prevent infection with the AIDS virus. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Although the number of AIDS cases remained small by international standards, public health officials were concerned in the late 1980s about the worldwide epidemic of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990 - Ex-President Ronald Reagan apologizes for his neglect of the deadly HIV/AIDS epidemic during his presidency. (aidswork.org)
  • The celebrities and politicians who gather biennially for this event are here to reaffirm that far too many have died of AIDS, far too many are continuing to die from AIDS, and we have the knowledge and resources to end this epidemic if we can muster the political will. (hrw.org)
  • 1991
  • Indexation of child payments was also introduced, while coverage of occupational superannuation pensions was also widened significantly, from 46% of employees in 1985 to 79% in 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • retrovirus
  • Working there he published a number of papers in research journals, most notably on the identification of the Middle Eastern lineage of human retrovirus HTLV-1, genetic resistance to HIV/AIDS and interspecies transmission of retroviruses in non-human primates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gallo said that in his address today he would announce the discovery of a new member of the retrovirus family, the group that includes the AIDS virus (now known as human immunodeficiency virus or HIV), as well as two cancer-causing viruses previously discovered by Gallo and two other viruses recently isolated in West Africa by French and American researchers. (washingtonpost.com)
  • 1987
  • Dr. Mary Guinan's story as a pioneer in the fight against AIDS is well documented in Randy Shilts 1987 book, And the Band Played On . (knpr.org)
  • For example, the CDC convened a 1987 policy-setting conference on mandatory testing, which was widely regarded as an unacceptable counterproductive strategy that would drive people away from voluntary testing for HIV. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • 1987 - Glaxo Wellcome's drug Zidovudine (AZT) becomes first drug approved by the FDA for treatment of HIV/AIDS. (aidswork.org)
  • Acquired Immune D
  • Bruce Voeller, former executive director of the National Gay Task Force, would conduct early research establishing that condoms prevent the spread of AIDS, and he established the use of the term Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, rather than the inaccurate and stigmatizing "Gay Related Immune Deficiency" to describe this syndrome. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • 1992
  • The number of children reported with AIDS attributed to perinatal HIV transmission peaked at 945 in 1992 and declined 95% to 48 in 2004 ( 1 ), primarily because of the identification of HIV-infected pregnant women and the effectiveness of antiretroviral prophylaxis in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • pregnant
  • and her time in Southern Nevada, as the state's first female chief health officer, where she helped to see passage of the 2007 Senate Bill 266 that made HIV testing mandatory for pregnant mothers in Nevada, and oversaw responses to the 2008 Hepatitis C outbreak and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. (knpr.org)
  • NEW YORK, Dec. 27 - New Jersey this week launched one of the most ambitious efforts in the country to control mother-to-child transmission of HIV, making screening tests mandatory for all pregnant women in the state beginning next year. (wordpress.com)
  • A bill signed into law Wednesday by the Senate president, Richard J. Codey, in his capacity as acting governor, requires two tests for pregnant women, at the beginning of the pregnancy and again in the third trimester, unless the mother objects. (wordpress.com)
  • Just four other states have mandated testing for pregnant women, and three more- including New York - require screening of newborns. (wordpress.com)
  • Riki E. Jacobs, executive director of the Hyacinth AIDS Foundation, a New Jersey nonprofit helping people living with AIDS, said the law is unnecessary and comes when the state should be focused on expanding care for pregnant women. (wordpress.com)
  • New Jersey already reduced the perinatal rate of transmission with mandatory counseling of pregnant women," she said. (wordpress.com)
  • sexually transmi
  • Her character was further immortalized in the 1993 movie of the same name, when actress Glenn Headly portrayed Guinan's role as one of the CDC's virologists identifying AIDS as a sexually transmitted disease. (knpr.org)
  • scientists
  • Besides Zagury's report Tuesday evening of his test of a vaccine in human volunteers in Africa, a number of scientists will report new findings on test vaccines in animals, and others will discuss the response of the body's immune system to the virus and its components -- topics central to the search for a vaccine. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In the 1985 retesting, Emory and Harvard University scientists used four different procedures on the samples and found one that was positive for HIV. (aidswork.org)
  • practice
  • Public health officials previously supported the practice of not disclosing results, Turnock said, because the tests had not been in use long enough to confirm their accuracy. (chicagotribune.com)
  • disclosure
  • In Uganda, for example - once a "success story" in the fight against AIDS, a law proposed in May criminalizes "attempted transmission" of HIV and requires mandatory testing and forced disclosure of HIV status. (hrw.org)
  • state
  • Special test sites are scheduled to be in place by December, Turnock said, and will utilize about $500,000 of a $999,577 federal grant given the state in April for that purpose. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Hyatt ran on a platform of limiting state taxes, bringing back the death penalty, providing state aid to private schools, and competency testing and merit pay for teachers. (wikipedia.org)
  • He opposed the state law that made wearing a seat belt mandatory, the use of roadblocks to crack down on drunken driving, busing, and the use of public funds for abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a resident of Sharon he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1976 and went on to serve in the state Senate from 1985 to 1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • It should be pointed out that such "spores" are not, of course, emitted from people suffering from AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • People don't want to get tested. (knpr.org)
  • Particularly when the subject is HIV and AIDS: "People kind of turn off. (knpr.org)
  • They abolished mandatory penicillin therapy and multi-day jail quarantines and pressured public defenders to provide better representation for people accused of soliciting and prostitution, misdemeanor offenses. (wikipedia.org)
  • People living with HIV/AIDS: less than 200 (2003 est. (wikipedia.org)
  • I can understand people who are at risk and who have AIDS who aren't happy with the pace. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The result may be to discourage people from getting tested, getting treated, and preventing others from being infected. (hrw.org)
  • In the first six months of 2010, I could find only one article in a major Mexican newspaper, highlighting an increase in the number of people living with HIV and the number of people dying of AIDS. (hrw.org)
  • Of the estimated 1.2 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the United States in 2005, about 300,000 were women, and the vast majority of them were between 25 and 44 years old. (wordpress.com)
  • As of 2005, the last year for which figures are available, there were 6,051 people in the United States living with HIV/AIDS who had been infected perinatally - during pregnancy or breast-feeding. (wordpress.com)
  • conference
  • Because of the growth of international research efforts and public interest in AIDS, this year's conference will dwarf the two previous ones, according to Dr. George Galasso of the National Institutes of Health, chairman of the organizing committee. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The 18th International AIDS Conference kicks off this week here in Vienna. (hrw.org)
  • victims
  • In 1985, Dannemeyer advocated barring persons with AIDS from working in the healthcare industry, stating that there was already "a requirement that nurses who are AIDS victims not work in maternity [wards] because a person with AIDS emits a spore that has been known to cause birth defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • He said he would also announce an advance in the study of Kaposi's sarcoma, a form of cancer common in AIDS victims. (washingtonpost.com)
  • persons
  • We also obtained syphilis test results of all persons who were tested at the central laboratory of the hospital. (cdc.gov)
  • FDA approved Cytovene (ganciclovir) infusion for use in the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinal infections in persons with AIDS. (aidswork.org)
  • They do not modify existing guidelines concerning HIV counseling, testing, and referral for persons at high risk for HIV who seek or receive HIV testing in nonclinical settings (e.g., community-based organizations, outreach settings, or mobile vans). (cdc.gov)
  • As of December 2004, an estimated 944,306 persons had received a diagnosis of AIDS, and of these, 529,113 (56%) had died ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • infection
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain leading causes of illness and death in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • cases
  • Illinois now has slightly more than 300 AIDS cases, with Chicago accounting for about 75 percent. (chicagotribune.com)
  • 1,201 cases of AIDS and 463 death cases because of AIDS in the US. (aidswork.org)
  • 3,145 cases of AIDS and 1,508 death cases due to AIDS in the US. (aidswork.org)
  • She said women choose to test their babies in 98 percent of cases, so the new law's mandatory provisions for testing children are not needed: "The fact that we assume women won't choose to test is ludicrous and wrong. (wordpress.com)
  • While men represent the majority of new HIV and AIDS cases in the United States, women now account for an increasing share, from just 8 percent of new diagnoses in 1985 to 27 percent in 2005, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation. (wordpress.com)
  • employees
  • The President, besides pushing mandatory drug tests for federal employees in ``sensitive`` positions, even went on national TV with the First Lady to warn that ``drugs are menacing our society`` and to urge Americans to ``create an outspoken intolerance for drug use. (chicagotribune.com)
  • coalition
  • In order to move the good mountains and stop the bad, Levi founded a new coalition, National Organizations Responding to AIDS (NORA). (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • blood
  • The test sites are formally called ``alternate`` sites because they are meant to divert members of high-risk groups, such as homosexuals and intravenous drug users, from seeking test results from blood collection centers, where a federal directive prohibits them from donating blood. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Greater confidence in the accuracy of the testing procedure was cited by Turnock as the reason for the decision to begin notifying rejected blood donors. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Blood taken from all donors is submitted to a highly sensitive screening test, called ELISA for enzyme linked immuno assay. (chicagotribune.com)
  • About 1 percent of all blood tested shows an initial reaction to the first test, according to O`Malley. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Blood products begin to be tested in the US and Japan. (aidswork.org)
  • Canada begins testing blood supply. (aidswork.org)
  • FDA approved the first Western blot blood test kit - a more specific test. (aidswork.org)
  • Patient
  • HIV screening is recommended for patients in all health-care settings after the patient is notified that testing will be performed unless the patient declines (opt-out screening). (cdc.gov)
  • Emergency
  • Testing and checking emergency equipment according to the engine room department,etc. (oil-offshore-marine.com)
  • Maintenance and repairs.Watch keeping,responsible for pumps and boilers.Emergency equipment testing and checking. (oil-offshore-marine.com)
  • These recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing are intended for all health-care providers in the public and private sectors, including those working in hospital emergency departments, urgent care clinics, inpatient services, substance abuse treatment clinics, public health clinics, community clinics, correctional health-care facilities, and primary care settings. (cdc.gov)
  • federal
  • They met with limited success, but Apuzzo testified at a 1983 congressional hearing to excoriate the Reagan administration for the lack of federal response to AIDS. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • virus
  • Gallo, one of the discoverers of the AIDS virus, said AIDS research "is driving virology, immunology, vaccine science and molecular biology. (washingtonpost.com)
  • He said there had been recent advances in understanding how the AIDS virus kills the immune-system cells that are its major targets in the body, and in identifying portions of viral proteins that might best be used to make an effective vaccine. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Public Health
  • This was a shrewd political and messaging maneuver because it allowed political leaders to push forward AIDS policy and funding as wise public health initiatives for the public good. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • Levi, along with then Task Force media director Urvashi Vaid and other advocates, collected statements from public health experts on the deleterious impact of mandatory testing. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • drug
  • Trimetrexate was the first AIDS drug to be granted pre-approval distribution status under the FDA's new Treatment IND regulations. (aidswork.org)
  • requires
  • Those who bemoan that the meeting is not more narrowly devoted to the latest from virology labs are missing the point: there are other more scientifically focused conferences on HIV/AIDS, and raising global attention to the on-going AIDS crisis requires some spectacle. (hrw.org)
  • trial
  • and a report Tuesday evening by French researcher Dr. Daniel Zagury on results of the first trial in humans of an experimental AIDS vaccine. (washingtonpost.com)
  • scientific
  • In interviews last week, both Gallo and Galasso said the pace of AIDS research has far outstripped the speed of scientific progress in other fields. (washingtonpost.com)
  • immune
  • As more and more data accumulated, GRID (gay-related immune deficiency), AID (acquired immunodeficiency disease), "gay cancer" or "community-acquired immune dysfunction," changed names and changed shape. (thetaskforceblog.org)
  • students
  • From the Meiji period through the end of World War II, German was a mandatory foreign language for Japanese students of medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Today, in honor of World AIDS Day 2015, Desert Companion shines a light on three UNLV research professors, each manning a different front, who continue to make headway in the worldwide battle. (knpr.org)
  • Galasso said the meeting would provide a broad, up-to-the-minute look at research on many aspects of AIDS, but added that he did not expect any bombshells. (washingtonpost.com)
  • At noon today, a group of demonstrators led by Dan Bradley, a former chairman of the Legal Services Corp. who has AIDS, plans to march from the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church to Lafayette Park to protest what they view as the inadequacy of research efforts on treating and preventing AIDS. (washingtonpost.com)
  • positive
  • We wanted to prevent a lot of the panic and psychological consequences of informing someone of positive results when they may have a small likelihood of having AIDS itself,`` Turnock said. (chicagotribune.com)
  • If there is a positive reaction, it is tested again. (chicagotribune.com)
  • If another positive reaction results, the sample is then sent out for confirmatory testing. (chicagotribune.com)
  • About one-third prove positive, according to David Thompson, president of the diagnostics division of Abbott Laboratories, which manufactures the test and does much of the confirmatory testing in the region. (chicagotribune.com)
  • 80 for an initial screening test, or a 4-fold increase in RPR titer in samples after previously positive results. (cdc.gov)
  • Newborns will also be tested if the woman tests positive. (wordpress.com)
  • services
  • Recommendations for HIV testing services for inpatients and outpatients in acute-care hospital settings. (cdc.gov)
  • Medical
  • general consent for medical care should be considered sufficient to encompass consent for HIV testing. (cdc.gov)
  • groups
  • In New Jersey, a June report by the state's health department reported 78 percent of those with HIV and AIDS were members of minority groups. (wordpress.com)